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Encyclopedia > Ulan Bator
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Ulan Bator, or Ulaanbaatar (Mongolian: Улаанбаатар, Classical Mongolian: ᠤᠯᠠᠭᠠᠨ ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠲᠤᠷ [Ulaɣan Baɣatur]), is the capital of Mongolia. Ulan Bator is a French experimental post-rock band formed in 1995. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ...


Ulan Bator has had numerous names in its history. From 1639–1706, it was known as Örgöö (Mongolian: Өргөө, residence), and from 1706–1911 as Ikh Khüree, Da Khüree or simply Khüree (Mongolian: Их = "great", Хүрээ = "camp"). Its Chinese name was Kulun (traditional Chinese: 庫倫; simplified Chinese: 库伦; pinyin: Kùlún). Upon independence in 1911, with both the secular government and the Bogd Khan's palace present, the city's name changed to Niislel Khüree (Mongolian: Нийслэл = "capital"). Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Simplified Chinese character (Simplified Chinese: or ; traditional Chinese: or ; pinyin: or ) is one of two standard sets of Chinese characters of the contemporary Chinese written language. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... The Khalkha Jebtsundamba Khutughtu (also known as Javzandamba Hutagt in Khalkha Mongolian; also as Rje Btsun Dam Pa or Jetsun Dampa in Tibetan — all meaning lit. ...


When the city became the capital of the new Mongolian People's Republic in 1924, its name was changed to Ulaanbaatar ("red hero"), in honor of Mongolia's national hero Damdin Sükhbaatar, whose warriors liberated Mongolia from Ungern von Sternberg's troops and Chinese occupation shoulder-to-shoulder with the Soviet Red Army. His statue still adorns Ulan Bator's central square. Sükhbaatar, ca 1920-1922 Damdin Sükhbaatar statue in Sükhbaatar Square Mongolian postage stamp of 1932 showing Sükhbaatar Damdin Sükhbaatar (Mongolian: , usually only Sükhbaatar, originally Sükh ) (February 2, 1893-February 22, 1923) was a Mongolian military leader known for his excellent horsemanship capabilities. ... Roman Fyodorovich Ungern von Sternberg, ca 1919 Baron Roman Fyodorovich Ungern von Sternberg (Russian Роман Фёдорович Унгерн фон Штернберг) (January 22, 1886, new... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ...


In Europe and North America, Ulan Bator was generally known as Urga (after the Russian form for Örgöö) or sometimes Kuren before 1924, and Ulan Bator afterwards, after the Russian: Улан-Батор. The Russian spelling is different from the Mongolian because it was defined phonetically, and the Cyrillic script was only introduced in Mongolia seventeen years later. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...

Contents

Geography

Ulan Bator is located at about 1350 meters (4430 feet) above sea level, slightly east of the center of Mongolia on the Tuul River, a subtributary of the Selenge, in a valley at the foot of the mountain Bogd Khan Uul. Tuul River- Originating in Terelj (Khan Khentii Special Protected Area), and the Bogd Khaan Mountain, this body of water runs through the southern part of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... Look up tributary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Selenga River Delta from space, October 1994 The Selenga or Selenge (Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ, Russian: Селенга́) is a river in Mongolia and Russia. ... Bogd Khan Uul (Mongolian , Bogd Khaan Uul) is a mountain in Mongolia that overlooks the nations capital, Ulaanbaatar, from a height of 3000 feet (914m). ...


Due to its high elevation, relatively high latitude, and location hundreds of kilometres from any coast, Ulan Bator is the coldest national capital in the world, with a monsoon-influenced subarctic climate (Koppen climate classification Dwc) with brief, warm summers and long, very cold and dry winters. It has an average annual temperature of -1.3°C (29.7°F). The city lies in the zone of sporadic permafrost, which means that building is difficult in sheltered aspects that preclude thawing in the summer, but easier on more exposed ones where soils fully thaw. Suburban residents live in traditional gers that do not protrude into the soil.[2] Regions having a subarctic climate (also called boreal climate) are characterized by long, usually very cold winters, and brief, warm summers. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... In geology, permafrost or permafrost soil is soil at or below the freezing point of water (0°C or 32°F) for two or more years. ... A Yurt is a portable felt dwelling structure used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia. ...

