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Encyclopedia > Umkhonto we Sizwe
For other uses of Umkhonto, see Umkhonto (disambiguation)

Umkhonto we Sizwe (or MK), translated Spear of the Nation, was the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC). Founded December 16, 1961, by the ANC and South African Communist Party (SACP) as the answer to the political, social and economical oppression against blacks by the South African Apartheid regime. logo of Umkhonto we Sizwe, from the ANC website (http://www. ... Umkhonto may refer to: Umkhonto we Sizwe, the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC) in South Africa. ... The African National Congress (ANC) is a centre-left political party, and has been South Africas governing party (in a coalition) since the establishment of majority rule in May 1994. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... SACP symbol South African Communist Party (SACP) is a political party in South Africa. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ...


For a time it was headquartered in Rivonia, the suburb of Johannesburg. On 11th July 1963, 19 ANC and MK leaders including future South African President Nelson Mandela were arrested at Liliesleaf Farm, Rivonia. The farm was privately owned by Arthur Goldreich, and bought with South African Communist Party funds. This was followed by the Rivonia Trial in which ten leaders of the African National Congress were tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to "foment violent revolution". Walter Mkwayi, chief of MK at the time, escaped during trial. Rivonia is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa. ... City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... (Redirected from 11th July) July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nelson Mandela Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, (born July 18, 1918), was the first democratically elected President of South Africa, having previously been a prominent anti-apartheid activist there. ... Arthur Goldreich was an abstract painter born in 1929 in Johannesburg, South Africa, and a key figure in the anti-apartheid movement. ... SACP symbol South African Communist Party (SACP) is a political party in South Africa. ... The Rivonia Trial was an infamous trial which took place in South Africa between 1963 and 1964, in which ten leaders of the African National Congress were tried for 221 acts of sabotage designed to ferment violent revolution. Origins It was named after Rivonia, the suburb of Johannesburg where 19...


The MK carried out numerous bombings of military, industrial, civilian and infrastructural sites. The tactics were initially geared towards sabotage, not targeting people, but eventually tactics of urban guerrilla warfare and terrorism were used. Notable among these is the January 8, 1982 (to coincide with the 70th anniversary of the formation of the ANC), attack on the Koeberg nuclear power plant in Cape Town and the 14 June 1986 car-bombing of Magoo's Bar in Durban in which 3 people were killed and 73 injured. The total number of people killed or injured in MK's 30 year campaign is not fully known. Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening an enemy through subversion, obstruction, disruption, and/or destruction. ... Urban area is a term used to define an area where there is an increased density of man-made structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Guerrilla War redirects here. ... Terrorism is the unconventional use of violence for political gain. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Koeberg is located 30 km north of Cape Town, on the West coast of South Africa, next to the SA Police Training College and the suburb of Melkbosstrand. ... City motto: Spes Bona (Latin: Good Hope) Province Western Cape Mayor Nomaindia Mfeketo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Central area of Durban Durban is a city in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ...


MK suspended operations on August 1, 1990. August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ...


See also

The history of South Africa encompasses over three million years. ... Freedom fighter is a relativistic local term for those engaged in rebellion against an established government that is held to be oppressive and illegitimate. ... Terrorism is the unconventional use of violence for political gain. ...

External link

  • Collection of Umkhonto we Sizwe documents - from the ANC; including timeline and manifesto

  Results from FactBites:
 
Umkhonto we Sizwe - definition of Umkhonto we Sizwe in Encyclopedia (301 words)
Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) (Spear of the Nation) was the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC).
Notable among these is the January 8, 1982 (to coincide with the 70th anniversary of the formation of the ANC), attack on the Koeberg nuclear power plant in Cape Town and the 14 June 1986 car-bombing of Magoo's Bar in Durban in which 3 people were killed and 73 injured.
Umkhonto we Sizwe was officially disbanded on August 1, 1990.
Umkhonto we Sizwe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (289 words)
Umkhonto we Sizwe (or MK), translated Spear of the Nation, was the military wing of the African National Congress (ANC).
Founded December 16, 1961, by the ANC and South African Communist Party (SACP) as the answer to the political, social and economical oppression against fls by the South African Apartheid regime.
Collection of Umkhonto we Sizwe documents - from the ANC; including timeline and manifesto
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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