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Encyclopedia > Umpire (baseball)
Home plate umpire Gary Darling signals that the last pitch was a strike

In baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game, including beginning and ending the game, enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds, making judgment calls on plays, and meting out discipline.[1] The term is often shortened to the colloquial form ump. They are also sometimes addressed as the men in blue due to the colour of the uniform some umpires wear. Although games were often officiated by a sole umpire in the formative years of the sport, from the turn of the 20th century onward officiating has been commonly divided among several umpires, who form the umpiring crew. Baseball umpire Gary Darling, 2004, by Rick Dikeman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Baseball umpire Gary Darling, 2004, by Rick Dikeman File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Gary Richard Darling (born October 9, 1957 in San Francisco, California) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ...

Contents

Duties and positions

In a baseball game officiated by two or more umpires, the plate umpire is the umpire who is positioned behind home plate. This umpire calls balls and strikes, calls fair balls and foul balls short of first/third base, and makes most calls concerning the batter or concerning baserunners near home plate.[1] If another umpire leaves the infield to cover a potential play in foul ground or in the outfield, then the plate umpire may move to cover a potential play near second or third base. The plate umpire is also called the umpire-in-chief (not to be confused with "crew chief", who is often a different umpire). A view of the playing field at Busch Memorial Stadium, St. ... Strike zone boundaries (MLB) Definition In baseball, the strike zone is a conceptual rectangular area over home plate which defines the boundaries through which a pitch must pass in order to count as a strike when the batter does not swing. ... In baseball, a fair ball is a batted ball that has not yet become a foul ball, and that. ... In baseball, a foul ball is a batted ball that is not a foul tip, and that: touches the person of an umpire, player, or any object foreign to the natural ground while on or over foul ground, or settles on foul ground between home and first base, or home... Barry Bonds batting Photo:Agência Brasil In baseball, batting is the act of facing the opposing pitcher and trying to produce offense for ones team. ... In baseball, baserunning is the act of running around the bases performed by members of the team at bat. ...


In nearly all levels of organized baseball, including the majors, an umpiring crew rotates such that each umpire in the crew works each position, including plate umpire, an equal number of games. In the earliest days of baseball, however, many senior umpires always worked the plate, with Hall of Fame umpire Bill Klem being the last umpire to do so. Klem did so for the first 16 years of his career.[2] On the Major League level, an umpiring crew generally rotates positions clockwise each game; for example, the plate umpire in one game would umpire third base in the next. Bill Klem, the father of baseball umpires, in 1914 William Joseph Klem, born William Joseph Klimm (February 22, 1874 – September 16, 1951), known as the father of baseball umpires, was a National League umpire in Major League Baseball from 1905 to 1941. ...


Other umpires are called base umpires, as they are commonly stationed near the bases. (Field umpire is an incorrect term for any position.) When two umpires are used, the second umpire is simply the base umpire. This umpire will make most calls concerning runners on the bases and nearby plays, as well as in the middle of the outfield. When three umpires are used, the second umpire is called the first base umpire and the third umpire is called the third base umpire, even though the various umpires may move to different positions on the field as the play demands.[1] When four umpires are used (as is the case for all regular season MLB games), each umpire is named after the base they are stationed near. Sometimes a league will provide six umpires; then, two are stationed in the outfield and then may be called outfield umpires. In Major League Baseball, outfield umpires are only used during the playoffs and the All-Star Game (called "special events" by MLB), when they are stationed in foul territory on both sides, and are thus known as the left- and right-field umpires.[3] Rulings on catches of batted balls are usually made by the umpire closest to the play. This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... A playoff in sports (North American professional sports in particular) is a game or series of games played after the regular season is over with the goal of determining a league champion. ... The Major League Baseball All-Star Game, also popularly known as the Midsummer Classic is an annual baseball game between players from the National League and the American League, currently selected by fan vote for the starting position players and by the manager (the managers from the previous years...


