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Encyclopedia > United Arab Emirates
دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة
Dowlat Al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīya al-Muttaḥida
United Arab Emirates
Flag of United Arab Emirates
Flag Coat of arms
Motto"God, Nation, President"
AnthemIshy Bilady
Capital Abu Dhabi
22°47′N 54°37′E / 22.783, 54.617
Largest city Dubai
Official languages Arabic
Demonym Emirati
Government Federal constitutional monarchy
 -  President Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
 -  Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum
Establishment December 2, 1971 
Area
 -  Total 83,600 km² (116th)
32,278 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  2007 estimate 4,621,399 (119th)
 -  2006 census 4,588,697 
 -  Density 64/km² (150rd)
139/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 estimate
 -  Total $159.3 billion (54th)
 -  Per capita $55,200 (CIA) (5th)
GDP (nominal) 2007 estimate
 -  Total $192 billion (38th)
 -  Per capita $42,934 (16th)
HDI (2007) 0.868 (high) (39th)
Currency UAE dirham (AED)
Time zone GMT+4 (UTC+4)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+4)
Internet TLD .ae
Calling code +971

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) (Arabic: دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة, transliteration: Dowlat Al-Imārāt al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah) is a Middle Eastern federation of seven states situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman and Saudi Arabia. The seven states, termed emirates, are Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain. UAE is a computer emulator designed to run software written for the Amiga range of computers. ... UAE may refer to: United Arab Emirates Unix Amiga Emulator Unrecoverable Application Error Uterine artery embolisation This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 The flag of the United Arab Emirates was adopted on December 2, 1971. ... The coat of arms of the United Arab Emirates was officially adopted in 1973. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Ishy Bilady (عيشي بلادي, Long Live my Nation) is the national anthem of the United Arab Emirates. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... About 88% of the population of the United Arab Emirates is urban[1]. Demographics of the United Arab Emirates, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Arabic redirects here. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... A federal constitutional monarchy is a federation of states with the executive under the authority of a constitutional monarch. ... President of the United Arab Emirates The President is the Head of State of the United Arab Emirates, the current President is His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahayan. ... His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan (خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان, born 1948) is the current president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ... Holders of the post of Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates. ... Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic (محمد بن راشد آلمكتوم) (born 1949) is currently the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the Ruler of Dubai. ... The United Arab Emirates was formed from the group of tribally organized Arabian Peninsula sheikhdoms along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf and the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Oman. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Map of countries by population for the year 2007 This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Look up Per capita in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... World map of GDP (Nominal and PPP). ... Look up Per capita in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Map of countries by 2006 GDP (nominal) per capita (IMF, October 2007). ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... The Dirham is the currency of the United Arab Emirates. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .ae is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United Arab Emirates. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... Country Code: 971 The overall structure of the UAEs National Numbering Plan is: 02 Abu Dhabi 03 Al Ain 04 Dubai 06 Sharjah and Northern Emirates 07 Ras Al Khaimah 09 Fujairah 050 Cell phones (Etisalat) 055 Cell phones (Du) Categories: | ... Arabic redirects here. ... Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... This article is about federal states. ... Arabia redirects here. ...  Southwest Asia in most contexts. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Etymologically an emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة Imarah, plural: إمارات Imarat) is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any Emir (prince, governor etc. ... Abu Dhabi (Arabic: ‎ ʼAbÅ« Ẓaby, literally Father of Gazelle) is the largest of the seven emirates that compose the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Motto:  Anthem: Ishy Bilady Capital (and largest city) Ajman Official languages Arabic Government constitutional monarchy  -  Emir Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi  -  Crown prince Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi Establishment 1780  Area  -  Total 259 km²  177 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 235,000  Currency UAE dirham (AED) Time zone... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... The flag of the UAE Fujairah (Arabic: الفجيرة) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, on the Gulf of Oman in the countrys east. ... Location of Ras al-Khaimah in the UAE Coordinates: , Government  - Type constitutional monarchy  - Emir Saqr bin Muhammad al-Qasimi  - Crown prince Saud bin Saqr al-Qasimi Area  - Total 1,683 km² (650 sq mi) Population (2008)  - Total 219,897 Ras Al-Khaimah (Arabic: رأس الخيمة, transliteration: , literally The Top of the Tent... The flag of Umm al-Quwain Umm al-Quwain (Arabic language: أمّ القيوين) is one of the emirates in the United Arab Emirates. ...


The UAE, rich in oil and natural gas, has become highly prosperous after gaining foreign direct investment funding in the 1970s. The country has a relatively high Human Development Index for the Asian continent and ranked 39th globally. Petro redirects here. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... This article is about economics. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ...


Before 1971, the UAE were known as the Trucial States or Trucial Oman, in reference to a nineteenth-century truce between Britain and several Arab Sheikhs. The name Pirate Coast was also used in reference to the area's emirates in the 18th to early 20th century.[1] For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of the United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates was formed from tribally organized Arabian Peninsula sheikhdoms along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf and the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Oman. The area became Islamic in the 7th century. The United Arab Emirates was formed from the group of tribally organized Arabian Peninsula sheikhdoms along the southern coast of the Persian Gulf and the northwestern coast of the Gulf of Oman. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Gulf of Oman The Gulf of Oman (Arabic: خليج عمان; transliterated: khalīj ʿumān, Persian: دریای عمان یا دریای پازس; transliterated: daryā-ye ʿomān,Pars) Persian sea is a strait that connects the Arabian Sea with the Persian Gulf; it is generally included as a branch of the Persian Gulf, not as an arm of... Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


Later, portions of the nation came under the direct influence of the Ottoman Empire during the 16th century. Thereafter the region was known as the Pirate Coast, as raiders based there harassed the shipping industry despite both European and Arab navies patrolling the area from the 17th century into the 19th century. British expeditions to protect the Indian trade from raiders at Ras al-Khaimah led to campaigns against that headquarters and other harbors along the coast in 1819. The next year, a peace treaty was signed to which all the sheikhs of the coast adhered. Raids continued intermittently until 1835, when the sheikhs agreed not to engage in hostilities at sea. In 1853, they signed a treaty with the United Kingdom, under which the sheikhs (the "Trucial Sheikhdoms") agreed to a "perpetual maritime truce." It was enforced by the United Kingdom, and disputes among sheikhs were referred to the British for settlement. Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Location of Ras al-Khaimah in the UAE Coordinates: , Government  - Type constitutional monarchy  - Emir Saqr bin Muhammad al-Qasimi  - Crown prince Saud bin Saqr al-Qasimi Area  - Total 1,683 km² (650 sq mi) Population (2008)  - Total 219,897 Ras Al-Khaimah (Arabic: رأس الخيمة, transliteration: , literally The Top of the Tent... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ...

