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Encyclopedia > Ukraine and the European Union

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Ukraine

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Ukraine
Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Information. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Politics of Ukraine takes place in a framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Ukraine is the head of government but shares a lot of these responsibilites with the President of Ukraine, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...



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Ukrainian membership of the European Union was declared a strategic goal of President Viktor Yushchenko's foreign policy. Verkhovna Rada. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:  ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ... Cabinet of Ministers The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine is the highest body in the system of bodies of executive power in Ukraine. ... Alliance of National Unity is the name of the governing coalition of the Party of Regions, the Communist Party and the Socialist Party in Ukraine after the Ukrainian parliamentary election, 2006. ... The Prime Minister of Ukraine is appointed by the President and ratified by the Verkhovna Rada (parliament). ... Viktor Fedorovych Yanukovych (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) (born on July 9, 1950 in Yenakiieve, Donetsk Oblast) is the Prime Minister of Ukraine. ... The judicial system of Ukraine consists of four levels, as follows: Local courts of general jurisdiction (combining criminal and civil jurisdiction) consisting of: district, urban district and town courts; regional courts; city courts in Kiev and Sevastopol; administrative local courts. ... The Constitutional Court of Ukraine (Ukrainian: ) is the only body of constitutional jurisdiction in Ukraine. ... The Supreme Court of Ukraine (in Ukrainian, Верховний Суд України) is the highest judicial body in the system of courts of general jurisdiction in Ukraine. ... The Prosecutor General of Ukraine (also Attorney General of Ukraine, Ukrainian: ) heads the system of official prosecution in courts known as the Office of the Prosecutor General of Ukraine (Генеральна прокуратура України). The Office of the Prosecutor General is entrusted with: prosecution in court on behalf of the State; representation of the interests... Political parties in Ukraine lists political parties in Ukraine. ... Elections in Ukraine gives information on election and election results in Ukraine. ... Referenda in Ukraine, according to the Ukrainian Constitution, are one of the lawful forms of expression of peoples will. ... The presidential election held in November and December 2004 in Ukraine was mostly a political battle between Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych and former Prime Minister and opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko. ... The Ukrainian presidential election, 1999 was a presidential election held in 1999 in Ukraine. ... The Ukrainian presidential election, 1994 was a presidential election held in 1994 in Ukraine. ... The Ukrainian presidential election, 1991 was the first presidential election held in Ukraine. ... On April 2, 2007, Viktor Yushchenko, the President of Ukraine dissolved parliament and signed the presidential decree ordering early parliamentary elections in Ukraine to be held on 27 May 2007. ... Distribution of votes through 225 electoral districts: leading party or bloc Distribution of votes through 225 electoral districts: 2nd best result The Ukrainian parliamentary election took place on March 26, 2006. ... Ukrainian parliamentary election of 2002 took place on March 31. ... The second Ukrainian parliamentary election after the collapse of Soviet Union took place on 29 March 1998. ... The first parliamentary election in independent Ukraine took place in 1994. ... 2000 Ukrainian national referendum (Ukrainian: ) held on April 16, 2000 on the issue of reformation the governing system of Ukraine was formally initiated by President Kuchma and organized by the Central Election Commission on the mass public initiative represented by activist groups across the country. ... The Referendum took place in Ukraine on December 1, 1991. ... Categories: Ukraine-related stubs | Ukrainian government | Elections in Ukraine ... Orange-clad supporters of Viktor Yushchenko gather in Independence Square in Kiev. ... // Western relations Ukraine considers Euro-Atlantic integration its primary foreign policy objective, but in practice balances its relationship with Europe and the United States with strong ties to Russia. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixels Full resolution (3264 × 2176 pixel, file size: 593 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)EU External Relations Commissioner, Benita Ferrero-Waldner, (left) with the President of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, (right). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixels Full resolution (3264 × 2176 pixel, file size: 593 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)EU External Relations Commissioner, Benita Ferrero-Waldner, (left) with the President of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, (right). ... Benita Ferrero-Waldner Benita Ferrero-Waldner (born September 5, 1948) is the European Commissioner for Foreign Affairs and an Austrian diplomat and politician. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:  ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ... Austria Poland Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech   Rep. ... Mariyinsky Palace The President of Ukraine (Ukrainian: , Prezydent Ukrayiny) is the head of the state of Ukraine and acts in its name. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:  ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ...


