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Encyclopedia > Uniform Code of Military Justice

The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the foundation of military law in the United States. The UCMJ was passed by Congress on 5 May 1950, signed into law by President Harry S Truman, and became effective on 31 May 1951. Prior to that date, each service branch had separate military justice codes which varied greatly in terms of the charges and punishments applicable to any particular act; the word "Uniform" in the Code's title refers to the congressional intent to make military justice uniform or consistent among the armed services. Military law is a distinct legal system to which members of armed forces are subject. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the victim of Mt. ... May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ...


The UCMJ is found in Title 10, Subtitle A, Part II, Chapter 47 of the United States Code. The current version is printed in the latest version of the Manual for Courts-Martial (2005). Its subchapters are as follows: The United States Code (U.S.C.) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal Law of the United States. ... The Manual for Courts-Martial (MCM) is the official guide to the conduct of Courts-Martial in the United States. ...

Subchapter Title Section Article
I General Provisions 801 1
II Apprehension and Restraint 807 7
III Non-Judicial Punishment 815 15
IV Courts-Martial Jurisdiction 816 16
V Composition of Courts-Martial 822 22
VI Pre-Trial Procedure 830 30
VII Trial Procedure 836 36
VIII Sentences 855 55
IX Post-Trial Procedure and Review of Courts Martial 859 59
X Punitive Articles 877 77
XI Miscellaneous Provisions 935 135
XII Court of Military Appeals 941 141

Contents

Nonjudicial punishment in the United States military, is a form of military discipline authorized by Article 15 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice. ... Nonjudicial punishment in the United States military, is a form of military discipline authorized by Article 15 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice. ...


General Provisions

Subchapter I, "General Provisions" has six sections (articles):

Section Article Title
801 1 Definitions
802 2 Persons subject to this chapter
803 3 Jurisdiction to try certain personnel
804 4 Dismissed officer's right to trial by court-martial
805 5 Territorial applicability of this chapter
806 6 Judge advocates and legal officers
806a 6a Investigation and disposition of maters pertaining to the fitness of military judges

Article 1, "definitions," defines terms used in the rest of the UCMJ: Judge Advocate General, "Navy," "Marine Corps," "Coast Guard," "officer in charge," "superior commissioned officer," "cadet," "midshipman," "military," "accuser," "military judge," "law specialist," "legal officer," "judge advocate," and "record." This article is in reference to the U.S. JAG Corps. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... United States Marine Corps seal The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military, which along with the U.S. Navy, is under the United States Department of the Navy. ... Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a military branch of the United States involved in maritime law, mariner assistance and search and rescue, among other duties of any coast guard. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ... A cadet is a person who is junior in some way. ... A midshipman is a subordinate officer, or alternatively a commissioned officer of the lowest rank, in the navies of several English-speaking countries. ...


Subchapter X, "Punitive Articles," is the subchapter that details offenses under the uniform code:

  • §877, Article 77. Principals
  • §878, Article 78. Accessory after the fact
  • §879, Article 79. Conviction of lesser included offense.
  • §880, Article 80. Attempts
  • §881, Article 81. Conspiracy
  • §882, Article 82. Solicitation
  • §883, Article 83. Fraudulent enlistment, appointment, or separation
  • §884, Article 84. Unlawful enlistment, appointment, or separation
  • §885, Article 85. Desertion
  • §886, Article 86. Absence without leave
  • §887, Article 87. Missing movement
  • §888, Article 88. Contempt toward officials
  • §889, Article 89. Disrespect toward superior commissioned officer
  • §890, Article 90. Assaulting or willfully disobeying superior commissioned officer
  • §891, Article 91. Insubordinate conduct toward warrant officer, noncommissioned officer, or petty officer
  • §892, Article 92. Failure to obey order or regulation
  • §893, Article 93. Cruelty and maltreatment
  • §894, Article 94. Mutiny or sedition
  • §895, Article 95. Resistance, flight, breach of arrest, and escape
  • §896, Article 96. Releasing prisoner without proper authority
  • §897, Article 97. Unlawful detention
  • §898, Article 98. Noncompliance with procedural rules
  • §899, Article 99. Misbehavior before the enemy
  • §900, Article 100. Subordinate compelling surrender
  • §901, Article 101. Improper use of countersign
  • §902, Article 102. Forcing a safeguard
  • §903, Article 103. Captured or abandoned property
  • §904, Article 104. Aiding the enemy
  • §905, Article 105. Misconduct as prisoner
  • §906, Article 106. Spies
  • §906a, Article 106a. Espionage
  • §907, Article 107. False official statements
  • §908, Article 108. Military property of United States—Loss, damage, destruction, or wrongful disposition
  • §909, Article 109. Property other than military property of United States—waste, spoilage, or destruction
  • §910, Article 110. Improper hazarding of vessel
  • §911, Article 111. Drunken or reckless operation of a vehicle, aircraft, or vessel
  • §912, Article 112. Drunk on duty
  • §912a, Article 112a. Wrongful use, possession, etc., of controlled substances
  • §913, Article 113. Misbehavior of sentinel
  • §914, Article 114. Dueling
  • §915, Article 115. Malingering
  • §916, Article 116. Riot or breach of peace
  • §917, Article 117. Provoking speeches or gestures
  • §918, Article 118. Murder
  • §919, Article 119. Manslaughter
  • §920, Article 120. Rape and carnal knowledge
  • §921, Article 121. Larceny and wrongful appropriation
  • §922, Article 122. Robbery
  • §923, Article 123. Forgery
  • §923a, Article 123a. Making, drawing, or uttering check, draft, or order without sufficient funds
  • §924, Article 124. Maiming
  • §925, Article 125. Sodomy
  • §926, Article 126. Arson
  • §927, Article 127. Extortion
  • §928, Article 128. Assault
  • §929, Article 129. Burglary
  • §930, Article 130. Housebreaking
  • §931, Article 131. Perjury
  • §932, Article 132. Frauds against the United States
  • §933, Article 133. Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman
  • §934, Article 134. General article. Includes offenses that are not specifically listed in the Manual for Courts-Martial and which may "cause disorder and neglect to the prejudice of good order and discipline in the armed forces, or conduct of a nature to bring discredit upon the armed forces." Article 134 is often considered to be a "catch-all" for various offenses that aren't necessarily covered by the other articles in the UCMJ. Article 134 offenses include disloyal statements, unclean equipment, improper wear of military uniform, abuse of public animals, adultery, bigamy, bribery, fraternization, et al.