Average temperature and precipitation in Ulaanbaatar
Average temperature and precipitation in Ulaanbaatar
The Academic Theatre of Drama in Ulaanbaatar
Traffic in Ulaanbaatar
Traffic in Ulaanbaatar

Image File history File links Climate_chart_of_Ulan_Bator. ... Image File history File links Climate_chart_of_Ulan_Bator. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 253 KB)Albert Hazan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 253 KB)Albert Hazan File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

History

Founded in 1639, Ulan Bator, then Örgöö (Urga), was originally located at the lake Shireet Tsagaan nuur, around 400 km from the present Ulan Bator in Övörkhangai Province, and was mainly intended to be the seat of the first Jebtsundamba, Zanabazar. Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Founded 1931 Capital Arvaikheer Area 62,900 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2000)  â€¢ Density 111,420 1. ... The Khalkha Jebtsundamba Khutughtu (also known as Javzandamba Hutagt in Khalkha Mongolian; also as Rje Btsun Dam Pa or Jetsun Dampa in Tibetan — all meaning lit. ... The Khalkha Jebtsundamba Khutughtu (also known as Javzandamba Hutagt in Khalkha Mongolian; also as Rje Btsun Dam Pa or Jetsun Dampa in Tibetan — all meaning lit. ...


It was moved often to various places along the Selenge, Orkhon and Tuul rivers until reaching its present location in the late 18th century, on the high road from Beijing to Kyakhta, about 700 miles northwest of Beijing and 165 miles south of the trading town of Kyakhta on the Russian frontier. It was the holy city of the Mongols and the residence of the "Living Buddha," metropolitan of the Khalkha tribes, who ranked third in degree of veneration among the dignitaries of the lamaist clergy. This "resplendently divine lama" resided in a palace on the southern side of the town. The town prospered in the 1860s as a commercial center on the tea route between Russia and China (early 20th-century trade was valued at over 1,000,000 dollars a year) and was the seat of the Qing Amban (highest imperial official) in Mongolia, who controlled all temporal matters and was specially charged with the control of the frontier trade town of Kyakhta and its trade with Russia. Selenga River Delta from space, October 1994 The Selenga or Selenge (Mongolian: Сэлэнгэ, Russian: Селенга́) is a river in Mongolia and Russia. ... see Orhon River ... Tuul River- Originating in Terelj (Khan Khentii Special Protected Area), and the Bogd Khaan Mountain, this body of water runs through the southern part of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... Peking redirects here. ... Kyakhta or Kiakhta is a Russian city located in Buryatia in southern Siberian Russia. ... The Khalkha, or Halh (Халх [χɑɬχ]) in modern Khalkha Mongolian, is a subgroup of the Mongols. ... For other uses, see Tea (disambiguation). ... Flag (1890-1912) Anthem Gong Jinou (1911) Qing China at its greatest extent. ... The Ambans were imperial administrators of Qing China in Tibet. ...


In 1904, on the occasion of the British expedition to Tibet, the Dalai Lama withdrew from his Tibetan capital Lhasa and went to Ikh Khüree (as it was named at the time), where he remained until 1908. During his residence there, the Dalai Lama would have no communication with the incumbent Bogd Khan who was described as a "drunken profligate".[3] The 13th Dalai Lama Thubten Gyatso (1876 – December 17, 1933), also spelled Thupten Gyatso, was the 13th Dalai Lama of Tibet. ... For other uses, see Lhasa (disambiguation). ... The Khalkha Jebtsundamba Khutughtu (also known as Javzandamba Hutagt in Khalkha Mongolian; also as Rje Btsun Dam Pa or Jetsun Dampa in Tibetan — all meaning lit. ...


