FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Underground city
Part of Montreal's underground city, a concourse in Bonaventure metro station, showing directional signs leading to buildings accessible through the underground city

An underground city is a network of tunnels that connect buildings, usually in the downtown area of a city. These may include office blocks, shopping malls, train and metro stations, theatres, and other attractions. An underground city can usually be accessed through the public space of any of the buildings connecting to it, and sometimes has separate entries as well. Download high resolution version (847x318, 51 KB)Bonaventure metro station, an important link in Montreals Ville souterraine, with directional panels to buildings reachable by the underground city. ... Download high resolution version (847x318, 51 KB)Bonaventure metro station, an important link in Montreals Ville souterraine, with directional panels to buildings reachable by the underground city. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Exterior open entrance to a metro station (Tribunal station in Madrid) A metro station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as metro and subway. It is often underground or elevated. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ...


Underground cities are especially important in cities with cold climates, as they permit the downtown core to be enjoyed year round without regard to the weather.


Underground cities are similar in nature to skyway systems and may include some buildings linked by skyways or above-ground corridors rather than underground. In an urban setting, a skyway, catwalk, or skywalk, is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed (or covered) bridge between two buildings. ...


The most famous underground city in the world is notably Montreal's[citation needed], used by more people than any other locale. Montreals Underground City (French: ) is the set of interconnected complexes (both above and below ground) in and around downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Countries with underground cities include:

Contents

Australia

  • Sydney has a series of underground shopping malls around one of the city's underground stations Town Hall. The tunnels run south to the George Street cinema district, west under the town hall, and north to Pitt Street Mall through the Queen Victoria Building. The northern branch links Queen Victoria Building with Galleries Victoria, Sydney Central Plaza (which in turn links internally above ground to Westfield Centrepoint, Imperial Arcade, Skygarden, Glasshouse, and the MLC Centre). The linked centres run for over 3 km. In 2005 Westfield corporation submitted a development application to link Sydney Central Plaza underground with 3 other properties on Pitt Street Mall and extend the tunnel network by a further 500m.

The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 4. ... Town Hall railway station is the second-busiest railway station on the CityRail network (after Central station), located in Sydney, Australia. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Queen Victoria Building, or QVB, is a grand Victorian building located in the heart of Sydneys CBD. The elaborate neo-Byzantine architecture presents a glittering contrast to the more severe modern buildings around it. ...

Canada

  • Edmonton has a small system of tunnels and above-ground skyways called the Pedway connecting buildings and LRT stations of the downtown core.
  • Halifax (Downtown Halifax Link) in which no point is more than 10 minutes casual walking distance from any other one.
  • Montreal (Underground city) or la Ville souterraine in French) is the largest underground network in the world. Its 32 kilometers of tunnel cover more than 41 city blocks (about 12 square kilometers). Access through the RESO can be made to apartment buildings, hotels, offices, banks, and universities, as well as public spaces like retail shops and malls, concert halls, cinemas, the Bell Centre hockey arena, museums, seven metro stations, two train stations (Lucien-L'Allier and Gare Centrale), a bus terminal (Réseau de transport de Longueuil and other transit authorities), and other areas. It connects 80% of office space and 35% of commercial space in downtown Montreal.
    • The network began as a connection between Place Ville Marie, the Queen Elizabeth Hotel and the Gare Centrale.
    • More than 2,000 shops and 40 cinemas line the passageways. Tourists often visit various attractions in the underground city, which is used by an average of half a million Montrealers per day.
    • Eight metro stations link to smaller networks that are not yet part of the central network, such as Berri UQAM in the eastern part of downtown, and Pie-IX which links venues from the 1976 Summer Olympics. Additionally, other underground networks exist that are not part of the metro system, such as the La Cité housing and retail complex.
  • St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador - At the main campus of Memorial University of Newfoundland are the MUNnels, a tunnel system, in which all the main buildings are connected, though there are also some elevated walkways.
  • Toronto (PATH), comprises 27 kilometres of walkways and 1,200 shops. It links many important buildings and attractions downtown to five TTC subway stations. PATH accommodates 100,000 pedestrians daily, and PATH businesses host the world's largest underground sidewalk sale once annually.
    • The PATH network in Toronto is the largest underground shopping complex in the world with 371,600 square metres.
    • Toronto also has a separate, smaller "underground city" connecting several building complexes and two subway stations on Bloor Street.
  • Vancouver has two shopping malls called Pacific Centre and Vancouver Centre that are interconnected and extend over 3 city blocks, containing more than 200 stores that weaves above and below ground level. These malls are also connected to Granville SkyTrain Station and in the future will also connect to Vancouver City Centre Station on the Canada Line.
  • Winnipeg has a smaller (mainly commercial office) area located underground in the downtown core below Portage and Main. Several of the downtown office towers have subterranean entrances to the complex allowing employees and visitors to bypass the downtown traffic and avoid the cold winter temperatures Winnipeg regularly experiences. The system links with the skyway system known as the Downtown Walkway.

Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... In an urban setting, a skyway, catwalk, or skywalk, is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed (or covered) bridge between two buildings. ... A pedway is an elevated or underground pedestrian walkway, often connecting urban high-rises to each other, other buildings, or the street. ... The Edmonton Transit System, also called ETS, is the public transit service owned and operated by the city of Edmonton, Alberta. ... Halifax skyline at night Halifax neighbourhoods and boundaries of former city in relation to Halifax Regional Municipality Halifax, founded in 1749, is a community and former city in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia. ... A tunnel under Duke Street, connecting the World Trade and Convention Centre to Scotia Square The Downtown Halifax Link system is similar to Torontos PATH or Montreals RÉSO system, but on a much smaller scale. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Montreals underground city (French: La ville souterraine) is the well-known underground city complex in downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Centre Bell, Montreal Centre Bell, Montreal The Bell Centre (French: Centre Bell), formerly known as the Molson Centre, has been the home of the Montreal Canadiens since March 16, 1996, when the team departed from the historic Montreal Forum after their last game on March 11 of the same year. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... ARENA may refer to either: Nationalist Republican Alliance, a political party in El Salvador. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... One of the entrances to the Square-Victoria metro station looks like a Paris Métro station. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street station in 1865. ... Lucien-LAllier is a commuter rail station on the AMT Dorion-Rigaud, Blainville-Saint-Jerome, Delson-Candiac lines in the Greater Montreal area in Quebec, Canada. ... Gare Centrale is the primary railway station in Montreal. ... Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ... Réseau de transport de Longueuil (RTL) (English: Longueuil Transit Network) is a public transit carrier in the city of Longueuil, Quebec, Canada. ... Place Ville-Marie Place Ville-Marie or 1, Place Ville-Marie is a cruciform office tower built in the International style in 1962 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Queen Elizabeth Hotel, with Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral in the foreground Fairmont The Queen Elizabeth, commonly called The Queen Elizabeth Hotel (Le Reine Elizabeth), is a grand hotel in Montreal, Quebec. ... Gare Centrale is the primary railway station in Montreal. ... One of the entrances to the Square-Victoria metro station looks like a Paris Métro station. ... Berri-UQAM is the central station of the Montreal Metro, located in the Quartier Latin in the borough of Ville-Marie. ... Pie-IX Pie-IX is a station on the Montreal Metro Green Line. ... The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Avancez (Go forward) Coordinates: Country Canada Province Newfoundland and Labrador Established August 5, 1583 by Royal Charter of Queen Elizabeth I Government  - City Mayor Andy Wells  - Governing body St. ... Memorial University of Newfoundland, (popularly known as Memorial University or MUN) is a comprehensive university located primarily in St. ... The MUNnels are nicknamed for the system of underground and above ground walkways that link various buildings of MUN. The MUNnel system of pedestrian access (2001) Categories: Canadian school stubs | Memorial University of Newfoundland ... In an urban setting, a skyway, catwalk, or skywalk, is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed (or covered) bridge between two buildings. ... PATH is a 27-kilometre network of pedestrian tunnels beneath the office towers of downtown Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Toronto Transit Commission (TTC) is a public transport authority that operates buses, streetcars, subways, and rapid transit lines in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Bloor Street is a major east-west commercial thoroughfare in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Motto: By Sea, Land, and Air We Prosper Location of Vancouver within the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia, Canada Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  British Columbia Region Lower Mainland Regional District Greater Vancouver Incorporated 1886 Government  - Mayor Sam Sullivan (NPA)  - City Council List of Councilors Suzanne Anton (NPA) Peter... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Pacific Centre is a shopping mall in Vancouver, British Columbia. ... Granville Station is a SkyTrain station in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, served by the Expo and Millennium Lines. ... Vancouver City Centre Station, formerly called Robson Station, is a station currently under construction on the rapid transit Canada Line in Vancouver, Canada. ... “RAV” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Winnipeg (disambiguation). ... Portage and Main in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada is likely the most famous intersection in Canada. ... In an urban setting, a skyway, catwalk, or skywalk, is a type of pedway consisting of an enclosed (or covered) bridge between two buildings. ...

