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Ulm
Coat of arms of Ulm Location of Ulm in Germany

Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region Tübingen
District urban district
Population 120,000 source (2006)
Area 118.69 km²
Population density 1,014 /km²
Elevation 458-645 m
Coordinates 48°24′N 9°59′E / 48.4, 9.983Coordinates: 48°24′N 9°59′E / 48.4, 9.983
Postal code 89001-89081
Area code 0731, 07304,
07305, 07346
Licence plate code UL
Mayor Ivo Gönner (SPD)
Website ulm.de

Ulm (IPA: [ˈʊlm]) is a city in the German Bundesland of Baden-Württemberg, situated on the river Danube. The city, whose population is estimated at 120,000 (2006), forms an urban district of its own (German: Stadtkreis) and is the administrative seat of the Alb-Donau district. Ulm, founded around 850, is rich in history and traditions as a former Free Imperial City (German: freie Reichsstadt). Today, it is an economic center due to its varied industries, and it is the seat of a university (University of Ulm, founded in 1967). Internationally, Ulm is primarily known for its Ulm Münster and as the birthplace of Albert Einstein. Ulm may stand for: Ulm, a city in Germany Neu-Ulm, Germany New Ulm, Minnesota, United States Ulm, Arkansas, United States Ulm, Montana, United States Ulm is also the nickname of the École Normale Supérieure college in Paris. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Ulm. ... Image File history File links Karte_Ulm_in_Deutschland. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... A Regierungsbezirk is an government region of Germany, a subdivision of certain federal states (Bundesländer). ... Tübingen is one of the four Administrative Districts (Regierungsbezirke) of Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located in the south-east of the country. ... There are 439 German districts (Kreise), administrative units in Germany. ... This is a list of urban districts in Germany. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... See Cartesian coordinate system or Coordinates (elementary mathematics) for a more elementary introduction to this topic. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... German Postleitzahl map of the first two digits Postal codes in Germany, Postleitzahl (plural Postleitzahlen, abbreviated to PLZ), consist of five digits, which indicate the wider area (first two digits), and the postal district (last three digits). ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... German car number plates (Kfz-Kennzeichen) show the place where the car carrying them is registered. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Social Democratic Party of Germany Spectral Power Density ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... This article is about the Danube River. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alb-Donau is a district in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Events April 20 - Guntherus becomes Bishop of Cologne. ... In the Holy Roman Empire, a free imperial city (in German: freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes (Fürsten) of... The University of Ulm (German: Universität Ulm) is a public university in the city of Ulm, in the South German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Ulm Münster is a Lutheran cathedral and the tallest church in the world, its steeple measuring 161. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ...

Contents

Geography

View towards the old town of Ulm, Germany, from the right bank of the Danube.
View towards the old town of Ulm, Germany, from the right bank of the Danube.

Ulm lies at the point where the Blau and Iller rivers join the Danube, at an altitude of 479 m above sea level. Most parts of the city, including the old town, are situated on the left bank of the Danube; only the districts of Wiblingen, Gögglingen, Donaustetten and Unterweiler lie on the right bank. Vis-à-vis of the old town, on the other side of the river, lies the "twin city" of Neu-Ulm in the state of Bavaria, smaller than Ulm and until 1810 a part of it (population ~50,000). Except for the Danube in the South, the city is surrounded by forests and hills which rise to altitudes of over 620 m, some of them part of the Swabian Alb. South of the Danube, plains and hills finally end in the northern edge of the Alps, which is approximately 100 km from Ulm and is visible from the city on clear days. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1514 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1514 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... The Blau is a 15 km long river in Baden-Württemberg, southern Germany, left tributary of the Danube. ... The Iller (ancient name Hilaria) is a river in Bavaria, Germany. ... This article is about the Danube River. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... now. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A view on the Swabian Alb, with its typical hills and a juniper meadow The Albtrauf, which forms the western border of the Swabian Alb The Swabian Jura (German: Schwäbische Alb) is a plateau in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, extending 220 km from southwest to northeast and 40 to... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The city is divided into eighteen districts (German: Stadtteile): Ulm-Mitte, Böfingen, Donaustetten, Donautal, Eggingen, Einsingen, Ermingen, Eselsberg, Gögglingen, Grimmelfingen, Jungingen, Lehr, Mähringen, Oststadt, Söflingen (mit Harthausen), Unterweiler, Weststadt, and Wiblingen.