The term umpire-in-chief is not to be confused with the umpiring crew chief or crew chief, who is usually the most experienced umpire in a crew. On the major league and high minor league level (Class AA and AAA), the crew-chief acts as a liaison between the league office and the crew and has a supervisory role over other members of the crew.[4]


For example, on the Major League level, "[t]he Crew Chief shall coordinate and direct his crew's compliance with the Office of the Commissioner's rules and policies. Other Crew Chief responsibilities include: leading periodic discussions and reviews of situations, plays and rules with his crew; generally directing the work of the other umpires on the crew, with particular emphasis on uniformity in dealing with unique situations; assigning responsibilities for maintaining time limits during the game; ensuring the timely filing of all required crew reports for incidents such as ejections, brawls and protested games; and reporting to the Office of Commissioner any irregularity in field conditions at any ballpark."[4] Thus, on the professional level, some of the duties assigned to the umpire-in-chief (the plate umpire) in the Official Baseball Rules have been reassigned to the crew chief, regardless of the crew chief's umpiring position during a specific game. The Official Baseball Rules govern all professional play in the United States and Canada. ...


Unlike referees in American football, an umpire's judgment call is final, unless the umpire making the call chooses to ask his partner(s) for help and then decides to reverse it after the discussion.[1] If an umpire seems to make an error in rule interpretation, his call, in some leagues, can be officially protested.[1] If the umpire is persistent in his or her interpretation, the matter will be settled at a later time by a league official. National Football League referee Ed Hochuli signals a touchdown. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ...


Amateur umpiring

An amateur umpire is an umpire who officiates amateur baseball. Many amateur umpires are paid and thus might be considered professionals by some, however, the term "amateur" refers to the level of baseball officiated, not the status of the umpire. However, some amateur umpires are unpaid. For instance, according to the Little League Baseball/Softball rule book, umpires should be volunteers and not be paid.[5] A professional does something as a profession, or receives payment for some activity. ...


There are numerous organizations that train/test anyone interested in umpiring for local leagues and can help make connections to the leagues in the area. Little League and Babe Ruth Baseball are two of the most popular organizations when it comes to youth baseball and each have their own application, test, and training process for becoming an umpire. In Canada many municipalities run their own amateur baseball leagues for children and hire umpires. Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Quebec runs a large association which hires many umpires. Dollard-des-Ormeaux within the Island of Montreal. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² - Water...


Many consider the pinnacle of amateur umpiring to be the Little League World Series. Amateur umpires from around the world participate in this event on a completely volunteer basis. However, to get to this point umpires must go participate at various levels of All-Star tournaments ranging from district to regional to state tournaments.[5] Logo of Little League The Little League World Series is a baseball tournament for children aged 11, 12 and in limited circumstances, 13. ...


Professional umpiring

Becoming a Major League Baseball umpire is a long and tough road, with very low odds of success. First, a person desiring to become a professional umpire must attend one of two private umpiring schools authorized by Major League Baseball: The Jim Evans Umpire Academy or The Harry Wendelstedt Umpire School.[6] Both schools are run by former Major League umpires and are located in Florida. There are no prerequisites for attending these schools, however, there is an Umpire Camp, run by Major League Baseball, that is generally considered a "tool for success" at either of these schools. These camps, offered as two separate one-week sessions, are held in November in Southern California. Top students at these camps are eligible to earn scholarships to either of the professional umpire schools in Florida. [1] This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... James Bremond Evans (born November 5, 1946 in Longview, Texas) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1971 to 1999. ... The Harry Wendelstedt Umpire School is one of two schools training umpires for professional baseball. ... Official language(s) English Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Largest metro area Miami Area  Ranked 22nd  - Total 65,795[1] sq mi (170,304[1] km²)  - Width 361 miles (582 km)  - Length 447 miles (721 km)  - % water 17. ...


After five weeks of training, each school sends its top students to the Professional Baseball Umpires Corp. (PBUC) evaluation course also held in Florida. [2] The actual number of students sent on to the evaluation course is determined by PBUC with input from the umpire schools. [3] Generally, the top 10 to 20 percent of each school's graduating class advance to the evaluation course. The evaluation course is conducted by PBUC staff, which differs in personnel from the staff at the respective umpire schools. [4] The evaluation course generally lasts around 10 days. Depending on the number of available positions in the various minor leagues, some (but not all) of the evaluation course attendees will be assigned to a low level minor league. A Class A California League game in San Jose, California (1994) Minor baseball leagues are North American professional baseball leagues that compete at a level below that of Major League Baseball. ...