Chile

  • Santiago has an extensive amount of underground city in its "Metro" subway system. All stations have a typical mezzanine level, but the Metro has this level full of shops and kiosks of all kinds, most stations have an additional mall-like level between the street and the mezzanine levels with the trains running at the 3 level down.

Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ...

China (People's Republic of China)

  • Beijing built an extensive tunnel network during the Sino-Soviet conflict, supposedly covering 85 square km, falling into disuse in the 1970s. Now recently opened to the public and tourists. There are rumours saying it was used by the army during the Tiananmen incident. A tourist report describes the facility.

Beijing (Chinese: 北京; pinyin: BÄ›ijÄ«ng; Wade-Giles: Peiching or Pei-ching; IPA: ; literally Northern capital;  ), a metropolis in northern China, is the capital of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC). ... The Sino-Soviet split was a major diplomatic conflict between the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), beginning in the late 1950s, reaching a peak in 1969 and continuing in various ways until the late 1980s. ... This article is about the protest in 1976. ...

Finland

Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... Helsinki Central railway station Helsinki Central railway station is a widely recognised landmark in central Helsinki, Finland, and the focal point of public transport in the Greater Helsinki area. ... Rautatientori metro station The Central Railway Station metro station (Finnish Rautatientorin metroasema / Swedish Metrostationen Järnvägstorget) is a station on the Helsinki Metro. ... The Kamppi metro station (Finnish Kampin metroasema / Swedish Metrostationen Kampen) is a station on the Helsinki Metro. ... Kaisaniemi metro station The Kaisaniemi metro station (Finnish Kaisaniemen metroasema / Swedish Metrostationen Kajsaniemi) is a station on the Helsinki Metro. ... Kamppi bus station Kamppi Kamppi (Swedish: Kampen) is a district in the centre of Helsinki, the capital of Finland. ... The Kamppi Center has six floors. ... Forum as seen from Simonkatu. ... Sokos is a chain of department stores in Finland that is part of the S-Group. ... The Stockmann department store on a December morning. ... Hakaniemi metro station The Hakaniemi metro station (Finnish Hakaniemen metroasema / Swedish Metrostationen Hagnäs) is a station on the Helsinki Metro. ... Sörnäinen metro station (Finnish Sörnäisten metroasema / Swedish Metrostationen Sörnäs) is a station on the Helsinki Metro. ...

France

  • Paris The Forum des Halles, is a partially underground multiple story commercial and shopping center, opened in 1979. The building is connected to the underground station Chatelet-Les-Halles, central hub of Paris's express metro system, the RER. There was also more than 300 km of a network of catacombs, started as limestone quarries and later for burials, also used as safe passageways in times of revolution.

This article is about the capital of France. ... Crypt of the Sepulchral Lamp in the Catacombs of Paris The Catacombs of Paris is a famous burial place in Paris, France. ...

Germany

  • Frankfurt am Main Underground shopping malls, called 'B-Ebene' in Frankfurt, of considerable size are found at Hauptbahnhof (central station) and Hauptwache.
  • Hamburg The Jungfernstieg and Rathaus subway stations and several entrances are connected by pedestrian tunnels. Some of them contain shops. There's also a direct access to the Europapassage shopping mall.
  • Stuttgart There is a large underground shopping mall (Klettpassage) connecting the Hauptbahnhof (central station) with the main shopping street, the Königstraße.

Frankfurt am Main [ˈfraŋkfʊrt] is the largest city in the German state of Hessen and the fifth largest city of Germany. ... Location Coordinates Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE6 First Mayor Ole von Beust (CDU) Governing party CDU Votes in Bundesrat 3 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  755 km² (292 sq mi) Population 1,754,317 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 2,324 /km² (6,018... , City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Castle Solitude The 1956 TV Tower The Weissenhof Estate in 1927 Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ...