Flag of the Trucial Coast
Flag of the Trucial Coast

Primarily in reaction to the ambitions of other European countries, the United Kingdom and the Trucial Sheikhdoms established closer bonds in an 1892 treaty, similar to treaties entered into by the UK with other Persian Gulf principalities. The sheikhs agreed not to dispose of any territory except to the United Kingdom and not to enter into relationships with any foreign government other than the United Kingdom without its consent. In return, the British promised to protect the Trucial Coast from all aggression by sea and to help in case of land attack. UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...


In 1955, the United Kingdom sided with Abu Dhabi in the latter's dispute with Oman over the Buraimi Oasis and other territory to the south. A 1974 agreement between Abu Dhabi and Saudi Arabia would have settled the Abu Dhabi-Saudi border dispute; however, the agreement has yet to be ratified by the UAE Government and is not recognized by the Saudi Government. The border with Oman also remains officially unsettled, but the two governments agreed to delineate the border in May 1999. Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Buraimi (Arabic: ‎) is an oasis town in the region Ad Dhahirah, in northeastern Oman, on the border with the United Arab Emirates. ...


In the early 1960s Dubai was ahead of all the other states even though oil was not yet discovered in its territories. Abu Dhabi was behind until His Highness Shaikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan became ruler of Abu Dhabi in 1967, and instated Dr. Mana Alotaiba as Minister of Petroleum, who used his extensive knowledge about economics to build up the petroleum industry. Dr. Mana Alotaiba was also elected as president of OPEC a record of six times.[citation needed] Sheikh Zayed Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (Arabic:الشيخ زايد بن سلطان أل نهيان)‎, (1918 — 2 November 2004), the principal architect of the seven United Arab Emirates, was the moderate ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the UAE for over 30 years (1971-2004). ...


The British had earlier started a development office that helped in some small developments in the Emirates. The sheikhs of the Emirates decided then to form a council to coordinate matters between them and took over the development office. They formed the Trucial States Council, [2] and appointed Adi Bitar, Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum's Legal Advisor, as Secretary General and Legal Advisor to the Council. The Council was terminated once the United Arab Emirates was formed. Judge Adi Al Bitar Adi Nasib Al Bitar (1924 - 1973) was a judge, a legal advisor a lawyer who worked all over the Middle East. ... Sheikh Rashid bin Saeed Al Maktoum (1912 - October 7, 1990) (Arabic: راشد بن سعيد آل مكتوم) was the prime minister of United Arab Emirates from 1979 to 1990 and ruler of Dubai. ...


In 1968, the UK announced its decision, reaffirmed in March 1971, to end the treaty relationships with the seven Trucial Sheikhdoms which had been, together with Bahrain and Qatar, under British protection. The nine attempted to form a union of Arab Emirates, but by mid-1971 they were unable to agree on terms of union, even though the termination date of the British treaty relationship was the end of 1971.


Bahrain became independent in August and Qatar in September 1971. When the British-Trucial Shaikhdoms treaty expired on December 1, 1971, they became fully independent.


The rulers of Abu Dhabi and Dubai decided to form a union between their two Emirates independently, prepare a constitution, then call the Rulers of the other five emirates to a meeting and offer them to join. It was also agreed between both of them that Adi Bitar write the constitution and have it ready by 2 December 1971. Judge Adi Al Bitar Adi Nasib Al Bitar (1924 - 1973) was a judge, a legal advisor a lawyer who worked all over the Middle East. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On December 2, 1971, at the Dubai Guesthouse Palace four other Emirates agreed to join and enter into a union of six Emirates called the United Arab Emirates. Ras al-Khaimah joined later, in early 1972. is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ...


The UAE sent forces into Kuwait during the 1990–91 Gulf War. For other uses, see Iraq war (disambiguation). ...


The UAE supports military operations from the United States and other Coalition nations that are engaged in the invasions of Iraq (2003) and Afghanistan (2002) as well as Operations supporting the Global War on Terrorism for the Horn of Africa at the al-Dhafra Air Base located outside of Abu Dhabi. The al-Dhafra Air Base also supported American and Allied Operations during the 1991 Persian Gulf War and Operation Northern Watch. A coalition is an alliance among entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... This article is about the U.S.-led campaign against the spread of terrorism. ... The Horn of Africa. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... (Redirected from 1991 Persian Gulf War) See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... Operation Northern Watch, the successor to Operation Provide Comfort, was a US European Command Combined Task Force (CTF) charged with enforcing the United Nations mandated no-fly zone above the 36th parallel in Iraq. ...


On November 2, 2004, the UAE's first president, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, died. His eldest son, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, succeeded him as ruler of Abu Dhabi. In accordance with the Constitution, the UAE's Supreme Council of Rulers elected Khalifa as president. Mohammad bin Zayed Al Nahyan succeeded Khalifa as Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi. November 2, 2004 Conflict in Iraq: Iraqi officials report at least eight dead in a car bomb outside the education ministry in Baghdad. ... Sheikh Zayed Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (Arabic:الشيخ زايد بن سلطان أل نهيان)‎, (1918 — 2 November 2004), the principal architect of the seven United Arab Emirates, was the moderate ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the UAE for over 30 years (1971-2004). ... His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan (خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان, born 1948) is the current president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Sheikh Mohammad bin Zayed Al Nahyan is the Crown Prince of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates. ...


Emirates

Major cities of the United Arab Emirates

The United Arab Emirates is a federation which consists of seven emirates. The largest emirate is Abu Dhabi which contains the nation's capital city Abu Dhabi. Five emirates have one or more exclaves, in addition to the main territory. The seven emirates: Image File history File links Red_star. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Alain was also the pseudonym of Emile Auguste Chartier. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Motto:  Anthem: Ishy Bilady Capital (and largest city) Ajman Official languages Arabic Government constitutional monarchy  -  Emir Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi  -  Crown prince Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi Establishment 1780  Area  -  Total 259 km²  177 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 235,000  Currency UAE dirham (AED) Time zone... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Ras Al-Khaimah (Arabic: رأس الخيمة) is one of the United Arab Emirates. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Fujairah is an emirate of the United Arab Emirates. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The flag of Umm al-Quwain Umm al-Quwain (Arabic language: أمّ القيوين) is one of the emirates in the United Arab Emirates. ... The United Arab Emirates is composed of 7 emirates (imarat; singular: imarah): Abu Dhabi Ajman Al Fujayrah Sharjah Dubai Ras al Khaymah Umm al Qaywayn See also  ISO 3166-2:AE Categories: Lists of subnational entities | United Arab Emirates ... This article is about federal states. ... Etymologically an emirate or amirate (Arabic: إمارة Imarah, plural: إمارات Imarat) is the quality, dignity, office or territorial competence of any Emir (prince, governor etc. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ...

