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Encyclopedia > Union Station (Washington, D.C.)
Washington Union Station
The central block of the immense front façade
Station statistics
Address 50 Massachusetts Avenue NE
Washington, DC
Lines Acela Express, Capitol Limited, Cardinal, Carolinian, Crescent, Regional, Palmetto, Silver Meteor, Silver Star, Vermonter
Connections WMATA Red Line, MARC, and VRE
Other information
Accessible Handicapped/disabled access
Code WAS
Owned by Amtrak
Traffic
Passengers (2006) 3.859 million 3% (Amtrak)
Passengers (2004) 201,561 10% (VRE)
Services
  Preceding station     Amtrak     Following station  
Terminus Acela Express
toward Chicago
Capitol Limited Terminus
toward Chicago
Cardinal
toward New York
toward Charlotte
Carolinian
Crescent
toward Savannah
Palmetto
toward Miami
Silver Meteor
Silver Star
Regional
New Carrollton
Terminus Vermonter
New Carrollton
toward St. Albans
  Preceding station     MARC     Following station  
Terminus Brunswick Line
toward Martinsburg or Frederick
Camden Line
Riverdale
toward Baltimore
Penn Line
toward Perryville
  Preceding station     Virginia Railway Express     Following station  
Manassas Line Terminus
Fredericksburg Line