Hong Kong

  • Hong Kong - Some MTR (metro) and KCR (metro/suburban train) stations in Hong Kong form extended underground networks connecting to buildings and major shopping malls in the neighbouring areas. The stations themselves house a number of retail shops. Notable examples are the MTR Central - Hong Kong stations, the MTR Tsim Sha Tsui - KCR East Rail East Tsim Sha Tsui stations, and the MTR Kowloon Tong - KCR Kowloon Tong stations .

This article is about the metro system in Hong Kong. ... For other uses, see KCR (disambiguation). ... Platforms 1 and 2 on the . ... Platform 2 of the Tsim Sha Tsui station (Tsuen Wan Line towards Central) Tsim Sha Tsui (Chinese: 尖沙咀, Jyutping: Zim1 Sa1 Zeoi2, Pinyin: Jiānshāzuǐ) is an MTR station on the Tsuen Wan Line. ... Opening Date 10 October 1911 Stations 14 Number of trains 37 Service Area North District, Tai Po, Sha Tin, Yau Tsim Mong, Kowloon City The East Rail is one of the three lines of the KCRC network in Hong Kong. ... East Tsim Sha Tsui is the latest station (the southern terminus) on the Hong Kong KCRC East Rail, opened on October 24, 2004, symbolizing the comeback of the Rail to Tsim Sha Tsui after 30 years. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

India

, This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... Palika Bazaar is an underground, air-conditioned market located between the inner and outer circle of Connaught Place, Delhi, India. ... Connaught Place (now officially called Rajiv Chowk, though no one in the city refers to it by that name) is the central business district of New Delhi, India. ...

Iran

  • Kish - An underground city by the name of Hidden Pearl was constructed which consists of roads interlinked 20 meters under the ground. Shops and restaurants are planned to be built.

The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ...

Italy

Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... A procession in the catacomb of Callistus. ... For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... One of the many caverns beneath Naples. ... The Catacombs of San Gennaro are underground paleo-Christian burial sites in Naples, Italy and are the most important such sites in Italy south of Rome. ...

Japan

The top five largest underground "cities" (chikagai) in Japan are all shopping malls:

  • Crysta Nagahori in Chūō-ku, Osaka — 81,765 m²
  • Yaesu Chikagai in Chūō-ku, Tokyo — 73,253 m²
  • Kawasaki Azalea in Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki — 56,704 m²
  • Central Park Chikagai in Naka-ku, Nagoya — 56,370 m²
  • Diamor Osaka in Kita-ku, Osaka — 42,977 m²
  • Osaka has enormous underground networks in the Umeda, Namba, and Shinsaibashi districts, which include retail shopping, restaurants, and subway and intercity rail stations.
  • Tokyo's subway lines are owned by Eidan (9 lines) and Toei (4 lines), mostly within the 23 special wards. Near the center of the city, connecting passages between stations that span a few blocks exist for commuters. Stations such as Shinjuku and Shibuya have underground shopping malls. Tokyo's network of tunnels is seen as one of the many megalopolis features of the city.

Chūō-ku ), Osaka is one of 24 wards of Osaka, Japan. ... Location of Chuo-ku in Tokyo. ... Kawasaki-ku, or Kawasaki Ward, lies on the eastern edge of Kawasaki City, nestled against the mouth of the Tama River and Tokyo Bay. ... Naka (中区; -ku, lit. ... Kita (北区; -ku) is a ward of the city of Osaka in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. ... Osaka )   is a city in Japan, located at the mouth of the Yodo River on Osaka Bay, in the Kansai region of the main island of HonshÅ«. The city is the capital of Osaka Prefecture. ... Osaka Station South Gate Umeda Shinmichi Umeda (梅田) is a commercial district in Kita-ku Osaka, Japan, best known as the citys main northern railway terminus (Osaka Station, Umeda Station). ... Nankai Namba Station & Takashimaya Osaka Department Store Namba (難波, Nanba), also known as Minami, is a district of Osaka, Japan. ... An afternoon in Shinsaibashi A busy crowd inside Shinsaibashi A ceramics store off the side of Shinsaibashi Shinsaibashi (心斎橋) is a district of Osaka, Japan known as the citys main shopping center, located north of Namba. ... Tokyo ), the common English name for the Tokyo Metropolis ), is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and, unique among the prefectures, provides certain municipal services characteristic of a city. ... new Tokyo Metro sign and logo This office tower, above Tokyo Metro Ueno Station, houses the headquarters of the Tokyo Metro. ... The Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation (東京都交通局 Tōkyō-to Kōtsū-kyoku) is Tokyos public transportation authority. ... The 23 special wards (特別区 tokubetsuku) are self-governing, special municipalities in the central and most populous part of Tokyo, Japan. ... South side of Shinjuku Station at night East exit of Shinjuku Station Shinjuku Station ) is a train station located in Shinjuku and Shibuya wards in Tokyo, Japan. ... Shibuya station platform The statue of Hachiko is a famous meeting place. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Russia

