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Encyclopedia > United Kingdom constituencies

In the United Kingdom each of the electoral areas or divisions called constituencies elects one or more members to a parliament or assembly. A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ...


The United Kingdom now has five bodies with members elected by constituencies:

One member is elected to these bodies for each constituency by the first past the post system of election, except in Northern Ireland, where six members are elected for each constituency by the Single Transferable Vote system. In addition, the Scottish Parliament and the Welsh and London Assemblies elect further members under the Additional Member System. British House of Commons Canadian House of Commons In some bicameral parliaments of a Westminster System, the House of Commons has historically been the name of the elected lower house. ... The Houses of Parliament, seen over Westminster Bridge The Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the supreme legislative institution in the United Kingdom and British overseas territories (it alone has parliamentary sovereignty). ... The London Assembly is an elected body that supervises the Greater London Authority and the Mayor of London. ... Greater London is divided into a number of constituencies for London Assembly elections. ... The logo of the Northern Ireland Assembly is a six flowered linen or flax plant, chosen for the plants historical economic importance to the region. ... For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... The Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) has 73 constituencies, each electing one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the first past the post system of election, and eight additional member regions, each electing seven additional member MSPs. ... The National Assembly for Wales (or NAW) (Welsh: Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) was established in 1998, following a 1997 referendum in which a small majority of voters (but not the electorate) voted in favour of the Labour Governments plans for devolution. ... The plurality voting system, also known as first past the post, is a voting system used to elect a single winner in a given election. ... This STV ballot for the Australian Senate illustrates group voting tickets. ... The Additional Member System (AMS) is a voting system in which some representatives are elected from geographic constituencies and others are elected under proportional representation from party lists. ...


As of 2005 the House of Commons has 646 constituencies representing the whole of the United Kingdom. The Scottish Parliament is a devolved parliament with constituencies representing Scotland. The London, Northern Ireland and Welsh assemblies are devolved assemblies with constituencies representing Greater London, Northern Ireland and Wales. 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... To see the list in alphabetical order see the categories UK Parliamentary constituencies and UK Parliamentary constituencies (historic). ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... For more coverage on London, visit the London Portal. ... Dieu et mon droit (motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Main language English Other recognised languages Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked 4th... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom, England and Wales and England, see British Isles (terminology). ...


The Scottish Parliament and Northern Ireland Assembly have legislative powers while the Welsh and London Assemblies do not. Bold textJAMES CHECKLEY Legislation (or statutory law) is law which has been promulgated (or enacted) by a legislature or other governing body. ...


Outside Greater London, England has no directly-elected devolved assembly or parliament and all constituencies are of the House of Commons. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001...


Greater London, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales all have two kinds of constituency: House of Commons and devolved assembly or parliament. A House of Commons constituency may have the same name as that of a devolved body: it does not have necessarily the same boundaries.


For local elections, areas are known as ward or electoral divisions. A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods...


Scottish Parliament constituencies

The Scottish Parliament itself and all its now existing constituencies were created, effectively, in 1999, when the first Members of the Scottish Parliament (MSPs) were elected to the then new parliament. For the national legislative body up to 1707, see Parliament of Scotland. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) is the title given to any one of the 129 individuals elected to serve in the Scottish Parliament. ...


In 1999 Scottish Parliament constituencies were based on pre-existing United Kingdom House of Commons constituencies. All but two had the same names and boundaries. The two exceptions are Orkney and Shetland: Orkney and Shetland was then, and is now, just one House of Commons constituency and, dating from 1707, the oldest of those constituencies. The Scottish Parliament (Holyrood) has 73 constituencies, each electing one Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) by the first past the post system of election, and eight additional member regions, each electing seven additional member MSPs. ... The House of Commons is a component of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which also includes the Sovereign and the House of Lords. ... Orkney is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament which was created in 1999, at the same time as the parliament. ... Shetland is a constituency of the Scottish Parliament which was created in 1999, at the same time as the parliament. ... Orkney and Shetland is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal April 25 - Allied army is defeated by Bourbonic army at Almansa (Spain) in the War of the Spanish Succession. ...


For the 2005 House of Commons general election the number of House of Commons constituencies in Scotland was reduced from 72 to 59 and the Scottish Parliament constituencies remained as they had been in 1999. Just two House of Commons constituencies now have boundaries identical with those of Scottish Parliament constituencies. However, both now have different names: Na h-Eileanan an Iar instead of Western Isles and Renfrewshire East instead of Eastwood. Barring a change in the law, the next general election in the United Kingdom must be held some time before June 30, 2006. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... Na h-Eileanan an Iar is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, created in 1918. ... The Western Isles are a constituency of the Scottish Parliament. ... Renfrewshire East is a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


Scottish Parliament constituencies are grouped into eight electoral regions, each electing seven additional members from party lists, to produce a form of proportional representation. The Additional Member System (AMS) is a voting system in which some representatives are elected from geographic constituencies and others are elected under proportional representation from party lists. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Proportional representation, also known as full representation, is an electoral system in which the overall votes are reflected in the overall outcome of the body or bodies of representatives. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
BIGpedia - United Kingdom - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (3591 words)
The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations (successor organisation to the former British Empire) and NATO.
Also sometimes associated with the United Kingdom, though not constitutionally part of the United Kingdom itself, are the Crown dependencies (the Bailiwicks of Jersey and Guernsey, and the Isle of Man) as self-governing possessions of the Crown, and a number of overseas territories under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
The armed forces of the United Kingdom are known as the British Armed Forces or Her Majesty's Armed Forces, officially the Armed Forces of the Crown.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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