Union Station is the grand ceremonial train station designed to be the entrance to Washington, D.C., when it opened in 1907. Public Domain from http://pubs. ... Acela Express (often called simply Acela, leading to early confusion with the Acela Regional and Acela Commuter) is the name used by Amtrak for the high-speed tilting train service operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston via New York City, Baltimore, and Philadelphia along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in... Amtraks Capitol Limited is one of the two routes connecting Washington, DC to Chicago, running via Cleveland, Ohio (the other is the Cardinal via Cincinnati). ... The Cardinal is a passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the Midwestern and Northeastern United States. ... The Carolinian is a train running daily between Charlotte, North Carolina and New York, New York. ... The Crescent is a passenger train operated by Amtrak in the eastern part of the United States. ... Regional is Amtraks service between Newport News, Virginia and Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Palmetto is a 829-mile (1334 km) passenger train service operated by Amtrak from New York City south to Savannah, Georgia via the Northeast Corridor to Washington, DC, then via Richmond, Virginia, Fayetteville, North Carolina and Charleston, South Carolina. ... The Silver Service and Palmetto are a group of passenger railway lines operated by Amtrak, connecting New York Penn Station to Tampa, Florida and Miami, Florida. ... The Silver Service and Palmetto are a group of passenger railway lines operated by Amtrak, connecting New York Penn Station to Tampa, Florida and Miami, Florida. ... Amtraks Vermonter is a 606-mile (975 km) passenger train service between St. ... The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ... The Red Line of the Washington Metro consists of 27 subway stations from Shady Grove to Glenmont. ... MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... The Virginia Railway Express (VRE) is a commuter railroad service that connects the Northern Virginia area with Washington, DC. The VRE operates on two lines, the Fredericksburg line, which starts from Fredericksburg, Virginia and the Manassas line, which starts from Broad Run Airport in Bristow, Virginia. ... Image File history File links Wheelchair_symbol. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Acela Express (often called simply Acela, leading to early confusion with the Acela Regional and Acela Commuter) is the name used by Amtrak for the high-speed tilting train service operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston via New York City, Baltimore, and Philadelphia along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in... The BWI Airport Rail Station is a train station in Linthicum, Maryland located near the Baltimore-Washington International Airport (BWI). ... South Station front entrance. ... Rockville is a Washington Metro station in Montgomery County, Maryland on the Red Line. ... Union Station is a Chicago train station that opened in 1925, replacing an earlier 1881 station, and is now the only intercity rail terminal in Chicago. ... Amtraks Capitol Limited is one of the two routes connecting Washington, DC to Chicago, running via Cleveland, Ohio (the other is the Cardinal via Cincinnati). ... Alexandria Union Station is a historic train station in Alexandria, Virginia south of Washington, D.C. To avoid confusion with nearby Washington Union Station it is usually referred to locally as simply Alexandria Station. ... Union Station is a Chicago train station that opened in 1925, replacing an earlier 1881 station, and is now the only intercity rail terminal in Chicago. ... The Cardinal is a passenger train route operated by Amtrak in the Midwestern and Northeastern United States. ... Exterior of Penn Station Pennsylvania Station (generally referred to as Penn Station) is the main train station in Baltimore, Maryland. ... For the Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey or Baltimore, Maryland, see Pennsylvania Station (Newark) or Pennsylvania Station (Baltimore). ... Alexandria Union Station is a historic train station in Alexandria, Virginia south of Washington, D.C. To avoid confusion with nearby Washington Union Station it is usually referred to locally as simply Alexandria Station. ... The Charlotte Amtrak Station, located in Charlotte, North Carolina, is served by the passenger train. ... The Carolinian is a train running daily between Charlotte, North Carolina and New York, New York. ... Alexandria Union Station is a historic train station in Alexandria, Virginia south of Washington, D.C. To avoid confusion with nearby Washington Union Station it is usually referred to locally as simply Alexandria Station. ... New Orleans Union Passenger Terminal (NOUPT) is the main train station in New Orleans, Louisiana. ... The Crescent is a passenger train operated by Amtrak in the eastern part of the United States. ... Alexandria Union Station is a historic train station in Alexandria, Virginia south of Washington, D.C. To avoid confusion with nearby Washington Union Station it is usually referred to locally as simply Alexandria Station. ... The Savannah Amtrak station. ... The Palmetto is a 829-mile (1334 km) passenger train service operated by Amtrak from New York City south to Savannah, Georgia via the Northeast Corridor to Washington, DC, then via Richmond, Virginia, Fayetteville, North Carolina and Charleston, South Carolina. ... Alexandria Union Station is a historic train station in Alexandria, Virginia south of Washington, D.C. To avoid confusion with nearby Washington Union Station it is usually referred to locally as simply Alexandria Station. ... Hialeah Market Station is a Tri-Rail commuter rail station located in Hialeah, Florida. ... The Silver Service and Palmetto are a group of passenger railway lines operated by Amtrak, connecting New York Penn Station to Tampa, Florida and Miami, Florida. ... The Silver Service and Palmetto are a group of passenger railway lines operated by Amtrak, connecting New York Penn Station to Tampa, Florida and Miami, Florida. ... Alexandria Union Station is a historic train station in Alexandria, Virginia south of Washington, D.C. To avoid confusion with nearby Washington Union Station it is usually referred to locally as simply Alexandria Station. ... The Newport News (Amtrak station) is located at 9304 Warwick Boulevard in Newport News, Virginia. ... Regional is Amtraks service between Newport News, Virginia and Boston, Massachusetts. ... New Carrollton is a joint Washington Metro and Amtrak station in Prince Georges County, Maryland at the eastern end of the Orange Line. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Springfield Union Station is an Amtrak station in Springfield, MA. The station was built in 1926 by the Boston and Albany Railroad to serve the many rail lines feeding into the city. ... Amtraks Vermonter is a 606-mile (975 km) passenger train service between St. ... New Carrollton is a joint Washington Metro and Amtrak station in Prince Georges County, Maryland at the eastern end of the Orange Line. ... Other information Passengers (2006) 2,750 34% Code SAB St. ... MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... Silver Spring Metro station as seen from MARC bridge. ... MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... Exterior of Penn Station Pennsylvania Station (generally referred to as Penn Station) is the main train station in Baltimore, Maryland. ... MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... New Carrollton station as seen from a nearby parking garage. ... The Virginia Railway Express (VRE) is a commuter railroad service that connects the Northern Virginia area with Washington, DC. The VRE operates on two lines, the Fredericksburg line, which starts from Fredericksburg, Virginia and the Manassas line, which starts from Broad Run Airport in Bristow, Virginia. ... Station entrance pylon at LEnfant Plaza. ... Other information The Rippon (VRE station) is located at 10637 Piper Lane in Bristow, Virginia. ... The Virginia Railway Express (VRE) is a commuter railroad service that connects the Northern Virginia area with Washington, DC. The VRE operates on two lines, the Fredericksburg line, which starts from Fredericksburg, Virginia and the Manassas line, which starts from Broad Run Airport in Bristow, Virginia. ... Station entrance pylon at LEnfant Plaza. ... VRE: Other information Code FBG Traffic Passengers (2006) 66,125[1] 88% The Fredericksburg (Amtrak station) is located at 200 Lafayette Blvd. ... The Virginia Railway Express (VRE) is a commuter railroad service that connects the Northern Virginia area with Washington, DC. The VRE operates on two lines, the Fredericksburg line, which starts from Fredericksburg, Virginia and the Manassas line, which starts from Broad Run Airport in Bristow, Virginia. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