There are two areas under joint control. One is jointly controlled by Oman and Ajman, the other by Fujairah and Sharjah. Abu Dhabi (Arabic: ‎ ʼAbÅ« Ẓaby, literally Father of Gazelle) is the largest of the seven emirates that compose the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Motto:  Anthem: Ishy Bilady Capital (and largest city) Ajman Official languages Arabic Government constitutional monarchy  -  Emir Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi  -  Crown prince Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi Establishment 1780  Area  -  Total 259 km²  177 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 235,000  Currency UAE dirham (AED) Time zone... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... The flag of the UAE Fujairah (Arabic: الفجيرة) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, on the Gulf of Oman in the countrys east. ... Location of Ras al-Khaimah in the UAE Coordinates: , Government  - Type constitutional monarchy  - Emir Saqr bin Muhammad al-Qasimi  - Crown prince Saud bin Saqr al-Qasimi Area  - Total 1,683 km² (650 sq mi) Population (2008)  - Total 219,897 Ras Al-Khaimah (Arabic: رأس الخيمة, transliteration: , literally The Top of the Tent... The flag of Umm al-Quwain Umm al-Quwain (Arabic language: أمّ القيوين) is one of the emirates in the United Arab Emirates. ...


There is an Omani enclave surrounded by UAE territory, known as Wadi Madha. It is located halfway between the Musandam peninsula and the rest of Oman, on the Dubai-Hatta road in the Emirate of Sharjah. It covers approximately 75 square kilometres (29 sq mi) and the boundary was settled in 1589. The north-east corner of Madha is closest to the Khor Fakkan-Fujairah road, barely 10 metres (33 ft) away. Within the enclave is a UAE exclave called Nahwa, also belonging to the Emirate of Sharjah. It is about 8 kilometres (5 mi) on a dirt track west of the town of New Madha. It consists of about forty houses with its own clinic and telephone exchange. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Omani territory of Madha (Arabic: ) or Wadi Madha is surrounded by the United Arab Emirates, halfway between the Musandam Peninsula and the rest of Oman. ... The Musandam peninsula is a region of Oman that is separated from the rest of the country by the United Arab Emirates. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Hatta is a town (which includes a reconstructed heritage village by the same name) in the Hatta mountains in the north of the emirate of Dubai. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Khor Fakkan (sometimes written as Khawr Fakkan) (Arabic:خورفكان) is geographically situated within the Emirate of Fujairah on the East coast of the United Arab Emirates on the Gulf of Oman, but is actually an isolated enclave belonging to the Emirate of Sharjah. ... The flag of the UAE Fujairah (Arabic: الفجيرة) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, on the Gulf of Oman in the countrys east. ... D is Bs exclave, but is not an enclave. ... According to The Encyclopedia of International Boundaries there is one enclave within the Omani Madha exclave, named Nahwa, belonging to the Emirate of Sharjah. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...

See also: Ranked lists of UAE Emirates, List of cities in the United Arab Emirates, and Category:Towns and villages in the United Arab Emirates

These are ranked lists of the emirates of the United Arab Emirates. ... Map of the United Arab Emirates This is a list of the principal cities of the United Arab Emirates, in alphabetical order: Abu Dhabi Ajmān, Ajmān Alain Ruwais Diba Diba Al Hesn Diba Al Baya Dubai Fujairah Kalba Kawr Fakkān Mīnā Jabal Alī Mīn...

Politics

UAE Infantry Fighting Vehicle offloading
See also: Foreign relations of the United Arab Emirates and Military of the United Arab Emirates

The Presidency and Premiership of the United Arab Emirates is de facto hereditary to the Al Nahyan clan of Abu Dhabi and the Al Maktoum clan of Dubai. The Supreme Council, consisting of the rulers of the seven emirates, also elects the Council of Ministers, while an appointed forty-member Federal National Council, drawn from all the emirates, reviews proposed laws. There is a federal court system; all emirates except Dubai and Ras al-Khaimah have joined the federal system; all emirates have both secular and Islamic law for civil, criminal, and high courts. Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan was the union's president from the nation's founding until his death on 2 November 2004. The Federal Supreme Council elected his son, Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, president the next day. Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan is the heir apparent. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 489 pixelsFull resolution (1050 × 642 pixel, file size: 521 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Caption: CAMP PATRIOT, KUWAIT (March 7, 2003) - The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) continues its protective buildup of member state Kuwait. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 489 pixelsFull resolution (1050 × 642 pixel, file size: 521 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Caption: CAMP PATRIOT, KUWAIT (March 7, 2003) - The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) continues its protective buildup of member state Kuwait. ... An M2 Bradley Infantry fighting vehicle. ... Politics of the United Arab Emirates takes place in a framework of a federal presidential elected monarchy, a federation of seven absolute monarchies, the Emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Qaiwain. ... The UAE joined the United Nations and the Arab League and has established diplomatic relations with more than 60 countries, including the United States, Japan, Russia, the Peoples Republic of China, and most Western European countries. ... UAE BMP3 Infantry Fighting Vehicle offloading The armed forces of the United Arab Emirates, officially called the Union Defence Force, consists of 65,000 troops, and is headquartered in Abu Dhabi. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Sheikh Zayed Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan (Arabic:الشيخ زايد بن سلطان أل نهيان)‎, (1918 — 2 November 2004), the principal architect of the seven United Arab Emirates, was the moderate ruler of Abu Dhabi and president of the UAE for over 30 years (1971-2004). ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan (خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان, born 1948) is the current president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ...


Demographics

The UAE population has an unnatural sex distribution consisting of more than twice the number of males than females. The 15-65 age group has a male(s)/female sex ratio of 2.743. UAE's gender imbalance is the highest among any nation in the world followed by Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, and Saudi Arabia - all of which together comprise the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).[3] The GCC states are also what most South and Southeast Asians refer to as the Persian Gulf especially in context of emigration.[4] Demographics of the United Arab Emirates, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... Sex ratio by country for total population. ... Sex ratio by country for total population. ... Map indicating CCASG members Official languages Arabic Type Trade bloc Membership Arab states of the Persian Gulf (6) Leaders  -  Secretary-General Abdul Rahman ibn Hamad al-Attiyah Establishment  -  As the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) May 25, 1981  Population  -   estimate 40,338,196[1]  GDP (nominal)  estimate  -  Total $1 Trillion   -  Per... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... A memorial statue in Hanko, Finland, commemorating the thousands of emigrants who left the country to start a new life in the United States Emigration is the act and the phenomenon of leaving ones native country or region to settle in another. ...


