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Encyclopedia > Union Carbide

Union Carbide Corporation (Union Carbide) is one of the oldest chemical and polymers companies in the United States, and currently has more than 3,800 employees.[citation needed] Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ...

In 1920, its researchers developed an economical way to make ethylene from natural gas, giving birth to the modern petrochemicals industry. Today, Union Carbide possesses some of the industry's most advanced process and catalyst technologies, and operates some of the most cost-efficient, large-scale production facilities in the world. Before divesting them, the chemical giant also owned consumer products Eveready and Energizer batteries, Glad bags and wraps, Simoniz car wax and Prestone antifreeze. Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display 1920) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the concept. ... Ethylene (or IUPAC name ethene) is the chemical compound with the formula C2H4. ... For other uses, see Natural gas (disambiguation). ... Petrochemicals are chemical products made from raw materials of petroleum (hydrocarbon) origin. ... Energizer Holdings (NYSE: ENR), headquartered in St. ... Glad is an American company specializing in trash bags and other plastic storage containers. ... This article is about varnish. ... Honeywell Heating Specialties Company Stock Certificate dated 1924 signed by Mark C. Honeywell - courtesy of Scripophily. ... For other uses, see Antifreeze (disambiguation). ...

Union Carbide primarily produces chemicals and polymers that undergo one or more further conversions by customers before reaching consumers. Some of these materials are high-volume commodities, while others are specialty products meeting the needs of smaller market niches. The end-uses served include paints and coatings, packaging, wire and cable, household products, personal care, pharmaceuticals, automotive, textiles, agriculture and oil and gas.

(In 1960, Union Carbide consolidated its diverse New York City office spaces that had been located in and around 30 East 42nd Street in midtown Manhattan, to a new skyscraper structure at 270 Park Avenue on the site of the former Hotel Marguerie. In March of that year, various divisions and departments of the company began to move, as true pioneers, into the brand new building. Thus began a shakedown period, as employees began to adjust to working in the new space. One immediate structural problem was the 'stone' terrazzo surface on the plaza surrounding the building. When dry, it presented a delightful contrast to the steel and glass building above it. But when it rained, the surface became as slick as the most slippery ice-skating rink that had ever existed anywhere, and many slip and fall pedestrian accidents were recorded. The problem was solved by grinding the surface to a rough finish, a project which took several weeks. The next problem involved the sheer and clear glass doors that gave entry into the lower ground floor of the building from the plaza. They were virtually invisible to the naked eye, and a few broken or bruised noses resulted until the powers that be ordered that eye-level strips be placed on each door. The last major problem weas far less injury-threatening, but it marked just about every new occupant of the building as a Carbide employee as they walked around midtown at lunch or were heading home in the evening. On the ladies, it was a heavy coating of fine green fibers that statically clung to their shoes, ankles and calves. On the men, it was the same for their shoes, trouser cuffs and lower pants legs. The cause: the relatively brittle green-dyed fibers that broke off by foot-treading from the vast acreage of brand-new Dynel-based carpeting that covered most of the interior floors in the new building. It had been woven especially and for the first time into commercial carpeting by the Alexander Smith Carpet Company and had evidently not been fully scuff- and static-tested before installation. The problem was ultimately solved by spraying every square foot of carpeting with an anti-static silicone solution, a handy and very practical application for one of the company's own silicone products.)[citation needed]

Union Carbide is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company (TDCC) and sells most of the products it manufactures to TDCC. The Dow Chemical Company (NYSE: DOW TYO: 4850) is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Midland, Michigan. ...

Union Carbide is also infamous for a major industrial accident that took place in its Bhopal, India plant in 1984. The Bhopal Disaster took place in the early hours of the morning of December 3, 1984,[1] in the heart of the city of Bhopal in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... Bhopal, marked in red, lies in central India. ...

Bhopal Disaster

Main article: Bhopal Disaster

The Bhopal Disaster of 1984 was an industrial disaster that was caused by the accidental release of 40 tonnes of methyl isocyanate (MIC) from a Union Carbide India, Limited (UCIL, now known as Eveready Industries India, Limited) pesticide plant partly (50.9%) owned by Union Carbide located in the heart of the city of Bhopal, in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The Bhopal Disaster took place in the early hours of the morning of December 3, 1984,[1] in the heart of the city of Bhopal in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ...

The BBC gives the death toll as nearly 3,000 people dead initially and at least 15,000 from related illnesses since, while Greenpeace cites 20,000 total deaths as a conservative estimate.

According to the Bhopal Medical Appeal, around 500,000 people were exposed to the leaking tables. Approximately 20,000, to this date, are believed to have died as a result; on average, roughly one person dies every day from the effects. Over 120,000 continue to suffer from the effects of the disaster, such as breathing difficulties, cancer, serious birth-defects, blindness, gynaecological complications and other related problems.

In 2007 British Indian writer Indra Sinha published his novel, Animal's People, based on the Union Carbide disaster and its aftermath. Written from the point of view of a boy who is transformed by the chemical leak and has to walk on all fours like an animal, the novel was short-listed for the 2007 Booker Prize for fiction.


  • "Five Minutes Past Midnight in Bhopal" (original title: "Il était minuit cinq à Bhopal"), Dominique Lapierre and Javier Moro, 2001. ISBN 0-446-53088-3
  • "The Bhopal Saga - Causes and Consequences of the World's Largest Industrial Disaster", Ingrid Eckerman, 2004. India: Universities Press. ISBN 81-7371-515-7. [1]

Dominique Lapierre (born 1931 in Châtelaillon, near La Rochelle, France) is a French author. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
BIGpedia - Union Carbide - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (299 words)
Union Carbide is a chemical manufacturer, now a subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company.
The Union Carbide Company was founded in 1898, and in 1917 the Union Carbide and Carbon Corporation was formed from this and other companies.
During construction of a three mile-long tunnel by Union Carbide beginning in 1927, the tunnel was filled with silica dust.
Union Carbide - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1209 words)
Union Carbide Corporation, headquartered in Danbury, Connecticut, is a United States chemical manufacturer, now a subsidiary of The Dow Chemical Company.
An initial investigation by Union Carbide experts reported that a large volume of water had apparently been introduced into the MIC tank and caused a chemical reaction forcing the chemical release valve to open and allowing the gas to leak.
Union Carbide’s Response Efforts In the wake of the release, Union Carbide Corporation provided immediate and continuing aid to the victims and set up a process to resolve their claims.
  More results at FactBites »



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