In the criminal law, a conspiracy is an agreement between two or more natural persons to break the law at some time in the future, so a natural person identified with the mind of a legal entity cannot conspire with the company alone. ... Solicitation is a crime; it is an inchoate offense that consists of a person inciting, counseling, advising, urging, or commanding another to commit a crime with the specific intent that the person solicited commit the crime. ... In the broadest sense, a fraud is a deception made for personal gain, although it has a more specific legal meaning, the exact details varying between jurisdictions. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... AWOL (pronounced a-wall) is an acronym for the United States and other armed forces expression Absent WithOut Leave or Absence Without Official Leave. The United States Marine Corps and the United States Navy use the term Unauthorized Absence (UA) instead. ... Missing movement refers to the failure of military personnel to arrive at the appointed time to move with a unit, ship, or aircraft; in the United States military, it is a violation of the 87th Article of War. ... The concept of insubordination is most often associated with military organizations, as military organizations have a chain of command and lawful orders given by a superior officer, whose orders are expected to be carried out by the person to whom the order is given. ... Mutiny is the crime of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) is legally obliged to obey. ... Sedition is a deprecated term of law to refer to covert conduct such as speech and organization that is deemed by the legal authority as tending toward insurrection against the established order. ... False Imprisonment is a common law tort, and possibly a misdemeanor crime, wherein a person is intentionally confined without legal authority. ... Cowardice is a vice that is conventionally viewed as the corruption of prudence, to thwart all courage or bravery. ... Spies may refer to: Spies (Coldplay), a song by the rock group Coldplay. ... Espionage is the practice of obtaining information about an organization or a society that is considered secret or confidential (spying) without the permission of the holder of the information. ... For an account of the Steven Spielberg film, see Duel (movie). ... Malingering is a psychological term that refers to an individual faking the symptoms of mental or physical disorders. ... Riots occur when crowds of people have gathered and are committing crimes or acts of violence usually due to a perceived grievance or out of dissent. ... DVD cover Carnal Knowledge is a 1971 American drama film. ... In the United States, larceny is a common law crime involving stealing. ... Forgery is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive. ... Sodomy is a term of religious origin used to characterize certain sexual acts. ... Arsonists redirects here. ... Extortion is a criminal offense, which occurs when a person obtains money, behaviour, or other goods and/or services from another by wrongfully threatening or inflicting harm to this person, reputation, or property. ... Perjury is the act of lying or making verifiably false statements on a material matter under oath or affirmation in a court of law or in any of various sworn statements in writing. ... Article 133 of the UCMJ defines Conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman as Any commissioned officer, cadet, or midshipman who is convicted of conduct unbecoming an officer and a gentleman shall be punished as a court-martial may direct. ... Punitive Articles of the UCMJ (Uniform Code of Military Justice) Article 134 also known as the Disloyal statements provision of the UCMJ is an article of military law in the United States that provides for penalties by court-martial for disloyal statements made with the intent to promote disloyalty or... Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden in military dress uniform, with medals. ... Man and woman undergoing public exposure for adultery in Japan, around 1860 Adultery is generally defined as consensual sexual intercourse by a married person with someone other than his or her lawful spouse. ... Polygamy, literally many marriages in ancient Greek, is a marital practice in which a person has more than one spouse simultaneously (as opposed to monogamy where each person has a maximum of one spouse at any one time). ...

Reference

DA Pam 27-9 Military Judges Benchbook (.PDF)


See also

Judge Advocate Generals Corps, also known as JAG, is the judicial arm of the United States armed forces, consisting of autonomous departments in the Air Force, Army and Navy. ... US General Douglas MacArthur (left), military ruler of Japan 1945-1952, next to Japans defeated Emperor, Hirohito Military rule may mean: Militarism as an ideology of government Military occupation (or Belligerent occupation), when a country or area is conquered after invasion List of military occupations Martial law, where military...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Uniform Code of Military Justice - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (340 words)
The Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ) is the foundation of military law in the United States.
The UCMJ was passed by Congress on 5 May 1950, signed into law by President Harry S Truman, and became effective on 31 May 1951.
The UCMJ is found in Title 10, Subtitle A, Part II, Chapter 47 of the United States Code.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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