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Encyclopedia > Union County, New Jersey
Union County, New Jersey
Map
Map of New Jersey highlighting Union County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the USA highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded 1857
Seat Elizabeth
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

273 km² (105 mi²)
268 km² (103 mi²)
6 km² (2 mi²), 2.06%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

522,541
1,953/km² 
Website: www.unioncountynj.org

Union County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2000 Census, the population is 522,541. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area. Its county seat is Elizabeth6. Union County ranks 92nd among the highest-income counties in the United States with its per capita income being $26,992. Image File history File links Map_of_New_Jersey_highlighting_Union_County. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_NJ.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): New Jersey ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Map of Elizabeth in Union County Union County Court House Elizabeth is a City in Union County, New Jersey, in the United States. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties Libertarian Party State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... The New York metropolitan area is the most populous in the United States and the fourth most populous in the world (after Tokyo, Seoul, and Mexico City). ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Map of Elizabeth in Union County Union County Court House Elizabeth is a City in Union County, New Jersey, in the United States. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... There are 3,142 counties in the United States. ...

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 273 km² (105 mi²). 268 km² (103 mi²) of it is land and 6 km² (2 mi²) of it (2.06%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Much of Union County is relatively flat and low-lying. Only in the northwestern corner does any significant relief appear as the Watchung Mountains cross the county. It is there that highest elevations, two areas approximately 560 feet (171 m) above sea level, are found in Berkeley Heights. The lowest elevation is sea level along the eastern shore. The Watchung Mountains are a pair of two long low ridge lateral morraines formed by glaciers in the most recent ice age, between 400 ft. ...


Adjacent Counties

Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of New Jersey. ... The skyline of Jersey City, as seen from Lower New York Bay. ... Middlesex County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Somerset County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Morris County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey, about 25 mi (40 km) west of New York City. ... For other uses, see Staten Island (disambiguation) Staten Island, shown in an enhanced satellite image Staten Island is one of the five boroughs of New York City, located on an island of the same name on the west side of the Narrows at the entrance of New York Harbor. ...

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 27,780
1870 41,859 50.7%
1880 55,571 32.8%
1890 72,467 30.4%
1900 99,353 37.1%
1910 140,197 41.1%
1920 200,157 42.8%
1930 305,209 52.5%
1940 328,344 7.6%
1950 398,138 21.3%
1960 504,255 26.7%
1970 543,116 7.7%
1980 504,094 -7.2%
1990 493,819 -2.0%
2000 522,541 5.8%
Est. 2005 531,457 [1] 1.7%
historical census data source: [2][3]

As of the census² of 2000, there were 522,541 people, 186,124 households, and 133,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,953/km² (5,059/mi²). There were 192,945 housing units at an average density of 721/km² (1,868/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.51% White, 20.78% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 3.83% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 6.37% from other races, and 3.25% from two or more races. 19.71% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twetieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,542,199, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of encyclopedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


There were 186,124 households out of which 34.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% were married couples living together, 14.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.28. “Matrimony” redirects here. ...


In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 31.30% from 25 to 44, 22.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males.


The median income for a household in the county was $55,339, and the median income for a family was $65,234. Males had a median income of $44,544 versus $32,487 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,992. About 6.30% of families and 8.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Union County is extremely diverse. Berkeley Heights, New Providence, Westfield, Summit, Cranford, Kenilworth, Clark, Linden, Union, Springfield and Scotch Plains have a very high number of Italian American residents as well as a large number of Irish Americans and residents of Northern European descent in general. Plainfield, Roselle, Linden, Rahway, and Elizabeth all have large African American communities. Roselle Park has a notably large Indian American community, and Roselle Park, Linden, Rahway, and Plainfield, and particularly Elizabeth, have fast-growing Hispanic populations. Portuguese-Americans are an increasing group across the county. There are fair-sized Jewish-American communities in Springfield, Scotch Plains, Elizabeth, Cranford, Westfield, and Summit, but not on the level of Essex County. Map of Berkeley Heights Township in Union County Berkeley Heights is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... The New Providence sign which marks the boundary of the town New Providence is a borough on the northwestern edge of Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Map of Westfield in Union County Westfield is a town in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Nickname: Location of Summit within Union County and state of New Jersey Coordinates: Country USA State New Jersey County Union Settled 1710 Incorporation as Township March 23, 1869 Incorporation as City March 8, 1899 Government  - Type Faulkner Act Council-Manager  - Mayor Jordan Glatt  - City Administrator Christopher Cotter Area  - City 15. ... Map of Cranford Township in Union County. ... Map of Kenilworth in Union County Kenilworth is a Borough in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Clark is a census-designated place located in Union County, New Jersey. ... Linden is a city located in Union County, New Jersey. ... Union Township is the name of some places in the U.S. state of New Jersey: Union Township, Camden County, New Jersey Union Township, Hunterdon County, New Jersey Union Township, Union County, New Jersey see also: Union City, New Jersey Union Beach, New Jersey Union County, New Jersey This is... Springfield Township is the name of some places in the U.S. state of New Jersey: Springfield Township, Burlington County, New Jersey Springfield Township, Union County, New Jersey This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... An Italian-American is an American of Italian descent either born in America or someone who has immigrated. ... Irish Americans are residents or citizens of the United States who claim Irish ancestry. ... Map of Plainfield in Union County Plainfield is a City in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Roselle is a borough located in Union County, New Jersey. ... Coordinates: Country United States State New Jersey County Union Incorporated 1858 Government  - Mayor James J. Kennedy Area    - City  4. ... Map of Elizabeth in Union County Union County Court House Elizabeth is a City in Union County, New Jersey, in the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Roselle Park is a borough located in Union County, New Jersey. ... For an article on American Indians see Native Americans. ... The Hispanic world. ... It has been suggested that Lusitanic American be merged into this article or section. ... A Jewish American (also commonly American Jew) is an American (a citizen of the United States) of Jewish descent or religion who maintains a connection to the Jewish community, either through actively practicing Judaism or through cultural and historical affiliation. ... Map of Scotch Plains Township in Union County Scotch Plains is a Township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Essex County is a county located in the northeastern part of the state of New Jersey. ...


