FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Unitary authority

A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. This is opposed to a two-tier system where local government functions are divided between different authorities. Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ...


Typically unitary authorities cover large towns or cities, which are large enough to be independent of county or regional administration. Sometimes they consist of counties which have no lower level of administration. Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... A panorama of Sydney, Australia at night. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ...

Contents


New Zealand

In New Zealand a unitary authority is a territorial authority (district or city) which also performs the functions of a regional council. New Zealand has four unitary authorities: Gisborne District, Nelson City, Tasman District and Marlborough District. The Chatham Islands Council is not usually considered a unitary authority, although it acts as a regional council for the purposes of the Resource Management Act. Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... Gisborne is the name of a unitary authority (in this case, a region and district) in New Zealand. ... The city of Nelson stands on the eastern side of Tasman Bay at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand and is the administrative centre for Nelson Province. ...   Categories: Nelson, New Zealand | Territorial Authorities of New Zealand | New Zealand geography stubs ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... The Chatham Islands from space. ...


United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, Unitary Authorities are English local authorities set up by the Local Government Act 1992 which form a single tier of local government, and are responsible for almost all local government functions within their areas. The United Kingdom is made up of four parts - England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. ...


This is opposed to the two-tier system of local government which still exists in most of England, where local government functions are divided between county councils and district councils. Until 1996 a similar two-tier system existed in Scotland and Wales but this has now been replaced by a fully unitary system. A unitary system has existed in Northern Ireland since 1973. Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... Non-metropolitan districts (usually just called Districts) are local government sub-divisions of English Counties. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Dieu et mon droit (Royal motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Main language English Other recognised languages Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1973 calendar). ...


Although most of England is still two-tier, during the 1990s, many cities and large towns became unitary authorities and thus independent from county councils, with the local council taking over both county and district functions. The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ...


In addition in some English counties with small populations, such as Rutland, Herefordshire and the Isle of Wight, the entire county is a unitary authority. Rutland is traditionally Englands smallest county and is bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire, and southeast by Northamptonshire. ... Herefordshire is a traditional and ceremonial county and unitary district in the West Midlands region of England in the United Kingdom. ... The Isle of Wight is an English island, south of Southampton off the southern English coast. ...


In practice most unitary authorities in the UK are not entirely unitary, as they often run some services on a joint basis with other authorities, these typically include policing, fire services, and sometimes waste disposal and public transport. In addition some unitary authorities contain civil parishes, which effectively form another limited tier of local government. In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ...


History

When county councils were first established in 1889, a type of unitary authority was created called a County Borough which was independent of county council administration. County Boroughs typically covered large towns and cities. However in 1974 County Boroughs were abolished and a two-tier system was put in place everywhere. In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... County borough was a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom to refer to a borough or a city independent of county administration. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ...


By the 1990s it was clear that the two-tier system was in many places complicated and inefficient. Many large councils re-gained their unitary status throughout the 1990s, effectively returning to the pre-1974 system, although the County Boroughs were re-named 'unitary authorities'. The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ...


The term 'unitary authority' itself first surfaced in the Redcliffe-Maud Report, to describe the sort of authority the report recommended cover most of England. Local government in England as proposed by the report. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked...


Creation of unitary authorities

Unitary authorities can be created in England by statutory instruments, so do not require separate legislation, under the terms of the Local Government Act 1992. Typically a district of a non-metropolitan county is designated as a new non-metropolitan county, but without a county council. The borders of the original county are adjusted to exclude the unitary authority area. In common usage unitary authority areas are not usually referred to as counties, although there are exceptions such as the Herefordshire and Rutland, which are reinstatements of counties lost in the 1974 reorganisation; and the Isle of Wight, (the first Unitary Authority created after the 1992 Act, and arguably one of the simplest and least controversial to create) which was, and remains, a separate county, but now with only a single council. A shire county or non-metropolitan county in England, is a county level entity which is not a metropolitan county. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... Herefordshire is a traditional and ceremonial county and unitary district in the West Midlands region of England in the United Kingdom. ... Rutland is traditionally Englands smallest county and is bounded on the west and north by Leicestershire, northeast by Lincolnshire, and southeast by Northamptonshire. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... The Isle of Wight is an English island, south of Southampton off the southern English coast. ...