It is one of the busiest and best-known places in Washington, D.C., visited by 20 million people each year. The terminal is served by Amtrak, MARC and VRE commuter railroads, and the Washington Metro transit system of buses and subway trains. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... The Virginia Railway Express (VRE) is a commuter railroad service that connects the Northern Virginia area with Washington, DC. The VRE operates on two lines, the Fredericksburg line, which starts from Fredericksburg, Virginia and the Manassas line, which starts from Broad Run Airport in Bristow, Virginia. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Public transport ... The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ...

Contents

History

When the Pennsylvania and Baltimore & Ohio Railroads announced in 1901 that they planned to build a new terminal, people in the city celebrated for two reasons. The decision meant, first of all, that both the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR) and the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad would soon remove their trackwork and terminals from the Mall. Though changes there appeared only gradually, the consolidation of the depots allowed the creation of the Mall as it appears today. Second, the plans to bring all the city’s railroads under one roof promised that Washington would finally have a station large enough to handle large crowds and impressive enough to reflect the Capital’s role. 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ... The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad or B&O was a 19th century railroad which operated in the east coast of the United States and was the first railroad to offer commercial transportation of both people and freight. ... Year 1901 (MCMI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Facing west across the Mall, with ones back towards the United States Capitol. ...


Architecture and construction

USGS satellite image of Union Station, taken April 26, 2002, reveals the complicated network of tracks descending into the station from the northeast. The large building to the left of Union Station is the Postal Square Building, home to the National Postal Museum and the Bureau of Labor Statistics; to the right is the Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building.
USGS satellite image of Union Station, taken April 26, 2002, reveals the complicated network of tracks descending into the station from the northeast. The large building to the left of Union Station is the Postal Square Building, home to the National Postal Museum and the Bureau of Labor Statistics; to the right is the Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building.

Architect Daniel Burnham, assisted by Pierce Anderson, used a number of techniques to convey this message: neoclassical elements combined the Roman architecture of the triumphal arch with the great vaulted spaces of Imperial Roman public baths, such as the Baths of Diocletian in Rome; prominent siting at the intersection of two of Pierre L'Enfant's avenues, with an orientation that faced the United States Capitol, just five blocks away; a massive scale, including a facade stretching more than 600' and a waiting room ceiling 96' above the floor; stone inscriptions and allegorical sculpture in the Beaux-Arts manner; expensive materials such as marble, gold leaf, and white granite from a previously unused quarry. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 375 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1050 × 1680 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 375 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1050 × 1680 pixel, file size: 2. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... The National Postal Museum in Washington, D.C. is located across the street from Union Station and houses many interactive displays about the history of the United States Postal Service and of mail service around the world. ... The Bureau of Labor Statistics was founded in 1884 by President Chester A. Arthur. ... The Thurgood Marshall Federal Judiciary Building houses agencies that support the work of the United States Courts, including the Administrative Office of the United States Courts, the Federal Judicial Center, and the United States Sentencing Commission. ... Daniel H. Burnham. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... A triumphal arch is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, usually built to celebrate a victory in war. ... The basilica of Santa Maria degli Angeli e dei Martiri, built in the tepidarium of the baths The church of San Bernardo alle Terme recycled an old circular tower at the southwestern corner of the perimeter wall of the baths, one of four towers defining its grounds. ... Pierre Charles LEnfant ( 2 August 1754 – 14 June 1825) designed the street plan of the Federal City in the United States, now known as Washington, DC. Born in France, he came to the American colonies as a military engineer with General Lafayette and became closely identified with the... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the United States Congress, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ... Sacrifice by Walter Hancock, Soldiers Memorial, St. ... Beaux-Arts architecture[1] denotes the academic classical architectural style that was taught at the École des Beaux Arts in Paris. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Metal leaf. ...