After Mongolia first proclaimed its independence, upon the collapse of the Manchu Empire in 1911, the city became the capital of the new Mongolian People's Republic in 1924 under its new name Ulaanbaatar. Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Peoples Repubic of Mongolia was a communist state in central Asia which existed between 1924 and 1990. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ...


Administration and Subdivisions

Main article: Düüreg

Ulan Bator is divided into nine districts (Düüregs): Baganuur, Bagakhangai, Bayangol, Bayanzurkh, Chingeltei, Khan Uul, Nalaikh, Songino Khairkhan, and Sühbaatar. Each district is subdivided into Khoroos. A Düüreg (Mongolian: ) is a municipal district in the capital Ulan Bator of Mongolia. ... A Düüreg (Mongolian: ) is a municipal district in the capital Ulan Bator of Mongolia. ... Baganur is one of nine districts of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... Bagakhangai is one of nine districts of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... Bayangol is one of nine districts of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Chingletei is one of nine districts of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... Khan Uul is one of nine districts of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... Nalaikh is one of nine districts of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... Songino Khairkhan is one of nine districts of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... Sühbaatar is one of nine districts (duureguud) within the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar. ... A khoroo is one of administrative divisions of a district (i. ...


The capital is governed by a city council (the Citizen's Representatives Hural) with forty members, elected every four years. The city council appoints the mayor. The current mayor is Tsogt Batbayar, who is also the governor of Central Province, i.e. Töv Aimag, which surrounds the municipality of Ulaanbaatar. Tsogt Batbayar is the third-highest ranking member of the Mongolian government as of 2006; he is both mayor of Mongolias capital Ulaanbaatar and governor of the surrounding province of the same name. ... Töv aymag (Төв аймаг = Central Aimag) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ...


Transportation

Interurban and international: Ulan Bator is served by the Chinggis Khaan International Airport (formerly Buyant Ukhaa Airport) and is connected by road (mostly unpaved and unmarked) to most of the major towns in Mongolia. There are rail connections to the Trans-Siberian railway via Naushki and to the Chinese railroad system via Jining. Image File history File links Ulaanbaatar_train_station. ... Image File history File links Ulaanbaatar_train_station. ... Ulaanbaatar Station is located in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. ... Chinggis Khaan International Airport (IATA: ULN, ICAO: ZMUB) is the international airport serving Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. ... For the Fabergé egg, see Trans-Siberian Railway (Fabergé egg). ... Jining (Chinese language: 集宁; Pinyin Jíníng) is a district of Ulaan Chab prefecture, in the middle-western part of Inner Mongolia. ...


Intra-urban: The national and municipal governments regulate a wide system of private transit providers which operate numerous bus lines around the city. Many of these buses are antiquated Soviet vehicles, though Japan and Korea have recently donated and sold modern busses to the city. A secondary transit system of microbusses (passenger vans) operates alongside these bus lines and competes directly, though generally illegally. In the last few years the city licensed an increasing number of marked taxicabs. However, most drivers in the city offer unregulated and occasional (informal) taxicab service to anyone who signals them.


Costs: Bus fares are regulated at about 200 tugrig; microbusses charge about 400 tugrig; taxicab fares are metered. Informal taxicab rates are negotiated before services are rendered and were around 350 MNT/km in 2006.


Colleges and universities

Ulan Bator has five major universities: the National University of Mongolia, Science and Technological University of Mongolia, University of Health and Medical Science, Pedagogical University, and University of Art and Culture. There are also private and public colleges. A historical library contains a wealth of ancient Mongolian, Chinese, and Tibetan manuscripts. The National University of Mongolia (short: NUM; mongolian , Mongol Ulsyn Ikh Surguul) is the oldest University in Mongolia. ... For other uses, see Library (disambiguation). ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ...