In some cases, such as the boroughs of the six metropolitan counties and the county of Berkshire, a different process was followed, where the county council was abolished, and its functions merely transferred to the districts. The six metropolitan counties shown within England The metropolitan counties are a type of county-level subnational entity in current use in England. ... Berkshire (IPA: or  ; sometimes abbreviated to Berks) is a county in England and forms part of the South East England region. ...


Scotland and Wales consistently use authorities of a unitary nature being known in current legislation in Scotland as "Councils" and in Wales as "County Councils" or "County Borough Councils". They have become more common in England since the 1990s. However the two-tier arrangement (increasing to three-tiers, for the remaining county administrations) has remained in a different form due to the introduction of a regional level of administration. Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my [birth]right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages English (de facto) Capital London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001 Census) – Density Ranked... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ... The region (sometimes known as Government Office Region) is currently the highest level of local government in England. ...


London boroughs and the City of London are also counted as unitary authorities. The Isles of Scilly have a special council that is neither a district nor a county, but is in practise a sui generis unitary authority. The administrative area of Greater London contains 32 London Boroughs, of which 12 (plus the City of London) make up Inner London and 20 Outer London. ... Coat of arms The City of London is a small area in Greater London. ... Tresco, the second largest Island of Scillonia The Isles of Scilly (Cornish: Ynysek Syllan) form an archipelago of islands off the Cornish coast. ... Pronunciation SOO-eye jen-ER-ihs Sui generis is a (post) Latin expression, literally meaning of its own kind/genus or unique in its characteristics. ...


For listings of unitary authorities in England, see Regions of England or Subdivisions of England. The BOGUS regions, also known as BOGUS FASCIST SCOTTISH Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity in England. ... For local government purposes, England is divided into three types of areas - non-unitary authorities, unitary authorities, and London boroughs. ...


Other countries

Similar institituions exist in other countries, which although not called unitary authorities, are similar in concept.


Canada

More commonly referred to as single-tier municipalities, they exist as a single level of government in a province that otherwise has two levels of local government. One should not confuse municipalities in provinces with no upper-level of local government as single-tier municipalities, as these are the only level of local government in that province.


Structure of a single-tier municipality varies, and while most function as cities with no upper level of government, some function as counties or regional municipalities with no lower municipal subdivisons below them. The vast majority of Canadian single-tier municipalities are located in Ontario, where they exist as individual census divisions, as well as separated municipalities. A regional municipality (or region) is a type of Canadian municipal government which works much like a county; the method of government depends on how it is defined. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (French has some legal status) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked... In the Canadian province of Ontario, there are three different types of census divisions: single-tier municipalities, upper-tier municipalities (which can be regional municipalities or counties) and districts. ... In the Canadian province of Ontario, municipalities operate in various hierarchies. ...


United States

In the United States an Independent city is roughly equivalent to a unitary authority. The city might be separate from any county government, as in Virginia, or merged with a county government, as is common in Florida. In Alaska, dual-tier (county-municipality) government is rare. In Anchorage, Juneau, and Sitka, city governments are merged with their respective boroughs. In many other areas the only local government is the borough (effectively a unitary authority), and in some sparsely-populated areas there is no local government at all. An independent city is a city that does not form part of another local government entity. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 320 km 690 km 7. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 22nd 170 451 km² 260 km 800 km 17. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 1st 1,717,854 km² 1,300 km 2,380 km 13. ... Nickname: The City of Lights and Flowers Official website: www. ... Juneau redirects here. ... Sitka City and Borough is a borough located on the west side of Baranof Island in the Alexander Archipelago of the Pacific Ocean, in the state of Alaska. ... A borough is a local government administrative subdivision used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
unitary authority | English | Dictionary & Translation by Babylon (90 words)
A unitary authority is a type of local authority that has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area.
This is opposed to a two-tier system where local government functions are divided between different authorities.Typically unitary authorities cover large towns or cities, which are large enough to be independent of county or regional administration.
Sometimes they consist of counties which have no lower level of administration.
Unitary authority - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (877 words)
A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area.
Typically unitary authorities cover large towns or cities, which are large enough to be independent of county or regional administration.
In the United Kingdom, unitary authorities are local authorities which form a single tier of local government, and are responsible for almost all local government functions within their areas.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m