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Encyclopedia > Uffizi
The narrow courtyard between the Uffizi's two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street.
The narrow courtyard between the Uffizi's two wings creates the effect of a short, idealized street.
View of hallway.
Ceiling paintings in the main corridor.

The Uffizi Gallery (Italian: Galleria degli Uffizi) is housed in the Palazzo degli Uffizi, a palazzo in Florence, Italy, housing one of the oldest and most famous art museums in the world. It is located at 43°46′7.1″N, 11°15′18.77″E. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x800, 299 KB) Uffizi at night File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (600x800, 299 KB) Uffizi at night File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 336 KB) Uffizi hallway, Canon S45 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 336 KB) Uffizi hallway, Canon S45 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 357 KB) Uffizi ceiling, Canon S45 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 357 KB) Uffizi ceiling, Canon S45 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ... Florence (Italian, Firenze) is a city in the center of Tuscany, in central Italy, on the Arno River, with a population of around 400,000, plus a suburban population in excess of 200,000. ... This article is about the philosophical concept of Art. ... The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ...


The museum and its history

Building of the palace was begun by Giorgio Vasari in 1560 for Cosimo I de' Medici as the offices for the Florentine magistrates — hence the name "uffizi" ("offices"). Construction was continued to Vasari's design by Alfonso Parigi and Bernardo Buontalenti and ended in 1581. The cortile is so long and narrow, and open to the Arno River at its far end through a Doric screen that articulates the space without blocking it, that architectural historians[1] treat it as the first regularized streetscape of Europe. Vasari, a painter as well as architect, emphasized the perspective length by the matching facades' continuous roof cornices, and unbroken cornices between storeys and the three continuous steps on which the palace-fronts stand. Giorgio Vasaris selfportrait Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Giorgio Vasari Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo, Tuscany July 3, 1511 - Florence, June 27, 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. ... Cosimo I de Medici in Armour by Agnolo Bronzino Cosimo I de Medici (June 12, 1519 – April 21, 1574) was the first Grand Duke of Tuscany, ruling from 1537 to 1574, during the waning days of the Renaissance. ... For the other architect, see Alfonso Parigi the Elder Alfonso Parigi the Younger (1606 - 1656) was an Italian architect and scenographer, the son of Giulio Parigi. ... Bernardo Buontalenti was an architect in the Italian Renaissance who designed the crypt of the Basilica di San Lorenzo for the Medici family. ... Arno River in Florence, Italy The Arno is a river in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... The Doric order was one of the orginal pokersthree orders or organizational systems of Ancient Greek or classical architecture; the other two canonical orders were the Ionic and the Corinthian. ... Perspective when used in the context of vision and visual perception refers to the way in which objects appear to the eye based on their spatial attributes or dimension and the position of the eye relative to the objects. ...

The Palazzo degli Uffizi brought together under one roof the administrative offices, the Tribunal and the state archive (Archivio di Stato). The project that was planned by Cosimo I, Grand Duke of Tuscany to arrange that prime works of art in the Medici collections on the piano nobile was effected by Francesco I, who commissioned from Buontalenti the famous Tribuna degli Uffizi that united a selection of the outstanding masterpieces in the collection in an ensemble that was a star attraction of the Grand Tour. Cosimo I de Medici in Armour by Agnolo Bronzino. ... The Tribuna of the Uffizi, by Johan Zoffany, 1772-8, Royal Collection, Windsor. ... The interior of the Pantheon in the 18th century, painted by Giovanni Paolo Panini In the 18th century, the Grand Tour was a kind of education for wealthy British noblemen, wherein the primary educational value was exposure to the cultured artifacts of antiquity and the Renaissance as well as the...

