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Encyclopedia > Ujjain
  ?Ujjain
Madhya Pradesh • India
Map indicating the location of Ujjain
 Ujjain 
Coordinates: 23°10′58″N 75°46′38″E / 23.182778, 75.777222
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

• 491 m (1,611 ft)
District(s) Ujjain
Population 429,933 (2001)

Coordinates: 23°10′58″N 75°46′38″E / 23.182778, 75.777222 , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Ujjain District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Mahakal Temple Ujjain
Mahakal Temple Ujjain

Ujjain pronunciation  (Hindi:उज्जैन) ([[map view : maxujjain dot com]) (also known as Ujain, Ujjayini, Avanti, Avantikapuri) is an ancient city of central India, in the Malwa region of the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. It is the administrative centre of Ujjain District and Ujjain Division. In ancient times the city was called Ujjayini. As per epic Mahabharata Ujjayani was the capital of Avanti Kingdom. It has been the first meridian of longitude for Hindu geographers since the 4th century BCE. It is one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, and the Kumbh Mela religious festival is held there every twelve years. It is also home to Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva. Image File history File links Ujjain. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... For the span of recorded history starting roughly 5,000-5,500 years ago, see Ancient history. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Malwa (Malvi:माळवा) is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the south-eastern part of Rajasthan. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Madhya Pradesh (abbreviated as MP)   (HindÄ«: मध्य प्रदेश, English: , IPA: ), often called the Heart of India, is a state in central India. ... The Shipra, also known as the Kshipra, is a river in Madhya Pradesh state of central India. ... Public Administration can be broadly described as the development, implementation and study of government policy. ... Ujjain District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. ... Ujjain division is an administrative geographical unit of Madhya Pradesh state of India. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Avanti (India). ... Location of the Prime Meridian Image:Prime Meridian. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... A geographer is a scientist whose area of study is geography, the study of the physical environment and human habitat. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... The 2001 Kumbh Mela. ... For other uses, see Festival (disambiguation). ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... A Jyotirling or Jyotirlinga or Jyotirlingam is a shrine where the Hindu God Shiva is worshipped in the form of a Jyotirlingam or Linga of light. ... Shrine is also used as a conventional translation of the Japanese Jinja. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Coin showing Karttikeya and Lakshmi (Ujjain, circa 150–75 BC)
Coin showing Karttikeya and Lakshmi (Ujjain, circa 150–75 BC)

The earliest references to the city, as Ujjaini, are from the time of the Buddha, when it was the capital of the Avanti Kingdom. Since the 4th century B.C. the city has marked the first meridian of longitude in Hindu geography. It is also reputed to have been the residence of Ashoka (who subsequently became the emperor), when he was the viceroy of the western provinces of the Maurya empire. Licensed under GNU Free Documentation License. ... Licensed under GNU Free Documentation License. ... In Hinduism, Kartikeya (also Murugan, Subrahmanya, Skanda, Kumaran, Swaminanda) is a deity born out of a magical spark created by Shiva. ... For other uses, see Lakshmi (disambiguation). ... Media:Example. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Avanti (India). ... Allegiance: Magadhan Empire Rank: Emperor Succeeded by: Dasaratha Maurya Reign: 273 BC-232 BC Place of birth: Pataliputra, India Battles/Wars Kalinga War Emperor Ashoka the Great (Devanagari: अशोक(:); IAST transliteration: , pronunciation: ) (304 BC–232 BC) (Imperial Title:Devanampiya Piyadassi ie He who is the beloved of the Gods who, in... A representation of the Lion Capital of Ashoka, which was erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ...


In the Post-Mauryan period, the city was ruled by the Sungas and the Satavahanas consecutively. It was contested for a period between the Satavahanas and the Indo-Scythian Sakas, known as Western Satraps; however, following the end of the Satavahana dynasty, the city was retained by the Sakas from the 2nd to the 4th century CE. Following the conquest of the Sakas by the Guptas, the city soon became an important seat in the annals of that empire. Ujjain is considered to be the traditional capital of King Chandragupta II, also known as Vikramaditya, at whose court the nine poets known as the navaratna (nine jewels) of Sanskrit literature are said to have flourished. The Sunga Empire (or Shunga Empire) is a Magadha dynasty that controlled North-central and Eastern India from around 185 to 73 BCE. It was established after the fall of the Indian Mauryan empire. ... Approximate extent of the Satavahana Empire, circa 150 CE. The Sātavāhanas, also known as the Andhras, were a dynasty which ruled in Southern and Central India starting from around 230 BCE. Although there is some controversy about when the dynasty came to an end, the most liberal estimates... The Indo-Scythian King of Kings Azes II (c. ... Saka is also the name of a town in Hiroshima, Japan; for information on this town, see Saka, Hiroshima. ... The Western Satraps, or Western Kshatrapas (35-405) were Saka rulers of the western and central part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh states). ... Coins of Chandragupta II. The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ...


