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Encyclopedia > Unincorporated area
Sign at Pine Valley, California, United States (an unincorporated community located northeast of San Diego).
Sign at Pine Valley, California, United States (an unincorporated community located northeast of San Diego).

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not a part of any municipality. To "incorporate" in this context means to form a municipal corporation, i.e., a city or town with its own government. Thus, an unincorporated community is usually not subject to or taxed by a city government. Such regions are generally administered by default as a part of larger territorial divisions such as: township, borough, county, state, province, canton, parish, or country. It is uncommon, but not unknown, for small towns in fiscal crisis to disincorporate in order to have services provided by a higher administration. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Pine Valley is a census-designated place located in San Diego County, California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        A tax is a financial charge or other levy imposed on... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Types of administrative and/or political territories include: Many types of legally administered territories, each of which is a non-sovereign geographic area that has come under the authority of another government with varying degrees of local governmental control. ... The term township is used to denote a lower level territorial subdivision. ... Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... A state is a political association with effective dominion over a geographic area. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... A canton is a territorial subdivision of a country, e. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ... In political geography and international politics, a country is a political division of a geographical entity, a sovereign territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation and government. ...

Contents

Australia

In Australia there are large unincorporated areas in the Northern Territory with 9000 km of roads in those areas.[1] Most of South Australia is in the unincorporated Outback Areas Community Development Trust. The far west and north of New South Wales is called the Unincorporated Far West Region, which is sparsely populated and barely warrants an elected council. However a civil servant in the state capital manages such matters as are necessary. The only other state to have unincorporated areas is Victoria, which has two small unincorporated areas in Alpine Shire, and one in Mansfield Shire. Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $10,418 (8th)  - Product per capita  $51,634/person (2nd) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  207,700 (8th)  - Density  0. ... Capital Adelaide Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Marjorie Jackson-Nelson Premier Mike Rann (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 11  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $59,819 (5th)  - Product per capita  $38,838/person (7th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  1,558,200 (5th)  - Density  1. ... The Outback Areas Community Development Trust is a trust in South Australia which is operated under the Outback Areas Community Development Trust Act (1978). ... Capital Sydney Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Professor Marie Bashir Premier Morris Iemma (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 50  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $305,437 (1st)  - Product per capita  $45,153/person (4th) Population (End of March 2006)  - Population  6,817,100 (1st)  - Density  8. ... The Unincorporated Far West Region refers to the part of New South Wales which is not part of any Local Government Area; it is in the Far West containing small towns such as Tibooburra. ... Motto: Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Governor HE Mr John Landy Premier Steve Bracks (ALP) Area 237,629 km² (6th)  - Land 227,416 km²  - Water 10,213 km² (4. ... Alpine Shire is a Local Government Area in Victoria, Australia. ... Mansfield Shire is a Local Government Area in Victoria, Australia. ...


Canada

In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that has no town council and is part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to larger urbanised areas. For example the Edmonton, Alberta suburb of Sherwood Park would be the seventh largest city in Alberta if it were incorporated but remains simply a part of the Specialized Municipality of Strathcona County. Likewise the oil sands boomtown of Fort McMurray, Alberta is not a separate community but part of the massive Wood Buffalo Regional Municipality. A hamlet is (usually — see below) a small settlement, too small or unimportant to be considered a village. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Sherwood Park is a hamlet located east of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada in the Specialized Municipality of Strathcona County. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Strathcona County is a Specialized municipality in central Alberta, Canada between Edmonton and Elk Island National Park. ... Open pit mining Tar sands, also referred to as oil sand or bituminous sand, is a combination of clay, sand, water, and bitumen. ... A boomtown is a community that experiences sudden and rapid population and economic growth. ... Fort McMurray, colloquially referred to as Fort Mac, is a boom town in the northeastern part of Canadas western province of Alberta, in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo. ... The regional municipality of Wood Buffalo is located in the northeastern corner of Alberta. ...


Germany

As of January 1, 2004, Germany has 244 (of which 215 are located in Bavaria) uninhabited unincorporated areas, called gemeindefreie Gebiete or singular gemeindefreies Gebiet, not belonging to any municipality, consisting mostly of forested areas. There are also three inhabited unincorporated areas (Osterheide and Lohheide in Lower Saxony, and Gutsbezirk Münsingen in Baden-Württemberg). 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... Osterheide is an unincorporated area in the district of Soltau-Fallingbostel, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... Lohheide is an unincorporated area in the district of Celle, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300...


