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Encyclopedia > Ukrainian hryvnia
Ukrainian hryvnia
українська гривня (Ukrainian)
100 hryven' (гривень) 1 hryvnia (гривня)
100 hryven' (гривень) 1 hryvnia (гривня)
ISO 4217 Code UAH
User(s) Ukraine
Inflation 11.6%
Source The Ministry of Economy of Ukraine, 2006
Subunit
1/100 kopiyka (копійка)
Symbol
Plural hryvni (гривні, nom. pl., from 2 to 4), and hryven’ (гривень, gen. pl. above 5)
kopiyka (копійка) kopiyky (копійки, nom. pl., from 2 to 4), kopiyok (копійок, gen. pl. above 5)
Coins 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, 50 kopiyok, 1 hryvnia
Banknotes 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500 hryven'
Central bank National Bank of Ukraine
Website www.bank.gov.ua

The hryvnia (sometimes hryvnya; Ukrainian: гривня; IPA: [hrĭv'njä]) has been the national currency of Ukraine since September 2, 1996. It replaced the Ukrainian karbovanets at the exchange rate 1 hryvnia = 100,000 karbovanets. One hryvnia is divided into 100 kopiykas (singular копійка, genitive plural копійок or kopiyok). Image File history File links 100-Hryvnia-Franko-front. ... Image File history File links 1-hryvnia-Ukraine. ... Look up Plural in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Plural is a grammatical number, typically referring to more than one of the referent in the real world. ... The National Bank of Ukraine is the central bank of the country. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Karbovanets (Ukrainian: plural karbovantsi) has been a distinct unit of currency in the Ukraine during three separate periods. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Possessive case. ...

Contents

Plural

In Ukrainian, the nominative plural form is used for numbers ending with two, three, or four, as in dvi hryvni (дві гривні, 'two hryvnias'), and the genitive plural is used for numbers ending with five to nine, and zero, for example sto hryven’ (сто гривень, '100 hryvnias'). In English, the plural of hryvnia is hryvnias. The nominative case is a grammatical case for a noun, which generally marks the subject of a verb, as opposed to its object or other verb arguments. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Possessive case. ...


Name

Hryvnia is sometimes incorrectly transliterated as hryvna. The hryvnia was used as currency in Kievan Rus' in the 11th century. The word hryvnia is thought to derive from the Slavic griva; cf Russian and Bulgarian грива 'mane'. Hryvnia may have indicated something valuable worn around the neck, usually made of silver or gold; cf Bulgarian grivna (гривна , 'bracelet'). Later the word was used to describe silver or gold ingots of a certain weight; cf Russian grivennik (гривенник, '10-kopek piece'). Other smaller currency units were nogata (ногата, 'pelt of a large animal such as a bear or wolf', kuna (куна, 'pelt of a small animal such as a mink or sable; cf Croatian kuna). The smallest was veksha (векша, 'pelt of a squirrel'). Kievan Rus′ was the early, mostly East Slavic [1] state dominated by the city of Kiev from about 880 to the middle of the 12th century. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup... General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5, d Appearance lustrous white metal Atomic mass 107. ... General Name, Symbol, Number gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 6, d Appearance metallic yellow Atomic mass 196. ... Genera Ailuropoda Helarctos Melursus Ursus Tremarctos Arctodus (extinct) A bear is a small mammal in the family Ursidae of the order Carnivora. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... Species Mustela vison Mustela vison evergladensis Mustela lutreola Mustela macrodon A mink is any of several furry, dark-colored, semi-aquatic, carnivorous mammals of the family Mustelidae, which also includes the weasels and the otters. ... Binomial name Martes zibellina Linnaeus, 1758 The sable (Martes zibellina) is a small mammal, closely akin to the martens, living in northern Asia from the Ural Mountains through Siberia and Mongolia to Hokkaido in Japan. ... ISO 4217 Code HRK User(s) Croatia Inflation 3. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The National Bank of Ukraine has recommended to make a distinction between hryvnia and hryvna in both historical and practical means. Linguistic research was cited as proof that hryvnia refers to medieval currency and hryvna to the woman's decoration of that time (as the Bulgarian grivna mentioned above). The National Bank of Ukraine is the central bank of the country. ...