In the 6th and 7th centuries, Ujjain was a major centre of mathematical and astronomical research. The famous mathematicians who worked there included: Brahmagupta, whose book Brahmasphutasiddhanta was responsible for spreading the use of zero, negative numbers and the positional number system to Arabia and Cambodia; Varahamihira, who was the first to discover many trigonometric identities; and Bhaskaracharya, or Bhaskara II, whose book Lilavati broke new ground in many areas of mathematics. Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त) ( ) (589–668) was an Indian mathematician and astronomer. ... The main work of Brahmagupta, Brahmasphutasiddhanta (The Opening of the Universe), written in 628, contains some remarkably advanced ideas, including a good understanding of the mathematical role of zero, rules for manipulating both positive and negative numbers, a method for computing square roots, methods of solving linear and some quadratic... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... Varahamihira (505 – 587) was an Indian astronomer, mathematician, and astrologer born in Ujjain. ... In mathematics, trigonometric identities (or trig identities for short) are equations involving trigonometric functions that are true for all values of the occurring variables. ... Bhāskara (1114-1185), also called Bhāskara II and Bhāskarācārya (Bhaskara the teacher) was an Indian mathematician. ... Bhāskara (1114-1185), also called Bhāskara II and Bhāskarācārya (Bhaskara the teacher) was an Indian mathematician. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


Ujjain was invaded by the forces of the Delhi Sultanate led by Iltutmish in 1235, suffering widespread destruction and systematic desecration of temples. Under the Mughal emperor Akbar it became the capital of Malwa. The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... Shams-ud-Din Iltutmish, or Altamash, (Persian: شمس الدین التتمش ) was the third Sultan of Delhi and the third ruler of the Slave dynasty (d. ... Events Anglo-Norman invasion of Connacht St. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Malwa (Malvi:माळवा) is a region in western India occupying a plateau of volcanic origin in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state and the south-eastern part of Rajasthan. ...


During the last half of the 18th century Ujjain was the headquarters of the Maratha leader Sindhia. The Sindhias later established themselves at Gwalior, and Ujjain remained part of Gwalior state until Indian Independence in 1947. Gwalior state became a princely state of the British Raj after the Maratha defeat in the Third Anglo-Maratha War, and Gwalior, Ujjain, and the neighboring princely states were made a part of the Central India Agency. After Indian independence, the Sindhia ruler of Gwalior acceded to India, and Ujjain became part of the Madhya Bharat state. In 1956 Madhya Bharat was merged into Madhya Pradesh state. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... The Sindhia, also spelled Scindia , Sindia, or Shinde are a prominent Maratha family in India. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... The Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817 - 1818) was a final and decisive conflict between Britain and the Maratha empire in India, which left Britain in control of most of India. ... The Central India Agency was a political unit of British India, which covered the northern half of present-day Madhya Pradesh state. ... Madhya Bharat is former state in west-central India. ... A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ancient monuments in Ujjain