UAE has one of the most diverse populations in the Middle East.[5] 19 % of the population is Emirati, and 23 % is other Arabs and Iranians [6]. An estimated 85 percent of the population is comprised of non-citizens, one of the world's highest percentages of foreign-born in any nation. In addition, since the mid-1980s, people from all across South Asia have settled in the UAE. The high living standards and economic opportunities in the UAE are better than almost anywhere else in the Middle East and South Asia. This makes the nation an attractive destination for Indians, Filipinos, Pakistanis, and Bangladeshis along with a few thousand Sri Lankans. In 2006, there were approximately 2.15 million Indian nationals, Philippines Nationals—OFW, Bangladeshi nationals, and Pakistani nationals in the UAE, making them the largest expatriate community in the oil-rich nation.[7] Persons from over twenty Arab nationalities, including thousands of Palestinians who came as either political refugees or migrant workers, also live in the United Arab Emirates. There is also a sizable number of Emiratis from other Arab League nations who have come before the formation of the Emirates such as Egyptians, Somalis, Sudanese and other Gulf Arab states, who have adopted the native culture and customs. Further, Somali immigration also continued in the 1990s as a result of the Somali civil war. A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... A non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen who has migrated to another country. ... Flag-carriers at the 2006 Philippine Independence Day Parade in New York City. ... Demographics of Pakistan, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... The Palestinian flag, adopted in 1948, is a widely recognized modern symbol of the Palestinian people. ... Headquarters Cairo, Egypt1 Official languages Arabic Membership 22 Arab states 2 observer states Leaders  -  Secretary General Amr Moussa (since 2001)  -  Council of the Arab League Sudan  -  Speaker of the Arab Parliament Nabih Berri Establishment  -  Alexandria Protocol March 22, 1945  Area  -  Total 13,953,041 (Western Sahara Included) = 13,687,041... The Republic of the Sudan, or Republic of Sudan (in recent years the definite article has increasingly been dropped in common usage) is the largest country in Africa, situated in the northeast part of the continent. ... The Somali Civil War is an armed conflict in Somalia that started in 1988. ...

A woman shopping at Dubai Duty Free
A woman shopping at Dubai Duty Free

There are also residents from other parts of the Middle East, Baluchistan region of Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan, Africa, Europe, Post-Soviet states, and North America. The UAE has attracted a small number of very affluent expatriates (Americans, British, Canadians, Japanese, Chinese and Australians) from developed countries who are attracted to a very warm climate, scenic views (beaches, golf courses, man-made islands and lucrative housing tracts in Abu Dhabi and Dubai), the nation's comparably low cost of living (but in 2006, thousands of real estate properties are valued over millions of dollars) and tax-free incentives for their business or residency in the UAE. They make up under 5 percent of the UAE population; mainly English-speaking. Expatriates adhere to the law and customs of the UAE, their adopted country. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 558 pixelsFull resolution (1032 × 720 pixel, file size: 85 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The woman is shopping on a mall in Dubai. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 558 pixelsFull resolution (1032 × 720 pixel, file size: 85 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The woman is shopping on a mall in Dubai. ... The Dubai Duty Free is a Group 1 flat horse race in the United Arab Emirates for four-year-old and above thoroughbreds run over a distance of 1,777 metres (1 mile 194 yards) on the turf at Nad Al Sheba racecourse in Dubai during the Dubai World Cup... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... This article is about the wider Balochistan region. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Post-Soviet states in alphabetical order: 1. ... North American redirects here. ... An expatriate (in abbreviated form expat) is someone temporarily or permanently in a country and culture other than that of their upbringing and/or legal residence. ...


The most populated city is Dubai, with approximately 1.6 million people. Other major cities include Abu Dhabi, Al Ain, Sharjah, and Fujairah. About 88% of the population of the United Arab Emirates is urban.[8] The remaining inhabitants live in tiny towns scattered throughout the country or in one of the many desert oilfield camps in the nation. Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Alain was also the pseudonym of Emile Auguste Chartier. ... The flag of the UAE Fujairah (Arabic: الفجيرة) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, on the Gulf of Oman in the countrys east. ...


Culture and religion

Chart showing the distribution of Islam, Christianity and other religions in the United Arab Emirates
Chart showing the distribution of Islam, Christianity and other religions in the United Arab Emirates
See also: Islam in the United Arab Emirates, Roman Catholicism in the United Arab Emirates, Bahá'í Faith in the United Arab Emirates, Music of the United Arab Emirates, Cinema of the United Arab Emirates, UAE Public Library and Cultural Center, and Yowla

Rooted in Islamic culture, the UAE has strong ties with the rest of the Arab and Islamic world. The government is committed to preserving traditional forms of art and culture, primarily through the Abu Dhabi Cultural Foundation. The first known manuscript produced in the UAE was Al jawaher wal la'li, a text which discusses the emirates of the nation.[citation needed] Jumeirah Mosque, built in stone in medieval Fatimid tradition, is an example of modern Islamic architecture and is one of the most photographed sights of Dubai More than 80 percent of the population of the UAE are noncitizens. ... The Roman Catholic Church in the United Arab Emirates is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. ... The United Arab Emirates is a part of the Persian Gulf khaleeji tradition, and is also known for Bedouin folk music. ... The Cinema of the United Arab Emirates is very small. ... The Abu Dhabi Public Library and Cultural Center Designed by architect Hisham N. Ashkouri as the 1st Prize entry in an International Design Competition in 1976, this building is a cluster of three buildings, a one million volume National Library, a complete 600-seat Auditorium with full performance art stage... Yowla can mean the York One-World Linking Association [1], which is the parent organisation of the York-Fanteakwa Link a dance or martial art native to the United Arab Emirates. ... Islam ▶(?) (Arabic: الإسلام al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, the worlds second-largest religion, and said by some sources to be the fastest growing religion in some parts of the world. ... Arab States redirects here. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( ▶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Christ Pantocrator seated in a capital U in an illuminated manuscript from the Badische Landesbibliothek, Germany. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...


Nearly all citizens are Muslims, approximately 85 percent of whom are Sunni and the remaining 15 percent are Shi'a. According to official ministry documents, 76 percent of the total population is Muslim, 9% is Christian, and 15 percent is other. Other unnofficial sources claim that 15 percent is Hindu, 5 percent is Buddhist, and the remaining 5 percent is other (mainly including Parsi, Bahá'í, and Sikh).[9] Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... This article is about the Parsi community. ... This article is about the generally recognized global religious community. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ...


Dubai is the only emirate of the UAE with both a Hindu Temple and a Sikh Gurdwara. Christian church buildings are also present in the country. There are a variety of Asian-influenced schools, restaurants and cultural centers. This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... The Harimandir Sahib. ...


