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Encyclopedia > Unincorporated communities

In United States law, a region of land is unincorporated if it is not a part of any municipality. To "incorporate" in this context means to form a municipal corporation, i.e., a city or town with its own government. Thus, an unincorporated community is usually not subject to or taxed by a city government. However, such regions are generally administered by default as a part of larger territorial divisions such as: township, county, state, province, canton, parish, or country. It is uncommon, but not unknown, for small towns in fiscal crisis to disincorporate in order to have services provided by a higher administration. The stela of King Hammurabi depicts the god Shamash revealing a code of laws to the king. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... A tax (also known as a duty) is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ... Night view of Taipei City. ... A territory is a defined area (including land and waters), usually considered to be a possession of an animal, person, organization, or institution (from the word terra, meaning land). In politics, a territory is an area of land under the jurisdiction of a governmental authority. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, that enforces a monopoly on the use of force. ... Province is a name for a subnational entity. ... A canton is a territorial subdivision of a country, e. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: country In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical territory. ...

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Canada

In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that has no town council and is part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to larger urbanised areas. For example the Edmonton, Alberta suburb of Sherwood Park would be one of the largest cities in Alberta if it were incorporated but remains simply a part of the Specialised Municipality of Strathcona County. Likewise the oil sands boomtown of Fort McMurray, Alberta is not a separate community but part of the massive Wood Buffalo Regional Municipality. A hamlet is (usually — see below) a small settlement, too small or unimportant to be considered a village. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Sherwood Park is a hamlet located east of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada in the Specialized Municipality of Strathcona County, named in honor of Lord Strathcona. ... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... Strathcona County is a Specialized municipality in central Alberta, Canada between Edmonton and Elk Island National Park. ... Open pit mining Tar sands, also referred to as oil sand or bituminous sand, is a combination of clay, sand, water, and bitumen. ... A boomtown is a community that experiences sudden and rapid growth, normally attributed to the discovery of a precious resource such as gold or silver. ... , Fort McMurray, colloquially referred to as Fort Mac, is a hamlet in the northeastern part of Canadas western province of Alberta, in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, Alberta. ... The regional municipality of Wood Buffalo is located in the northeastern corner of Alberta. ...


Also, the town of Embrun, Ontario has a population of 11,500, but is part of the Russell Township. Location of Embrun within the United Counties of Prescott and Russell Embrun is an unincorporated town that is part of the larger Russell Township in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... For information about the town of Russell, see Russell, Ontario (community). ...


United States

In the United States, unincorporated regions tend to be fairly rare in the densely-populated northeastern and midwestern states, but are very common in the western and southwestern states, like California and Nevada, and in the southeastern states, like Florida, Maryland, and Virginia. Unlike most other states, Maryland in particular grants significant home-rule powers to its counties, hence population centers comprising tens of thousands — including virtually all of suburban Baltimore — have little incentive to incorporate. The state of Hawaii takes the concept to its logical conclusion: it has no incorporated cities as subcounty governments (the City and County of Honolulu is the state's only "city") and all its "towns" are administered at the county level. In United States local government, an unincorporated community is one general term for a geographic area having a common social identity without benefit of municipal organization or official political designation (i.e. incorporation as a city or town). There are two main types of unincorporated communities: A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... If you have been redirected here after viewing any statistical information, note that as defined by the Census Bureau, the western United States includes 13 states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) None Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Area  Ranked 7th  - Total 110,567 sq mi (286,367 km²)  - Width 322 miles (519 km)  - Length 490 miles (788 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,794 sq mi (170,451 km²)  - Width 162 miles (260 km)  - Length 497 miles (800 km)  - % water 17. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,417 sq mi (32,160 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... For the heavy metal band, see Devolved (band) Devolution or home rule is the granting of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... This article is about the city in the US state of Maryland. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,941 sq mi (28,337 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Nickname: Sheltered Bay Official website: http://www. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ...

In New York State, unincorporated communities within towns are called hamlets. The towns are themselves municipalities which can contain villages. In Ohio, townships are considered unincorporated areas while only villages and cities are referred to as incorporated. A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Clifton is an unincorporated community, or neighborhood, in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Swampscott. ... Marblehead, founded in 1629, is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nike, Inc. ... Beaverton is a city located in Washington County, Oregon, seven miles west of Portland in the Tualatin River Valley. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ... Paradise is an unincorporated community in Whitefish Township, Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... A hamlet is (usually — see below) a small settlement, too small or unimportant to be considered a village. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ...


In the context of the United States insular areas, the word "unincorporated" means that the territory has not been formally and irrevocably incorporated into the United States. (See: incorporated territory.) Unincorporated insular areas are therefore potentially subject to being sold or otherwise transferred to another power, or, conversely, being granted independence. However, neither fate seems likely to occur in the foreseeable future to the five remaining major unincorporated U.S. insular areas, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Mariana Islands. An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... An incorporated territory of the United States is a specific area under the jurisdiction of the United States, over which the United States Congress has determined that the United States Constitution is to be applied to the territorys inhabitants in its entirety (e. ...


Countries without unincorporated places

Many countries, especially those with many centuries of history using multiple tiers of municipal government, do not use the concept of an unincorporated place.


In the United Kingdom the whole of the country, rural and urban, has been covered by a two or three tier system of local government for many centuries.


Likewise the whole of the territory of the French Republic, outside of some small overseas possessions, is divided into communes. On the territory of the French Republic there is no such thing as unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority. The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Unincorporated area - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (721 words)
Thus, an unincorporated community is usually not subject to or taxed by a city government.
In the United States, unincorporated regions tend to be fairly rare in the densely populated northeastern and midwestern states, but are very common in the western and southwestern states, like California and Nevada, and in the southeastern states, like Florida, Maryland, and Virginia.
In United States local government, an unincorporated community is one general term for a geographic area having a common social identity without benefit of municipal organization or official political designation (i.e.
Village - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (897 words)
Villages have been the normal unit of community living in most areas of the world throughout its history, up until the Industrial revolution and the ongoing process of urbanization.
Unlike cities, they have the option of being either a "statutory village" and running their governments according to state law (with a six-member council serving four-year terms and a mayor who votes only to break ties) or being a "charter village" and writing a charter to run their government as they see fit.
In many states, the term "village" is used to refer to a relatively small unincorporated community, similar to a hamlet in New York state.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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