  • Moscow: "Okhotnyi Ryad" (Охотный Ряд) four-level underground shopping mall — 29,000 m², linked to Metro station of same name.

A current official map of the Moscow Metro. ...

Singapore

  • Extensive underground networks exist around most major stations of the Mass Rapid Transit, such as the one at the Raffles Place MRT Station with direct underground connections to 19 buildings in the busy Raffles Place area. Expanding the network further, is the first phase of a new subterranean network linking the station to the up-coming One Raffles Quay development and with provisions to extend it into the Marina Bay new downtown extension for a complex underground pedestrain nework across the entire downtown area.
  • The Orchard Road shopping belt is connected by underground linkways often with commercial space, particularly around the three MRT stations serving the district, namely Orchard [1], Somerset [2], and Dhoby Ghaut [3]. Plans are in place to link all buildings along the road into a continuous underground network on both sides of the over four kilometre long road.

The following lists all rail stations of the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) system in Singapore, with underground stations listed in italics. ... A C751B train at Eunos MRT Station. ... Exterior view of Raffles Place MRT Station Raffles Xchange Platform of Raffles Place Station Raffles Place MRT Station (EW14/NS26) is a Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) interchange station on the North South Line and the East West Line in Singapore. ... Modern-day Raffles Place, the financial heart of Singapore. ... One Raffles Quay is an office building complex located at Raffles Place within the Downtown Core, the central business district of Singapore. ... Marina Bay (Chinese: 滨海湾, Mandarin Pronunciation: Binhaiwan) is a bay near the Central Area in the southern part of Singapore, and lies to the east of the Downtown Core. ... CityLink Mall (Chinese: 城市联线广场) is Singapores first subterranean mall, located within the One Raffles Link development at Marina Centre. ... A square foot is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 foot (unit of length) long. ... City Hall Station Platform Concouse level of City Hall Station The City Hall MRT Station (EW13/NS25) is an underground Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station in Singapore, that is part of the North South Line and the East West Line in Singapore, and serves as an interchange station between the... Singapore is well-known in Southeast Asia for its urbanism, and shopping is indispensable for Singaporeans. ... The durian-shaped Esplanade stands out in front of the Marina Square area The Esplanade at night. ... Marina Bay and Marina Centre. ... Esplanade MRT station, tentatively (CC3) is a proposed underground Mass Rapid Transit station on the Circle MRT Line in Singapore. ... The Circle Line is coloured orange on system maps. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Orchard Road is lit up elaborately nearer the end of every year for the Christmas festive season. ... Orchard MRT Station (NS22) is a station on the North South Line in Singapore. ... Platform at Somerset Station Somerset MRT Station (NS23) is an underground station on the North South Line in Singapore. ... North East Line Platform Level Platform screen doors at Dhoby Ghaut MRT Station Dhoby Ghaut MRT Station (NS24/NE6/CC1) is a Mass Rapid Transit station in Singapore, located at the eastern end of Orchard Road. ...

Spain

  • In Barcelona, some Metro stations or connecting lines in the same station are connected by underground passages over a block in length.
  • In Madrid[citation needed]
  • In Bilbao[citation needed], Valencia, Sevilla and Palma de Mallorca
  • Legend has that the many caves and tunnels under the old part of Toledo were connected and were used by occultists.

Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Plaça de Catalunya station The Barcelona Metro, part of the mass transit public transport system of Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain is an extensive network of electrified railways that run underground in central Barcelona and above ground into the citys suburbs. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : 43,15° n. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name València (Valencian) Spanish name Valencia Founded 137 BC Postal code 46000-46080 Website http://www. ... This article is about the city in Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Palma (Catalan) Spanish name Palma de Mallorca Postal code 070XX Area code 34 (Spain) + 971 (Balearic Islands) Website http://www. ... For other uses, see Toledo (disambiguation). ...