Yushchenko was mainly elected by citizens in the western, northern and central parts of Ukraine, where there is a stronger desire than the east for links with the European Union and NATO. The presidential election held in November and December 2004 in Ukraine was mostly a political battle between Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych and former Prime Minister and opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko. ... The word citizen may refer to: A person with a citizenship Citizen Watch Co. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ...


There is not clear what Ukraine's future with the EU would be. The Presidential Secretariat of Ukraine has set 2017 as the target year for Ukraine's entry into EU. However, currently, Ukraine is only a member of the European Neighbourhood Policy. 2017 (MMXVII) will be a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Neighbourhood is the region beyond the frontier of the European Union. ...


While there are plans for a free trade agreement, there is little chance of Ukraine's status changing any time soon with the EU's enlargement agenda already large and some western States resisting further expansion.[1]

Contents

Ukrainian policy and politics

Most political factions in Ukraine advocate joining the EU and developing ties with western Europe.


The Orange Revolution of late 2004 improved Ukraine's European prospects: Opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko hinted that he would press the EU for deeper ties and described a four-point plan: the acknowledgment of Ukraine as a market economy, entry in the World Trade Organization, associate membership in the European Union, and, finally, full membership.[2] In a similar way, the Ukrainian government asked Brussels to give Ukraine a more clear prospect for membership, saying that "The approved Action Plan reflects only the level of Ukraine-EU relations that we could have reached before the presidential elections in 2004"[3] Orange-clad supporters of Viktor Yushchenko gather in Independence Square in Kiev. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:  ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The presidential election held in November and December 2004 in Ukraine was mostly a political battle between Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych and former Prime Minister and opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko. ...


European policy and politics

However, some in the EU are more doubtful concerning Ukraine's prospects. In 2002, EU Expansion Commissioner Günter Verheugen said that "a European perspective" for Ukraine does not necessarily mean membership within 10 to 20 years; however, it is a possibility. Günter Verheugen (born 28 April 1944 in Bad Kreuznach, Rhineland-Palatinate) is a German politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Enterprise and Industry. ...


On January 13, 2005, the European Parliament almost unanimously (467 votes to 19 in favor) passed a motion stating the wish of the European Parliament to establish closer ties with Ukraine in view of the possibility of EU membership. Though there is still a long way to go before negotiations about EU membership can start, the European Commission has stated that future EU membership will not be ruled out. Yushchenko has responded to the apathetic mood of the Commission by stating that he intends to send an application for EU membership "in the near future" and that he intends to scrutinize Ukraine's relationship with the CIS in order to assure that EU integration is possible, and, if not, to make it possible. Several EU leaders have already stated strong support for closer economic ties with Ukraine, but have stopped short of direct support for such a bid. On March 21, 2005, Polish Foreign Minister Adam Daniel Rotfeld noted that Poland will, in every way, promote Ukraine's desire to be integrated with the EU, achieve the status of a market-economy country, and join the WTO. He also said, "At the present moment, we should talk concrete steps in cooperation instead of engaging in empty talk about European integration". Three days later, a poll of the six largest EU nations conducted by a French research company showed that the European public would be more likely to accept Ukraine as a future EU member than any other country that is not currently an official candidate. Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Political parties 8 Committees 22 Last election June 2004 (785 MEPs) Meeting place Brussels and Strasbourg Secretariat Luxembourg and Brussels Website europarl. ... A motion is a formal step to introduce a matter for consideration by a group. ... The Commission seat in Brussels The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive body of the European Union. ... Headquarters Minsk, Belarus Member states 11 member states 1 associate member Working language Russian Executive Secretary Vladimir Rushailo Formation December 21, 1991 Official website http://cis. ... Adam Daniel Rotfeld Adam Daniel Rotfeld (b. ...