History

Reichsstadt Ulm
Imperial City of Ulm
Free Imperial City of the Holy Roman Empire
Duchy of Swabia
1181 – 1803
Location of Ulm
Map showing the Imperial Free City of Ulm, with the Danube shown running through the centre of the image.
Capital Ulm
Government Republic
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Settlement founded around 5000 BC
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit 1181
 - Großer Schwörbrief 1397
 - Reformed to Protestantism 1530
 - Truce of Ulm in
    Thirty Years' War
 
1647
 - Mediatised to Bavaria 1803
 - Annexed by Württemberg 1809

The oldest traceable settlement of the Ulm area began in the early Neolithic period, around 5000 BC. Settlements of this time have been identified at the villages of Eggingen and Lehr, today districts of the city. In the city area of Ulm proper, the oldest find dates from the late Neolithic period. In the Holy Roman Empire, a free imperial city (in German: freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes (Fürsten) of... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire around 1630, superimposed over modern European state borders Capital None Language(s) Latin, German, many others Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy Emperor  - 962–967 Otto I  - 973–983 Otto II  - 996–1002 Otto III  - 1014– 1024 Henry II  - 1027–1039 Conrad II  - 1046... The following is a list of Dukes of Swabia in southwest Germany. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bavaria_(lozengy). ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the Danube River. ... Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... (6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – 4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4713 BC – The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero. ... The Reichsfreiheit or Reichsunmittelbarkeit (adjectives reichsfrei, reichsunmittelbar) was a special, privileged status a city or region could attain in the Holy Roman Empire. ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      For other uses, see Reformation (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian... June 25 - Augsburg confession presented to Charles V of Holy Roman Empire. ... The Truce of Ulm (German: ) or Treaty of Ulm was signed in Ulm on March 14, 1647 between France, Sweden, and Bavaria. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1647 (MDCXLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... // Background The German Mediatisation is a name applied to the series of mediatisations and secularisations which occurred in Germany during the Napoleonic Era (occurring 1795 - 1814AD). ... The geographic region and Free State of Bavaria (German: Freistaat Bayern), with an area of 70,553 km² (27,241 square miles) and 12. ... Coat of Arms of the (formerly royal) Württemberg family, on a gate of the familys current residence, Schloss Altshausen in Altshausen, Germany // Counts of Württemberg Conrad I 1089-1122 Conrad II 1100-1130 John d. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... (6th millennium BC – 5th millennium BC – 4th millennium BC – other millennia) Events 4713 BC – The epoch (origin) of the Julian Period described by Joseph Justus Scaliger occurred on January 1, the astronomical Julian day number zero. ...