Economy

Deira, Dubai
Deira, Dubai

The United Arab Emirates is one of the most developed in the world, based on various socioeconomic indicators such as GDP per capita, energy consumption per capita, and the Human Development Index. // The United Arab Emirates has a highly industrialized economy that makes the country one the most developed in the world, based on various socioeconomic indicators such as GDP per capita, energy consumption per capita, and the HDI. At $168 billion in 2006, the GDP of the UAE ranks second in... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Deira is an area in the city of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a calculation method in national accounting (see Measures of national income and output) is defined as the total value of final goods and services produced within a countrys borders in a year, regardless of ownership. ...


The GDP per capita is currently the 16th in the world and 3rd in the Middle East after Qatar and Kuwait as measured by the CIA World Factbook, or the 17th in the world as measured by the International Monetary Fund; while at $168 billion in 2006, with a small population of 4 million, the GDP of the UAE ranks second in the CCASG (after Saudi Arabia), third in the Middle East — North Africa (MENA) region (after Saudi Arabia and Iran), and 38th in the world (ahead of Malaysia).[10] A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... IMF redirects here. ... GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ... It has been suggested that Arab states of the Persian Gulf be merged into this article or section. ... It is alleged that in Roman mythology, Mena was the goddess of menstruation. ...


There are various deviating estimates regarding the actual growth rate of the nation’s GDP. However, all available statistics indicate that the UAE currently has one of the fastest growing economies in the world. According to a recent report by the Ministry of Finance and Industry, real GDP rose by 35 percent in 2006 to $175 billion, compared with $130 billion in 2005. These figures would suggest that the UAE had the fastest growing real GDP in the world, between 2005 and 2006.[11] In economics, the gross domestic product (GDP) is a measure of the amount of the economic production of a particular territory in financial capital terms during a specific time period. ...


Although the United Arab Emirates is becoming less dependent on natural resources as a source of revenue, petroleum and natural gas exports still play an important role in the economy, especially in Abu Dhabi. A massive construction boom, an expanding manufacturing base, and a thriving services sector are helping the UAE diversify its economy. Nationwide, there is currently $350 billion worth of active construction projects.[12] Such projects include the Burj Dubai, which is slated to become the world's tallest building, Dubai World Central International Airport which, when completed, will be the most expensive airport ever built, and the three Palm Islands, the largest artificial islands in the world. Other projects include the Dubai Mall which will become the world's largest shopping mall when completed, and a man-made archipelago called The World which seeks to increase Dubai's rapidly growing tourism industry. Also in the entertainment sector is the construction of Dubailand, which is expected to be twice the size of Disney World, and of Dubai Sports City which will not only provide homes for local sports teams but may be part of future Olympic bids. Petro redirects here. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... For other uses, see Construction (disambiguation). ... Burj Dubai (Arabic: ‎ Dubai Tower) is a skyscraper under construction in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, and is the tallest man-made structure on Earth. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The designs of the three palm islands. ... The Dubai Mall is a giant mall scheduled to be built at in Dubai, UAE, by Emaar properties, as part of the New Dubai project. ... The World logo The World is a man-made archipelago of 300 islands in the shape of a world map currently being built off the coast of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Dubailand logo Dubailand part of Tatweer (which belongs to Dubai Holding), is an entertainment complex under development in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, three water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... The Dubai Sports City is an entire sports city currently being constructed in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


The currency of the United Arab Emirates is the Emirati Dirham, exchanging at a rate of about 3.67 per US dollar.


Education

Main article: Education in the United Arab Emirates

The education system up to the secondary level is monitored by the Ministry of Education. It consists of primary schools, middle schools and secondary schools. The public schools are government-funded and the curriculum is created to match the United Arab Emirates development's goals and values. The medium of instruction in the public school is Arabic with emphasis on English as a second language. There are also many private schools which are internationally accredited. Public schools in the country are free for citizens of the UAE, while the fees for private schools vary. The American University of Sharjah (AUS) (in Arabic: الجامعة الأميركية في الشارقة) is a coeducational higher educational institution in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, founded in 1997. ...


The higher education system is monitored by the Ministry of Higher Education to serve and protect children's education. The Ministry also is responsible for admitting students to its undergraduate institutions, including the five largest centers of higher education: United Arab Emirates University, Zayed University, Gulf Medical College, University of Sharjah and Higher Colleges of Technology. There are also many other private universities and colleges in the country, including the American University of Sharjah, Institute of Management Technology Dubai, S.P Jain Center of Management in Dubai, Al Ain University of Science and Technology, the American University of Dubai, Abu Dhabi University and Ras Al Khamiah University for medical and health sciences. Finally, other universities based in foreign countries have established campuses in the United Arab Emirates. For instance, there is a Paris-Sorbonne campus in Abu Dhabi. In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... United Arab Emirates University is the largest of the three government-sponsored institutions of higher learning in the United Arab Emirates. ... Most of the following description of Zayed University has been inserted by University staff. ... Mr Thumbay Moihdeen is the founder of this College established in 1998. ... The University of Sharjah is a semi-governmental higher educational institution. ... The Higher Colleges of Technology (HCT) was established in 1988, and is now the largest institution of higher learning in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) with over 16,500 students. ... The American University of Sharjah (AUS) (in Arabic: الجامعة الأميركية في الشارقة) is a coeducational higher educational institution in Sharjah, United Arab Emirates, founded in 1997. ... SPJCM, (SP Jain Center of Management) is a twin campus business school located in Dubai and Singapore, and part of the prestigious SPJIMR business school in Mumbai, India. ... University Logo The American University in Dubai (AUD for short), located in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, is a university in the Persian Gulf. ...


The UAE has shown a strong recent interest in improving education and research. Recent enterprises include the establishment of the CERT Research Centers and the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology.


Human rights

See also: LGBT rights in United Arab Emirates

Although the UAE government has made some advances in the protection of human rights, the U.S. Department of State notes in its annual[specify] report on human rights practices that numerous fundamentalist practices and policies exist to the contrary. The U.S. Department of State notes in its annual report on human rights practices that numerous fundamental practices and policies violate human rights in the United Arab Emirates. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Human rights in the United Arab Emirates. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


Guest workers are brought in from South Asia, and a common objection is that they are grossly underpaid as their passports are held by their employers. There have been many reports of unskilled workers getting underpaid, and complaints of segregation abound.


The form of Sharia exercised prohibits 'sodomy', effectually outlawing any homosexual relationships.[13][14] Sharia (Arabic: transliteration: ) is the body of Islamic religious law. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ...


The UAE also does not allow individuals past retirement age to stay within the country without a job. Upon retirement, residents must return to their country of origin.