Government

Union County is governed by a nine-member Board of Chosen Freeholders. The members are elected at large to serve three-year terms. The Freeholder Board sets policies for the operation of the County. Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by a County Manager. The Board of Chosen Freeholders is the legislative body in each of the 21 counties in New Jersey. ...


The Freeholders are the center of legislative and administrative responsibility in Union County and, as such, perform a dual role. As legislators they draw up and adopt a budget, and in the role of administrators they are responsible for spending the funds they have appropriated. Many of these duties in Union County have been delegated by the Board of Chosen Freeholders to the County Manager.


Each of the freeholders serves on various committees and boards as a part of their duties. These include the Economic Development Committee, the Parks and Recreation Board, the Libraries Committee, and the Policy Committee, to name a few. In addition, the Board oversees the county's Open Space Trust Fund.


As of the January 2006 reorganization, Union County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman Alexander Mirabella, Freeholder Vice Chairman Bette Jane Kowalski, Angel G. Estrada, Chester Holmes, Adrian O. Mapp, Rick Proctor, Deborah P. Scanlon, Daniel P. Sullivan and Nancy Ward.[4] The Board of County Freeholders is the legislative body for each of the 21 counties in New Jersey. ...


Union County Freeholder Meetings

Union County Freeholders Meet publicly on a monthly basis. Citizens have the ability to provide feedback and comment on issues that concern them. A sample Freeholder meeting held in September 2003 can be viewed by clicking:

  1. Union County, NJ Freeholder Meeting -- 25 September 2003

Transportation

The county is served by numerous transportation modes including rail, air, highways and ports.


Major highways which traverse the county include the New Jersey Turnpike, Garden State Parkway, Interstate 78, Interstate 278, U.S. Route 1, U.S. Route 9, U.S. Route 22 and the Goethals Bridge. The New Jersey Turnpike is a toll road in New Jersey and is one of the most heavily traveled highways in the United States. ... The Garden State Parkway is a 174. ... This Interstate Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Interstate Highways. ... Interstate 278 (abbreviated I-278) is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. states of New Jersey and New York. ... U.S. Route 1 in New Jersey is a portion of the United States highway which parallels the East Coast of the United States, running 2,390 miles (3,846 km) from Key West, Florida in the south, to Fort Kent, Maine at the Canadian border in the north, 66. ... U.S. Route 9 is a major U.S. highway in the northeast United States. ... Signs for U-turn ramps on US 22 in Union County, New Jersey United States Highway 22, an east-west route, is one of the original United States highways of 1926. ... The Goethals Bridge, seen from Staten Island The Goethals Bridge (pronounced GAWTH-uhls) connects Elizabeth, New Jersey to Staten Island, New York over the Arthur Kill. ...


Passenger rail service is provide by NJ Transit via the Northeast Corridor, North Jersey Coast Line, Raritan Valley Line, the Morristown Line and the Gladstone Branch. Freight service is provided by on Conrail's Lehigh Line and Chemical Coast Branch. New Jersey Transit Arrow III at West Windsor, NJ Hudson-Bergen Light Rail vehicle at 2nd Street station New Jersey Transit (NJ Transit) is a statewide public transportation system serving the U.S. state of New Jersey. ... Most of the NEC (those sections shown in red, except Boston to the Rhode Island state line) is owned by Amtrak. ... The North Jersey Coast Line is one of New Jersey Transits commuter lines. ... The Raritan Valley Line is a commuter rail service of New Jersey Transit, running out of Newark Penn Station and terminating at High Bridge. ... The Morristown Line is one of New Jersey Transits commuter lines. ... The Gladstone Branch is a branch of New Jersey Transits Morristown Line. ...