Switzerland

  • Geneva contains a large underground shopping centre which also acts to connect separate sections of surface shops.
  • St. Gallen the city's main hospital utilizes several underground tunnels to connect the various buildings, helicopter pad, pharmacies and storage facilities.
  • The biggest Railway Station Zurich Main Station has an underground shopping mall with full access to the train tacks. [4] german/ french

Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German:   //, Italian: Ginevra //, Romansh: Genevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich), and is the most populous city of Romandy (the French-speaking part of Switzerland). ... St. ... For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... Ontario Health air ambulance An air ambulance is an aircraft used for emergency medical assistance in situations where either a traditional ambulance cannot easily or quickly reach the scene or the patient needs to be repositioned at a distance where air transportation is most practical. ... Zürich Main Station ticket hall Zürich Main Station tracks Station building Zürich Main Station (in German: Zürich Hauptbahnhof, often shortened to Zürich HB) is Zürichs central and biggest railway station. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Taiwan (Republic of China)

  • Taipei - underground streets connecting two or more metro stations. In addition, there is a large underground shopping mall near the main train station.

Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Republic of China Region Northern Taiwan City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ...

Turkey

  • Cappadocia contains several historical underground cities, carved out of unusual geological formations formed via the eruptions of ancient volcanoes. The cities were initially inhabitted by the Hittites, then later by early Christians as hiding places (see [5]). They are now archeological and tourist sites, but are not generally occupied (see Kaymaklı Underground City). The latest large Turkish underground city was discovered in 2007 in Gaziemir, Güzelyurt. This city was a stopover on the Silk Road, allowing travelers and their camels to rest in safety, underground, in a 'fortress' hotel equivalent to a modern hotel.

In ancient geography, Cappadocia or Capadocia, Turkish Kapadokya (from Persian: Katpatuka meaning the land of beautiful horses, Greek: Καππαδοκία; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was the name of the extensive inland district of Asia Minor (modern Turkey). ... Relief of Suppiluliuma II, last known king of the Hittite Empire The Hittites were an ancient people who spoke an Indo-European language, and established a kingdom centered at Hattusa (Hittite URU) in north-central Anatolia from the 18th century BC. In the 14th century BC, the Hittite empire was... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian () is a person who... Kaymaklı Underground City is contained within the hill named the Citadel of Kaymakli. ...

United Kingdom

  • In London's redeveloped docklands Canary Wharf tube station, adjacent office towers and shopping malls are connected underground. It is also possible to access two stations of the Docklands Light Railway without going outside.
  • Dover contains a series of interconnecting tunnels, that honeycomb both sides of the Dover Valley, carved into the chalk cliffs. These date from Ancient times at Dover Castle through to Napoleonic, Second and Cold War installations. The Dover Castle complex is the larger, going at least six levels deep and includes a hospital, troops quarters, offices and storage and channel view points. The southern tunnels are mixed between Napoleonic defences ( see Dover Western Heights ) and WW2 defences, with some seafront Air raid tunnels still used for shop storage today. Many are now falling into disrepair and are blocked off/neglected but plenty are accessible : See this or this.
  • There is an extensive Underground Edinburgh which includes a number of rooms and chambers that has become a tourist attraction. click here . see the link for a list of venues that allow you to visit these vaults that are part of Edinburgh's 18th century South Bridge

Canary Wharf tube station is a London Underground station on the Jubilee Line, between Canada Water and North Greenwich. ... London Transport Portal The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of East London, England. ... Dover Castle is situated at Dover, Kent and has been described as the Key to England due to its defensive significance throughout history. ... First given earthworks during the American Civil War, the high ground west of Dover, now called Dover Western Heights, was properly fortified in 1804 when Lieutenant-Colonel William Twiss built the Citadel at the western end, North Centre Bastion to the north, and Drop Redoubt overlooking the town, with the... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ...