  • Alakhdham nagar - Ujjain is a holy city for Hindus and has many places to visit for the religiously inclined.
  • The Mahakal Temple, one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, is the most famous and venerated Shiva temple. The Shivling in this temple is supposed to be the only Jyotirling which faces south and hence it is known as Dakshinmukhi or the south-facing ling.
  • Other temples are Harsidhhi (Durga Temple), Chintaman Ganesh, Gadh Kalika, Kaal Bhairav, Sandipani Ashram, Triveni (Nav Graha Shani Mandir), ISKCON (The International Society for Krishna Consciousness) temple[citation needed], Mangalnaath and Siddhhanath.
  • Harsidhhi Temple is one of the famous Shaktipeethas all over India.
  • Sandipani Ashram is the place where Shri Krishna got education with Balarama and Sudama from Maharshi Sandipani.
  • Kaliyadeh Palace - Ujjain, being an ancient city, is home to many monuments that have survived from the ancient period. The most stunning example is the Kaliyadeh Palace on the outskirts of the city, which is a fine piece of ancient Indian architecture, though in poor upkeep.
  • The Bhrathari caves is an ancient cave which has some interesting legends associated with it.
  • The new ISKCON temple is a must for every tourist. Prashanti Dham (Sai Baba's Ashram) is a holy place to visit.
  • It is quite a soothing experience to sit on the banks of river Kshipra, relieving all your mental worries. Some places are Ramghat, Narsinghghat, Gangaghat, Gaughat, Retighat, Triveni, Sidhhanath.
  • Also there are many Jain temples like - JaiSingh Pura Atishay Kshetra, Tapobhoomi, Avanti Parshwanath, Hanumant baag etc.
  • Kothi Palace presents a sight worth watching in the evening.
  • MUSEUM naming Barathiya vidya bhavan locating near chamunda tower,where we can see many ancient things(timing B.C)
  • It is said that the throne of raja vikramaditya known as seat of judgement(salabanjika throne)is located in the middle of rudra talab in ujjain

Following is a list of ancient monuments in Ujjain. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) is a new religious movement based on Bengali, or more specifically Gaudiya, Vaishnavism founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, referred to by followers as His Divine Grace, in New York in 1966. ... This article is about the Hindu deity. ... Balarama, next to the river Yamuna. ... Sudama was a childhood friend of Krishna. ... This article is about building architecture. ... The Yantra Mandir (also known as the Jantar Mantar) is an equinoctial dial, consisting a gigantic triangular gnomon with the hypotenuse parallel to the Earths axis. ... Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh (November 3, 1688-September 21, 1743) was ruler of the kingdom of Amber (later called Jaipur. ...

Image gallery

Various Names of Ujjain

Since Ujjain is one of the oldest cities in India, it has been known by very many names, among which were:[1]

  • Avantika
  • Padmavati
  • Kushasthali
  • Bhagavati
  • Haranyavati
  • Kandakatringa
  • Kumudvati
  • Pratikalpa
  • Vishala

The goddess Padmavati is a popular Jain goddess. ... Bhagavathi or Bhagavati (meaning goddess in Sanskrit) is the general way people refer to the HIndu goddesses in Malayalam language of Kerala. ...

Geography

Ujjain is situated on the Malwa Plateau in Central India. The soil is black and stony. The vegetation is typical of arid regions with thorny trees like babul and acacia dominating the landscape. Soybean, wheat, jowar and bajra are the main crops grown. Malwa is a region of western India, lying in the western part of Madhya Pradesh state. ... The geography of India is extremely diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, hills and plateaus. ... Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland For the American hard rock band, see SOiL. For the System of a Down song, see Soil (song). ... In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... Baabul is a 2005 Bollywood movie, directed by Ravi Chopra. ... For other uses, see Acacia (disambiguation). ... Soy redirects here. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... Jowar - also known as jwari - is a staple grain in large parts of central India. ... Nutrition information for one cup of cooked millet Millet is the collective name of a group of genera of the grass family(Gramineae/Paniceae) widely grown around the world for food or animal feed. ... For other uses, see crop (disambiguation). ...


Ujjain is located at 23°10′58″N 75°46′38″E / 23.182778, 75.777222.[2] It has an average elevation of 491 metres (1610 feet). This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ...


Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[3] Ujjain had a population of 429,933. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Ujjain has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 66%. In Ujjain, 13% of the population is under 7 years of age. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


Climate

Ujjain experiences typical climate conditions of the interior Indian subcontinent. The summer months (April–June) are harsh with temperatures reaching up to 45°C. In addition, hot winds (called loo) may blow in the afternoons, worsening the heat. The winter months (Nov.–Feb.) are pleasant and cool with daytime temperatures typically 20°C, though it may drop to 3°C in the night. The monsoon typically arrives in late June and the months of June till September receive moderate to heavy rainfall. There are periods of rainfall followed by long periods of bright sunshine and high humidity. The month of October generally is very warm and with high humidity. For other uses, see Summer (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ...


Administrative

Ujjain city has two legislative assembly zones, known as Ujjain North and Ujjain South. For Parliamentary purposes it is treated as one seat: Akhaat Khashyap Daruwala


Economy

The economy of Ujjain is mainly dependent on the agricultural activities of the nearby villages. Two main crops are grown each year: soybean as the major Rabi crop, wheat as the major Kharif crop. Ujjain agriculture is sensitive to changes in rainfall and failure of monsoon cycles can lay a devastating toll on agriculture and the local economy. Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ... Soy redirects here. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... In meteorology, precipitation is any kind of water that falls from the sky as part of the weather. ... For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ...


