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Encyclopedia > Ummah

Umma (Arabic: أمة‎) is an Arabic word meaning Community or Nation. It is commonly used to mean either the collective nation of Islamic states or (in the context of pan-arabism) the whole Arab nation. In the context of Islam, the word ummah is used to mean the diaspora or "Community of the Believers" (ummat al-mu'minin), and thus the whole Islamic world. Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... A community usually refers to a sociological group in a large place or collections of plant or animal organisms sharing an environment. ... One of the most influential doctrines in history is that all humans are divided into groups called nations. ... Languages Arabic other languages (Arab minorities) Religions Predominantly Muslim Some adherents of Druze, Judaism, Samaritan, Christianity Related ethnic groups Mizrachi Jews, Sephardi Jews[], Ashkenazi Jews, Canaanites, other Semitic-speaking groups An Arab (Arabic: ‎; transliteration: ) is a member of a Semitic-speaking people originally from the Arabian peninsula and surrounding territories... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... The term: diaspora (in Greek, διασπορά – a scattering or sowing of seeds) is used (without capitalization) to refer to any people or ethnic population forced or induced to leave their traditional ethnic homelands; being dispersed throughout other parts of the world, and the ensuing developments in their dispersal and culture. ... The Islamic world is the world-wide community of those who identify with Islam, known as Muslims, and who number approximately one-and-a-half billion people. ...

Contents

Origin

The phrase Ummah Wahida in the Qur'an (the "One Community") refers to all of the Islamic world unified.The Quran says:“You(Muslims) are the best nation sent to (all of) mankind, you (Muslims) enjoin what is righteous (Halal) and forbid (Haram) what is evil.” [3:110] On the other hand, in Arabic Ummah can also be used in the more Western sense of nation, for example: Al-Umam Al-Muttahida, the United Nations. The Qurān [1] (Arabic: ‎, literally the recitation; also called ‎ The Noble Qurān; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


The Constitution of Medina, an early document said to have been negotiated by Prophet Muhammad p in AD 622 with the leading clans of Medinah, explicitly refers to Jewish and pagan citizens of Medinah as members of the Ummah.[1] The Constitution of Medina is the earliest known written constitution. ... Muhammad (Arabic محمد, also transliterated Mohammad, Mohammed, and formerly Mahomet, following the Latin) is revered by Muslims as the final prophet of God. ... This article is about the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia. ...


Present day meaning

Some modern Islamists use the term "Islamic Ummah" or "Muslim Ummah" to refer to all the people in the lands and countries where Muslims predominantly reside, and which were once under the control of the Islamic Caliphate. They thus include non-Muslim minorities as members of the umma. When they talk of unifying the "Islamic Umma" they would include these non-Muslims, as citizens of the Islamic Umma, living peacefully with their own respective religions, subject to certain specific conditions. See Dhimmi for a full discussion of this concept. Other Islamists accept the full equality of all citizens in a putative future Islamic state, regardless of their religion. In either case, Shariah (Islamic law) would apply to the citizens of the state. Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... Caliph is the title for the Islamic leader of the Ummah, or community of Islam. ... This article is about dhimmi in the context of Islamic law. ... Sharia (Arabic شريعة also Sharia, Shariah or Syariah) is traditional Islamic law. ...


See also

The International Institute of Islamic Thought is a private, non-profit organization that describes itself as an institution concerned with issues of Islamic thought. ...

External links

  • Ummah.com
  • UWT.org
  • [2]

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ummah (2684 words)
In view of the superiority of the kuffaar’s technology and sophistication in every sphere of mundane life, the misguided doctors of the Ummah have concluded that the tyranny and oppression of the kuffaar (the U.S.A., Britain, Israel, and the West in general) are the cause of the misery of the Muslim community world- wide.
Those who attribute the disgrace and misery of today’s Ummah to the kuffaar are unable to understand that the kuffaar domination over the Ummah and their oppression of Muslims are the symptoms, not the causes of our malady.
The message is stated explicitly that on account of the then Muslim Ummah’s transgression Allah Ta’als sent His punishment on the Muslims in the form of kuffaar armies which overran Palestine, brutalized its people, penetrated and defiled Musjidul Aqssa, and flattered everything in an orgy of anarchy and seemingly senseless violence.
Ummah (790 words)
However, Ummah was pretty much ignoring the heat: he was adjusting the telescopic sight on his rifle as he tracked his attuned through the crowd.
Ummah couldn't hear the soft sound of the corpse hitting the gravel from where he crouched, but he didn't have to.
Ummah, for his part, could care less: his Prince only cares about whether this particular Djinn can (and will), upon command, put a bullet into someone's brain from 400 yards away.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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