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Encyclopedia > Uley
Map sources for Uley at grid reference ST790984
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Map sources for Uley at grid reference ST790984

Uley (pronounced [ 'juːlɪ ]) is a village in the county of Gloucestershire, England. It is situated in a wooded valley in the Cotswold escarpment, on the road between Dursley and Stroud. The population is around 1100, but had apparently been much greater during the early years of the industrial revolution, when the village was renowned for producing blue cloth. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1802x2589, 189 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1802x2589, 189 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... A village is a human residential settlement commonly found in rural areas. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked... The Cotswolds is the name given to a range of hills in central England, sometimes called the Heart of England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m or 1000 feet. ... In geology, an escarpment is a transition zone between different physiogeographic provinces that involves an elevation differential, often involving high cliffs. ... Location within the British Isles Arms of the former Dursley Rural District Council Dursley is a market town in Gloucestershire, England, which gained borough status in 1471 (and lost it in 1886). ... Stroud is a town in the county of Gloucestershire, England. ...


An ancient Iron Age hill fort called Uley Bury lies just above the village. The Cotswold Way, a popular trail path, runs close by. Locally dubbed 'Smallpox Hill', Downham Hill lies just to the West, at grid reference SO 776984, with supposed associations with an old smallpox isolation facility (masonry still visible). The Jenner Museum is in the nearby village of Berkeley and there is a little known Roman Villa beneath Cam Peak on the road into Dursley. Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... The term hill fort is commonly used by archaeologists to describe fortified enclosures located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. ... View along the north-eastern rampart of Uley Bury, drawn by E.J. Burrow in 1913 Uley Bury is the long, flat-topped hill just outside Uley, Gloucestershire, England. ... The Cotswold Way is a long-distance footpath, running along the escarpment of the Cotswold Hills in England. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious viral disease unique to humans. ... Portrait of Jenner Edward Jenner FRS (May 17, 1749 – January 26, 1823) was an English country doctor who studied nature and his natural surroundings from childhood and practiced medicine in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England. ... Berkeley is the name of several places, all eventually deriving from Berkeley Castle in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, UK, from whom the noble family of Berkeley derive their name, and for which several vessels of the British Royal Navy have been christened HMS Berkeley Castle. Any of the holders of several titles...


St Giles church near the village green was designed by the 19th century architect Samuel Sanders Teulon. His building replaced an earlier church dating back to Norman times, which had in its turn replaced a Saxon church. The nearby church at Owlpen is much older, and there were also (Methodist?) chapels at South St and Whitecourt until the early 1970's. Samuel Sanders Teulon (1812-1873) was a notable English architect of the 19th century. ... The Normans (adapted from the name Northmen or Norsemen) were a mixture of the indigenous people of France and the Viking invaders under the leadership of Hrolf Ganger, who adopted the French name Rollo and swore allegiance to the king of France (Charles the Simple). ... The famous parade helmet found at Sutton Hoo, probably belonging to King Raedwald of East Anglia circa 625. ...


There is a brewery called Uley Brewery which opened in the 1980's adjacent to the old blacksmiths near The Cut. They brew Uley Bitter and other ales. The entrance of a brewery. ... Bitter is a loose term for a type of beer. ...


The Prema Arts Centre is located in the village which offers music evenings, workshops and evening classes.


Towards the north of the village is a Neolithic burial ground known as Hetty Pegler's Tump or Uley Long Barrow. The Romans built a temple close by, on the site of an earlier prehistoric shrine. Remains from this temple, including a fine stone head of Mercury, can now be seen in the British Museum. An array of Neolithic artefacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools Excavated dwellings at Skara Brae Scotland, Europes most complete Neolithic village. ... A long barrow is a prehistoric monument dating to the Neolithic period. ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... This article treats Mercury in cult practice and in archaic Rome. ... The centre of the museum was redeveloped in 2000 to become the Great Court, with a tessellated glass roof by Foster and Partners surrounding the original Reading Room. ...

View of the church and pub from the village green
View of the church and pub from the village green

The social history of the area is intriguing and village was once famous for it's large number of pubs (14?) - lately reduced to a single hostelry (The Top Crown); until the 1970's there was also a butchers and a petrol station, though these fell prey to the relentless march of antique shops and occasional restaurants. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2816x2120, 1559 KB) Summary This is the centre of Uley. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2816x2120, 1559 KB) Summary This is the centre of Uley. ...


The increased mechanisation of agriculture in the area (arable on top of the escarpment, sheep on it and cattle in the valleys) led to a gradual decline during the inter-war periods and this led to the construction of three local authority housing estates (South St, Lampern View and Raglan Way); however, increased mobility following the construction of the M4 and the Severn Bridge in the mid-1960's, together with an influx of skilled/managerial/professional migrants following e.g. the establishment of Berkley Power Station, led to a steady middle-class gentrification fo the village, witnessed by the construction of substantial detached homes at e.g Court Gardens, South St and Green Close. Although the cultural shift was seismic, this change perhaps "saved" the village from ongoing decline which has hamstrung e.g. Dursley, Cam and Wotton Under Edge.


The village Primary school is small with just above 100 pupils. Uley Primary School can be found in Woodstock Terrace. There used to be a preparatory school (Stoutshill), just outside the village. It closed in the latter part of the twentieth century and included amongst it's alumni both Stephen Fry and Rik Mayall. Uley Primary School is a school is located in the picturesque village of Uley, Gloucestershire in the United Kingdom. ...


A Reading Room (Library) burned down in the mid-1960's and has not been replaced.


In 1837, Moses Bendle Garlick, a weaver from Uley, migrated to Australia and settled just north of what is currently Adelaide. He named the settlement Uleybury. Uleybury School was erected in 1856 and was reopened as a museum in 1979.

The village of Uley with Uley Bury rising behind
The village of Uley with Uley Bury rising behind

Image File history File links View_of_Uley_2005. ... Image File history File links View_of_Uley_2005. ...

Location

The parish church is located at Ordnance Survey mapping six-figure grid reference SO 792986 Image produced from the Ordnance Survey Get-a-map service. ...


References

  • Ann Woodward and Peter Leach, “The Uley Shrines: Excavation of a ritual complex on West Hill, Uley 1977-79” (1993), English Heritage, ISBN 1-8507430-3-7
  • Alan Seville, “Uley Bury and Norbury Hillforts” (1983), Western Archaeological Trust, ISBN 0-9049182-0-3
  • Ed. Alan Bebbington, “A History of Uley, Gloucestershire” (2003), The Uley Society, ISBN 0-9544525-0-X

English Heritage is a United Kingdom government body with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ...

External links

  • Uley Brewery

  Results from FactBites:
 
Uley Bury: Information from Answers.com (594 words)
Uley Bury is a spur of the Cotswold escarpment, made up of thick beds of inferior oolitic limestone of the Jurassic period, overlying Bridport Sands.
Uley Bury hill fort is a very large Iron Age settlement with evidence of occupation from approximately 300BC to 100AD; it covers 32 acres (13 hectares).
Uley Bury is an important wildlife habitat because of its unimproved limestone grassland, which has been created by centuries of grazing.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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