Ujjain was previously a centre of the textile industry with a number of textile mills in and around the city. These mills have since closed, unemploying hundreds. Religious tourism is also a contributor to the economy, especially during the Simhasta Mela.


Commercial Zones

One good thing about the old city is that the market is quite organized. For utensils you have the Patni Bazaar, for jewelery; Sarafa, for grocery; Daulat Ganj, for clothes; VD Cloth Market, Kanthal.


There are various shopping areas like Freeganj, Gopal Mandir, and Satigate.


Freeganj is a rapidly growing area, complete with relatively better modern amenities.


Transport

An elephant outside the Mahakaleshawar temple in Ujjain
An elephant outside the Mahakaleshawar temple in Ujjain

Ujjain is well-connected by rail and road. It is on the Western Railway and is connected by direct train to most major Indian cities (Mumbai, Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Pune, etc). Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 183 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ujjain User:Deeptrivia... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (768 × 1024 pixel, file size: 183 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ujjain User:Deeptrivia... , Bombay redirects here. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Madras redirects here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of almost 51 lakhs (5. ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ...


The nearest airport is Indore, which has daily flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata,Ahemdabad & Bhopal. , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ...


The road network is developed with other parts of Madhya Pradesh. Private buses ply on these roads, though it is best to take your own vehicle for short distances.


An extensive network of old but inexpensive three-wheelers called tempoes serves the majority of the population. Three-wheeler auto-rickshaws are also quite popular. Recent years have seen an explosion of privately owned vehicles, especially two-wheelers unsuited for the traffic, that congest the narrow thoroughfares.


Railway Stations

There are three well-known railway stations:

  1. Ujjain City Junction
  2. Vikram Nagar
  3. Chintaman (metre gauge)

Bus Stations

  1. Dewas Gate
  2. NanaKheda

Major Roads

Indore Road, Dewas Road, Agar Road, Badnagar Road, Maksi Road,Ankpat marg,case road (in gecu )


Education

Ujjain city is well known for its university Vikram University which is the main institution of higher education in the city. Besides the university, Ujjain also has different colleges and institutes where students can pursue various courses. // Vikram University (VU) is a public university in the holy city of Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India. ...


Schools in Ujjain

  1. Lokmanya Tilak Higher Secondary School[1]
  2. Takshshila Junior College (TJC)
  3. St Mary's Convent School
  1. St Paul's Higher Secondary School
  2. Kendriya Vidyalaya Ujjain(KV)
  1. Kalidas School
  2. Christu Jyoti Senior Secondary School
  3. Stanford International Girls School
  4. Gyan Sagar Academy
  1. The Cambridge H.S.School
  2. Bhartiya Gyan Peeth Higher Secondary school and college
  3. Ujjain Public School(UPS)
  4. Saraswati Vidhya Mandir (SVM)/"Hindi Medium"
  5. Model Higher Secondary School
  6. Oxford Junior college(OJC)
  1. Study Home School (SHS)
  2. Rohet Children's Academy

Takshshila Junior College(TJC) is the best school in Ujjain. ...

Engineering Colleges in Ujjain

  1. Lokmanya Tilak Science & Commerce College
  2. Government Engineering College, Ujjain (GECU)
  3. Mahakal Institute of Technology (MIT)
  4. ALPINE Institute of Technology
  5. Mahakal Institute of Technology and Management (MIT & M)

Medical Colleges in Ujjain

  1. Govt. Autonomous Dhanvantri Ayurved College
  1. The Govt. Dhanwantri Ayurveda College & Hospital was established by Private Trust Shri Dhnwantari Ayurveda Chiktsa Mahavidhylaya Evam Sodha Kendra Nyas Ujjaiyani on 15th Aug. 1969 with following aims and objectives.The college was taken over by Govt. Of M.P. on 1st Dec. 1972. To provide and assist in providing medical services and facilities of highest order for research, evaluation, training, consultation and guidance for Ayurvedic System of Medicine.

References

  1. ^ Room A. Placenames of the world: origins and meanings, p. 12.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Ujjain
  3. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.

MITS,ujjain Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links


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