Currency sign

The hryvnia sign is a cursive Ukrainian letter He, with a double horizontal stroke symbolizing stability. Hryvnia is abbreviated "грн." (hrn.) in Ukrainian. The hryvnia is represented by the ISO 4217 currency code UAH, or 980. The hryvnia sign [may not be rendered in all browsers] was designed and published without any consideration being made of its use in computers. As soon as it was discovered, a proposal to encode it was written; the National Bank of Ukraine did not make any attempt to address the situation. The HRYVNIA SIGN was encoded as U+20B4 in Unicode 4.1 released in 2005. The specific design of the hryvnia sign is a result of a public contest held by National Bank of Ukraine in 2003. Image File history File links Hryvnia_sign. ... Cursive is any style of handwriting in which all the letters in a word are connected, making a word one single (complicated) stroke. ... The Ukrainian Alphabet (Украї́нська абе́тка, Ukrajins′ka abetka, or алфаві́т, alfavit in Ukrainian) is used to write Ukrainian, the official language of Ukraine. ... Ge or He (Г, г) is a letter of the Cyrillic alphabet, pronounced differently in different languages. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Unicode is an industry standard designed to allow text and symbols from all of the writing systems of the world to be consistently represented and manipulated by computers. ... The National Bank of Ukraine is the central bank of the country. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


History

The hryvnia replaced the karbovanets, the currency Ukraine used after the breakup of the Soviet Union (karbovanets is equivalent to ruble in Ukrainian) during September 2-16, 1996. One hryvnia equaled 100,000 karbovanets. Initial exchange rate was UAH 1.76 = USD 1.00. The Karbovanets (Ukrainian: plural karbovantsi) has been a distinct unit of currency in the Ukraine during three separate periods. ... // The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... ISO 4217 Code SUR User(s) Soviet Union Subunit 1/100 kopek (копейка) Symbol руб kopek (копейка) к Plural rublya (gen. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year (246th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory[1], the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ...


The hryvnia was introduced in the time Victor Yuschenko was the head of National Bank of Ukraine. The first banknotes issued have the signature of the previous National Bank head, Vadym Hetman, who resigned in 1993. This is because first notes were printed as early as 1992 by Canadian Bank Note Company and it was decided to delay using them due to hyperinflation that was in Ukraine after USSR's collapse. Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian: Віктор Андрійович Ющенко) (born 23 February 1954) is the president of Ukraine. ... The National Bank of Ukraine is the central bank of the country. ... Vadym Hetman (d. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... The Canadian Bank Note Company is responsible for printing Canadas paper currency. ... Certain figures in this article use scientific notation for readability. ...


Coins

Currently Circulating Coins [1]
Image Value Technical parameters Description Date of first minting
Reverse Obverse Diameter Thickness Mass Composition Edge Obverse Reverse
1 kopiyka 16 mm 1.2 mm 1.5 g Stainless steel Plain Ukrainian Trident Value 1992
2 kopiyky 17.3 mm 1.2 mm 0.64 or 1.8 g Aluminium or stainless steel
5 kopiyok 24 mm 1.5 mm 4.3 g Stainless steel Grained
10 kopiyok 16.3 mm 1.25 mm 1.7 g Brass or aluminium bronze Grained Ukrainian Trident Value 1992
25 kopiyok 20.8 mm 1.35 mm 2.9 g With grained sectors
50 kopiyok 23 mm 1.55 mm 4.2 g
1 hryvnia 26 mm 1.85 mm 7.1 or 6.9 g Inscription: "ОДНА ГРИВНЯ", minted year
These images are to scale at 2.5 pixels per millimetre, a standard for world coins. For table standards, see the coin specification table.

Image File history File links 1-kopiyka-Ukraine. ... The 630 foot high, stainless-clad (type 304) Gateway Arch defines St. ... Small coat of Arms of Ukraine. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Image File history File links 2-kopiyki-Ukraine. ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Atomic mass 26. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1400x700, 326 KB) en: 1992 Ukraine 5 kopeks coin. ... Image File history File links 10-kopiyok-Ukraine. ... Brass is any alloy of copper and zinc; the proportions of zinc and copper can be varied to create a range of brasses, each of which has unique properties[1]. Note that in comparison bronze is principally an alloy of copper and tin. ... Aluminium bronze is a type of bronze in which aluminium is the main alloying metal added to copper. ... Image File history File links 25-kopiyok-Ukraine. ... Image File history File links 50-kopiyok-Ukraine. ... Image File history File links 1-hryvnia-Ukraine. ...