Description

Parliament building, Sühbaatar Square, July 2006
Parliament building, Sühbaatar Square, July 2006
Parliament building, Sühbaatar Square, August 2007
Parliament building, Sühbaatar Square, August 2007

The city consists of a central district built in Soviet 1940s and 1950s-style architecture, surrounded by and mingled with residential concrete towerblocks and larger ger quarters. In recent years, a lot of the towerblock's ground floors have been modified and upgraded to small shops, and many new buildings have been erected, some of them illegally. Among the few pre-1920 buildings is the Choijin Lama Monastery. The main sites are: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 1702 KB) Mongolia Parliament Building, Sühbaatar Square, Ulan Bator, Mongolia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 1702 KB) Mongolia Parliament Building, Sühbaatar Square, Ulan Bator, Mongolia. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 668 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 668 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Choijin Lama Monastery is a Tibetan-style monastery in Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. ...

  • Natural History Museum. Features many dinosaur fossils found in Mongolia.
  • National Museum of Mongolian History
  • Gandantegchinlen Khiid Monastery, with a 25-meter-high statue of Migjid Janraisig
  • The Bogd Khan's Winter Palace
  • Ulaanbaatar Opera House
  • The Zaisan Memorial, a memorial to Russian soldiers killed in World War II, which sits on a hill south of the city. The Zaisan Memorial includes a Russian tank paid for by the Mongolian people and a circular memorial painting which depicts scenes of friendship between the peoples of Russia and Mongolia. Visitors who make the long climb to the top are rewarded with a panoramic view of the whole city down in the valley.
  • Sükhbaatar Square, in the government district. In the center of Sükhbaatar Square, there is a statue of Damdin Sükhbaatar on horseback. On the north side of Sükhbaatar Square is the Mongolian Parliament building, featuring a large statue of Chinggis Khan at the top of the front steps.
  • National Sports Stadium. The Naadam festival is held here every July.
  • Gorkhi-Terelj National Park, a nature preserve with many tourist facilities, approximately 70 km from Ulan Bator.

National Museum of Mongolian History is one of the national museums of Mongolia located in the capital Ulan Bator. ... The Gandantegchinlen Khiid Monastery is a Tibetan-style monastery in the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar that has been restored and revitalized since 1990. ... Migjid Janraisig is a Buddhist deity revered among Mongolian Buddhists. ... The Khalkha Jebtsundamba Khutughtu (also known as Javzandamba Hutagt in Khalkha Mongolian; also as Rje Btsun Dam Pa or Jetsun Dampa in Tibetan — all meaning lit. ... National Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet of Mongolia. ... The Zaisan Memorial is a memorial south of the Mongolian capital of Ulaanbaatar that honors Russian soldiers killed in World War II. Located on a hill south of the city, the memorial features a Russian tank paid for by the Mongolian people and a circular memorial painting that depicts scenes... Sükhbaatar, ca 1920-1922 Damdin Sükhbaatar statue in Sükhbaatar Square Mongolian postage stamp of 1932 showing Sükhbaatar Damdin Sükhbaatar (Mongolian: , usually only Sükhbaatar, originally Sükh ) (February 2, 1893-February 22, 1923) was a Mongolian military leader known for his excellent horsemanship capabilities. ... This article is about the person. ... National Sports Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. ... Horse racing at Naadam - a young jockey steers his horse past a second horse which died during the long-distance race Naadam ceremony in Ulaanbaatar, Central Stadium, 11 July 2006 Yurt at the Naadym festival at Tos-Bulak Naadam (Mongolian: , games) is the national festival of Mongolia held from July... View from the monastery, Gorkhi-Terelj National Park Turtle Rock Gorkhi-Terelj National Park is one of the national parks of Mongolia. ...

Sister Cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country State Founded [1] November 22, 1858 Incorporated November 7, 1861 Government  - Type Strong Mayor/Weak Council  - Mayor John Hickenlooper (D) Area [1]  - City & County  154. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Gold Coast” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Miyakonojō (都城市; -shi) is a city located in Miyazaki, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Leeds (disambiguation). ... Calendar is the local news programme for Yorkshire Television. ...