Professional umpires begin their careers one of the Class "A" leagues, which are divided into four levels (rookie, short-season, long-season and advanced "A"). [5] Top umpiring prospects will often begin their careers in a short-season "A" league (for example, the New York-Penn League), but most will begin in a rookie league (for example, the Gulf Coast League). A Class A California League game in San Jose, California (1994) Minor baseball leagues are North American professional baseball leagues that compete at a level below that of Major League Baseball. ... The New York - Penn League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the northeastern United States. ... The Gulf Coast League is a minor league baseball league which operates in Florida. ...


Throughout the season all minor league umpires in Class A and Class AA are evaluated by members of the PBUC staff. [6] All umpires receive a detailed written evaluation of their performance after every season. [7] In addition, all umpires, except those in the rookie or short "A" leagues, receive written mid-season evaluations. [8]


Generally, an umpire is regarded as making adequate progress "up the ranks" if he advances up one level of Class "A" ball each year (thus earning promotion to Class AA after three to four years) and promotion to Class AAA after two to three years on the Class AA level. However, this is a very rough estimate and other factors not discussed (such as a lack of or overwhelming number of retirements at higher levels) may dramatically affect these estimates. For example, many umpires saw rapid advancement in 1999 due to the mass resignation of many Major League umpires as a collective bargaining ploy. A Collective agreement is a labor contract between an employer and one or more unions. ...


When promoted to the Class AAA level, an umpire's evaluation will also be conducted by the umpiring supervisory staff of Major League Baseball. In recent years, top AAA prospects, in addition to umpiring and being evaluated during the regular season (in either the International or Pacific Coast League) have been required to umpire in the Arizona Fall League where they receive extensive training and evaluation by Major League Baseball staff. The International League (IL) is a minor league baseball league which operates in the eastern United States and Canada. ... The Pacific Coast League (PCL) is a minor league baseball league operating in the West and Midwest of the United States. ...


In addition, top AAA prospects may also be rewarded with umpiring only Major League pre-season games during spring training (in lieu of Class AAA games). Additionally, the very top prospects may umpire Major League regular season games on a limited basis as "fill-in" umpires (where the Class AAA umpire replaces a sick, injured or vacationing Major League umpire).


Finally, upon the retirement (or firing) of a Major League umpire, a top Class AAA umpire will be promoted to Major League Baseball's permanent umpire staff. During this entire process, if an umpire is evaluated as no longer being a major-league prospect, he (or she) will be released, ending their professional career. In all, PBUC estimates that it will take an umpire seven to eight years of professional umpiring before he will be considered for a major league position. [9]


There are currently 70 umpires on Major League Baseball's permanent staff, and 22 Class AAA umpires eligible to umpire regular season Major League games as a "fill-in" umpire. [10]


Major league umpires earn $100,000 to $300,000 per year depending on their experience, with a $357 per diem for hotel and meals. [11] Minor league umpires earn between $1,800 to $3,400 per month during the season. The exact amount is based on the umpire's classification and experience. [12]


Famous umpires

Hall of Fame

Umpires are eligible for induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame for their accomplishments, and eight umpires have been thus inducted: The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related...

Umpire Al Barlick Albert Joseph Barlick (April 2, 1915 - December 27, 1995) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League for 28 seasons (1940-43, 1946-55, 1958-71). ... The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs, or simply the National League, is the older of two leagues constituting Major League Baseball in the United States and Canada (until 2005 when the Montreal Expos moved to Washington) and the worlds oldest extant professional team sports league. ... Nestor George Chylak, Jr. ... American League The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... John Bertrand Jocko Conlan (December 6, 1899 - April 16, 1989) was a player, and more famously an umpire, in Major League Baseball. ... Thomas Henry Connolly (December 31, 1870 - April 28, 1961) was an Anglo-American umpire in Major League Baseball. ... William George Evans (February 10, 1884 - January 23, 1956) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball, working in the American League from 1906 to 1927. ... Robert Calvin Hubbard (October 31, 1900 _ October 17, 1977) was an American professional football player and later an umpire in Major League Baseball, and is a member of three major sports halls of fame. ... Bill Klem, the father of baseball umpires, in 1914 William Joseph Klem, born William Joseph Klimm (February 22, 1874 – September 16, 1951), known as the father of baseball umpires, was a National League umpire in Major League Baseball from 1905 to 1941. ... William Aloysius McGowan (January 18, 1896 _ December 9, 1954) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball, working in the American League from 1925 to 1954. ...