Above the main cornice of the central block stand colossal statues designed by Augustus Saint-Gaudens whose iconography expresses the confident enthusiasm of the American Renaissance movement: Fire, Electricity, Freedom, Imagination, Agriculture and Mechanics. The substitution of Agriculture for Commerce in a railroad station iconography vividly conveys the power of a specifically American lobbying bloc. Augustus Saint Gaudens, 1905 Augustus Saint-Gaudens (Dublin, March 1, 1848 - Cornish, New Hampshire, August 3, 1907), was the Irish-born American sculptor of the Beaux-Arts generation who most embodied the ideals of the American Renaissance. ... American Renaissance painted decor: gilded stencilling on an olive green ground in the Office of the Secretary of the Navy in the Executive Office Building, 1879 (now the Vice Presidents Ceremonial Office) In the history of American architecture and the arts, the American Renaissance was the period ca 1876... This article is about the political effort. ...


Burnham drew upon a tradition, launched with 1837's Euston Station in London, of treating the entrance to a major terminal as a triumphal arch. He linked the monumental end pavilions with long arcades enclosing loggias in a long series of bays that were vaulted with the lightweight fireproof Guastavino tiles favored by American Beaux-Arts architects. The final aspect owed much to the Court of Heroes at the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 in Chicago, where Burnham had been coordinating architect. The setting of Union Station’s facade at the focus of converging avenues in a park-like green setting is one of the few executed achievements of the City Beautiful movement: elite city planning that was based on the “goosefoot” (patte d'oie) of formal garden plans made by Baroque designers such as André Le Notre. The radiating avenues can been seen in the satellite view (illustration, right). Euston station, also known as London Euston, is a major railway station to the north of central London and in the London Borough of Camden. ... For the surname, see Loggia (surname). ... Guastavino tile work in NYC City Hall subway station Guastavino tile refers to the Tile Arch System patented in the US in 1885 by Catalan architect and builder Rafael Guastavino (1842–1908). ... One-third scale replica of Daniel Chester Frenchs Republic, which stood in the great basin at the exposition, Chicago, 2004 The Worlds Columbian Exposition (also called The Chicago Worlds Fair), a Worlds Fair, was held in Chicago in 1893, to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... The City Beautiful movement was a Progressive reform movement in North American architecture and urban planning that flourished in the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of using beautification and monumental grandeur in cities to counteract the perceived moral decay of poverty-stricken urban environments. ... For other uses, see Baroque (disambiguation). ... Painting of André Le Nôtre by Carlo Maratti André Le Nôtre (March 12, 1613 - September 15, 1700) was a landscape architect and the gardener of king Louis XIV of France from 1645 to 1700. ...


Modernist architectural critics detested the imperial bombast of the Beaux-Arts style, and Union Station has been no exception.


The station held a full range of dining rooms and other services, including barber shops and a mortuary. Union Station was equipped with a presidential suite (now occupied by a restaurant) that was prompted by the recent assassinations of Presidents James Garfield and William McKinley. Garfield had been shot at Washington’s Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station July 2, 1881, while he waited for a train. James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831–September 19, 1881) was a major general in the United States Army, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and the twentieth President of the United States. ... This article is about the 25th President of the United States; for other people named William McKinley, see William McKinley (disambiguation). ...


Operations

Northeast Corridor
Legend
Boston South Station
BHF
Boston Back Bay
BHF
Route 128
BHF
Providence
STR
Springfield
HST STR
Hartford
STRlf ABZlg
BHF
New Haven
BHF
Stamford
BHF
New York City
BHF
Newark
BHF
Metropark
BHF
Princeton Junction
BHF
Trenton
BHF
Philadephia
BHF
Wilmington
BHF
Baltimore
BHF
BWI Airport
Washington DC

