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Encyclopedia > Umbria
Regione Umbria
Image:umbria_flag.gif
Capital Perugia
President Maria Rita Lorenzetti
(DS-Union)
Provinces Perugia
Terni
Comuni 92
Area 8,456 km²
 - Ranked 16th (2.8 %)
Population (2006 est.)
 - Total

 - Ranked
 - Density Image File history File links Umbria_flag. ... Perugia is the capital city in the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber river, and the capital of the province of Perugia. ... The Democrats of the Left (Italian: Democratici di Sinistra, often referred to as DS) is the main Italian left-wing political party, part of the Ulivo electoral coalition. ... The Union (Italian: LUnione) is an Italian centre-left political party coalition. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Perugia (It. ... Terni (It. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... These are ranked lists of the regions of Italy. ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...


867,878
17th (1.5 %)
103/km²
Image:Umbira_Heart_of_Italy.jpg
Map highlighting the location of Umbria in Italy

Umbria is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany to the west, the Marche to the east and Lazio to the south. The region covers 8,456 km² and has a population of 867,878(2006 census). Image File history File links Umbira_Heart_of_Italy. ... A flowered corn field in Tuscany. ... This article is about the Italian region. ... Latium (Lazio in Italian) is a region of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The region is named for the Umbri tribe, who settled in the region in the 6th century BC. Their language was Umbrian, a relative of Latin. The modern region of Umbria, however, is essentially a different region of Italy than that bearing the same name in Roman times (see Roman Umbria), which extended through most of what is now the northern Marche, to Ravenna, but excluded the west bank of the Tiber — and thus for example Perugia — which was in Etruria, and the area around Norcia, which was in the Sabine territory. The Umbri, also called Umbrians in English, were an ancient Italic tribe. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 6th century BC started on January 1, 600 BC and ended on December 31, 501 BC. // Overview Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta The 5th and 6th centuries BC were a time of empires, but more importantly, a... Languages in Iron Age Italy, 6th century BC Umbrian, an Italic language, is a dead language formerly spoken in the ancient Italian region of Umbria. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The Roman region of Umbria, Regio VI Umbria, was one of the fourteen regions into which Augustus divided Italy; it is named after a proto-Italic people, the Umbri, who were gradually subjected by the Romans in the 4th through the 2d centuries BC. Although it passed the name on... Ravenna is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ... The area covered by the Etruscan civilzation. ... Norcia, (Latin: Nursia) is a town and commune in the province of Perugia (Italy) in southeastern Umbria, at 42°48N 13°06E, at 604 meters (1982 ft) above sea-level in a wide plain abutting the Monti Sibillini, a subrange of the Apennines with some of its highest peaks, near... The tribe of the Sabines (Latin Sabini) was an Italic tribe of ancient Italy. ...

Contents

Geography

Umbria is mostly hilly or mountainous. Its relief is dominated by the Apennines to the east — accounting for the highest point in the region at the summit of Mt. Vettore on the border of the Marche (2476 m =  8123 ft) — and the Tiber valley basin, accounting for the lowest point at Attigliano (96 m = 315 ft). This is about the terrestrial mountain range. ... Tiber River in Rome The Tiber (Italian Tevere, Latin Tiberis), the third-longest river in Italy at 406 km (252 miles) after the Po and the Adige, flows through Rome in its course from Mount Fumaiolo to the Tyrrhenian Sea, which it reaches in two branches that cross the suburbs... Country Italy Region Umbria Province Province of Terni (TR) Mayor Elevation 95 m Area 10. ...