Embassies

Bulgaria, China, the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Japan, Laos, Poland, Romania, Russia, Taiwan, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and the United States all have embassies in Ulaanbaatar.[4][5][6][7][8]


See also

Architecture of Mongolia Model of the Maitreya Temple. ...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  1. ^ Mongol Messenger www.mongolmessenger.mn
  2. ^ geography.about.com coldcapital.html
  3. ^ The Chinese Empire, ed. M. Broomhall, London, 1907, p. 357
  4. ^ http://www.embassiesabroad.com/embassies-in/Mongolia#1958
  5. ^ http://www.themoscowtimes.com/travel/facts/emb_abroad.html
  6. ^ http://www.mfa.government.bg/index.php?tid=49#art384
  7. ^ http://www.britishembassy.gov.uk/servlet/Front?pagename=OpenMarket/Xcelerate/ShowPage&c=Page&cid=1087554253488
  8. ^ http://www.msz.gov.pl/Polish,Missions,Abroad,2143.html

Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
  • City of Ulan Bator official site (English)
  • City council of Ulaanbaatar official site (Mongolian)
  • Mayor of Ulaanbaatar official site (Mongolian)
  • Digital map of Ulan Bator ger districts including (English)
  • "Urga or Da Khuree" from A. M. Pozdneyev's Mongolia and the Mongols
  • Photos of Ulanbaataar with comments
  • Ulan Bator travel guide from Wikitravel

