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Encyclopedia > Ulrich of Zell

St. Ulrich of Zell also called Wulderic, of Cluny, and of Ratisbon (1029 in Regensburg, Bavaria – 1093 in St. Ulrich (Vilmarszell) , introduced Cluniac reforms in Germany. His feast is celebrated on 14 July. Regensburg (English formerly Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona, Czech Řezno) is a city (population 150,212 in 2004) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... The abbey today The Abbey of Cluny (or Cluni, or Clugny) was founded on 2 September 909 by the Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Auvergne, William I, who placed it under the immediate authority of Pope Sergius III. The Abbey and its constellation of dependencies soon came to exemplify... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ...


Two biographies of him exist, the first, Vita Udalrici prioris Cellensis, was written anonymously around 1109 by a monk of Zell at the request of a recluse near Regensburg named Adalbert; the other, also anonymous, was written between 1109 and 1130. Particulars of his life are also contained in his own writings. Events Battle of Naklo Battle of Hundsfeld Fulk of Jerusalem becomes count of Anjou Alfonso I of Aragon marries Urraca of Castile Crusaders capture Tripoli Anselm of Laon becomes chancellor of Laon Births July 25 - Afonso, first king of Portugal Deaths Alfonso VI of Castile Anselm of Canterbury, philosopher and... Zell may refer to one of a number of places in German-speaking countries. ...


Ulrich was born into a patrician familiy of Regensburg; his parents, pious and rich, were Bernhold and Bucca, niece of Bishop Gebhard II. Ulrich probably received his education at the school of the Benedictine abbey of St. Emmeram in Regensburg, where he befriended Wilhelm von Hirsau, his lifelong companion. In 1043 he was briefly attached to the royal chapel of his godfather Henry III, King of the Germans where he acted as page to Queen Agnes, who was of the ducal house of Aquitaine, patrons of the reforming Abbey of Cluny. Ulrich was ordained deacon by his uncle Nidger, Bishop of Freising, and was made archdeacon of the cathedral of Freising, but he was deeply moved by the spirit of reform that was sweeping from Cluny through the eleventh-century Church. in 1051–52, on his return from a journey to Rome he distributed his possessions among the poor, made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, and, after another short visit to Rome, returned to Regensburg, where he founded a cloister. Then he entered the Abbey of Cluny in 1061, during the tenure of the great Abbot Hugh. Here he was ordained priest and appointed confessor to the convent at Mareigny in the Diocese of Autun, and prior of the community of men in the same place. He also lost an eye and was obliged to return to Cluny. Regensburg (English formerly Ratisbon, Latin Ratisbona, Czech Řezno) is a city (population 150,212 in 2004) in Bavaria, south-east Germany, located at the confluence of the Danube and Regen rivers, at the northernmost bend in the Danube. ... A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... Henry III, from a miniature of 1040 Henry III (October 29, 1017 – October 5, 1056), called the Black, was a member of the Salian (sometimes Franconian) dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors. ... Capital Bordeaux Land area¹ 41,309 km² Regional President Alain Rousset (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... The abbey today The Abbey of Cluny (or Cluni, or Clugny) was founded on 2 September 909 by the Duke of Aquitaine and Count of Auvergne, William I, who placed it under the immediate authority of Pope Sergius III. The Abbey and its constellation of dependencies soon came to exemplify... Freising is a city in Bavaria, Germany, capital of the district Freising. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ... The phrase The Holy Land (Arabic الأرض المقدسة, al-Arḍ ul-Muqaddasah; Hebrew ארץ הקודש: Standard Hebrew Éreẓ haQodeÅ¡, Tiberian Hebrew ʾÉreá¹£ haqQāḏēš; Latin Terra Sancta) generally refers to Israel, otherwise known as Palestine (sometimes including Jordan, Syria and parts of Egypt). ... Hugh of Cluny (1024 - 1109) was an Abbot of Cluny. ...


