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Encyclopedia > United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia
British Columbia

British Colony Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony of British North America from 1858 until 1871. ... An anachronous map of British (and prior to the existence of Britain, English) imperial possessions This is a list of the various overseas territories that have been under the political control of the United Kingdom and/or its predecessor states[1]. Collectively, these territories are traditionally referred to as the...



18661871

The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony of British North America from 1858 until 1871. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... See main article Vancouver Island Colonial flag of Vancouver Island, consisting of the British Blue Ensign and the great seal of the colony. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vancouver_Island. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_British_Columbia. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages none stated in law; English is de facto Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 5th 944,735... Image File history File links Ca~bcb. ...


Colonial flag of British Columbia (1870-71): British Blue Ensign and the great seal of the colony. The tricolour flag of France A flag is a piece of cloth, often flown from a pole or mast, generally used symbolically for signalling or identification. ...

Location of United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia
The modern Canadian province of British Columbia has the same boundaries as its colonial predecessor.
Capital Victoria
Language(s) English
Government Constitutional monarchy
Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom
Historical era British Era
 - Established, by merger with Colony of Vancouver Island August 21866
 - Entered Canadian Confederation July 211871

The United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia was the name informally given to the defacto amalgamation of the two crown colonies from 1866 until their incorporation into the Canadian Confederation in 1871. Image File history File links British_Columbia-map. ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Victoria is a Canadian city, and it is the capital of the province of British Columbia. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Look up queen in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Queen Victoria, see Queen Victoria (ship). ... // Main article: Province of Quebec (1763-1791) In North America, Seven Years War officially ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763. ... See main article Vancouver Island Colonial flag of Vancouver Island, consisting of the British Blue Ensign and the great seal of the colony. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...

Contents

Background

Main Article: History of British Columbia British Columbia is the western-most province in Canada. ...


The Colony of Vancouver Island had been created in 1849 to bolster British claims to the whole island and the adjacent Gulf Islands, and to provide a North Pacific port at Fort Victoria. By the mid-1850s, the colony's non-First Nations population was between 500 and 1000. Three years earlier, the Treaty of Washington had established the boundary between British North America and the United States of America west of the Rocky Mountains along the 49th parallel. The mainland area of present-day British Columbia, Canada was an unorganised territory under British sovereignty until 1858. The region was under the defacto administration of the Hudson's Bay Company, and its regional chief executive, James Douglas, who also happened to be Governor of Vancouver Island. The region was informally given the name New Caledonia, after the fur-trading district which covered the central and northern interior of the mainland west of the Rockies. See main article Vancouver Island Colonial flag of Vancouver Island, consisting of the British Blue Ensign and the great seal of the colony. ... 1849 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Map showing the location of the Southern Gulf Islands The Gulf Islands is the name collectively given to the islands in the Strait of Georgia between Vancouver Island and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... Pacific redirects here. ... Victoria is a Canadian city, and it is the capital of the province of British Columbia. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ... Map of the lands in dispute The Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, also known as the Oregon Treaty or Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States that was signed... British North America was an informal term first used in 1783, but uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report. ... Moraine Lake, and the Valley of the Ten Peaks, Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English de facto (none stated in law) Flower Pacific dogwood Tree Western Redcedar Bird Stellers Jay Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... James Douglas Sir James Douglas, K.C.B, (August 15, 1803 – August 2, 1877), was born of a Scottish father and Creole mother in Demerara. ...


All this changed with the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush of 1857-58, when the non-aboriginal population of the mainland swelled from about 150 Hudson's Bay Company employees and their families to about 20,000 prospectors, speculators, land agents, and merchants. The British colonial office acted swiftly, and the Colony of British Columbia was proclaimed on August 2, 1858. The Gold Rush of British Columbia occurred after gold was discovered in the Fraser River Valley. ... Prospecting is the act of searching for minerals or ore deposits. ... The Colony of British Columbia was a crown colony of British North America from 1858 until 1871. ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Uniting the two colonies