Discrimination in the workplace is common, prospective employers will specify religion, nationality (and even regional origin in some cases) and also specify the sex of required candidates within job advertisements. It is very common to have different pay scales depending on nationality and sex. Policies are in place in certain instances where state employers are required to fill in vacancies with UAE nationals, a process called Emiratisation. This seems to be in line with similar policies by the EU, for example, where employers, public and private, are encouraged to fill in job vacancies with EU nationals.[15] Emiratisation (or Emiratization) is a movement by the government of the United Arab Emirates to proactively employ its citizens in the public and private sectors to reduce its dependence on foreign workers. ...


Transportation

Inside the Dubai International airport terminal
Inside the Dubai International airport terminal

Dubai has a public transport system called the Roads and Transport Authority (RTA). This authority is responsible for the bus network currently in operation. Recently, the RTA purchased 300 buses from Germany's MAN AG in an effort to reduce the city's growing traffic problem. RTA is also developing the Dubai Metro system. The first line (Red Line) is expected to complete by September 2009. The yellow lines, currently in development will go through the man-made Palm Islands. // 0 km Dubai - CONSTRUCTION work on a two-line metro network is expected to start on May 5, 2005. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 263 KB) Dubai International Airport interior Author: User:Velela. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 263 KB) Dubai International Airport interior Author: User:Velela. ... The Dubai Metro The Dubai Metro will be a driverless, fully automated metro network under construction in the United Arab Emirates city of Dubai. ... The designs of the three palm islands. ...


Lately, Emirate of Dubai has created new electronic toll collection system in July 2007, which emphasizes the system’s congestion management objectives as well as the choice of technology for the toll system. The new system, which is called Salik (meaning clear and smooth in Arabic) utilizes the latest technology to achieve free flow operation with no toll booths, no toll collectors, and no impact to traffic flow, allowing vehicles to move freely through the toll point at highway speeds. Each time one passes through a Salik toll point, the toll of AED 4 (1.09 USD) will be deducted from his or her prepaid toll account using advanced Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology. The new system was introduced and executed by Roads and Transport Authority of Dubai.[16] Salik is the name given to the road toll system in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


Airline history

The national airline of Abu Dhabi was formerly Gulf Air, operated jointly with Bahrain and Oman. On September 13, 2005, Abu Dhabi announced that it was withdrawing from Gulf Air to concentrate on Etihad Airways, designated as the new national carrier of the UAE, established in November 2003. National airlines redirects here. ... Gulf Air (Arabic: ) is the flag carrier of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Etihad Airways (Arabic: الإتحاد, ʼal-ʻitiħād) is the flag carrier of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. ...


In 1985, Dubai established its airline Emirates, which, as of 2007, is one of the fastest growing airlines in the world.[17] Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Emirates Airline (shortened form: Emirates) (Arabic: طيران الإماراتTayarān al-Imārāt) is a subsidiary of The Emirates Group based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). ...


Air Arabia, a leading discount airline in the Persian Gulf region, is based in the Emirate of Sharjah. Air Arabia is a low-cost airline based in Sharjah in the United Arab Emirates. ...


RAK Airways is the fourth national airways of the United Arab Emirates, was established in February 2006, is based in the Emirate of Ras Al Khaimah.[18] RAK Airways is the future national airline of Ras Al Khaimah, one of the four in United Arab Emirates. ...


Ports and Harbours

The United Arab Emirates has several major ports, including one of the world's largest, Jebel Ali Port. Other important ports in the UAE include Port Zayed, Khalifa Port, Port Rashid, Port Khalid, Hamriyah Port, Port of Ajman, Saqr Port, Um Al Quwain, Khor Fhakan and Fujairah Port.[19] Jebel Ali (جبل علي in Arabic) (also sometime written Mina Jabal Ali) is a port (Mina in Arabic) town, located thirty-five kilometres southwest of the city of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates. ... A view of Port Rashid, Dubai Mina Rashid (Port Rashid) is the man made, commercial, deep-water port of Dubai. ...


Technology, media and telecommunications

Telephones - main lines in use: 915,223 (1998) Telephones - mobile cellular: 1 million (1999) Telephone system: modern system consisting of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai domestic: microwave radio relay and coaxial cable international: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and...

Media

Media is one of the first industries that the emirate of Dubai has sought to develop through a number of micro-cities. Dubai Media City has helped to make Dubai the media hub for the region, encompassing both the creation of media, from print through television and new media, and the advertising and marketing industry. Main Buildings at Dubai Media City Dubai Media City on 1 May 2007 Dubai Media City (DMC) part of Dubai Holding is a tax free zone within Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


A number of international news organizations, including Reuters, Associated Press, Agence France Press, Bloomberg, Dow Jones Newswires, CNN and the BBC, all have a presence in Dubai Media City, and enjoy complete freedom to report on local and regional events. Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... AFP logo Agence France-Presse (AFP) is the oldest news agency in the world. ... Bloomberg L.P. is a Financial Media Company founded by Michael Bloomberg in 1982. ... Dow Jones Newswires is the real-time financial news organization owned by Dow Jones. ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ...


The leading English-language newspapers based in the UAE are:

From late 2007, the international editions of The Times of London and its sister paper The Sunday Times will be printed in Dubai for local distribution. For other uses, see Times. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ...


Internet

Internet access is strictly filtered over the local proxy server of the telecommunication company Etisalat [2]. Officials have never released a clear statement concerning the reason for VoIP being blocked. The only statement released was that the UAE has no regulation for VoIP and only the local telecommunication companies are allowed to use this technology. In computer networks, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application program) which services the requests of its clients by forwarding requests to other servers. ... Emirates Telecommunications Corporation, also known as Etisalat (former Emirtel), is the incumbent telecommunications carrier and Internet Service Provider in the United Arab Emirates. ... IP Telephony, also called Internet telephony, is the technology that makes it possible to have a telephone conversation over the Internet or a dedicated Internet Protocol (IP) network instead of dedicated voice transmission lines. ...


The relative cost of broadband services in the U.A.E compared to Europe is very high, for example a 2 Mbit/s connection would cost AED349 (95 USD) per month from either Etisalat or Du, compared to approximately AED70 (19 USD) per month for up to 8 Mbit/s in Europe. Just like every where else, the cost of broadband services has come down recently.