Ulm was first mentioned in 854 and declared an Imperial City (German: Reichsstadt) by Friedrich Barbarossa in 1181. At first, its significance was due to the privilege of a Königspfalz, a place of accommodation for the medieval German kings and emperors on their frequent travels. Later, Ulm became a city of traders and craftsmen. One of the most important legal documents of the city, an agreement between the Ulm patricians and the trade guilds (German: Großer Schwörbrief), dates from 1397. This document, considered an early city constitution, and the beginning of the construction of an enormous cathedral (Ulm Münster, 1377), financed by the inhabitants of Ulm themselves rather than by the church, demonstrate the assertiveness of Ulm's mediæval citizens. Ulm blossomed during the 15th and 16th centuries, mostly due to the export of high-quality textiles. The city was situated at the crossroads of important trade routes extending to Italy. These centuries, during which many important buildings were erected, also represented the zenith of art in Ulm, especially for painters and sculptors like Hans Multscher and Jörg Syrlin the Elder. During the Reformation, Ulm became Protestant (1530). With the establishment of new trade routes following the discovery of the New World (16th century) and the outbreak and consequences of the Thirty Years' War (161848), the city began to decline gradually. Around 1700, it was alternately invaded several times by French and Bavarian soldiers. Events Charles the Bald, Louis the German and Lothar meet at Attigny. ... In the Holy Roman Empire, an imperial free city (in German: freie Reichsstadt) was a city formally responsible to the emperor only — as opposed to the majority of cities in the Empire, which belonged to a territory and were thus governed by one of the many princes (Fürsten) of... Frederick Barbarossa in a 13th century chronicle. ... Events Jayavarman VII assumes control of the Khmer kingdom. ... Events February 10 - John Beaufort becomes Earl of Somerset. ... Ulm Münster is a Lutheran cathedral and the tallest church in the world, its steeple measuring 161. ... // Events January 17 – Pope Gregory XI enters Rome. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... A sculpture is a three-dimensional object, which for the purposes of this article is man-made and selected for special recognition as art. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      For other uses, see Reformation (disambiguation). ... June 25 - Augsburg confession presented to Charles V of Holy Roman Empire. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For a bill proposed in USA in 1998, see Bill 1618. ... 1648 (MDCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ...


In the wars following the French Revolution, the city was alternately occupied by French and Austrian forces, with the former ones destroying the city fortifications. In 1803, it lost the status of Imperial City and was absorbed into Bavaria. During the campaign of 1805, Napoleon managed to trap the invading Austrian army of General Mack and forced it to surrender in the Battle of Ulm. In 1810, Ulm was incorporated into the Kingdom of Württemberg and lost its neighborhoods on the other bank of the Danube, which became to be known as Neu-Ulm (New Ulm). The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Bavaria (disambiguation). ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Karl Freiherr Mack von Leiberich (August 25, 1752 - December 22, 1828), Austrian soldier, was born at Nenslingen, in Bavaria. ... Combatants First French Empire Austrian Empire Commanders Napoleon I Mack von Liebereich # Strength 150,000 72,000 Casualties 5,980 dead or wounded 12,000 dead or wounded, 30,000 captured The Ulm Campaign September-October 1805. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg The title of this article contains the character ü. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Wuerttemberg. ... now. ...


In the mid-19th century, the city was designated a fortress of the German Confederation with huge military construction works directed primarily against the threat of a French invasion. The city became an important center of industrialization in Southern Germany in the second half of the 19th century, its built area now being extended beyond the medieval walls. The construction of the huge cathedral, which had been interrupted in the 16th century due to economic reasons, was resumed and eventually finished (184491) in a wave of German national enthusiasm for the Middle Ages. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was the association of Central European states created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to organize the surviving states of the Holy Roman Empire, which had been abolished in 1806. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

View from the Münster towards Hirschstraße. Due to its almost complete destruction in 1944, this part of the city primarily consists of modern architecture.
View from the Münster towards Hirschstraße. Due to its almost complete destruction in 1944, this part of the city primarily consists of modern architecture.