The Tiber forms the approximate border with the Lazio; although the remainder of its course northwards from its source just over the Tuscan border does lie in Umbria, the river is mercurial and thus over the centuries very few towns have been situated on it: the Tiber itself thus is not a major factor in the history and human geography of Umbria. The same cannot be said of the Tiber's three principal tributaries, each flowing in a generally southward course: they are responsible for much of the landscape of Umbria. Most of the course of the Chiascio takes it through relatively uninhabited areas until Bastia Umbra, and about 10 km later it flows into the Tiber at Torgiano. The Topino, cleaving the Apennines with passes that in Antiquity made the Via Flaminia possible and the main successor roads even today, makes a sharp turn at Foligno to flow NW for a few miles before joining the Chiascio below Bettona. The third river system is that of the Nera, flowing into the Tiber much further south, at Terni: its valley, called the Valnerina, is widely considered by Umbrians the most scenic area of Umbria. While the Nera flows more or less in isolation between rather high mountains, the lower course of the Chiascio-Topino basin widens out into a fairly large floodplain, which in Antiquity was actually a pair of shallow, interlocking, swamp-like lakes, the Lacus Clitorius and the Lacus Umber. They were drained a first time by the Romans over a span of several hundred years, but an earthquake in the 4th century and the political collapse of the Roman Empire resulted in the reflooding of the basin, which was drained a second time over a span of five hundred years: Benedictine monks from various abbeys in the region started the process in the 13th century, and it was completed on the private initiative of an engineer from Foligno in the 18th century. Country Italy Region Umbria Province Province of Perugia (PG) Mayor Elevation 200 m Area 27. ... Country Italy Region Umbria Province Province of Perugia (PG) Mayor Elevation 219 m Area 37. ... The Via Flaminia was a Roman road leading from Rome to Ariminum (Rimini), and was the most important route to the north. ... Foligno, (Latin: Fulginiae, Fulginium) an ancient town of Italy, in the province of Perugia in east central Umbria, at 233 meters (764 ft) above sea-level, on the Topino river where it leaves the Apennines and enters the wide plain of the Clitunno river system. ... Bettona (Latin: Vettona) is an ancient town and comune of Italy, in the province of Perugia in central Umbria, 42°49. ... Nera River may refer to one of the following. ... Terni, (Latin: Interamna Nahars) an ancient town of Italy, capital of Terni province in southern Umbria, 42°33N, 12°39E, at 130 meters (427 ft) above sea-level in the plain of the Nera river. ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ...

A panorama of Umbria
A panorama of Umbria

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x288, 101 KB)Umbrian panorama [http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x288, 101 KB)Umbrian panorama [http://www. ...

The "green heart of Italy"

In tourist literature one sometimes sees Umbria called il cuor verde d'Italia (the green heart of Italy). The phrase, taken from a poem by Giosuè Carducci — the subject of which is not Umbria but rather a specific small place in it, the source of the Clitunno river, treasured since Antiquity as a beauty spot — is to a certain extent appropriate since the modern administrative region is the only one to have neither a coast nor a border with a foreign country, and, except for August and September, is notoriously green. Giosuè Carducci (July 27, 1835 – near Lucca, February 16, 1907) was an Italian poet, one of Italys greatest, and a teacher. ...


Provinces and towns

Provinces of Umbria
Provinces of Umbria

The regional capital is Perugia. The region is divided into two provinces: Perugia, with 59 comuni, and Terni, with 33 comuni. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 22 KB) Summary Map of the provinces of the Umbria region of Italy. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1056x816, 22 KB) Summary Map of the provinces of the Umbria region of Italy. ... Perugia is the capital city in the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber river, and the capital of the province of Perugia. ... Perugia (It. ... Terni (It. ...


Notable towns and cities:

The town of Acquasparta (350 meters above sea level) sits on a hill above the Naia Valley and the river of the same name, facing the Monti Martani mountain range. ... Amelia is a city of 10,813 people (2001 census)in the southest part of the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber river, and the capital of the province of Terni. ... Crest of the township (comune) of Assisi Assisi (Latin: Asisium) is a town and episcopal see in Italy in Perugia province, Italy, in the Umbria region, on the western flank of Mt. ... Città di Castello is a town in the northern part of the Umbria region of Italy. ... Deruta is a picturesque hilltown and comune in the Province of Perugia in the Umbria region of Italy. ... Foligno, (Latin: Fulginiae, Fulginium) an ancient town of Italy, in the province of Perugia in east central Umbria, at 233 meters (764 ft) above sea-level, on the Topino river where it leaves the Apennines and enters the wide plain of the Clitunno river system. ... Gualdo Tadino, (Latin: Tadinum, later Taginae) an ancient town of Italy, in the province of Perugia in northeastern Umbria, at 43°14N 12°47E, at 536 meters (1759 ft) above sea-level on the lower flanks of Mt. ... Gubbio is a town and comune in the far northeastern part of the Italian province of Perugia, (Umbria), . At 522 m (1713 ft) above sea-level, it clings to the first slope of Mt. ... Montefalco is a town and comune in the central part of the Italian province of Perugia, (Umbria), 42°54N 12°39E; at 473 m (1552 ft) above sea-level on an outcrop of the Colli Martani above the flood plain of the Clitunno river, 7 km (4 mi) SE of... Bridge of Narni over the Nera River, Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, 1826. ... Nocera Umbra (Latin Nuceria Camellaria) is a town in the province of Perugia, Italy, 12 miles by rail north by east of Foligno, at an altitude of 520 m (1706 ft. ... Norcia, (Latin: Nursia) is a town and commune in the province of Perugia (Italy) in southeastern Umbria, at 42°48N 13°06E, at 604 meters (1982 ft) above sea-level in a wide plain abutting the Monti Sibillini, a subrange of the Apennines with some of its highest peaks, near... The site of Orvieto is an Etruscan acropolis. ... Perugia is the capital city in the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber river, and the capital of the province of Perugia. ... Spoleto (Latin: Spoletium), 42°44′ N 12°44′ E, an ancient town in the Italian province of Perugia in east central Umbria, at 385 meters (1391 ft) above sea-level on a foothill of the Apennines. ... Terni, (Latin: Interamna Nahars) an ancient town of Italy, capital of Terni province in southern Umbria, 42°33N, 12°39E, at 130 meters (427 ft) above sea-level in the plain of the Nera river. ... Panorama of Todi. ... TREVI was a network - or forum - of national officials from ministries of justice and the interior in the European Community created during the European Council Summit in Rome, 1-2 december 1975. ... Umbertide is a town and comune (township) of Italy, in the province of Perugia in northwestern Umbria, at 43°18N 12°20E, 247 meters (810 ft) above sea-level, at the confluence of the Reggia river and the Tiber. ...

Archaeological sites and ruins

Carsulae was an Ancient Roman town, in what is now Umbria, Italy. ...

The People of Umbria

The physical features of the people of Umbria are what many scholars believe to be very close to the ancient people of the Italian peninsula. History has been gentle to Umbria, largely due to the construction of hilltop towns. While other locations of Italy were subjected to invaders over time, the majority of Umbrian towns were well protected on hill tops. Often too daunting for invaders to bother with. Umbria is the only landlocked provence of Italy. The lack of ports have allowed Umbrians to remain unaffected throughout history by sea traders. Then end result being the original homogeneous people of Italy. The Umbrian people are known for high quality chocolates, cheeses, and women of great beauty. Monica Bellucci in a photo which appeared in Elle. ... Monica Bellucci in a photo which appeared in Elle. ... Monica Bellucci at Cannes 2002. ... Città di Castello is a town in the northern part of the Umbria region of Italy. ...


External links

Find more information on Umbria by searching Wikipedia's sister projects:

 Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
 Textbooks from Wikibooks
 Quotations from Wikiquote
 Source texts from Wikisource
 Images and media from Commons
 News stories from Wikinews Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikinews-logo. ...

  • Umbria travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Umbria travel - Italyzone
  • Official Site of the Region of Umbria
  • Umbria.org
  • Gazetteer of Umbria
  • Umbria 2000
  • IGM (Istituto Geografico Militare) Maps of Umbria
  • SlowTrav section on Umbria

  Results from FactBites:
 
In Italy Online - Umbria (682 words)
That would explain the relative obscurity of this beautiful region, a land whose rolling hills are dotted with castles, fortresses and watchtowers, whose well-preserved hill towns produce world-renowned handmade ceramics, whose many monasteries were founded by a host of local saints, whose valleys are laced with countless gleaming rivers and host Italy's largest lake.
In Umbria, halfway up the slopes of Monte Fumaiolo, a trickle seeps out of the ground and wanders southward, gaining breadth and notoriety to become Rome's mighty Tiber.
Montefalco, also known as the Balcony of Umbria, is a perfect example.
Umbria. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (371 words)
Umbria was conquered by the Romans in the 3d cent.
Local autonomy and petty tyrannies prevailed until the 16th cent., when the popes conquered Umbria (except Gubbio); Perugia, the region’s leading city, was the last to fall (1540) under the papacy.
Umbria was held by France from 1798 to 1800 and from 1808 to 1814, when it was restored to the papacy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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