United States

In the United States, unincorporated regions tend to be fairly rare in the densely populated New England and Mid-Atlantic states, but are very common in the Midwest, western and southwestern states, such as California and Nevada, and in the southeastern states, such as Florida, North Carolina, and Virginia. Unlike most other states, Maryland in particular grants significant home-rule powers to its counties, hence population centers comprising tens of thousands — including virtually all of suburban Baltimore — have little incentive to incorporate. The state of Michigan has policies that favor townships and discourage city formation, and so has many such communities. The state of Hawaii takes the concept to its logical conclusion: it has no incorporated cities as subcounty governments (the City and County of Honolulu is the state's only "city") and all its "towns" are administered at the county level. In United States local government, an unincorporated community is one general term for a geographic area having a common social identity without benefit of municipal organization or official political designation (i.e. incorporation as a city or town). There are two main types of unincorporated communities: This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... It has been suggested that Middle Atlantic States be merged into this article or section. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... there is a jungle in nevada by the park This article is about the U. S. state of Nevada. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... The following is a partial list of named but unincorporated communities and towns in the state of North Carolina: Atlantic, North Carolina (Carteret County) Avery Creek, North Carolina (Buncombe County) Avon, North Carolina (Dare County) Balfour, North Carolina (Henderson County) Barker Ten Mile, North Carolina (Robeson County) Baysboro, North Carolina... This article contains a trivia section. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 90 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37°53N to 39°43N  - Longitude 75°4W to 79°33... Look up Devolution in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Monument City, Charm City, Mob Town, B-more Motto: Get In On It (formerly The City That Reads and The Greatest City in America; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Location Location of Baltimore in Maryland Coordinates , Government Country State County United... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Nickname: Sheltered Bay Official website: http://www. ... Local governments are administrative offices that are smaller than a state or province. ...

In New York, unincorporated communities within towns are called hamlets. The towns are themselves municipalities which can contain villages. Exceptions to this exist, however, such as the peculiar relationship between the Village of Mamaroneck, the Village of Larchmont, the unincorporated town of Mamaroneck, and the overarching Town of Mamaroneck. In Ohio, townships are considered unincorporated areas while only villages and cities are referred to as incorporated. A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city or suburb. ... A community usually refers to a sociological group in a large place or collections of plant or animal organisms sharing an environment. ... Clifton is an unincorporated community, or neighborhood, in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nike, Inc. ... Beaverton is a city located in Washington County, Oregon, seven miles west of Portland in the Tualatin River Valley. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ... Paradise is an unincorporated community in Whitefish Township, Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Romance is an unincorporated community in west-central White County, Arkansas. ... NY redirects here. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... A hamlet is (usually — see below) a small settlement, too small or unimportant to be considered a village. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ...


In the context of the United States insular areas, the word "unincorporated" means that the territory has not been formally and irrevocably incorporated into the United States. (See: incorporated territory.) Unincorporated insular areas are therefore potentially subject to being sold or otherwise transferred to another power, or, conversely, being granted independence. However, neither fate seems likely to occur in the foreseeable future to the five remaining major unincorporated U.S. insular areas, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Mariana Islands. An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... An incorporated territory of the United States is a specific area under the jurisdiction of the United States, over which the United States Congress has determined that the United States Constitution is to be applied to the territorys local government and inhabitants in its entirety (e. ...


In some areas, small centers of population retain the names that they were given when they were originally settled, even though the neighborhoods later became part of other municipalities. Official signs mark those towns, with the designation, "unincorporated."


Countries without unincorporated places

Many countries, especially those with many centuries of history using multiple tiers of local government, do not use the concept of an unincorporated place.


In the United Kingdom the whole of the country, rural and urban, has been covered by a two or three-tier system of local government for many centuries. In South Africa the latest constitution gave every place in the country democratically elected third-tier government.


Likewise the whole of the territory of Austria, France (except for some small overseas possessions), Poland, Netherlands and Italy is divided into communes. A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ...


See also

A census-designated place (CDP) is an area identified by the United States Census Bureau for statistical reporting. ... A county island is an unincorporated area, usually, but not always, surrounded on all sides by another incorporated area, such as a city. ... In England a civil parish (usually just parish) is the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ...

References

  1. ^ Loraine Braham (10am. August 25, 2004). Building Healthier Communities – Report. Full Text Transcript, Ministerial Reports, Northern Territory Legislative Assembly. Retrieved on 2007-02-08.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Unincorporated area - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (721 words)
Thus, an unincorporated community is usually not subject to or taxed by a city government.
In the United States, unincorporated regions tend to be fairly rare in the densely populated northeastern and midwestern states, but are very common in the western and southwestern states, like California and Nevada, and in the southeastern states, like Florida, Maryland, and Virginia.
In Ohio, townships are considered unincorporated areas while only villages and cities are referred to as incorporated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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