Like all other German cities, Ulm came under the control of the National Socialists in 1933. From 1933 to 1935, a concentration camp primarily for political opponents of the regime was established on the Kuhberg, one of the hills surrounding Ulm. The Jews of Ulm, around 500 people, were first discriminated against and later persecuted; their synagogue was torn down after Kristallnacht in November 1938. During World War II, the city was heavily damaged by allied air raids. The most serious attack occurred on December 17, 1944, killing 707 inhabitants and leaving 25,000 homeless. At the end of the war, over 80% of the mediæval city centre, before the war one of the largest in Southern Germany, lay in ruins. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x2816, 940 KB) Summary Licensing * File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x2816, 940 KB) Summary Licensing * File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Ulm Münster is a Lutheran cathedral and the tallest church in the world, its steeple measuring 161. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The National Socialist German Workers Party (German: , or NSDAP, commonly, the Nazi Party), was a political party in Germany between 1920 and 1945. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... It has been suggested that Internment be merged into this article or section. ... A synagogue (from ancient Greek: , transliterated synagogÄ“, assembly; Hebrew: beit knesset, house of assembly; Yiddish: , shul; Ladino: , esnoga) is a Jewish house of worship. ... Kristallnacht, also known as Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, Crystal Night and the Night of Broken Glass, was a pogrom[1] against Jews throughout Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–November 10, 1938. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Most of the city was rebuilt in the plain and simple style of the 1950s and 1960s, but some of the historic landmark buildings have been restored. Ulm experienced big growth in the decades following World War II, with the establishments of large new housing projects and new industrial zones. In 1967, Ulm University was founded, which proved to be of great importance for the development of the city. Particularly since the 1980s, the transition from classical industry towards the high-tech sector has accelerated, with for example the establishment of research centers of companies like DaimlerChrysler, Siemens and Nokia and a number of small applied research institutes near the university campus. The city today is still growing, forming a twin city of 170,000 inhabitants together with its Bavarian neighbor city of Neu-Ulm, and seems to benefit from its central position between the cities of Stuttgart and Munich and thus between the cultural and economic hubs of Southern Germany, also in Austria and Switzerland. This does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Ulm (German: Universität Ulm) is a public university in the city of Ulm, in the South German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... Siemens AG (ISIN: DE0007236101, FWB: SIE, NYSE: SI) is one of the worlds largest companies and Europes largest engineering firm. ... Nokia Corporation (OMX: NOK1V, NYSE: NOK, FWB: NOA3) is an international communications company, focused on the key growth areas of wireline and wireless telecommunications. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... now. ... , City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Castle Solitude The 1956 TV Tower The Weissenhof Estate in 1927 Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ...


Economy

The city has very old trade traditions dating from medieval times, and a long history of industrialization, beginning with the establishment of a train station in 1850. The most important sector is still classical industry (machinery, especially motor vehicles; electronics; pharmaceutical industry). The establishment of the University of Ulm, which focuses on biomedicine, sciences and engineering, helped support the transition to high-tech industry in close connection to academic research, especially after the crisis of classical industries in the 1980s. The University of Ulm (German: Universität Ulm) is a public university in the city of Ulm, in the South German state of Baden-Württemberg. ...


Companies with headquarters in Ulm include:

  • Ratiopharm (pharmaceuticals)
  • Hydro Building Systems (Aluminium Building Systems)
  • Wieland-Werke AG (non-ferrous semi-finished products)
  • Gardena (gardening tools)
  • Carl Walther GmbH (fire arms, especially pistols)
  • Müller Ltd. & Co. KG (major German trade company)

Companies with important plants in Ulm include: Ratiopharm is a German pharmaceutical company which is the Europes leading generics brand. ... Carl Walther GmbH Sportwaffen is a German arms manufacturer. ...

DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... Nokia Corporation (OMX: NOK1V, NYSE: NOK, FWB: NOA3) is an international communications company, focused on the key growth areas of wireline and wireless telecommunications. ... Siemens AG (ISIN: DE0007236101, FWB: SIE, NYSE: SI) is one of the worlds largest companies and Europes largest engineering firm. ... Atmel ATMEGA32 microcontroller Atmel AT90S2333 microcontroller Atmel Corporation (NASDAQ: ATML) is a manufacturer of semiconductors, founded in 1984. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... AEG volt-meter designed by Peter Behrens AEG (Allgemeine Elektrizitäts-Gesellschaft, General Electricity Company) was a German producer of electronics and electrical equipment. ... Iveco Magirus is a truck and bus manufacturing company which is based in Ulm, Germany. ...