In October 2005, Commission president José Manuel Durão Barroso said that the future of Ukraine is in the EU. On November 9, 2005, however, the European Commission in a new strategy paper suggested that the current enlargement agenda (Romania, Bulgaria, Croatia, and in the future the other ex-Yugoslavian countries) could block the possibility of a future accession of Ukraine, Belarus, and Moldova. Commissioner Olli Rehn said that the EU should avoid overexpansion, adding that the current enlargement agenda is already quite full.[4] José Manuel Duroso Barrão, GCC (pronounced: IPA,  ) (born in Lisbon, March 23, 1956) is a Portuguese politician and the 11th President of the European Commission. ... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Olli Rehn Olli Rehn (born 31 March 1962) is a Finnish politician, currently serving as European Commissioner for Enlargement. ...


Milestones

A Ukraine-EU Troika meeting in April 2004, on the eve of the newest wave of expansion, dealt a blow to Ukraine's European aspirations when the EU ministers failed to grant market economy status to Ukraine; however, this was before the success of the Orange Revolution there. A market economy (also called free market economy or a free enterprise economy) is an economic system in which the production and distribution of goods and services takes place through the mechanism of free markets guided by a free price system. ... Orange-clad supporters of Viktor Yushchenko gather in Independence Square in Kiev. ...


For the time being, Ukraine will most likely develop intermediate relations with the EU, as it is strongly backed by all major political forces in Poland, an EU member with strong historical ties with Ukraine (through the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


In March 2007 the EU and Ukraine started talks about a new "wider agreement", which be a free-trade-zone and a closer relationship in the questions of energy policy between the EU and Ukraine. EU is more sceptical for an official agreement of EU-Membership of Ukraine. The commisisior for the EU Benita Ferrero-Waldner, said that the EU and Ukraine planned to have an agreement which will be based on the PKA.[5] March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Benita Ferrero-Waldner Benita Ferrero-Waldner (born September 5, 1948) is the European Commissioner for Foreign Affairs and an Austrian diplomat and politician. ...


References

  1. ^ Fighting EU 'enlargement fatigue' iht.com 19/06/06
  2. ^ EUobserver article (subscription only)
  3. ^ EUobserver article (subscription only)
  4. ^ EUobserver article (subscription only)
  5. ^ EurAktiv: EU und Ukraine beginnen Kooperationsgespräche 6. März 2007 (German)

Literature

  • Anatolij Ponomarenko: "Die europäische Orientierung der Ukraine: Dekret des Präsidenten der Ukraine über die Strategie der Integration der Ukraine in die Europäische Union; Partnerschaftsabkommen zwischen der EU und der Ukraine". Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung, Bonn 1999. 42 S. ISBN 3-933307-39-2 (German)
  • Dezseri, Kalman [ed.]: Economic and political relations after the EU enlargement : the Visegrad countries and Russia, Ukraine, Belarius and Moldov, Budapest 2004

External links

  • The EU's relations with Ukraine
  • The EU’s Relations with Ukraine – Present State and Future Prospects
  • 'Integration without Europeanisation: Ukraine and its policy towards the European Union'
  • 'Ukraine and the EU after the Orange Revolution'
  • 'Will the Orange Revolution bear fruit: EU relations in 2005 and the beginning of 2006'
  • YES-Ukraine Yalta European Strategy
  • (German) In Kürze: - Juschtschenko: Ukraine strebt Einleitung von EU-Beitrittsverhandlungen im Jahr 2007 an
  • (German) Sascha Müller-Kraenner: Die Europäische Nachbarschaftspolitik
  • (German) Ralf Wachsmuth: Außenpolitischer Kurswechsel in der Ukraine?

 
 

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