Longest major league careers

Most games

(Through end of 2006 season) [13] Bill Klem, the father of baseball umpires, in 1914 William Joseph Klem, born William Joseph Klimm (February 22, 1874 – September 16, 1951), known as the father of baseball umpires, was a National League umpire in Major League Baseball from 1905 to 1941. ... Bruce Neal Froemming (Frömming) (born September 28, 1939 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is the most senior active umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Thomas Henry Connolly (December 31, 1870 - April 28, 1961) was an Anglo-American umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Harold Douglas Harvey (born March 13, 1930 in South Gate, California) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League from 1962 to 1992. ... Joe Brinkman (b. ...


Most seasons


Careers beginning prior to 1920:

Careers beginning from 1920 to 1960: Bill Klem, the father of baseball umpires, in 1914 William Joseph Klem, born William Joseph Klimm (February 22, 1874 – September 16, 1951), known as the father of baseball umpires, was a National League umpire in Major League Baseball from 1905 to 1941. ... Robert Daniel Emslie (January 27, 1859 - April 26, 1943) was a Canadian pitcher in Major League Baseball who went on to set numerous records for longevity as an umpire. ... The American Association (AA) was a baseball major league from 1882 to 1891. ... Thomas Henry Connolly (December 31, 1870 - April 28, 1961) was an Anglo-American umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Henry Francis ODay (July 8, 1862 - July 2, 1935) was an American right-handed pitcher, manager and – most significantly – umpire in Major League Baseball. ... William Henry Dineen (born April 5, 1876 Syracuse, NY - died January 13, 1955 Syracuse, NY) was a pitcher with a 12 year career from 1898 to 1909. ... Charles Cy Rigler (May 16, 1882 - December 21, 1935) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League from 1906 to 1935. ... Ernest Ernie Quigley (March 22, 1880 in Newcastle, New Brunswick, Canada) - December 10, 1960) was notable both as a basketball referee and baseball umpire. ...

Careers beginning since 1960: William Aloysius McGowan (January 18, 1896 _ December 9, 1954) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball, working in the American League from 1925 to 1954. ... Umpire Al Barlick Albert Joseph Barlick (April 2, 1915 - December 27, 1995) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League for 28 seasons (1940-43, 1946-55, 1958-71). ... William Reed Summers (November 10, 1895 - September 12, 1966) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1933 to 1959. ... Thomas David Gorman (March 16, 1919 - August 11, 1986) was an American pitcher and umpire in Major League Baseball who pitched five innings in four games for the New York Giants in 1939, and went on to serve as a National League umpire from 1951 to 1976 and then as... Nestor George Chylak, Jr. ...

Bruce Neal Froemming (Frömming) (born September 28, 1939 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is the most senior active umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Joe Brinkman (b. ... Ed Montague with Cardinals manager Tony La Russa Edward Michael Montague (born November 3, 1948 in San Francisco, California) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Harry Hunter Wendelstedt, Jr. ... Lawrence Robert Barnett (born January 3, 1945 in Nitro, West Virginia) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1969 to 1999 before becoming the major leagues supervisor of umpires in 2000-2001. ... Gerald Joseph Crawford (born August 13, 1947 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an umpire for Major League Baseball. ... Donald Anton Denkinger (born August 28, 1936 in Cedar Falls, Iowa) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1968 to 1998. ... Harold Douglas Harvey (born March 13, 1930 in South Gate, California) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League from 1962 to 1992. ...

