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Encyclopedia > Ulrike Eleonora of Sweden
Ulrika Eleonora
Reign February 21, 1719 - February 29, 1720
Coronation March 17, 1719
Royal motto "In Deo spes mea"
("In God my hope")
Prince Consort Frederick of Hesse
Royal House Pfalz
Predecessor Charles XII of Sweden
Successor Frederick I of Sweden
Date of Birth January 23, 1688
Place of Birth Royal Palace in Stockholm
Date of Death November 24, 1741
Place of Death Stockholm

Queen Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden (February 23, 1688 - November 24, 1741) was Queen regnant of Sweden from 1719 to 1720 and then Queen consort until her death. The youngest child of King Charles XI and Queen Ulrike Eleonora, she was named after her mother. Upon the untimely and debated death of her brother, King Charles XII, at Fredrikshald on November 30, 1718, the succession discussions ultimately ended up in her favour, after she had accepted to abolish the absolute monarchy.

In 1715 she had married Landgrave Friedrich I of Hesse-Kassel, whose counsel she constantly sought in political matters. She even wanted him to officially become co-regent, but this was not allowed, and in stead she abdicated in his favour after just one year of reign. Friedrich succeeded her on the Swedish throne as King Frederick I. Queen Ulrika Eleonora died of smallpox in 1741 after a childless marriage. The reigns of Ulrika Eleonora and her husband saw the birth of the era of Swedish history that is traditionally called the Age of Liberty, where the monarch had to give up most of his power to the aristocracy.

See also

Preceded by:
Charles XII
Queen of Sweden
Succeeded by:
Frederick I



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