Sports

New sports are becoming popular alongside traditional camel racing. Examples of these new sports include golf, with two European Tour events in the country (the Dubai Desert Classic and the Abu Dhabi Golf Championship) and the world's richest horse race, the Dubai World Cup, held annually in March. This camel is driven by a child jockey. ... The PGA European Tour is a top-level professional mens golf tour. ... 18th hole during Dubal Desert Classic 2001 The Dubai Desert Classic is an annual professional golf tournament which is usually played in February or March. ... The Abu Dhabi Golf Championship is a new European Tour golf tournament to be held at the Abu Dhabi Golf Club by Sheraton in Abu Dhabi in the United Emirates which will be staged for the first time in January 2006. ... The Dubai World Cup is a Thoroughbred horserace event held annually since 1996 at the Nad Al Sheba Racecourse, 10 minutes away from the city centre of Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


Aside from the international circuit events, the UAE has a healthy indigenous sporting environment with the local community participating in a wide variety of clubs and establishments. The seven emirates regularly compete in national leagues and cups in a multiplicity of sports that are controlled by specialized governing bodies.


The country itself is a prime location for sporting events. The high quality sporting venues (both indoor and outdoor), in addition to the climate, ensure the continuation of activities throughout the winter season. Construction of Dubai Sports City is underway to take advantage of these benefits, and to establish the country as a hub for sports throughout the world. The Dubai Sports City is an entire sports city currently being constructed in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


Football (soccer)

Stadium at Al Ain
Stadium at Al Ain

The UAE has a huge interest in football. The United Arab Emirates Football Association was first established in 1971 and since then has dedicated its time and effort to promoting the game, organising youth programmes and improving the abilities of not only its players, but of the officials and coaches involved with its regional teams. The U.A.E. football team qualified for the World Cup in 1990 - with Egypt it was the third consecutive World Cup with two Arab nations qualifying after Kuwait and Algeria in 1982 and Iraq and Algeria again in 1986. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1064, 389 KB) Stadium in Al Ain; UAE Autor: MERO-TSK International Wuerzburg, Klaus Knebel File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Space frame ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1600x1064, 389 KB) Stadium in Al Ain; UAE Autor: MERO-TSK International Wuerzburg, Klaus Knebel File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Space frame ... Alain was also the pseudonym of Emile Auguste Chartier. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The United Arab Emirates Football Association is the governing body of football in the United Arab Emirates. ... First international UAE 1 - 0 Qatar (Saudi Arabia; March 17, 1972) Biggest win Brunei 0 - 12 UAE (Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei; April 14, 2001) Biggest defeat UAE 0 - 8 Brazil (Abu Dhabi, UAE; November 12, 2005) World Cup Appearances 1 (First in 1990) Best result Round 1, 1990 AFC Asian... The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the mens national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the... The 1990 FIFA World Cup, the 14th staging of the World Cup, was held in Italy from June 8 to July 8. ... The 1982 FIFA World Cup, the 12th staging of the World Cup, was held in Spain from June 13 to July 11. ... The 1986 FIFA World Cup, the 13th staging of the FIFA World Cup, was held in Mexico from May 31 to June 29. ...


The UAE National Team won the 2005 Kirin Cup, sharing the cup with Peru after a 1-0 victory over host country Japan. The Kirin Cup is an annual football tournament organised in Japan by the Kirin Corporation. ...


The UAE team played a four-team friendly in Switzerland in July 2005, in which they beat both Qatar and Kuwait but lost 5–4 on penalties in the final against Egypt.


In 2003 the UAE was the host nation of the FIFA U-20 World Cup between November and December 2003. The FIFA U-20 World Cup, is the world championship of football for male players under the age of 20 and is organized by Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA). ...


In April, Dubai Holding agreed to provide the national team with Dh20 million (US$5.45 million) sponsorship money over the next four years. The fund will also go towards developing the sport.


The UAE also recently won the Gulf Cup soccer championship held in Abu Dhabi January 2007.


The UAE are currently ranked ninety-seventh in the world according to the FIFA World Rankings. This article is about the international association football organization. ... This article is about the mens rankings. ...


Tennis

A tennis match during the Dubai Tennis Championships.
A tennis match during the Dubai Tennis Championships.

The Dubai Duty Free Tennis Championships (part of the ATP International Series Gold at the Aviation Club, Dubai) was bigger than ever in 2000 with no less than six of the top-seeded women’s players taking centre court, a first time appearance by tennis’ golden boy, Andre Agassi, and the return of the celebrated Roger Federer, who was seeking his third title crown, resulting in some dramatic court action. In an unprecedented move, Dubai Duty Free, organisers of the championship, decided to switch the men’s tournament to the first week of the competition so that it ran from 21 to 27 February and the women’s was played from 28 February to 5 March. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... The Dubai Tennis Championships is a professional tennis tournament held in Dubai, U.A.E. on outdoor hardcourts. ... International Series Gold is a series of professional tennis tournaments held internationally that are part of the ATP Tour. ... Andre Kirk Agassi (born April 29, 1970) is a former World No. ... Federer redirects here. ...


Cricket

Cricket is one of the most popular sports in the UAE. Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium in Sharjah has hosted 5 international Test matches so far. Sheikh Zayed Stadium and Al Jazira Mohammed Bin Zayed Stadium in Abu Dhabi also hosts international cricket. Dubai also has two cricket stadiums (Dubai Cricket Ground No.1 and No.2) with a third, 'S3' currently under construction as part of Dubai Sports City. Dubai is also home to the International Cricket Council. [3] This article is about the sport. ... We dont have an article called Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium Start this article Search for Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium in. ... Sheikh Zayed Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. ... Al Jazira Mohammed Bin Zayed Stadium (Arabic: ستاد محمد بن زايد) is a multi-use stadium in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... The Dubai Sports City is an entire sports city currently being constructed in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... ICC logo The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the governing body for international Test match and One-day International cricket. ...


The United Arab Emirates national cricket team qualified for the 1996 Cricket World Cup and narrowly missed out on qualification for the 2007 Cricket World Cup. The 1996 Cricket World Cup was won by Sri Lanka who beat Australia by 7 wickets at the final in Lahore. ... The 2007 ICC Cricket World Cup was a mens cricket tournament that took place in the West Indies from 13 March to 28 April 2007, using the sports One Day International format. ...


Camel racing

The inhabitants of the Persian Gulf states have enjoyed camel racing for many years as it is considered a traditional sport.[20] Formalizing camel racing was one way of maintaining its central role in UAE life. In the past, UAE had a reputation for exploiting South Asian children as jockeys. However, Robot jockeys are now used after strict government regulations were passed prohibiting underage jockeys from racing.[21] This camel is driven by a child jockey. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... A robot jockey is commonly used on camels in camel racing as a replacement for human jockeys. ...


