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Encyclopedia > Ukrainian Navy
Ukrainian Navy Ensign

The Ukrainian Naval Force (Ukrainian: Військово-Морські Сили України, ВМСУ, Viys’kovo-Mors’ki Syly Ukrayiny, VMSU) is the navy of Ukraine and part of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. It was established in 1992. Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Ukraine_(dress). ... Image File history File links Naval_Ensign_of_Ukraine_(dress). ... Image File history File links FIAV_000001. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... Organization Ukraines military consists of Armed Forces of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Збройні сили України, ЗСУ, Zbroyni Syly Ukrainy) and few other independent militarized insititutions. ...


The navy operates in the Black Sea basin (including Sea of Azov and Danube Delta), having neither possibilities nor immediate goals for a permanent oceans presence. Map of the Black Sea. ... The shallow Sea of Azov is clearly distinguished from the deeper Black Sea. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river of the European Union and Europes second-longest[3] (after the Volga). ...


The Headquarters of the Ukrainian Naval Force is situated in Sevastopol. Headquarters (HQ) denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. ... now. ...

Contents

History

Prehistory

The first naval activities of the Ukrainians date back to the late Middle Ages, when Zaporizhian Host Cossacks conducted raids in the Lower Dnieper, Southern Buh rivers and the Black Sea against Ottoman Empire. Cossacks were using chaikas - light vessels propelled by sail and rowing, and armed with light handheld cannons. By a simple but genius technology, chaika could be transformed into a makeshift shallow-waters submarine used for reconnaissance and surprise landings. Cossack sea raids delivered huge blows to Ottoman coast cities, including capital portcity of Istanbul. However, Cossacks never had either permanent ports on coast or will to become a sea power. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... Reply of the Zaporozhian Cossacks to Sultan Mehmed IV of Turkey. ... This article is about the river. ... The Southern Buh, Bug, or Boh River (Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh in Ukrainian; Hipanis in ancient Greek) is entirely located in Ukraine. ... Map of the Black Sea. ... Warning: Value not specified for common_name Motto: دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem: Ottoman imperial anthem At the height of its power (1680) Capital Söğüt (1299-1326) Bursa (1326-1365) Edirne (1365-1453) Constantinople (Istanbul) (1453-1922) Language(s) Ottoman Turkish Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326... A sail is any type of surface intended to generate thrust by being placed in a wind — in essence a vertically-oriented wing. ... Rowing in the Amstel River by a student rowing club. ... A small cannon on a carriage, Bucharest. ... German UC-1 class World War I submarine A model of Günther Priens Unterseeboot 47 (U-47), German WWII Type VII diesel-electric hunter-killer (SSK) submarine Inside of the Argonaute, showing the typical obstructed, tiny space of a post-WWII diesel attack submarine. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: Konstandinúpoli, historically known in English as Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and economic center. ...


During 1917 Russian Revolution, several ships of the Imperial Navy's Black Sea Fleet, commanded and crewed by ethnic Ukrainians, declared themselves a Navy of the newly-autonomous Ukrainian People's Republic. However, few further steps on establishing a navy have been made as Ukrainian government lost control over coastal territories. Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... Ukrainian Peoples Republic (Ukrainian: ), also sometimes translated as Ukrainian National Republic, abbreviated UNR (УНР), was a republic in part of the territory of modern Ukraine after the Russian Revolution, eventually headed by Symon Petliura. ...


Establishment of the modern Ukrainian navy

The immediate history of the Ukrainian Naval Force startes on August 1, 1992 when it was formally established by order of the President of Ukraine. This was followed by a long and controversial partition of the Soviet Black Sea Fleet between Ukraine and newly-independent Russian Federation. August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ...