Union Station opened on October 27, 1907, with the arrival of a B&O passenger train from Pittsburgh. The terminal quickly became the portal to the Capitol. At no time was it busier than during World War II, when as many as 200,000 people passed through in a single day. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... South Station front entrance. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Back Bay Station, located at 145 Dartmouth Street, between Stuart Street and Columbus Avenue, in Back Bay, Boston, is an important transportation center. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Amtrak waiting area Route 128 Station, located at Exit 13 off Interstate 95/US 1 (known locally as Route 128), in Westwood, Massachusetts, a suburb of Boston. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Amtrak station in Providence, Rhode Island is served by Amtrak and the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Springfield Union Station is an Amtrak station in Springfield, MA. The station was built in 1926 by the Boston and Albany Railroad to serve the many rail lines feeding into the city. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Union Station is the main railway station in Hartford, Connecticut. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Union Station is the main railroad passenger station in New Haven, Connecticut. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about a railway station in North America. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pennsylvania Station (commonly known as Penn Station) is the major intercity rail station and a major commuter rail hub in New York City. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pennsylvania Station in Newark, New Jersey (also known as Newark Penn Station) is the larger of the citys two main train stations. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... New Jersey Transit: Platforms 2 side platforms Tracks 4 Parking 3,615 spaces Other information Opened 1972 Rebuilt 2010 (refurbishment) Accessible Code MET Traffic Passengers (2006) 1. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Princeton Branch platform at Princeton Junction station. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... New Jersey Transit: SEPTA: Other service Greyhound Lines Other information Passengers (2006) 436,058[1] 52% Code TRE Owned by New Jersey Transit Trenton Rail Station is the main passenger train station in Trenton, New Jersey. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... 30th Street Station is the main railroad station in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Wilmington Train Station is the passenger rail station in Wilmington, Delaware, formerly known as Pennsylvania Station. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Exterior of Penn Station Pennsylvania Station (generally referred to as Penn Station) is the main train station in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The BWI Airport Rail Station is a train station in Linthicum, Maryland adjacent to Baltimore-Washington International Airport (BWI). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... City nickname: The Steel City Location in the state of Pennsylvania Founded 1758 Mayor Tom Murphy (Dem) Area  - Total  - Water 151. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


On the morning of January 15, 1953, the Pennsylvania Railroad’s Federal Express crashed into the station. When the engineer tried to apply the trainline brakes two miles out of the platforms, he discovered that he only had engine brakes. He radioed ahead and the concourse was cleared as the train coasted downhill into track 16. The GG1 locomotive, No. 4876, hit the bumper post at about 25 miles per hour, jumped onto the platform, destroyed the stationmaster’s office at the end of the track, took out a newsstand, and was on its way to crashing through the wall into the Great Hall. Just then, the floor of the terminal, having never been designed to carry the weight of a locomotive, gave way, dropping the engine into the basement. The 447,000-pound electric locomotive fell into about the center of what is now the food court. Remarkably, no one was killed, and passengers in the rear cars thought that they had only had a rough stop. An investigation revealed that an anglecock on the brakeline had been closed. The accident inspired the finale of the 1976 film Silver Streak. is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... The Pennsylvania Railroads train No. ... PRR GG1 number 4890 on display at the National Railroad Museum in Green Bay, WI. The Pennsylvania Railroads GG1 class of electric locomotives were built between 1934 to 1943, with a total of 139 units constructed. ... Food court at the Fashion Centre at Pentagon City in Arlington, Virginia. ... // Events March 22 - Filming begins on George Lucas Star Wars science fiction film. ... Silver Streak is a 1976 comedy film about murder on a Los Angeles to Chicago train trip. ...


For most of its existence, Union Station served as a hub, with service of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, Pennsylvania Railroad, and Southern Railway. The Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad provided a link to Richmond, Virginia, about 100 miles to the south, where major north-south lines of the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad and Seaboard Air Line Railroad provided service to the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad or B&O was a 19th century railroad which operated in the east coast of the United States and was the first railroad to offer commercial transportation of both people and freight. ... 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ... The Southern Railway (AAR reporting mark SOU) was the product of nearly 150 predecessor lines that were combined, reorganized and recombined beginning in the 1830s, formally becoming the Southern Railway in 1894. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Defunct companies | District of Columbia railroads | Virginia railroads ... Nickname: Motto: Sic dic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad (AAR reporting mark ACL) was an American railroad that existed between 1880s and 1967, when it merged with the Seaboard Air Line Railroad, its longtime rival, to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad. ... The Seaboard Air Line Railroad (AAR reporting mark SAL) was an American railroad that existed between 1880s and 1967, when it merged with the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad, its longtime rival, to form the Seaboard Coast Line Railroad. ...


