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Encyclopedia > Unconditional surrender

Unconditional surrender refers to a surrender without conditions, except for those provided by international law. The most notable use of the term was in the Second World War. Surrender is when soldiers give up fighting and become prisoners of war, either as individuals or when ordered to by their officers . ... International law, is the body of law that regulates the activities of entities possessing international personality. Traditionally, that meant the conduct and relationships of states. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


United States usage

Normally a belligerent man will only agree to surrender unconditionally if completely incapable of continuing hostilities. Announcing that only unconditional surrender is acceptable puts psychological pressure on a weaker adversary.


The first use of the phrase occurred during the Battle of Fort Donelson in the American Civil War. Commanding Union General Ulysses S. Grant received a request for terms from the fort's commanding officer, Confederate General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Sr. Grant's reply was brief: "No terms except unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted. I propose to move immediately upon your works." When news of Grant's victory—one of the Union forces' first in the Civil War—was received in Washington, newspapers of the day published (and President Lincoln endorsed) that Grant's first two initials, "U.S.", stood for "unconditional surrender". The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought February 12–16, 1862 in the American Civil War. ... The American Civil War (1861–1865) was fought in North America between the United States of America, called the Union and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the Union. ... Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... Simon Bolivar Buckner, Sr. ... Nickname: the District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Official website: http://www. ... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president from the Republican Party. ...


However, the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee to Grant at Appomattox Courthouse was not an unconditional surrender as Grant agreed to allow the men under Lee's command to go home under parole and to keep sidearms and private horses. The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War in the eastern theater. ... Robert E. Lee, 1863 Portrait by Julian Vannerson Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was a career army officer and the most successful general of the Confederate forces during the American Civil War. ... The court house The Appomattox Court House is a historic court house located in Appomattox, Virginia famous as the site of the surrender of the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee to Union commander Ulysses S. Grant on April 9, 1865, effectively ending the American Civil War. ...


Its use was revived during World War II at the Casablanca conference when American President Franklin D. Roosevelt offered it to the other Allies and the press as the objective of the war against the Axis Powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War (sometimes WW2 or WWII or World War Two), was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the... The Casablanca Conference was held at the Anfa Hotel in Casablanca, Morocco, from January 14 to 24, 1943, to plan the European strategy of the Allies during World War II. Present were Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill and Charles de Gaulle. ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States (1933-1945), is best known for leading the U.S. through the Great Depression with his New Deal programs, building a powerful political coalition -- the New Deal Coalition -- that dominated American politics for decades, a... The group of countries known as the Allies of World War II came together, to fight the Axis Powers, as World War II unfolded and progressed. ...


See also

The wisdom of allied insistance on unconditional surrender has been subject to considerable debate. US General Douglas MacArthur (left), military ruler of Japan 1945-1952, next to Japans defeated Emperor, Hirohito Military rule may mean: Militarism as an ideology of government Military occupation (or Belligerent occupation), when a country or area is conquered after invasion List of military occupations Martial law, where military... This page is a candidate to be copied to Wiktionary. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Surrender To God (786 words)
Surrender means to yield ownership, to relinquish control over what we consider ours: our property, our time, our "rights." When we surrender to God, we are simply acknowledging that what we "own" actually belongs to Him.
Adam and Eve were given a choice to surrender to God when He said, "you shall not" as opposed to "you cannot." The fruit of this tree is not something we're likely to find in the produce section of our supermarket, but rather it represented the alternative God offered.
Had they chosen to surrender the longings of their hearts to God, it's possible that we may all be living eternally on a perfect earth, right here and now.
Unconditional Surrender - History Forum (3365 words)
Unconditional Surrender appeals strongly to the American mind, it goes along with enterprising Americans forging the wilderness of the frontier, shaping the Native Americans and fl slaves and forcing them into a culture that changed every part of the globe, destorying the old decadent European culture and forming a new, upright, American one.
By demanding unconditional surrender, the allies guaranteed that the enemy was completely defeated and that the forces in their governments that drove them to war were ripe for removal and judgement.
Unconditional surrender and all plans linked to it was effectively used as propaganda by Dr Goebbels, who convinced Germans to fight on to avoid slavery to the Allied powers.
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