The UAE now has no fewer than 15 race tracks across the seven emirates. Nad Al Sheba Racecourse, 10 kilometers outside of Dubai, Al Wathba, 30 kilometers south-east of Abu Dhabi, and Al Ain track, which is 20 kilometers west of Al Ain, are all large, well-equipped camel tracks with high-tech facilities. Two smaller tracks are located in Sharjah, one in Ra’s al-Khaimah and one in Umm al-Qaiwain. Others are spread throughout the desert areas.


F1

In February 2007 it was announced that Bernie Eccelstone had signed a seven year deal with Abu Dhabi, to host a Formula 1 race there from the 2009 season. The 5.6 km circuit is to be set on Yas Island and it will include street and marina sections similar to Monaco's course. British billionaire Bernie Ecclestone (center) is often called the owner of Formula One. ... Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ... Yas Island has been announced as the venue for a Formula 1 race in 2009, the event to be named as the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix It will be held on a newly built circuit. ... Yas Island has been announced as the venue for a Formula 1 race in 2009, the event to be named as the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix It will be held on a newly built circuit. ...


Rugby Sevens

U.A.E. hosts Dubai Sevens round of the IRB Sevens World Series at Dubai Exiles Rugby Ground. The Dubai Sevens is an annual rugby union sevens tournament held in Dubai, UAE each year at the Dubai Exiles Rugby Ground. ... The IRB Sevens World Series, known officially as the IRB Sevens before the 2006-07 season and also sometimes called the World Sevens Series, is a series of international rugby union sevens tournaments organised for the first time in the 1999-2000 season. ... Dubai Exiles Rugby Ground is a multi-use stadium in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


Falconry

The U.A.E. is well-known for its falconry as it is also considered a traditional sport.[22] Many of UAE's rulers were enthusiasts in falconry as the nation imports falcons from all across the globe. Flying a Saker Falcon A Goshawk A Hobby Falconry or hawking is an art or sport which involves the use of trained raptors (birds of prey) to hunt or pursue game for humans. ...


Holidays

Date English Arabic
1 January New Year's Day رأس السنة الميلادية
variable Day of the Sacrifice Eid ul-Adha عيد الأضحى
variable Islamic New Year Ra's as-Sana al-Hijria رأس السنة الهجرية
variable The Night Journey Al-Isra'a wal-Mi'raj الإسراء والمعراج
2 December   National Day Al-Eid al-Watani العيد الوطني
variable End of Ramadan Eid ul-Fitr عيد الفطر

The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Arabic redirects here. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى ‘Īd al-’Aḍḥā) is a religious festival celebrated by Muslims worldwide as a commemoration of Ibrahims (Abrahams) willingness to sacrifice his son Ismael for Allah, but a voice from heaven allows Ibrahim to sacrifice a goat instead. ... The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (Arabic: التقويم الهجري; at-taqwÄ«m al-hijrÄ«; Persian: تقویم هجري قمری ‎ taqwÄ«m-e hejri-ye qamari; also called the Hijri calendar) is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate... Isra is an Arabic word referring to what Muslims regard as Muhammads miraculous night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem - specifically, to the site of Masjid al-Aqsa - alluded to in Surat Al-Isra 1: سبحان الذي أسرى بعبده ليلاً من المسجد الحرام إلى المسجد الأقصى الذي باركنا حوله Glory... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about religious observances during the month of Ramadan. ... Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiá¹­r), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. ...

See also

Map of United Arab Emirates Location: Southwest Asia, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia. ... Telephones - main lines in use: 915,223 (1998) Telephones - mobile cellular: 1 million (1999) Telephone system: modern system consisting of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable; key centers are Abu Dhabi and Dubai domestic: microwave radio relay and coaxial cable international: satellite earth stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic Ocean and... The U.S. Department of State notes in its annual report on human rights practices that numerous fundamental practices and policies violate human rights in the United Arab Emirates. ... Politics of the United Arab Emirates takes place in a framework of a federal presidential elected monarchy, a federation of seven absolute monarchies, the Emirates of Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, Ras al-Khaimah and Umm al-Qaiwain. ... The following page lists Emirati companies or subsidiaries according to their sector. ...

References

  1. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition; XXI:188; II:255 (1911)
  2. ^ Al Khaleej News Paper
  3. ^ cia.gov
  4. ^ http://yaleglobal.yale.edu/display.article?id=5992
  5. ^ Editorial: The Ideal Prince
  6. ^ CIA - The World Factbook - United Arab Emirates
  7. ^ arabwideweb.com
  8. ^ Table 3.10 Urbanization (PDF). World Development Indicators. World Bank Group. Retrieved on 2006-10-24. (link to HTML page with the PDFs)
  9. ^ United Arab Emirates: International Religious Freedom Report 2007. United States Department of State: Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (2007-09-14). Retrieved on 2008-05-02.
  10. ^ imf.org
  11. ^ khaleejtimes.com
  12. ^ wam.org.ae
  13. ^ SodomyLaws.org
  14. ^ SodomyLaws.org (Google Cache)
  15. ^ http://www.citizensinformation.ie/categories/employment/migrant-workers/employment-permits/work_permits#rules
  16. ^ Salik - United Arab Emirates Roads & Transport Authority
  17. ^ emirates.com
  18. ^ [1]
  19. ^ Interactive Map with UAE sea ports
  20. ^ Dubai By Terry Carter, Lara Dunston, pg. 17
  21. ^ The United Arab Emirates Yearbook 2007 By Ibrahim Al Abed, Peter Vine
  22. ^ Folklore and Folklife in the United Arab Emirates by Sayyid Hamid Hurriez, Sayyid Hurreiz, pg 143

World Bank Group logo The World Bank Group (WBG) is a family of five international organizations responsible for providing finance and advice to countries for the purposes of economic development and eliminating poverty. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 297th day of the year (298th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Department of State redirects here. ... The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs (DRL) at the United States Department of State is one of four bureaus that comprise the Office of the Under Secretary for Global Affairs. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
The United Arab Emirates Information Guide [UAE] (251 words)
With all of the confusion about the lifestyle of people living in the United Arab Emirates [UAE], this website hopes to clear up some of those misconseptions and be a useful resource for people planning to migrate to the Emirates.
The United Arab Emirates is a constitutional federation of seven emirates; Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm al-Qaiwain, Ras al-Khaimah and Fujairah.
Four-fifths of the UAE is desert, yet it is a country of contrasting landscapes, from awe-inspiring dunes to rich oases, precipitous rocky mountains to fertile plains.
United Arab Emirates - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2008 words)
The United Arab Emirates (also the UAE or the Emirates) is a Middle Eastern country situated in the southeast of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia on the Persian Gulf, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajmān, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah, and Umm al-Quwain.
The UAE lies in Southwest Asia, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia.
The UAE is considered to be one of the fifteen states that comprise the so-called "Cradle of Humanity".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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