Later Life

He was then named prior at Peterlingen (Payerne) in the Diocese of Lausanne, but on account of troubles caused by Bishop Burchard von Oltingen, a partisan of Henry IV, Ulrich again went to Cluny, where he acted as adviser to his abbot. His influence drew the Benedictine community of Rüeggesberg to become a Cluniac priory in 1072, the first reformed priory in German-speaking lands [1]. A nobleman had donated to Cluny some property at Grüningen near Breisach, and Ulrich was sent to inspect the place and eventually to lay the foundation of a Cluniac priory. Not finding the locality suitable, he with his monks in 1087 retired to Zell (Sell, Sella, Villmarszelle) in the Black Forest, where the report of his virtues soon brought him many disciples. He enjoyed the esteem of Blessed Gebhard III, Bishop of Basle, who frequently visited him. In 1090 he established a convent for nuns at Bolesweiler (now Bollschweil), about a mile from Zell. The last two years of his life he was blind. He died at Zell, probably on 10 July 1093. He was buried in the cloister, but three years later his body was brought into the church. His feast was celebrated for the first time on 14 July 1139. Breisach is a city with approx. ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ... Zell may refer to one of a number of places in German-speaking countries. ... A map of Germany, showing the Black Forest in red. ... Events Granada captured by Yusuf Ibn Tashfin, King of the Almoravides Beginnings of troubadours in Provence Bejaia becomes the capital of the Algeria Births William of Malmsbury Saint Bernard of Clairvaux Saint Famianus Eliezer ben Nathan of Mainz Deaths Saint Malcoldia of Asti Saint Adalbero Categories: 1090 ... July 10 is the 191st day (192nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 174 days remaining. ... // Events Donald III of Scotland comes to the throne of Scotland. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... Events Alphonso I (Afonso Henriques) becomes first king of Portugal Second Council of the Lateran Births Emperor Konoe of Japan Deaths Henry the Proud, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony Categories: 1139 ...


Literature

Ulrich's vita of Hermann I of Baden, in later life a monk of Cluny, is lost. His Consuetudines Cluniacenses ("The observances of Cluny", in Pat. Lat. CXLIX, 657) were composed at the request of William, Abbot of Hirschau, in three books. The first two, written between 1079 and 1082, treat of liturgy and the education of novices; the third, written not later than 1087, speaks of the government of monasteries. Vita (from the Latin word for life) can refer to a brief biography, often that of a saint (i. ... Hirschau is a municipality in the district of Oberpfalz (Upper Palatinate) in Bavaria, Germany. ... Events Persian astronomer, Omar Khayyám, computed the length of the year as 365. ... Events England - The Rochester Cathedral was completed Europe - The German Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor besieges Rome and gains entry, a synod is agreed upon by the Romans to rule on the dispute between Henry and Pope Gregory VII Styria - Ottokar II succeeds his brother Adalbero (died 1086 or 1087... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ...


References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ulrich Zell (298 words)
Zell was printing at Cologne apparently as early as 1463, although his first dated book is of the year 1466.
In outline and cut his six kinds of type are strikingly similar to the "Durandus" and "Clements" types of Fust and Schoffer; it would even seem that a number of the matrices of the "Clements" type had been used.
The purchase, sometime later, of various houses, lands, and properties yielding revenues, show that Zell had become a prosperous man. It is also a proof of his importance that for a long time he filled the office of Kirchenmeister (church-master) of "S. Maria an Lyskirchen".
St. Ulrich of Zell (468 words)
Ulrich probably received his education at St. Emmeram, but in 1044 he was called to the court of his godfather, Henry IV, and acted as page to the Empress Agnes.
He was then named prior at Peterlingen (Payerne) in the Diocese of Lausanne, but on account of troubles caused by Bishop Burchard von Oltingen, a partisan of Henry IV, Ulrich again went to Cluny, where he acted as adviser to his abbot.
A nobleman had donated to Cluny some property at Grüningen near Breisach, and Ulrich was sent to inspect the place and eventually to lay the foundation of a monastery.
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