Coordinates: 47°55′12″N, 106°55′12″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Mongolia is divided into 21 aymags (provinces). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... Founded 1931 Capital Tsetserleg Area 55,300 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2000)  â€¢ Density 97,091 1. ... Founded 1940 Capital Ölgii Area 45,700 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2005)  â€¢ Density 95,758 2. ... Founded 1941 Capital Bayankhongor Area 115,977. ... Founded 1938 Capital Bulgan Area 48,700 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2000)  â€¢ Density 61,776 1. ... Founded 1994 Capital Darkhan Area 3,275 km² Population[1]  â€¢ Total (2005)  â€¢ Density 90,400 27. ... Dornod aymag (Дорнод аймаг) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ... DornogovÄ­ aymag (Дорноговь аймаг) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ... DundgovÄ­ aymag (Дундговь аймаг) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ... Founded 1940 Capital Altai Area 141,400 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2000)  â€¢ Density 63,673 0. ... GovÄ­sümber aymag (Говьсүмбэр аймаг) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ... Founded 1930 Capital Öndörkhaan Area 80,300 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2004)  â€¢ Density 71,200 0. ... Founded 1931 Capital Khovd Area 76,100 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2000)  â€¢ Density 86,831 1. ... Founded 1931 Capital Mörön Area 100,600 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2000)  â€¢ Density 119,063 1. ... ÖmnögovÄ­ aymag (Өмнөговь аймаг) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ... Founded 1994 Capital Erdenet Area 844 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2006)  â€¢ Density 86,285 102. ... Founded 1931 Capital Arvaikheer Area 62,900 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2000)  â€¢ Density 111,420 1. ... Selenge aymag (Сэлэнгэ аймаг) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ... Founded 1943 Capital Baruun-Urt Area 82,300 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2005)  â€¢ Density 52,800 0. ... Töv aymag (Төв аймаг = Central Aimag) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ... Uvs aymag (Увс аймаг) is one of the 21 provinces of Mongolia. ... Founded 1931 Capital Uliastai Area 82,500 km² Population  â€¢ Total (2005)  â€¢ Density 78,668 0. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Askar Mamin Population (estimated)  - City 600,000 Time zone BTT (UTC+6) This article is about the capital of Kazakhstan; for the article on the palace in Sarawak, see Astana (Sarawak); for the professional road-cycling team see Astana Team; for the Iranian city, see Astaneh-e... Bishkek cityscape Bishkek (Бишкек) is the capital of Kyrgyzstan. ... Location of Dushanbe in Tajikistan Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Mahmadsaid Ubaydulloyev Area  - City 100 km²  (38. ... AÅŸgabat AÅŸgabat AÅŸgabat AÅŸgabat (Turkmen: ; Persian: , UniPers: EÅ¡q-âbâd; Russian: - Ashkhabád) also spelled as Ashgabat, Ashkabat, Ashkhabad, Ashgabad, is the capital city of Turkmenistan, a former Soviet republic. ... Tashkent (Uzbek: , Russian: ) is the capital of Uzbekistan and also of the Tashkent Province. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... Peking redirects here. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Region City seat Xinyi District (信義區) Government  - Mayor Hau Lung-bin (KMT)1 E9 Area  - City 271. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with PyeongChang. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... View of Tashichoedzong, Thimphu Thimphu from Sangey Gang Thimphu (Tibetan script: ཐིམ་ཕུ་) is the capital of Bhutan, and also the name of the surrounding valley and dzongkhag, the Thimphu District. ... , This article is about the urban region that is the capital of India. ... Malé (Dhivehi: މާލެ), (pronounced: Maa-lay) population 81,647 (2004), is the capital of the Republic of Maldives located at the southern edge of North Male Atoll Kaafu Atoll. ... For the retail store chain, see Kathmandu (company). ...   (Urdu: اسلام آباد) is the capital city of Pakistan, and is located in the Potohar Plateau in the northwest of the country. ... , District Government  - Mayor Swarnalatha Silva (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 17 km²  (6. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: , District Colombo District Government  - Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area  - City 37. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddin Mosque Bandar Seri Begawan, estimated population 46,229 (1991), is the capital and the royal town of the Sultanate of Brunei. ... Phnom Penh (Khmer: ; official Romanization: Phnum Pénh; IPA: ) is the largest, most populous and capital city of Cambodia. ... Dili, also spelled Díli, Dilli or Dilly, is the capital of East Timor. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kalapa, Jayakarta, Batavia and Djakarta is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - City 243. ... Motto: Bandar raya Taman, Bandar raya Bestari (English :Garden City, Intelligent City ) Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1995, October 19th Made into Federal Territory 2001, February 1st Government  - Administered by Perbadanan Putrajaya Putrajaya Corporation  - Chairman Samsudin Osman Area  - City 46 km²  (17. ... Naypyidaw (also spelt Nay Pyi Taw, literally Royal City) is currently the national capital of Myanmar, located in Kyatpyae Village, Pyinmana Township of Mandalay Division. ... For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governer Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Hanoi (Vietnamese: Hà Ná»™i, Hán Tá»±: 河内)  , estimated population 3,145,300 (2005), is the capital of Vietnam. ...  Southwest Asia in most contexts. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ... Coordinates: , Country Government  - Mayor Hajibala Abutalybov Area  - City 260 km²  (100. ... Bahrain from space, June 1996 Manama (Arabic: المنامة Al-Manāmah) is the capital city of Bahrain and is the countrys largest city with a population of approximately 155,000, roughly a quarter of countrys entire population. ... District Nicosia District Government  - Mayor Eleni Mavrou Population (2004)  - City 270,000 (Greek part) 85,000 (Turkish part) 355,000 (Total) Time zone EET (UTC+2) Website: www. ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Kuwait City Kuwait City (also Al-Kuwait - الكويت), population 32,403 (2005 Census), is the capital of the emirate of Kuwait and part of the Al-Asimah governorate. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Classification City Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said Area 3,500 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - Oman calculated rank 606,024 [2] 184. ... Doha (Arabic: , transliteration: or ), population 400,051 (2005 census), is the capital of Qatar and is at , on the Persian Gulf. ... Riyadh (Arabic: ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. ... For other uses, see Damascus (disambiguation). ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... Building in San‘a’ Clay houses in San‘a’ The residence of Imam Yahya in the Wadi Dhar near San‘a’. Backstreet in Yemen (Arabic: ‎ , sometimes spelled Sanaa or Sanaa) is the capital of Yemen and the centre of San‘a’ Governorate. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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