Decline and restoration

Main Hall of Union Station

As with many American railroad stations, the financial and physical condition of Union Station deteriorated after World War II as train travel declined and federal funding created a competitive interstate highway system. In 1958, the B&O and Pennsylvania Railroads considered giving away the station or perhaps razing it and constructing an office building on the site. In 1963, the feasibility of transforming the station into a cultural center was evaluated, but that proposal eventually became the Kennedy Center. Two years later, a Smithsonian Institution study suggested using Union Station as a railroad museum, but the organization's secretary felt other projects - including the National Air and Space Museum - took precedence. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 445 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,567 × 2,109 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 445 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,567 × 2,109 pixels, file size: 2. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Interstate Highways in the 48 contiguous states. ... The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad or B&O was a 19th century railroad which operated in the east coast of the United States and was the first railroad to offer commercial transportation of both people and freight. ... 1893 map The Pennsylvania Railroad (AAR reporting mark PRR) was an American railroad that was founded in 1846 and merged in 1968 into Penn Central Transportation. ... The Kennedy Center as seen from the Potomac River. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... National Air and Space Museum exterior The National Air and Space Museum (NASM) of the Smithsonian Institution is a museum in Washington, D.C., United States, and is the most popular of the Smithsonian museums. ...


In 1967, the chairman of the U.S. Civil Service Commission expressed interest in using Union Station as a visitor center during the upcoming Bicentennial celebrations. Funding for this was collected over the next six years, and the reconstruction of the station included outfitting the Main Hall with a recessed pit to display a slide show presentation. This was officially the PAVE - the Primary Audio-Visual Experience, but was sarcastically referred to as “the Pit”. The entire project was completed, save for the parking garage, and opening ceremonies were held on July 4, 1976. Due to a lack of publicity and convenient parking, the National Visitor Center was never popular. Following a 1977 General Accounting Office report indicating Union Station was in danger of imminent structural collapse, the National Park Service closed the presentation in “the Pit” on October 28, 1978. The Office of Personnel Management or OPM is the United States government agency which serves to manage the civil service of the United States by the recruitment of qualified personnel into and the administration of their careers as part of the United States Civil Service. ... The United States Bicentennial was celebrated on Sunday, July 4, 1976, the 200th anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence. ... The Government Accountability Office (GAO) is the audit, evaluation, and investigative agency of the United States Congress. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ...


As a result of the Redevelopment Act of 1981, Union Station was closed for restoration and refurbishing. Mold was growing in the ceiling of the Main Hall, and the carpet laid out for an Inauguration Day celebration was full of cigarette-burned holes. In 1988, then-Secretary of Transportation, Elizabeth Dole, awarded US$70 million to the restoration effort. “The Pit” was transformed into a new basement level, and the Main Hall floor was refitted with marble. While installing new ventilation systems, crews discovered antique items in shafts that had not been opened since the building’s creation. The decorative elements of the station were also restored. This article is about the fungi known as molds. ... Inauguration Day 2005 of President George W. Bush on the west steps of the U.S. Capitol. ... Seal of the United States Department of Transportation The United States Secretary of Transportation is the head of the United States Department of Transportation. ... Elizabeth Hanford Liddy Dole (born July 29, 1936) is an American politician who served in both the Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush presidential administrations, and currently serves as a United States senator from North Carolina. ... HVAC may also stand for High-voltage alternating current HVAC systems use ventilation air ducts installed throughout a building that supply conditioned air to a room through rectangular or round outlet vents, called diffusers; and ducts that remove air from return-air grilles Fire-resistance rated mechanical shaft with HVAC...


Current use

Food court in Union Station
Food court in Union Station

The station reopened in its present form in 1988. The former “Pit” area was replaced with an AMC movie theater (now Phoenix Theatres) and a large food court in the former baggage-mail level, a variety of shops opened along the Concourse and Main Hall, and a new Amtrak terminal at the back behind the original Concourse. In 1994, the passenger concourse was renamed to honor retired Amtrak president W. Graham Claytor, Jr., of Roanoke, Virginia, who served for 11 years, from 1982 until 1993. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1913 KB) Summary Food court at Union Station in Washington, D.C. Photo by Kmf164, taken on February 18, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 1913 KB) Summary Food court at Union Station in Washington, D.C. Photo by Kmf164, taken on February 18, 2006. ... AMC Promenade 16 multiplex in the Woodland Hills area of Los Angeles, California. ... Food court at the Fashion Centre at Pentagon City in Arlington, Virginia. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Lieutenant Commander Claytor (center) and some crew members in Japan, 1945 William Graham Claytor, Jr. ... Nickname: Location in Virginia Coordinates: , Country State Government  - Mayor Nelson Harris Area  - City  43 sq mi (111. ...