Over the years, further parts of the palace evolved into a display place for many of the paintings and sculpture collected by the Medici family or commissioned by them. After the house of Medici was extinguished, the art treasures remained in Florence by terms of the famous Patto di famiglia negotiated by Anna Maria Lodovica, the last Medici heiress; it formed one of the first modern museums. The gallery had been open to visitors by request since the sixteenth century, and in 1765 it was officially opened to the public. For the board game, see Medici (board game). ...

Because of its huge collection, some of its works have in the past been transferred to other museums in Florence — for example, some famous statues, to the Bargello. A project is currently underway to expand the museum's exhibition space by 2006 from some 6,000 metres² (64,000 ft²) to almost 13,000 metres² (139,000 ft²), allowing public viewing of many artworks that have usually been in storage. the Bargello For the type of embroidery, please visit Bargello (needlework) The Bargello palace was built in 1255 to house first the Capitano del Populo and later, in 1261, the Podestà, the highest magistrate of the Florence City Council, Italy. ... In fine art, a work of art (or artwork or work) is a creation, such as a song, book, sculpture or a painting, that has been made in order to be a thing of beauty in itself or a symbolic statement of meaning, rather than having a practical function. ...

In 1993, a car bomb exploded in Via dei Georgofili and damaged parts of the palace, killing five people. The most severe damage was to the Niobe room, the classical sculptures and neoclassical interior of which have been restored, although its frescoes were damaged beyond repair. The identity of the bomber or bombers has never been established, although some suspect the Mafia. Apollo and Artemis slaying the children of Niobe by Niobid Painter (c. ... Late Baroque classicizing: G. P. Pannini assembles the canon of Roman ruins and Roman sculpture into one vast imaginary gallery (1756) Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that... For other uses, see Fresco (disambiguation). ... This article is about the criminal society. ...

Today the Uffizi is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Florence. In high season (particularly in July), waiting times can be up to five hours. Visitors who reserve a ticket in advance have a substantially shorter wait. Ok, that is SO not true. You have to wait for about 2 hours even when you DID reserve a ticket, and wait outside for half an hour just to pick that so-called ticket up. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

In popular culture

The museum plays a significant role in the film Hannibal, being the place where Hannibal Lecter has stowed himself after escaping from prison (in The Silence of the Lambs), and where he murders two more of his victims. The Uffizi also may be referenced in the chorus of the song "You Enjoy Myself" by Phish, although the band has famously neither confirmed nor denied the exact lines of the song's chorus. Hannibal is a 2001 film directed by Ridley Scott, adapted from the Thomas Harris novel of the same name. ... Hannibal Lecter is a fictional character in a series of novels by author Thomas Harris. ... The Silence of the Lambs is a 1991 Academy Award-winning film directed by Jonathan Demme and starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins. ...

And here is a bit of additional information I bet you didn't know. In the summer 2007, in early August, Florence was caught with a large rainstorm, and the Gallery was partially flooded, with water leaking through the ceiling, and the visitors had to be evacuated.

The collections

Here is only a small selection from the world-class collection of paintings:

