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Encyclopedia > Understanding
Look up understanding in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Understanding is a psychological process related to an abstract or physical object, such as, person, situation and message whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to deal adequately with that object. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary is a Wikimedia Foundation project intended to be a free wiki dictionary (hence: Wiktionary) (including thesaurus and lexicon) in every language. ... Psychology (Gk: psyche, soul or mind + logos, speech) is an academic and applied field involving the study of the mind, brain, and behavior, both human and nonhuman. ... Look up Process in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Process (lat. ... Person, in the classic sense, refers to a living human being. ... The Situationist International (SI), an international political and artistic movement, originated in the Italian village of Cosio dArroscia on 28 July 1957 with the fusion of several extremely small artistic tendencies: the Lettrist International , the International movement for an imaginist Bauhaus, and the London Psychogeographical Association. ... Message in its most general meaning is an object of communication. ... A concept is an abstract, universal psychical entity that serves to designate a category or class of entities, events or relations. ...

Contents


Examples

  1. A person understands the weather if he/she is able to predict and to give an explanation of some of its features.
  2. A psychiatrist understands another person's anxieties if he/she knows that person's anxieties, their causes, and can give useful advice on how to minimise the anxiety.
  3. A person understands a command if he/she knows who gave it, what is expected by the issuer, and whether the command is legitimate.
  4. One understands a reasoning, an argument, or a language if one can consciously reproduce the information content conveyed by the message.

An explanation is a statement which points to causes, context and consequences of some object (or process, state of affairs etc. ... Psychiatry is a branch of medicine that studies and treats mental and emotional disorders (see mental illness). ... Anxiety refers to a complex combination of negative emotions that includes fear, apprehension and worry, and is often accompanied by physical sensations such as palpitations, nausea, chest pain and/or shortness of breath. ... Look up advice in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Person, in the classic sense, refers to a living human being. ... Rhetoric from Greek ρήτωρ, rhêtôr, orator) is the art or technique of persuasion, usually through the use of language. ... In logic, an argument is an attempt to demonstrate the truth of an assertion called a conclusion, based on the truth of a set of assertions called premises. ...

Is understanding definable?

It is difficult to define understanding. If we use the term concept as above, the question then arises as to what is a concept? Is it an abstract thing? Is it a brain pattern or a rule? Whatever definition is proposed, we can still ask how it is that we understand the thing that is featured in the definition: we can never satisfactorily define a concept, still less use it to explain understanding. A definition delimits or describes the meaning of a concept or term by stating the essential properties of the entities or objects denoted by that concept or term. ... Abstraction is the process of reducing the information content of a concept, typically in order to retain only information which is relevant for a particular purpose. ... Comparative brain sizes In animals, the brain, or encephalon (Greek for in the head), is the control center of the central nervous system. ... In logic, especially in mathematical logic, a rule of inference is a scheme for constructing valid inferences. ...


It is more convenient to use an operational or behavioural definition, we can say that somebody who reacts appropriately to X understands X. For example, I understand Swahili if I correctly obey commands given in that language. This approach, however, may not provide an adequate definition. A computer can easily be programmed to react appropriately to simple commands. For most people, this would be stretching the notion of understanding to claim that under an operational definition such a computer understands the language. The word operation can mean any of several things: The method, act, process, or effect of using a device or system. ... Behaviorism or behaviourism (not to be confused with behavioralism in political science) is an approach to psychology based on the proposition that behavior can be researched scientifically without recourse to inner mental states. ... This article is about the language. ...


Another definition

Functional definition related to a perceived information: to be able to reconceptualise, to explain and to use received information (TOGA Meta-theory). Generally, functional refers to something with and able to fulfill its purpose or function. ... Information as a concept bears a diversity of meanings, from everyday usage to technical settings. ...


Also: Some people believe knowledge is the simple awareness of bits of information. Understanding is the awareness of the connectedness of this information. It is understanding which allows knowledge to be put to use. Understanding represents a higher level than simple knowledge.


The concepts of comprehension, thought and understanding are also used in the short science fiction story Understand by Ted Chiang. Understanding is a psychological state in relation to an object or person whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to be able to deal adequately with that object. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Understanding - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (396 words)
Understanding is a psychological process related to an abstract or physical object, such as, person, situation and message whereby one is able to think about it and use concepts to deal adequately with that object.
A person understands the weather if he/she is able to predict and to give an explanation of some of its features.
A person understands a command if he/she knows who gave it, what is expected by the issuer, and whether the command is legitimate.
Teaching for Understanding (5948 words)
Moreover, Gardner (1991) argues that students' understanding of the humanistic subject matters is plagued by a number of stereotypes--for instance those concerning racial, sexual, and ethnic identity--that amount to misunderstandings of the human condition in its variety.
In summary, understanding something is a matter of being able to carry out a variety of "performances" concerning the topic--performances like making predictions about the snowball fight in space that show one's understanding and, at the same time, advance it by encompassing new situations.
Analyses of understanding emphasize that concepts and principles in a discipline are not understood in isolation (Perkins, 1992; Perkins and Simmons, 1988; Schwab, 1978).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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