Ecology

In the west of Ulm, the FUG (Fernwärme Ulm GmbH) operates one of the most modern and powerful biomass power plants in Europe (60 MW electrical output). After Freiburg, the city of Ulm boasts the second largest solar power production in Germany [1]. Founded in 1976, the worldshop of Ulm is one of the oldest and nowadays largest worldshops in Germany. The world's biggest passive house office building, the so-called Energon, is located in the "Science City" near the university campus. See biomass (ecology) for the use of the term in ecology, where it refers to the cumulation of living matter Switchgrass, a tough plant used in the biofuel industry in the United States Rice chaff. ... MW could refer to (in alphabetical order): Lintilla - the original multiple worlds talker Maintenance of way Malawi (ISO 3166-1 country code) Master of Wine Maya Island Air IATA airline designator MediaWiki Mediumwave Megawatt Mens Wearhouse Merriam-Webster The Midwest region of the United States Microwave Miss World Molecular... This article refers to the city in Baden-Württemberg. ... Solar power describes a number of methods of harnessing energy from the light of the sun. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Worldshops, world shops or Fair Trade Shops are retail outlets that practice the principles of fair trade. ... One of the original Passive Houses at Darmstadt, Germany One of the original Passive Houses at Darmstadt The term passive house (Passivhaus in German) refers to the rigorous, voluntary, Passivhaus standard for energy use in buildings. ...


Transportation

Ulm is situated at the crossroads of the A8 motorway (connecting the principal cities of Southern Germany, Stuttgart and Munich) and the A7 motorway (one of the main motorways running from Northern to Southern Europe). It is thus in easy reach of both Stuttgart (50 min) and Munich (90 min), whose international airports also serve the Ulm area. Bundesautobahn 8 (BAB 8 or A 8) is an Autobahn that runs from Luxemburg border through southern Germany to Austrian border near Salzburg. ... , City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Castle Solitude The 1956 TV Tower The Weissenhof Estate in 1927 Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... Bundesautobahn 7 (translates from German as Federal Motorway 7, short form Autobahn 7, abbreviated as BAB 7 or A 7) is the longest German Autobahn at 935 km (581 mi) . It splits the country almost evenly from north to south. ...


The city's railway station is served, among other lines, by one of the principal European train lines (ParisStrasbourgStuttgart – Ulm – MunichViennaBudapest). Direct connections to Berlin are also available. Ulm Hauptbahnhof (usually translated from German as Ulm Central Station, short form: Ulm Hbf) is the Hauptbahnhof for the city of Ulm, which lies on the Danube, on the border of the German states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Alsace Department Bas-Rhin (67) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg Mayor Fabienne Keller  (UMP) City Statistics Land area¹ 78. ... , City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Castle Solitude The 1956 TV Tower The Weissenhof Estate in 1927 Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... “Wien” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Budapest (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ...


Ulm features a good public transportation system, based on several bus lines and a streetcar line. Park and ride is available, as well as parking garages in the city center. Several streets in the old town are restricted to pedestrians and bicycles only. a park-and-ride bus in Oxford Park and ride terminals are public transport stations that allow commuters to drive short distances in their personal automobiles to catch a ride on a bus or railroad system (usually classified as light rail or the heavier commuter rail). ...


Education and culture

The public University of Ulm was founded in 1967 and focuses on the sciences, medicine, engineering, and mathematics / economics. With 7246 students in 200506, it belongs to the smaller universities in Germany. The University of Ulm (German: Universität Ulm) is a public university in the city of Ulm, in the South German state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ulm is also the seat of a University of Applied Sciences (German: Fachhochschule), founded in 1960 as a public school of engineering. The school also houses numerous students from the around the world as part of an international study abroad program.


In 1953, Inge Aicher-Scholl, Otl Aicher and Max Bill founded the Hochschule für Gestaltung (HfG Ulm), a design school in the tradition of the Bauhaus, which was however closed again in 1968. Granite sculpture, Bahnhofstrasse, Zürich Max Bill (December 22, 1908 – December 8, 1994) was a Swiss architect, artist, and designer. ... Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005. ...


Ulm's public library (Stadtbibliothek Ulm) features over 480,000 print media. The city has a public theater with drama, opera and ballet, several small theaters, and a professional philharmonic orchestra.