Douglas administered the mainland colony in absentia, remaining in Victoria. British Columbia's colonial capital, New Westmister would welcome its first resident governor, Frederick Seymour, in 1864. Meanwhile Sir Arthur Kennedy had been appointed to succeed Douglas as Governor of Vancouver Island. Both colonies were labouring under huge debts, largely accumulated by the completion of extensive infrastructure to service the huge population influx. As gold revenues dropped, however, the loans secured to pay for these projects undermined the economies of the colonies, and pressure grew in London for their amalgamation. Despite a great deal of ambivalence in some quarters, on August 6, 1866, the united colony was proclaimed, with the capital and assembly in Victoria, and Seymour was designated governor. Seymour, as Governor of British Columbia Frederick Seymour (born Belfast, Ireland, 6 September 1820 – died Bella Coola, British Columbia 10 June 1869) was a colonial administrator. ... Sir Arthur Kennedy Sir Arthur Edward Kennedy (5 April 1809–3 June 1883) was a British colonial administrator who served as governor of a number of British colonies, namely Sierra Leone, Western Australia, Vancouver Island, Hong Kong and Queensland. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Seymour continued as governor of the united colonies until 1869, but after the British North America Act confederated four colonies into the Canadian Confederation in 1867, it seemed increasingly only a matter of time before Vancouver Island and British Columbia would negotiate terms of union. Major players in the Confederation League such as Amor De Cosmos, Robert Beaven, and John Robson pushed for union primarily as a way of advancing both the economic health of the region, as well as increased democratic reform through truly representative and responsible government. In this effort, they were supported and aided by Canadian officials, especially Sir Samuel Tilley, a Father of Confederation and Minister of Customs in the government of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald. Seymour, ill and beset by protests that he was dragging in his feet in completing negotiations for the HBC's territory, was facing the end of his term, and Macdonald was pressing London to replace him with Sir Anthony Musgrave, outgoing governor of the Colony of Newfoundland. Before the appointment could be finalised, however, Seymour died. The British North America Acts 1867–1975 are a series of Acts of the British Parliament dealing with the government of Canada. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Amor De Cosmos (Windsor, Nova Scotia August 20, 1825 – July 4, 1897 Victoria, British Columbia) was a Canadian journalist and politician. ... Robert Beaven (January 20, 1836-September 18, 1920) was a British Columbia politician and businessman. ... John Robson (March, 1824-June 29, 1892) was a British Columbian journalist and politician. ... Representative democracy comprises a form of democracy and theory of civics wherein voters choose (in free, secret, multi-party elections) representatives to act in their interests, but not as their proxies—i. ... Responsible government is a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability which is the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy. ... The Honourable Sir Samuel Leonard Tilley, PC (May 8, 1818 – June 25, 1896) was a Canadian politician. ... Canadian Confederation, or the Confederation of Canada, was the process that ultimately brought together a union among the provinces, colonies and territories of British North America to form a Dominion of the British Empire, which today is a federal nation state simply known as Canada. ... The Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB, QC (January 11, 1815 - June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada from July 1, 1867 - November 5, 1873 - and - October 17, 1878 - June 6, 1891. ... Sir Anthony Musgrave, ca. ... Newfoundland —   (stress on final syllable; for mispronunciations, see Newfoundland travel guide from Wikitravel)— (French: , Irish: ) is a large island off the east coast of North America, and the most populous part of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ...


With Musgrave's appointment, the British colonial secretary, Lord Granville, pushed Musgrave to accelerate negotiations with Canada towards union. It took almost two years for those negotiations, in which Canada eventually agreed to shoulder the colonies' massive debt and join the territory to a transcontinental railroad, to be finalised. His efforts led to the admission of British Columbia as the sixth province of Canada on July 25, 1871. Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville (May 11, 1815 - March 31, 1891) was a British Liberal statesman. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Governors of the United Colonies of Vancouver Island and British Columbia

  • Frederick Seymour, 1866-1869
  • Sir Anthony Musgrave, 1869-1871

External links

  • Order in Council determining British Columbia's terms of union with the Dominion of Canada, 1871
  • Biography of Seymour from Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
  • Biography of Musgrave from Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

 
 

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