Others

Other noteworthy umpires have included:

Emmett Littleton Ashford (November 23, 1914 - March 1, 1980), nicknamed Ash, was the first African American umpire in Major League Baseball, working in the American League from 1966 to 1970. ... August Joseph Donatelli (August 22, 1914 - May 24, 1990) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League from 1950 to 1973. ... James Bremond Evans (born November 5, 1946 in Longview, Texas) is a former umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1971 to 1999. ... John H. Gaffney (June 29, 1855 - August 8, 1913), nicknamed the King of Umpires and Honest John, was an American umpire and manager in Major League Baseball. ... The Players League, also known as The Brotherhood, was an attempt to establish a third major baseball league in 1890. ... Ron Luciano (June 28, 1937 - January 18, 1995) was a major league umpire, known for his flamboyant style, simple love for the game, and clever quotes. ... Timothy Reid McClelland (born December 12, 1951 in Jackson, Michigan) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the American League from 1983 to 1999 and throughout both leagues since 2000. ... John Patrick McSherry (September 11, 1944 - April 1, 1996) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League from 1971 until his death. ... Jake ODonnell, NBA referee James Michael Jake ODonnell (born January 25, 1939 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is a former sports official who worked as a National Basketball Association (NBA) referee for 28 seasons from 1967 to 1995, and also as an umpire in Major League Baseball for four seasons... “NBA” redirects here. ... Francis H. Silk OLoughlin (1870 - December 20, 1918) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1902 to 1918. ... John Edward Beans Reardon (November 23, 1897 - July 31, 1984) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the National League from 1926 to 1949. ... John F. Sheridan (1862 - November 2, 1914) was an American umpire in Major League Baseball. ...

2007 umpiring crews

These are the crews of umpires for the 2007 MLB season. Crews frequently change over the course of the year as umpires are sometimes detached from their crew (so they do not work in their home city), or are injured.[7]

MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALL - OPENING DAY UMPIRING CREWS 2007
Crew Crew Chief Umpire 2 Umpire 3 Umpire 4
Crew A 6 Bruce Froemming 33 Mike Winters 47 Mark Wegner 71 Brian Runge
Crew B 11 Ed Montague 24 Jerry Layne 26 Bill Miller 51 Marvin Hudson
Crew C 2 Jerry Crawford 29 Bill Hohn 7 Brian O'Nora 10 Phil Cuzzi
Crew D 30 Randy Marsh 61 Bob Davidson 21 Hunter Wendelstedt 34 Sam Holbrook
Crew E 23 Rick Reed 14 Chuck Meriwether 72 Alfonso Marquez 95 Tim Timmons
Crew F 12 Gerry Davis 9 Brian Gorman 57 Mike Everitt 96 Paul Nauert
Crew G 32 Dana DeMuth 13 Derryl Cousins 44 Kerwin Danley 88 Doug Eddings
Crew H 31 Mike Reilly 8 Jeff Kellogg 56 Eric Cooper 49 Andy Fletcher
Crew I 36 Tim McClelland 25 Fieldin Culbreth 43 Paul Schrieber 60 Marty Foster
Crew J 17 John Hirschbeck 35 Wally Bell 63 Laz Díaz 52 Bill Welke
Crew K 3 Tim Welke 38 Gary Cederstrom 77 Jim Reynolds 67 Lance Barksdale
Crew L 28 Larry Young 55 Angel Hernandez 65 Ted Barrett 48 Mark Carlson
Crew M 5 Dale Scott 46 Ron Kulpa 50 Paul Emmel 58 Dan Iassogna
Crew N 22 Joe West 19 Ed Rapuano 54 C.B. Bucknor 16 Mike DiMuro
Crew O 18 Charlie Reliford 27 Larry Vanover 53 Greg Gibson 59 Tony Randazzo
Crew P 37 Gary Darling 39 Larry Poncino 41 Jerry Meals 1 Bruce Dreckman
Crew Q 4 Tim Tschida 66 Jim Joyce 45 Jeff Nelson 78 Jim Wolf