Today Union Station is again one of Washington’s busiest and best-known places, visited by 20 million people each year. The terminal is located at the southern end of the Northeast Corridor, an electrified rail line extending north through major cities to Boston, Massachusetts. Most of the NEC (those sections shown in red, except Boston to the Rhode Island state line) is owned by Amtrak. ... Overhead wire in Coventry, England Overhead wire and its suspension system in Bridgeport, Connecticut, USA A railway electrification system is a way of supplying electric power to electric locomotives and multiple units. ... Boston redirects here. ...


Passenger services include Amtrak’s high-speed Acela Express, Regional, the MARC and VRE commuter railways, linking Washington to Maryland and Virginia, respectively; and the Washington Metro Red Line. The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... Acela Express (often called simply Acela, leading to early confusion with the Acela Regional and Acela Commuter) is the name used by Amtrak for the high-speed tilting train service operating between Washington, D.C. and Boston via New York City, Baltimore, and Philadelphia along the Northeast Corridor (NEC) in... A region can be any area that has some unifying feature. ... MARC, prior to 1984 known as Maryland Rail Commuter Service, is a commuter rail system comprising three lines in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area. ... The Virginia Railway Express (VRE) is a commuter railroad service that connects the Northern Virginia area with Washington, DC. The VRE operates on two lines, the Fredericksburg line, which starts from Fredericksburg, Virginia and the Manassas line, which starts from Broad Run Airport in Bristow, Virginia. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ... The Red Line of the Washington Metro consists of 27 subway stations from Shady Grove to Glenmont. ...


The track area of the station is divided into two sections, an Upper Level and a Lower Level. On the Upper Level are tracks 7-20 which are used by MARC (weekdays) and Amtrak Acela Express, as well as a few Amtrak Regional trains. The Lower Level consists of tracks 21-29 and is used by all southbound service, including all VRE trains, via a tunnel, as well as some northbound Amtrak services during the week. The D.C. Metrorail Red Line station is located underground at the western side of the building, and is the busiest station in the entire Metro system.


Union Station is a private property owned by Ashkenazy Acquisition Corporation [1] (based in New York) and managed by Jones Lang LaSalle (based in Chicago). It houses the headquarters of Amtrak and carries the IATA airport code of ZWU. [2] Jones Lang LaSalle is a leading global provider of integrated real estate and money management services. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... An IATA airport code, also known an IATA location identifier or simply a location identifier [1], is a three-letter code designating many airports around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). ...


Union Station in the media

Washington’s Union Station has featured as a location in numerous movies, not all as memorable as Mr. Smith Goes to Washington. Others include Hannibal, The Recruit, Along Came a Spider, Collateral Damage, The Sentinel and Wedding Crashers. In order to be featured in the Tom Cruise film Minority Report, parts of the station had to be configured to look like a futuristic model consistent with the film’s 2054 setting. Mr. ... Hannibal is a 2001 film directed by Ridley Scott, adapted from the Thomas Harris novel of the same name. ... For the episode of the TV series Dads Army, see The Recruit (Dads Army episode). ... This article is for the novel Along Came a Spider. ... Collateral damage is a U.S. Military term for unintended or incidental damage during a military operation. ... Sentinel is a person or thing that keeps guard of a place. ... Wedding Crashers is a 2005 comedy film, directed by David Dobkin. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer. ... Minority Report is a 2002 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, loosely based on the Philip K. Dick 1956 short story The Minority Report. It is set in the year 1895, when criminals are interviewed based on foreknowledge. ...


Several episodes of the television series The West Wing have used Union Station as a setting. “The West Wing” redirects here. ...


The station has also been the subject of multiple books. The 128-page Union Station: A Decorative History of Washington’s Grand Terminal by Carol Highsmith and Ted Landphair tells the complete history of the station through text and photographs. Presidential daughter Margaret Truman’s Capital Crimes mystery series includes a Murder at Union Station novel. Mary Margaret Truman–Daniel (born February 17, 1924 in Independence, Missouri) is an American writer and the author of biographies, books on the White House and several best-selling mystery novels. ...


Gallery

See also

// Union station (or terminal) are train stations used by more than one railroad company or line. ... Union Station is a Washington Metro station in Washington, D.C. on the Red Line. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Union Station (Washington, D.C.)
  • Union Station (Washington, D.C.) is at coordinates 38°53′50″N 77°00′23″W / 38.89731, -77.00626Coordinates: 38°53′50″N 77°00′23″W / 38.89731, -77.00626

 
 

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