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Encyclopedia > Unincorporated

In United States law, a region of land is unincorporated if it is not a part of any municipality. To "incorporate" in this context means to form a municipal corporation, i.e., a city or town with its own government. Unincorporated, in turn, implies no city and hence no city, town, village, or other municipal government. Law (from the late Old English lagu of probable North Germanic origin) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ...

Thus, an unincorporated community is usually not subject to or taxed by a city government. However, such regions are generally administered by default as a part of larger territorial divisions such as: township, county, state, province, canton, parish, or country. It is uncommon, but not unknown, for small towns in fiscal crisis to disincorporate in order to have services provided by a higher administration. A tax (also known as a duty) is a charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ... A panorama of Sydney, Australia at night. ... A territory is a defined area (including land and waters), usually considered to be a possession of an animal, person, organization, or institution (from the word terra, meaning land). In politics, a territory is an area of land under the jurisdiction of a governmental authority. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... A state is an organized political community, occupying a territory, and possessing internal and external sovereignty, which successfully claims the monopoly on the use of force. ... This article is about political regions. ... A canton is a territorial subdivision of a country, e. ... Look up country in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...



In Canada, depending on the province, an unincorporated settlement is one that has no town council and is part of a larger municipal government. This can range from small hamlets to larger urbanised areas. For example the Edmonton, Alberta suburb of Sherwood Park would be one of the largest cities in Alberta if it were incorporated but remains simply a part of the Specialised Municipality of Strathcona County. Likewise the oil sands boomtown of Fort McMurray, Alberta is not a separate community but part of the massive Wood Buffalo Regional Municipality. A hamlet is (usually — see below) a small settlement, too small or unimportant to be considered a village. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Industry Integrity Progress Established: Fort Edmonton: 1795 Town: 1892 City: 1904 Area: 683. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Sherwood Park is an urban services area (not a hamlet) located east of Edmonton, Alberta in the Specialized Municipality of Strathcona County, named in honor of Lord Strathcona. ... Motto: Fortis et Liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th (provinces and territories) 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... Strathcona County is a Specialized municipality in central Alberta, Canada between Edmonton and Elk Island National Park. ... Open pit mining Tar sands, also referred to as oil sand or bituminous sand, is a combination of clay, sand, water, and bitumen. ... A boomtown is a community that experiences sudden and rapid growth, normally attributed to the discovery of a precious resource such as gold or silver. ... Fort McMurray is a hamlet in the northeastern part of Canadas western province of Alberta, in the Regional Municipality of Wood Buffalo, Alberta. ... The regional municipality of Wood Buffalo is located in the northeastern corner of Alberta. ...

United States

In the United States, unincorporated regions tend to be fairly rare in the densely-populated northeastern and midwestern states, but are very common in the western and southwestern states, like California and Nevada, and in the southeastern states, like Florida, Maryland, and Virginia. Unlike most other states, Maryland in particular grants significant home-rule powers to its counties, hence population centers comprising tens of thousands — including virtually all of suburban Baltimore — have little incentive to incorporate. The state of Hawaii takes the concept to its logical conclusion: it has no incorporated cities as subcounty governments (the City and County of Honolulu is the state's only "city") and all its "towns" are administered at the county level. In United States local government, an unincorporated community is one general term for a geographic area having a common social identity without benefit of municipal organization or official political designation (i.e. incorporation as a city or town). There are two main types of unincorporated communities: A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... The states shown striped may or may not be considered part of the informal western United States today. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total   - Width   - Length   - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 158,302 sq mi  410,000 km² 250 miles  402. ... Official language(s) None Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 7th 286,367 km² 519 km 788 km 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 22nd 170 451 km² 260 km 800 km 17. ... Official language(s) None Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 42nd 32,160 km² 145 km 400 km 21 37°53N to 39°43N 75°4W to 79°33W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 19th 5,296,486 165... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 35th 110,862 km² 320 km 690 km 7. ... For devolution as a term sometimes misapplied to evolution, see devolution (fallacy) Devolution or home rule is the granting of powers from central government to government at regional or local level. ... This article is about the city in the US state of Maryland. ... Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 28,337 km² n/a km 2,450 km 41. ... Nickname: Sheltered Bay Official website: http://www. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state. ...

In New York State, unincorporated communities within towns are called hamlets. The towns are themselves municipalities which can contain villages. In Ohio, townships are considered unincorporated areas while only villages and cities are referred to as incorporated. Neighbourhood is also a term in topology. ... This article needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Clifton is an unincorporated community, or neighborhood, in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Swampscott. ... Marblehead, founded in 1629, is a town located in Essex County, Massachusetts. ... Nike, Inc. ... Beaverton is a city located in Washington County, Oregon, seven miles west of Portland in the Tualatin River Valley. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Local government of the United States. ... Paradise is an unincorporated community in Whitefish Township, Chippewa County in the U.S. state of Michigan. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... A hamlet is (usually — see below) a small settlement, too small or unimportant to be considered a village. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus (largest metropolitan area is Cleveland) Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 34th 116,096 km² 355 km 355 km 8. ...

In the context of the United States insular areas, the word "unincorporated" means that the territory has not been formally and irrevocably incorporated into the United States. (See: incorporated territory.) Unincorporated insular areas are therefore potentially subject to being sold or otherwise transferred to another power, or, conversely, being granted independence. However, neither fate seems likely to occur in the foreseeable future to the five remaining major unincorporated U.S. insular areas, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or the Northern Mariana Islands. An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... An incorporated territory of the United States is a specific area under the jurisdiction of the United States, over which the United States Congress has determined that the United States Constitution is to be applied to the territorys inhabitants in its entirety (e. ...

Countries without unincorporated places

Many countries, especially those with many centuries of history using multipe tiers of municipal government, do not use the concept of an unincorporated place.

In the United Kingdom the whole of the country, rural and urban, has been covered by a two or three tier system of local government for many centuries.

Likewise the whole of the territory of the French Republic, outside of some small overseas possessions, is divided into communes. On the territory of the French Republic there is no such thing as unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority. The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
TIR 97-8: Massachusetts Income Tax Treatment of Limited Liability Companies and Other Unincorporated Business Entities ... (727 words)
Under the new federal rules ("check-the-box rules"), single-member unincorporated business entities may elect either to be taxed as corporations or to be disregarded as entities separate from their owners, in which case they will be treated as a sole proprietorship, branch, or division of the owner.
Unincorporated business entities with two members or more may elect to be taxed as partnerships or as corporations.
Prior to the revision of Treasury Regulation § 301.7701, all unincorporated business entities were treated for federal income tax purposes either as partnerships or as corporations.
Uniform Unincorporated Nonprofit Assocation Act (11439 words)
Unincorporated associations, not being legal entities, could not be liable in tort, contract, or otherwise for conduct taken in their names.
The unincorporated nonprofit association is now governed by a hodgepodge of common law and state statutes governing some of their legal aspects.
Because an unincorporated nonprofit association was not a legal entity; one purporting to act for it breached this implied warranty.
  More results at FactBites »



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