The Elizabeth Marine Terminal is part of the Port of New York and New Jersey. Container port facilities at Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal, seen from Bayonne, New Jersey. ... The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (PANYNJ) is a bi-state agency (operated pursuant to an interstate compact) that runs most of the regional transportation infrastructure, including the bridges, tunnels, airports, and seaports, within the New York–New Jersey Port District. ...


The southern portion of Newark Liberty International Airport is located within Union County. Newark Liberty International Airport (IATA: EWR, ICAO: KEWR), formerly known as Newark International Airport, is an international airport within the city limits of both Newark and Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States. ...


Municipalities

Index map of Union County municipalities (click to see index key)
Index map of Union County municipalities (click to see index key)

Image File history File links Union_County,_New_Jersey_Municipalities. ... Image File history File links Union_County,_New_Jersey_Municipalities. ...

Cities

Modern forms of municipal government Walsh Act/Commission 1923 Municipal Manager Faulkner Act forms of municipal government Mayor-Council Council-Manager Small Municipality Mayor-Council-Administrator A City in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government. ... Map of Elizabeth in Union County Union County Court House Elizabeth is a City in Union County, New Jersey, in the United States. ... Linden is a city located in Union County, New Jersey. ... Map of Plainfield in Union County Plainfield is a City in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Coordinates: Country United States State New Jersey County Union Incorporated 1858 Government  - Mayor James J. Kennedy Area    - City  4. ... Nickname: Location of Summit within Union County and state of New Jersey Coordinates: Country USA State New Jersey County Union Settled 1710 Incorporation as Township March 23, 1869 Incorporation as City March 8, 1899 Government  - Type Faulkner Act Council-Manager  - Mayor Jordan Glatt  - City Administrator Christopher Cotter Area  - City 15. ...

Towns

Modern forms of municipal government Walsh Act/Commission 1923 Municipal Manager Faulkner Act forms of municipal government Mayor-Council Council-Manager Small Municipality Mayor-Council-Administrator A Town in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government. ... Map of Westfield in Union County Westfield is a town in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ...

Townships

Modern forms of municipal government Walsh Act/Commission 1923 Municipal Manager Faulkner Act forms of municipal government Mayor-Council Council-Manager Small Municipality Mayor-Council-Administrator A township, in the context of New Jersey local government, refers to one of five types and one of eleven forms of municipal government. ... Map of Berkeley Heights Township in Union County Berkeley Heights is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Clark is a census-designated place located in Union County, New Jersey. ... Map of Cranford Township in Union County. ... Map of Hillside Township in Union County Hillside is a Township located in Union County, New Jersey. ... Map of Scotch Plains Township in Union County Scotch Plains is a Township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Map of Springfield Township in Union County Springfield Township is a township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Map of Union Township in Union County Union is a Township in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Map of Winfield Township in Union County Winfield Township is a township in Union County, New Jersey, in the United States. ...

Boroughs

A Borough (sometimes spelled Boro on road signage) in the context of New Jersey local government refers to one of five types and one of twelve forms of municipal government. ... Fanwood is a borough located in Union County, New Jersey. ... Map of Garwood in Union County Garwood is a borough in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Map of Kenilworth in Union County Kenilworth is a Borough in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Map of Mountainside in Union County Mountainside is a borough in Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... The New Providence sign which marks the boundary of the town New Providence is a borough on the northwestern edge of Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... Map of Roselle Park in Union County Roselle Park is a Borough located in Union County, New Jersey. ... Roselle is a borough located in Union County, New Jersey. ...

References

  1. ^ QuickFacts: Union County, New Jersey. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2007-03-01.
  2. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 - 1930.
  3. ^ Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser. University of Virginia Library. Retrieved on 2007-03-02.
  4. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, accessed June 6, 2006
This box: view  talk  edit
Municipalities of Union County, New Jersey
(County seat: Elizabeth)
Boroughs Fanwood | Garwood | Kenilworth | Mountainside | New Providence | Roselle | Roselle Park
Cities Elizabeth | Linden | Plainfield | Rahway | Summit
Town Westfield
Townships Berkeley Heights | Clark | Cranford | Hillside | Scotch Plains | Springfield Township | Union Township | Winfield Township

Coordinates: 40°40′N, 74°19′W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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