The spire of the cathedral from inside
The spire of the cathedral from inside
Ulm Marktplatz (market square) with town hall (right) and public library (center)
Ulm Marktplatz (market square) with town hall (right) and public library (center)
Ulm: View through Rabengasse towards the Münster
Ulm: View through Rabengasse towards the Münster

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x2816, 740 KB) Licensing * File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x2816, 740 KB) Licensing * File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 730 KB) Summary Ulm, Marktplatz mit Rathaus und Stadtbibliothek Licensing * File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 730 KB) Summary Ulm, Marktplatz mit Rathaus und Stadtbibliothek Licensing * File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x2816, 562 KB) Summary Ulm, Blick durch die Rabengasse zum Münster Licensing * File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x2816, 562 KB) Summary Ulm, Blick durch die Rabengasse zum Münster Licensing * File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ulm Metadata This file contains additional information, probably... Ulm Münster is a Lutheran cathedral and the tallest church in the world, its steeple measuring 161. ...

Sights

Historic

  • Ulm Münster (13771891) with the world's highest church steeple (161.53m high and 768 steps). Choir stalls by Jörg Syrlin the Elder (146974), famous sculpture Schmerzensmann (Man of Sorrows) by Hans Multscher (1429).
  • The old Fischerviertel (fishermen's quarter), on the river Blau is full of half-timbered houses, cobblestone streets, and picturesque footbridges. Interesting sights here are the Schiefes Haus (crooked house), a 16th-century house today used as a hotel, and the Alte Münz (Old Mint), a mediæval building extended in the 16th and 17th centuries in Renaissance style.
  • The remaining section of the city walls, along the river, with the 14th-century Metzgerturm (butchers' tower) (36m high).
  • The Rathaus (Town Hall), built in 1370, featuring some brilliantly-colored murals dating from the mid-16th century. On the gable is an astronomical clock dating from 1520. Restored after serious damage in 1944 Photo of the Rathaus.
  • The Krone inn, a medieval complex of several houses (15th / 16th century, extensions from 19th century), where German kings and emperors were accommodated during their travels.
  • Several large buildings from the late Middle Ages / renaissance used for various purposes (especially storage of food and weapons), e.g. Schwörhaus, Kornhaus, Salzstadel, Büchsenstadel, Zeughaus, Neuer Bau.
  • The historic neighborhood Auf dem Kreuz, a residential area with many buildings from before 1700.
  • Wiblingen Abbey, a former benedictine abbey in the suburb of Wiblingen in the south of Ulm. The church shows characteristics of late baroque and early classicism. Its library is a masterpiece of rococo. Photo of Wiblingen Abbey's Baroque library

Ulm Münster is a Lutheran cathedral and the tallest church in the world, its steeple measuring 161. ... // Events January 17 – Pope Gregory XI enters Rome. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A steeple, in architecture, is a tall tower on a building, often topped by a spire. ... Events July 26 - Battle of Edgecote Moor October 17 - Prince Ferdinand of Aragon wed princess Isabella of Castile. ... Events December 12 - Upon the death of Henry IV of Castile a civil war ensues between his designated successor Isabella I of Castile and her sister Juana who was supported by her husband, Alfonso V of Portugal. ... January 10 - Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, founds the European Order of the Golden Fleece February 12 - Battle of Rouvray (or of the Herrings). English Forces under Sir John Fastolf defend a supply convoy carrying rations to the army of William de la Pole, 4th Earl of Suffolk at... Braubach (Germany) Timber framing is the modern term for the traditional half-timbered construction in which timber provides a visible skeletal frame that supports the whole building. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... Events Beginning of the rule of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Abbey Gate Abbey church with unfinished towers and southern wing of monastery Interior of Abbey church Chancel by Fidel Sporer Library interior Bookshelf in library Wiblingen Abbey was a former Benedictine abbey which was later used as barracks. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Classicism door in Olomouc, The Czech Republic Teatr Wielki in Warsaw Church La Madeleine in Paris Classicism, in the arts, refers generally to a high regard for classical antiquity, as setting standards for taste which the classicist seeks to emulate. ... North side of the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo - carriage courtyard: all the stucco details sparkled with gold until 1773, when Catherine II had gilding replaced with olive drab paint. ...

Contemporary

  • Building of the Hochschule für Gestaltung (HfG), an important school of design (195368) in the succession of the Bauhaus.
  • Stadthaus, a house for public events built by Richard Meier, directly adjacent to the cathedral.
  • Stadtbibliothek, the building of the public library of Ulm was erected by Gottfried Böhm in the form of a glass pyramid and is situated directly adjacent to the Town Hall.

Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005. ... Richard Meier (born October 12, 1934 in Newark, New Jersey) is a late twentieth century American architect known for his use of the purist white. ... Gottfried Böhms 1968 Iglesia Youth Center Library, Cologne Gottfried Böhm (or Gottfried Boehm) is a contemporary German architect. ...

Memorials

  • Einstein memorial. There small memorial at the site of the house where Albert Einstein was born in the Bahnhofstraße, between the present day newspaper offices and the bank. The house itself and the whole neighborhood was destroyed in the firebombing of 1944.
  • Memorial for Hans and Sophie Scholl. A small memorial on Münsterplatz in memory of these two members of the Weiße Rose (White Rose, a resistance group opposed to the Nazi regime), who spent their youth in Ulm. Their family's house was nearby the memorial and destroyed in the firebombing of 1944.

“Einstein” redirects here. ... Firebombing is a bombing technique designed to damage a target, generally an urban area, through the use of fire rather than the blast effects of large bombs. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Hans Scholl was born on September 22, 1918, when his father had his first position as mayor of Ingersheim near Crailsheim. ... Hans Scholl, Sophie Magdalena Scholl, and Christoph Probst, who were executed for participating in the White Rose resistance movement against the Nazi regime in Germany. ... Hans Scholl, Sophie Scholl, and Christoph Probst, executed for participation in a resistance movement against the Nazi regime through the White Rose White Rose (German: die Weiße Rose) was a World War II resistance group in Germany famous for a leaflet campaign in which they called for active opposition...

Other landmarks

  • Fernmeldeturm Ulm-Ermingen
  • Schapfen-Mill-Tower
  • Mediumwave transmission mast Ulm-Jungingen
  • FM- and TV-mast Ulm-Kuhberg

Schapfen-Mill-Tower is a 130 metre high silo tower at Ulm, Germany. ...

Notable inhabitants

  • Otl Aicher, graphic designer, co-founder of Hochschule für Gestaltung (Ulm School of Design) and creator of Rotis font
  • Max Bentele, German mechanical engineer, jet-engine pioneer, and father of the Wankel rotary engine in the USA
  • Albrecht Berblinger, flight pioneer
  • Matthias Böblinger, stonemason and master builder, involved in the construction of the Ulm Münster
  • Dieter Braun, Motorcycle Grand Prix racer
  • Albert Einstein, physicist
  • Ulrich Ensinger, master builder, involved in the construction of the Ulm Münster and Strasbourg Münster
  • Johann Christoph Heilbronner, mathematical historian
  • Lienhart Holle, in Ulm in 1482, published the first Ptolemy atlas north of the Alps.
  • Leonhard Hutter (born in Nellingen near Ulm)
  • Hildegard Knef, actress, singer and writer
  • Mike Krüger, German comedian (born in Ulm and moved to Quickborn)
  • Hans Multscher, 15th century sculptor
  • Claudia Roth (born in Babenhausen near Memmingen, German politian, MP, Chairwoman of the Green Party, former artistic director
  • Erwin Rommel (born in Heidenheim, his last residence was at Herrlingen near Ulm)
  • Hans Scholl and Sophie Scholl, founders of the White Rose
  • Hans Maler zu Schwaz, Successful painter of the 16th Century
  • Claus von Stauffenberg (born in Jettingen, today part of Jettingen-Scheppach about 30 km east of Ulm)
  • Ulmann, Uhlmann, Ulmer Jewish pedigrees
  • Johann Gambolputty de von Ausfern-schplenden-schlitter-crasscrenbon-fried-digger-dingle-dangle-dongle-dungle-burstein-von-knacker-thrasher-apple-banger-horowitz-ticolensic-grander-knotty-spelltinkle-grandlich-grumblemeyer-spelterwasser-kurstlich-himbleeisen-bahnwagen-gutenabend-bitte-ein-nürnburger-bratwustle-gerspurten-mitz-weimache-luber-hundsfut-gumberaber-shönedanker-kalbsfleisch-mittler-aucher von Hautkopft of Ulm, fictional musician from a Monty Python sketch.