For other umpires, see Category:Baseball umpires and List of baseball umpires Bruce Neal Froemming (Frömming) (born September 28, 1939 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin) is the most senior active umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Michael John Winters (born November 19, 1958 in Oceanside, California) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League from 1988 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Mark Patrick Wegner (born March 4, 1972 in Saint Paul, Minnesota) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who will be supervised by Bruce Froemming in 2007, along with Mike Winters and Brian Runge. ... Brian Edward Runge (born January 5, 1970 in San Diego, California) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League in 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Ed Montague with Cardinals manager Tony La Russa Edward Michael Montague (born November 3, 1948 in San Francisco, California) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Jerry Blake Layne (born September 28, 1958 in Pikeville, Kentucky) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League from 1989 to 1999, and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Gerald Joseph Crawford (born August 13, 1947 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an umpire for Major League Baseball. ... Philip Cuzzi (born August 29, 1955 in Newark, New Jersey) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who initially worked in the National League from 1991-93 before returning to the NL in 1999; since 2000 he has worked throughout both major leagues. ... Randall Gilbert Marsh (born April 8, 1949 in Covington, Kentucky) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League from 1981 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Robert Allan Davidson (born August 3, 1952 in Chicago, Illinois) is a professional umpire. ... Harry Hunter Wendelstedt III (born June 22, 1971 in Atlanta, Georgia) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League in 1998-1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Rick Alan Reed (born March 3, 1950 in Detroit, Michigan) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Julius Edward Chuck Meriwether (born June 30, 1956 in Nashville, Tennessee) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Alfonso Marquez (born April 12, 1972 in Zacatecas, Mexico) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League in 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Gerald Sidney Davis (born February 22, 1953 in St. ... Brian Gorman (born June 11, 1959 in Whitestone, Queens, New York City) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Dana Andrew DeMuth (born May 30, 1956 in Fremont, Ohio) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Derryl Cousins (born August 18, 1946 in Fresno, California) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the American League from 1979 to 1999, and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Doug Eddings Douglas Eddings (born September 14, 1968 in Las Cruces, New Mexico) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Michael Eugene Reilly (born July 2, 1949 in Sioux City, Iowa) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the American League from 1978 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Jeffrey William Kellogg (born August 29, 1961 in Coldwater, Michigan) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League from 1991 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Timothy Reid McClelland (born December 12, 1951 in Jackson, Michigan) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the American League from 1983 to 1999 and throughout both leagues since 2000. ... Fieldin Henry Culbreth, III (born March 16, 1963 in Spartanburg, South Carolina) is a professional Major League Baseball umpire. ... Martin Robert Foster (born November 25, 1963 in Denver, Colorado) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... John Francis Hirschbeck (born September 7, 1954 in Bridgeport, Connecticut) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the American League from 1984 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000; he is currently a crew chief. ... Wallace Robert Bell (born January 10, 1965 in Ravenna, Ohio) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League from 1992 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Lazaro Antonio Díaz (born March 29, 1963 in Miami, Florida) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Timothy James Welke (born August 23, 1957 in Pontiac, Michigan) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who was named to the American League staff prior to the 1984 season, and has worked throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Gary L. Cederstrom (born October 4, 1955 in Bismarck, North Dakota) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the American League from 1989 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Larry Eugene Young (born February 6, 1954 in Dixon, Illinois) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Angel Hernandez (born August 26, 1961 in Havana, Cuba) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League from 1991 to 1999, and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Reverend Edward George Ted Barrett (born July 31, 1965 in Pasco, Washington) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Dale Allan Scott (born August 14, 1959 in Eugene, Oregon) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Ronald Clarence Kulpa (born October 5, 1968 in St. ... Paul Lewis Emmel (born May 2, 1968 in Midland, Michigan) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League in 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Daniel Ralph Iassogna (born May 3, 1969 in Bridgeport, Connecticut) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Joseph Henry West (born October 31, 1952 in Asheville, North Carolina) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the National League in 1976 and from 1978 to 1999, and throughout both major leagues since 2002. ... Edward Stephen Rapuano, Jr. ... Charles Harold Reliford (born September 19, 1955 in Ashland, Kentucky) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Gregory Allan Gibson (born on October 2, 1968 in Ironton, OH) is a Major League Baseball umpire who has worked in both major leagues since 2000. ... Gary Richard Darling (born October 9, 1957 in San Francisco, California) is an umpire in Major League Baseball. ... Timothy Joseph Tschida (born May 4, 1960 in St. ... James A. Joyce III (born October 3, 1955 in Toledo, Ohio) is an umpire in Major League Baseball who has worked in the American League (AL) from 1989 to 1999 and throughout both major leagues since 2000. ... Jeffrey Nelson is a Major League Baseball umpire, not to be confused with former New York Yankees, Texas Rangers, and Seattle Mariners pitcher Jeff Nelson. ... James Michael Wolf (born on July 24, 1969) is a Major League Baseball umpire. ... Al Barlick (Hall of Fame Member - HOF) Nestor Chylak (HOF) Jocko Conlan (HOF) Tommy Connolly (HOF) Billy Evans (HOF) Cal Hubbard (HOF) Bill Klem (HOF) Bill McGowan (HOF) Emmett Ashford Lance Barksdale Larry Barnett Ted Barrett Wally Bell Greg Bonin Nick Bremigan Joe Brinkman C.B. Bucknor Mark Carlson Gary...