One of the brightest episodes of this process was the story of the SKR-112 - practically the first Ukrainian navy ship. The crew of SKR-112 declared itself Ukrainian ship and raised the Ukrainian flag. The Russian-dominated fleet headquarters in Moscow considered this a mutiny and attempted to act accordingly. But the ship left its base for Odessa, causing an armed chase and collision attempts by the ships still loyal to Moscow. Soon several other ships, auxiliary vessels, and coastal units of the Black Sea Fleet followed SKR-112's decision but with less violent outcomes. Flag ratio: 1:1 Article 20 of the Constitution of Ukraine states: „...Державний Прапор України – стяг із двох рівновеликих горизонтальних смуг синього і жовтого кольорів.” Translation: “National Flag of Ukraine is a banner of two equal-sized horizontal strips colored blue and yellow” The flag of Ukraine was adopted in 1918, and is interpreted as the blue sky (symbolizing peace) over fields of... Mutiny is the act of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) is legally obliged to obey. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Odessa highlighted. ...


It was only in 1997 when the ships and equipment of the Black Sea Fleet were officially divided between two countries. The new Russian formation retained its historical name "Black Sea Fleet". It was also granted with rights to use the majority of its bases in Ukraine on rent until 2017. The newfound Ukrainian Navy received dozens of vessels (mostly obsolete or defunct) and some base infrastructure. However, the Russian fleet has lost several important facilities, most notably the Nitka naval aviation Training Ground in the central Crimea and the special forces base in Ochakiv. The process of fleet division is not yet complete since many aspects of two navies co-existence are underregulated, causing recurring conflicts. 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rent can refer to: Renting, a system of payment for the temporary use of something owned by someone else. ... Naval aviation is the application of manned military air power by the navies of the world such as those operated by the United States Navy. ... For other uses of the term, see Special forces (disambiguation). ... Ochakiv (Russian: ; Crimean Tatar/Turkish: Özi) is a town of 16900 inhabitants in Mykolaiv (Nikolaev) Oblast of southern Ukraine, located on a peninsula on the shores of the Black Sea, at the entrance to the estuary of the Dnieper, and opposite to Kinburn. ...


Major Ships and Vessels

A Krivak I class frigate at anchor. ... A Krivak I class frigate at anchor. ... B-435 Запоріжжя (Zaporizhzhia) is a project 641 (NATO reporting name Foxtrot) submarine, named for the Zaporizhzhia region of Ukraine. ... The Foxtrot class was the NATO reporting name of a class of diesel-electric patrol submarines that were built in the Soviet Union. ...

Bases

now. ... Izmail or Ismail (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ; Romanian: Ismail), is a town in south-western Ukraine, located near Danube delta in Odessa Oblast (province). ... Ochakiv (Russian: ; Crimean Tatar/Turkish: Özi) is a town of 16900 inhabitants in Mykolaiv (Nikolaev) Oblast of southern Ukraine, located on a peninsula on the shores of the Black Sea, at the entrance to the estuary of the Dnieper, and opposite to Kinburn. ... Theodosia (Russian: Феодосия; Ukrainian: Феодосія; Greek: Θεοδωσία; Crimean Tatar/Turkish: Kefe) is a port and resort city in southern Ukraine, located on the Black Sea coast of Crimea at coordinates 45. ...

Ranks and insignia

Commanders

  • Borys Kozhin
  • Volodymyr Bezkorovaynyi
  • Ihor Kniaz

See also

Black Sea Fleet sleeve ensign The Black Sea Fleet (Russian: Черноморский флот) is a large sub-unit of the Russian (and formerly Soviet) Navy, operating in the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea since the early 18th century. ... The Soviet Navy (Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР, Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR, literally Naval military forces of the USSR) was the naval arm of the Soviet armed forces. ... now. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ...

External links

  • (English)/(Ukrainian) Navy page on the official site of the Ministry of Defence: in English, in Ukrainian
  • (English) World Navies Today: Ukraine (full unofficial list of vessels with descriptions, as of March 2002; no images)
  • (Russian) Photogallery of Ukrainian Navy vessels (most vessels available, with board numbers, no detailed descriptions)

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