Otl Aicher, also known as Otto Aicher (May 13, 1922 - September 1, 1991) was one of the leading German graphic designers of the 20th century. ... The rotis typeface was developed in 1988 by Otl Aicher, German graphic designer and typographer. ... This article is considered orphaned, since there are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Wankel Engine in Deutsches Museum The Wankel engine is a type of internal combustion engine, invented by Felix Wankel, which uses a rotary piston instead of reciprocating pistons. ... Albrecht Ludwig Berblinger (June 24, 1770, Ulm – January 28, 1829, Ulm), also known as the taylor of Ulm, is known for having constructed a working flying machine, presumably a hang glider. ... Dieter Braun (born February 2, 1943) is a former Grand Prix motorcycle road racer from Germany. ... Grand Prix motorcycle racing refers to the premier categories of motorcycle road racing. ... “Einstein” redirects here. ... Johann Christoph Heilbronner (born March 13, 1706, Ulm - January 17, 1745 (or cerca 1747), Leipzig) was a German mathematic(al)-historian (Mathematikhistoriker), theologian. ... Events Portuguese fortify Fort Elmina on the Gold Coast Tizoc rules the Aztecs Diogo Cão, a Portuguese navigator, becomes the first European to sail up the Congo. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Atlas An atlas is a collection of maps or manifolds, traditionally bound into book form, but also found in multimedia formats. ... Leonhard Hutter (January, 1563 - October 23, 1616), was a German Lutheran theologian. ... Nellingen is a town in the Alb-Donau district, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Cover of Hildegard Knefs 1967 album Halt mich fest Hildegard Knef at the 2001 Berlinale (photo by Michael Weiner) Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Hildegard Knef Hildegard Frieda Albertine Knef (December 28, 1925 - February 1, 2002) was a German actress, singer and writer. ... Quickborn is a town in the district of Pinneberg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... Claudia Roth Claudia Benedikta Roth (born May 15, 1955 in Ulm) is a German Green Party politician. ... Babenhausen is a town in the Darmstadt-Dieburg district, in Hesse, Germany. ... Memmingen is a town in the Bavarian administrative region Swabia in Germany. ... Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel ( ) (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was one of the most famous German field marshals of World War II. He was the commander of the Deutsches Afrika Korps and also became known by the nickname “The Desert Fox” (Wüstenfuchs,  ) for the skillful military campaigns he... Heidenheim an der Brenz (short: Heidenheim) is a city in eastern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Hans Scholl was born on September 22, 1918, when his father had his first position as mayor of Ingersheim near Crailsheim. ... Hans Scholl, Sophie Magdalena Scholl, and Christoph Probst, who were executed for participating in the White Rose resistance movement against the Nazi regime in Germany. ... Monument to the Weiße Rose in front of the Ludwig-Maximilian-University, Munich White Rose (German: die Weiße Rose) was a non-violent resistance group in Nazi Germany, consisting of a number of students from the University of Munich and their philosophy professor. ... Portrait of Anton Fugger, by Maler Portrait of Queen Anne of Hungary, by Maler Hans Maler zu Schwaz (b. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Claus Philipp Maria Schenk Graf[1] von Stauffenberg (15 November 1907 – 21 July 1944) was a German army officer and one of the leading figures of the failed July 20 Plot of 1944 to kill Adolf Hitler and seize power in Germany. ... Jettingen-Scheppach is a market community in the Günzburg Landkreis in the Schwaben (Swabia) Regierungsbezirk in Bavaria. ... Ulmann, Ullmann, Ullman(וֹלְמַן) is a surname, originated from Ulmer Mann(person or pedifree from Ulm, Germany). ... Ulmer is a surname that may refer to: Ulmer, South Carolina, a town in Allendale County Sarah Ulmer, a New Zealand cyclist who won a Gold medal and set new world records at the 2004 Summer Olympics Edgar G. Ulmer, a German-American film director Fran Ulmer, the first woman...

External links

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Ulm

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