Origin of the word "umpire"

According to the Middle English Dictionary entry for noumpere, the predecessor of umpire, came from the Old French nonper (from non, "not" + per, "equal"), meaning "one who is requested to act as arbiter of a dispute between two people", or that the arbiter is not paired with anyone in the dispute. Middle English is the name given by historical linguistics to the diverse forms of the English language spoken between the Norman invasion of 1066 and the mid-to-late 15th century, when the Chancery Standard, a form of London-based English, began to become widespread, a process aided by the... The dictionary is a list of words with their definitions, a list of characters with their glyphs, or a list of words with corresponding words in other languages. ... Old French was the Romance dialect continuum spoken in territories corresponding roughly to the northern half of modern France and parts of Belgium and Switzerland from around 1000 to 1300 A.D. It was known at the time as the langue doïl to distinguish it from the langue...


In Middle English, the earliest form of this shows up as noumper around 1350, and the earliest version without the n shows up as owmpere, a variant spelling in Middle English, circa 1440.


The n was lost after it was written (in 1426-1427) as a noounpier with the a being the indefinite article. The leading n became attached to the article, changing it to an Oumper around 1475; this sort of linguistic shift is called junctural metanalysis. Thus today we say "an umpire" instead of "a numpire." Junctural metanalysis is the process by which new words are formed from confusion over the boundaries of words. ...


References

  1. ^ a b c d e Official Rules: 9.00 The Umpire. MBL. Retrieved on 2007-05-05.
  2. ^ Haudricourt, Tom. "Chief among game's umpires", Journal Sentinel, 2007-04-14. Retrieved on 2007-05-05. 
  3. ^ Special Event selection. MBL. Retrieved on 2007-05-05.
  4. ^ a b 2007 MLB Umpire Crews. MBL. Retrieved on 2007-05-05.
  5. ^ a b Umpires Home. Little League. Retrieved on 2007-05-05.
  6. ^ Where are the Professional Umpire Schools Located?. MiLB. Retrieved on 2007-05-05.
  7. ^ http://mlb.mlb.com/NASApp/mlb/mlb/official_info/umpires/crews.jsp

This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 261 days remaining. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... Little League Baseball - Logo Little League pitcher in Winesburg, Ohio Little League, Wayne, Michigan Little League Baseball is the name of a non-profit organization in the United States which organizes local childrens leagues of baseball and softball throughout the USA and the rest of the world. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ... A Class A California League game in San Jose, California (1994) Minor baseball leagues are North American professional baseball leagues that compete at a level below that of Major League Baseball. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the CE era. ... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (126th in leap years). ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Umpire (baseball) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1760 words)
In baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game, including beginning and ending the game, enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds, making judgment calls on plays, and meting out discipline.
When three umpires are used, the second umpire is called the first base umpire and the third umpire is called the third base umpire, even though the various umpires may move to different positions on the field as the play demands.
Umpires are responsible for ensuring that all players, coaches, and fans conduct themselves in a sportsmanlike manner, and that the game is played so that the focus is on playing, rather than on personal matters or "bad blood" between opposing teams.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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