United States

  • Atlanta, Georgia - Atlanta's “Underground” actually represents the original surface level of downtown Atlanta; the present streets are in fact raised roadways (viaducts) built in the 1920s. The shopping center Underground Atlanta, taking advantage of the former street-level storefronts, covers six city blocks, and includes retail shopping and restaurants. It was begun in 1968, and re-opened in 1989 after a financially-forced closure. Underground Atlanta homepage
  • Chicago, Illinois - (Chicago Pedway) consists of approximately 4 disjoint tunnel systems, the largest covering about 10 blocks, connecting such buildings and transit stations as Metra's Randolph Street Station, the Chicago Cultural Center, Marshall Field's flagship store at State and Randolph, Chicago Transit Authority's State Street and Dearborn Street subway stations, City Hall, and the State of Illinois (James R Thompson) Center. Pedway Map
  • Dallas, Texas has a network of tunnels connecting various buildings in the downtown area.
  • Walt Disney World, Florida (South-West of Orlando, Florida) has a network of tunnels utilized by its employees (Cast Members) for transportation between venues, rest, staff preparation, and first aid. Some of the rest facilities resemble a small hotel room complete with a small kitchen.
  • Duluth, Minnesota has a small network of skyways and tunnels connecting some buildings, including the Federal Courthouse and Convention Center (DECC).
  • Havre, Montana - Throughout its history, the Havre Underground has been host to a brothel, a Chinese laundromat, a saloon, a drugstore, at least three opium dens, and rooms used for smuggling alcohol during Prohibition. It is now a preserved piece of the region's history.
  • Houston, Texas [6] -Set about twenty feet below Houston's downtown street system, today's seven-mile Tunnel is a series of underground passageways which, with above-ground skywalks, link office towers to hotels, banks, corporate and government offices, restaurants, retail stores, and the Theater District. Only one building, Wells Fargo Plaza, offers direct access from the street to the Tunnel; otherwise, you must enter the Tunnel from street-level stairs, escalators, or elevators located inside a building connected to the Tunnel.
  • Minneapolis and Saint Paul, Minnesota - There are three major systems consisting mostly of above-ground skyways in the Twin Cities. Minneapolis's skyway system covers approximately five miles with 62 skyways. [7] St. Paul's skyway system connects buildings in a 30-block radius in the downtown core. [8] On the University of Minnesota campus, the Gopher Way connects most buildings and parking structures together using a number of skyway links and underground tunnels.
  • New York, New York - Several subway stations have direct access to one or more buildings. Additionally, most of the lower floor of Rockefeller Center qualifies as an underground city, as it features connections to subways, an extensive underground concourse, building connections, and several restaurants, all below ground.
  • Oklahoma City, Oklahoma The Metro Conncourse, named after its founder, Jack Conn, is an underground tunnel system connecting nearly all the downtown buildings in a 20-square-block area. The Conncourse is one of the most extensive all-enclosed pedestrian systems in the country, extending three-quarters of a mile and connecting over 30 downtown buildings by tunnel or skyway. The original tunnel link was built in 1931 and the system was extended in the 1970s. Offices, shops, and restaurants line the Conncourse system. It is scheduled to undergo a $2 million renovation in 2006. Upon completion of the renovation, the plan calls for the Conncourse to be renamed the Underground.
  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania - There are two connected underground concourses around Suburban Station and Market East Station in Center City, both of which host a number of businesses, and are connected to SEPTA transit lines.
  • Richmond, Virginia - There are a series of connected tunnels between state government buildings in the city of Richmond. Certain passageways are locked off but a good portion of the tunnels are accessible from different buildings. The purpose of the tunnels is not generally known; the two most common explanations are that they were built to allow people to move between buildings in inclement weather or that they were built as part of an emergency evacuation plan.
  • Rochester, Minnesota - The Mayo Clinic's various buildings in the downtown area are interconnected with tunnels and skyways. Various other businesses also exist along the corridors, including a number of hotels that often house clinic patients. It is often called a subway, although there are no underground rails in the city.
  • Rochester, New York- Nazareth College in the southeast portion of Rochester has an extensive underground network of tunnels leading from the dormitories to the major buildings on campus.
  • Seattle, Washington - Several modern undergrounds and a historical tour exist. The main shopping district around Westlake has an underground connected with the bus tunnel. Another substantial corridor extends from Two Union Square to Rainier Square with connections to hotels, the 5th Avenue Theatre, and many retail shops along the way. The Seattle Underground Tour in Pioneer Square takes visitors on a humorous guided walk showing the original ground level of many buildings in that area.