The collection also contains some ancient sculptures, such as the Arrotino and the Two Wrestlers. Crucifix (1287-88) Panel, 448 x 390 cm Basilica di Santa Croce, Florence. ... Maestà (Madonna with Angels and Saints) (1308-11) Tempera on wood, 214 x 412 cm Museo dellOpera del Duomo, Siena Duccio di Buoninsegna (c. ... Giotto di Bondone (c. ... Petrachs Virgil (title page) (c. ... Paolo Uccello (born Paolo di Dono, 1397 – December 10, 1475) was an Italian painter who was notable for his pioneering work on visual perspective in art. ... The Battle of San Romano is a set of three paintings by the painter Paolo Uccello depicting events that took place at the battle of San Romano in 1432. ... The Baptism of Christ, 1450 (National Gallery, London). ... Fedrico da Montefeltro painted by Piero della Francesca Federico da Montefeltro (1422–1482) was one of the most successful condottieri of the Italian Renaissance, a fighter for hire who created one of the great libraries, perhaps the largest of Italy after the Vatican, with his own team of scribes in... Sforza was a ruling family of Renaissance Italy, based in Milan. ... Panorama of Urbino with the cathedral and the palazzo ducale Urbino is a city in the Marche in Italy, southwest of Pesaro, a World Heritage Site with a great cultural history during the Renaissance as the seat of Federico da Montefeltro. ... Madonna and Child 1440-45, tempera on panel National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC. Fra Filippo Lippi (1406 October 8? – 1469), also called Lippo Lippi, is a well-known Florentine painter of the Italian 15th century school. ... Madonna with Sts John the Baptist and Donatus (1475-83), Cathedral of Pistoia. ... The Baptism of Christ is a painting finished around 1475 by the Italian Renaissance painter Andrea del Verrocchio and his workshop. ... Hugo van der Goes (c. ... The Portinary Triptych (c. ... Alessandro di Mariano Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli (little barrel) (March 1, 1445 – May 17, 1510) was an Italian painter of the Florentine school during the Early Renaissance (Quattrocento). ... The Primavera is a painting by the Italian Renaissance painter Sandro Botticelli, c. ... The Birth of Venus is a painting by Sandro Botticelli. ... “Da Vinci” redirects here. ... Annunciation by Leonardo da Vinci, ca 1472-75. ... The Adoration of the Magi (2007) is an early painting by Leonardo da Vinci. ... Portrait of Simonetta Vespucci (c. ... Albrecht Dürer (pronounced /al. ... For other uses, see Michelangelo (disambiguation). ... The Doni Tondo or Doni Madonna is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Michelangelo Buonarroti (c. ... This page is about the artist. ... The Madonna del cardellino, or the Madonna of the Goldfinch, is a painting by the Italian renaissance artist Raphael. ... The Portrait of Pope Leo X with two Cardinals is a painting by the Italian High Renaissance master Raphael, circa 1518-1519. ... Tiziano Vecelli or Tiziano Vecellio (c. ... Venus of Urbino is a sixteenth century Renaissance oil painting by Titian which depicts the nude Venus lounging on a couch. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see Caravaggio (disambiguation). ... Bacchus (c. ... The Sacrifice of Isaac is the title of two paintings by the Italian master Caravaggio (1571-1610). ... The Medusa, circa 1597, is an oil painting by the Italian Baroque master Caravaggio. ... Detail from the Tribuna of the Uffizi by Johann Zoffany:The Arrotino is staged as if in the Tribuna in the 1770s, with the Chimera of Arezzo behind it; such an imaginary assembly of antiquities was a feature of the painting genre called a capriccio. ... The Uffizi Wrestlers or the Two Wrestlers is an ancient marble sculpture of two wrestlers now in the Uffizi collection. ...


See also Category:Collections of the Uffizi.


  1. ^ Siegfried Giedion, Space, Time and Architecture (1941) 1962 fig.17.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Sigfried Giedon (April 14, 1888, Prague – April 10, 1968, Zürich) was a Bohemia-born Swiss historian of architecture, and critic for architecture. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

External links

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  • Palazzo degli Uffizi, Florence virtual reality movie and pictures
  • Uffizi gallery
  • Uffizi Travel guide
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  • Virtual Uffizi - Info, history and gallery map, museum artists biographies, paintings pictures and details, online ticket reservations, guided tours

  Results from FactBites:
Florence Art Guide (285 words)
The Gallery of the Uffizi was also the first museum ever to be opened to the public: in fact the Grand Duke granted permission to visit it on request from the year 1591.
However it was his son Francesco I who was responsible for starting to turn the palace into a museum in 1581, when he closed the second floor Gallery with huge windows and arranged part of the grand-ducal collection of classical statues, medals, jewellery, weapons, paintings and scientific instruments here.
In actual fact the Uffizi owns about 4.800 works, the remainder of which are either in storage or on loan to other museums.
  More results at FactBites »



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