Banknotes

Newest series (2000s) [2]
Image Value Dimensions Main Colour Description Date of printing
Obverse Reverse Obverse Reverse
1 hryvnia 118 x 63 mm Yellow-blue Vladimir the Great The fortress wall of Volodymyr in Kiev May 22, 2006
2 hryvni Brown Yaroslav the Wise The Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev. September 28, 2004
5 hryven' Blue Bohdan Khmelnytsky A church in the selo (village) of Subotovy June 14, 2004
10 hryven' 124 x 66 mm Crimson Ivan Mazepa The Holy Dormition Cathedral of the Kievo-Pecherska Lavra November 1, 2004
20 hryven' 130 x 69 mm Green Ivan Franko The Lviv Opera Theater December 1, 2003
50 hryven' 136 x 72 mm Violet Mykhailo Hrushevsky The building of the Verkhovna Rada March 29, 2004
100 hryven' 142 x 75mm Olive Taras Shevchenko The Chernecha landscape near Cherkasy and the figures of a kobzar and a guide boy February 20, 2006
200 hryven' 133 х 66mm Blue Lesya Ukrainka The Entrance Tower of Lutsk Castle August 22, 2001
500 hryven' 154 х 75mm Purple Hryhoriy Skovoroda The building of Kyiv Mohyla Academy September 15, 2006
These images are to scale at 0.7 pixels per millimetre, a standard for world banknotes. For table standards, see the banknote specification table.
A commemorative 1 hryvnia coin to biathlon of the 1998 Winter Olympics, held in Nagano, Japan.
A commemorative 1 hryvnia coin to biathlon of the 1998 Winter Olympics, held in Nagano, Japan.
Current UAH exchange rates
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Official exchange rate. National Bank of Ukraine. Image File history File links 1-Hryvnia-2006-front. ... Image File history File links 1-Hryvnia-2006-back. ... Detail of the Millenium of Russia monument in Novgorod (1862) representing St Vladimir and his family. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... May 22 is the 142nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (143rd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Image File history File links 2-Hryvnia-2004-front. ... Image File history File links 2-Hryvnia-2004-back. ... Yaroslav I the Wise (978?-1054) (Christian name: Yury, or George) was thrice prince of Novgorod and Kiev, uniting the two principalities for a time under his rule. ... Present exterior is the result of 17th-century remodeling. ... September 28 is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1376x732, 235 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ukrainian hryvnia Gallery of banknotes ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1366x734, 237 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ukrainian hryvnia Gallery of banknotes ... Bohdan Zynovii Mykhailovych Khmelnytskyi (Ukrainian: Богдан Зиновій Михайлович Хмельницький, commonly transliterated as Khmelnytsky; known in Polish as Bohdan Zenobi Chmielnicki; in Russian as Богда́н Хмельни́цкий (Bogdan Khmelnitsky)) ( 1595 — August 6, 1657) was a famous and a somewhat controversial leader of the Zaporozhian Cossack Hetmanate, hetman of Ukraine. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1440x770, 294 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Ukraine ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1438x770, 282 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ukrainian hryvnia Gallery of banknotes ... Ivan Stepanovych Mazepa (Ukrainian: , Russian: , historically spelled as Mazeppa; circa 1640—August 28, 1709), Cossack Hetman (Ataman) of the Hetmanate in Left-bank Ukraine, in 1687–1708. ... Roofs of the Holy Trinity Church Kievo-Pecherskaya Lavra, 1890s Kiev Pechersk Lavra (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ), also known as the Kiev Monastery of the Caves, is an ancient cave monastery in Kiev. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1501x797, 280 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Ukraine ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1526x808, 277 KB) 1 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ukrainian hryvnia Gallery of banknotes ... Ivan Franko Ivan Franko (Іван Франко) (August 15, 1856 – May 28, 1916) was a Ukrainian poet and writer, social and literary critic, journalist, economist, and political activist. ... Motto: Semper fidelis Location Map of Ukraine with Lviv. ... Lviv Opera and Ballet Theater The Lviv State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater of Solomiya Krushelnytska (Ukrainian: , Lvivskyi Derzhavnyi Akademichnyi Teatr Opery ta Baletu eemeni Solomii Krushelnytskoii) is an opera and theater house located in Lviv, Ukraine. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Hrushevsky_50_hrn. ... Image File history File links 50-Hryvnia-Hrushevsky-back. ... Mykhailo Serhiyovych Hrushevsky (Ukrainian: ; Kholm (29 September 1866 [O.S. 17 June] — Kislovodsk, 26 November 1934) was a Ukrainian historian and statesman, one of the most important figures of the Ukrainian national revival of the early 20th century. ... Verkhovna Rada building The Verkhovna Rada building is located in the centre of Ukraines capital city Kiev. ... Verkhovna Rada. ... March 29 is the 88th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (89th in leap years). ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links 100-Hryvnia-Franko-front. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 100-Hryvnia-Franko-back. ... Taras Shevchenko Taras Hryhorovych Shevchenko (Ukrainian: ) (March 9, 1814 [O.S. February 25] – March 10, 1861 [O.S. February 26]) was a Ukrainian poet, also an artist and a humanist. ... Cherkasy (Ukrainian Черкаси, Rus. ... A kobzar (kобзар in Ukrainian) was a Ukrainian wandering bard of Cossack times, who played a stringed instrument called a kobza to accompany the recitation of epic dumas. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Image File history File links 200-Hryvnia-Ukrainka-front. ... Image File history File links 200-Hryvnia-Ukrainka-back. ... Lesya Ukrainka Larysa Petrivna Kosach-Kvitka (Лариса Петрівна Косач-Квітка, February 23, 1871 – August 1, 1913) better known under her literary pseudonym Lesya Ukrainka (Лес&#1103... Lutsk (Ukrainian: Луцьк) is the capital of the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 500-Hryvnia-Skovoroda-front. ... Image File history File linksMetadata 500-Hryvnia-Skovoroda-back. ... Hryhorii Skovoroda Hryhorii Skovoroda Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) (1722 -- 1794) Ukrainian poet, philosopher and composer. ... National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, NaUKMA (Ukrainian: Національний університет «Києво-Могилянська академія», Natsionalnyi universytet Kyyevo-Mohylianska akademiya, НаУКМА), located in Kiev (Kyiv), Ukraine is one of the countrys leading national schools of higher education. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Image File history File links Biatlon_UA.jpg‎ Biatlon Uk: Монета 10 гривень. Присвячена Ð¥VІІІ зимовим Олімпійським іграм у Нагано (Японія File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ukrainian hryvnia Category:Ukrainian biathletes ... Image File history File links Biatlon_UA.jpg‎ Biatlon Uk: Монета 10 гривень. Присвячена Ð¥VІІІ зимовим Олімпійським іграм у Нагано (Японія File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ukrainian hryvnia Category:Ukrainian biathletes ... The name Biathlon is commonly confused with duathlon, the term used to describe any sporting event made up of two disciplines. ... The 1998 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XVIII Olympic Winter Games, were held in 1998 in Nagano, Japan. ... Categories: Host cities of the Winter Olympic Games | Cities in Nagano Prefecture | Japan geography stubs ...


Hryvnia market rate. Financial Times. The Financial Times (FT) is an international business newspaper printed on distinctive salmon pink broadsheet paper. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
hryvnia - definition of hryvnia in Encyclopedia (295 words)
The hryvnia or grivna (Ukrainian гривня; Russian гривна; has been the national currency of Ukraine since 1996 when it replaced the "coupon" (or karbovanets), the temporary currency used after Ukraine left the Soviet Union and the ruble zone.
The hryvnia symbol is a cursive Ukrainian letter He, with a double horizontal stroke symbolizing stability.
The hryvnia symbol '₴' [may not be rendered in all browsers] has been accepted for encoding in Unicode as U+20B4 in 2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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