Nickname: Location in Fulton and DeKalb counties in the state of Georgia Coordinates: , Country State Counties Fulton, DeKalb Government  - Mayor Shirley Franklin (D) Area  - City  132. ... Torontos Bloor Street Viaduct bridges the Don valley; road traffic uses the upper deck, rail traffic uses the lower deck. ... Underground Atlanta entrance Underground Atlanta is a shopping and entertainment complex in the Five Points neighborhood of downtown Atlanta, Georgia, near the intersection of the MARTA rail lines. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... The Chicago Pedway, is a network of tunnels and overhead bridges connecting skyscrapers, retail stores, hotels and train stations throughout the central business district of Chicago, Illinois. ... Metra (officially the Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation) is Chicagolands commuter rail system, serving over 200 stations on 11 lines across the Regional Transportation Authoritys six-county service area (Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry and Will Counties) providing over 67 million rides annually. ... Marshall Fields State Street Store interior, about 1910 Marshall Field and Company is a department store. ... Chicago Transit Authority, also known as CTA, is the operator of mass transit within the City of Chicago, Illinois. ... Satellite image of the interlocking highrises of Crystal City. ... Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport (IATA: DCA, ICAO: KDCA) in Arlington County, Virginia is the closest commercial airport to Washington, D.C. Originally Washington National Airport, it was renamed after former President Ronald Reagan in 1998. ... Nickname: Motto: Live Large. ... Cinderella Castle, at the center of the Magic Kingdom, is Walt Disney World Resorts most recognizable icon Introduction Owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company, the Walt Disney World Resort in Florida, USA is home to four theme parks, two water parks, several resort hotels and golf courses... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami metropolitan area Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ... Duluth is the county seat of St. ... Havre (IPA ) is a city in Hill County, Montana, is said to be named after the city of Le Havre in France[1][2], although this is disputed by some inhabitants. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... “Houston” redirects here. ... The Wells Fargo Bank Plaza, formerly the Allied Bank Plaza and First Interstate Bank Plaza, is located in Downtown Houston, Texas. ... “Minneapolis” redirects here. ... For an overview of the Twin Cities metropolitan area, see Minneapolis-Saint Paul. ... Washington Avenue Bridge at night The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, almost always abbreviated U of M, and sometimes referred to as The U by locals, is the oldest and largest part of the University of Minnesota system. ... The Gopher Way is the systems of underground tunnels and skyways at the University of Minnesota Twin Cities connecting many of the buildings. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority, an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority as MTA New York City Transit. ... Lower Plaza at Rockefeller Center. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ... Center City District, highlighted on a map of Philadelphia County. ... SEPTA redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Minnesota County Olmsted Founded 1854 Mayor Ardell Brede Area    - City 103. ... Main campus in downtown Rochester, Minnesota. ... For other uses, see Hotel (disambiguation). ... There is also a Rochester in Ulster County, New York; for that town see Rochester, Ulster County, New York. ... A typical American college dorm room Another typical not-so-clean college dorm room Watterson Towers, Illinois State University Potomac Hall, second-largest dormitory at James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia. ... City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Official language(s) English Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,827 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Two Union Square is located on the southeast corner of the intersection of Union Street and Sixth Avenue, in the core of Seattles business district. ... Rainier Square is an underground shopping mall in Seattle, Washington. ... A former bank; the vault door is in the background on the right. ... Pioneer Square Pergola, 1914 Photograph courtesy Seattle Municipal Archives Pioneer Square is the neighborhood where Seattle, Washington was founded in 1853. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Underground City by Jules Verne. Search, Read, Study, Discuss. (209 words)
Posted By Benjamin L. Riley at Tue 24 May 2005, 6:07 PM in The Underground City
I found "The Underground City" to be a wonderful love story.
Posted By Peter Bachle at Tue 24 May 2005, 6:03 PM in The Underground City
Underground city (Montreal) - definition of Underground city (Montreal) - Labor Law Talk Dictionary (1319 words)
Montreal's underground city (French: La Ville souterraine) is the well-known underground city complex in downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
The underground city includes 60 residential and commercial complexes comprising 3.6 million square metres of floor space, including 80% of all office space and 35% of all commercial space in the centre.
Most parts of the underground city are open during the entire hours of operation of the metro (5:30 AM to 1:00 AM); though many accesses are closed outside of business hours, many others remain open.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m