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Encyclopedia > Ulysses S. Grant Memorial

The Ulysses S. Grant Memorial is a monument in Washington, D.C., honoring American Civil War General and United States President Ulysses S. Grant. It is located at the base of Capitol Hill, and like the U.S. Capitol Building, above it (at the top of the hill), the "Memorial" faces west, looking towards the Washington Monument and overlooking the National Mall. Washington, D.C., short for the District of Columbia (locals know the city as the District, DC,—or, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United States of America. ... The American Civil War was fought in the United States from 1861 until 1865 between the United States – forces coming mostly from the 23 northern states of the Union – and the newly-formed Confederate States of America, which consisted of 11 southern states that had declared their secession. ... General is a military rank used by nearly every country in the world. ... The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ... Ulysses S. Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was a Union general in the American Civil War and the 18th President of the United States (1869–1877). ... Capitol Hill is the name of a district in the following cities: Capitol Hill, Denver, Colorado Capitol Hill, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Capitol Hill, Seattle, Washington Capitol Hill, Washington, DC It is also a common nickname for the United States Congress and the politicians who serve it (e. ... United States Capitol The United States Capitol is the building which serves as home for the legislative branch of the United States government. ... Washington Monument The Washington Monument is a large white-colored obelisk in the center of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built as a memorial to George Washington, the first President of the United States and the leader of the revolutionary Continental Army, which won independence from the British... 1901 plan for the National Mall proposed by the McMillan Commission. ...

It was created by sculptor Henry Shrady, who spent 22 years of his life working on it. The monument is 252 long and 75 feet wide. It is divided into three sections. The tall, middle section depicts Grant aboard his War horse Cincinnati on a raised pedastal, and he is flanked, on either side by fighting Union Artillery and Cavalry groups. Cincinnati, Grants Horse (18XX – 18XX) was Ulysses S. Grantss most famous horse during the American Civil War. ...

The most striking feature of the "Memorial" is Grant's calm (almost disaffected) attitude, amidst the raging fighting going on around him. This is not surprising because Grant was known for his calmness and coolheadedness during battle.

Construction began in 1909; the Artillery Group was completed in 1912, the Cavalry Group was completed in 1916, and the bronze figure of Grant was completed in 1920. The memorial was dedicated in 1922.



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