FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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United States of America
Flag of the United States Great Seal of the United States
Flag Great Seal
Motto: E Pluribus Unum (traditional)
In God We Trust (official, 1956–present)
Anthem: "The Star-Spangled Banner"
Capital Washington, D.C.
38°53′N 77°02′W
Largest city New York City
Official language(s) None at the federal level;
English de facto
Government Federal Republic
 - President George W. Bush (R)
 - Vice President Dick Cheney (R)
Independence
- Declared
- Recognized
From Great Britain
4 July 1776
September 3, 1783
Area  
 - Total 9,631,418 km² (3rd1)
  3,718,711 sq mi 
 - Water (%) 4.87
Population  
 - 2006 est. 299,161,390 (3rd)
 - 2000 census 281,421,936
 - Density 30/km² (143rd)
83/sq mi 
GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate
 - Total $13.05 trillion (1st)
 - Per capita $43,555 (3rd)
HDI (2003) 0.944 (10th) – high
Currency Dollar ($) (USD)
Time zone (UTC-5 to -10)
 - Summer (DST) (UTC-4 to -10)
Internet TLD .us .gov .edu .mil .um
Calling code +1
1.) Area rank is disputed with China and sometimes is ranked 3rd or 4th.

The United States of America, also known as the United States, the U.S., U.S.A., the U.S. of A, the States, and America, is a country in North America. A federal republic, the United States shares land borders with Canada and Mexico, and extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean. Its capital is Washington, D.C. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... The Great Seal of the United States, obverse side. ... National flag and ensign. ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ... This page lists state and national mottos for the worlds independent states and if applicable, their component states. ... E pluribus unum is included in the Great Seal of the United States E pluribus unum was the first national motto of the United States of America. ... In God We Trust on the twenty dollar bill In God We Trust is the national motto of the United States of America. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognzed either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Nicholson took the copy Key gave him to a printer, where it was published as a broadside on 17 September 1814 under the title Defence of Fort McHenry, with a note explaining the circumstances of its writing. ... Locator map of the USA, created/modified by Aris Katsaris from other Wikipedia locator maps File links The following pages link to this file: United States Template:United States infobox Categories: GFDL images ... This is a list of national capitals of the world in alphabetical order. ... Flag Seal Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ... Population of the United States, 1790 to 2000 The demographics of the United States depict a largely urban nation, with 75% of its population living in urban and suburban areas. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... The United States is (as of 2004) the home of approximately 336 languages (spoken or signed) of which 176 are indigenous to the area. ... American English (AmE) is the dialect of the English language used mostly in the United States of America. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... The Federal Republic of Germany and its sixteen Bundesländer (Federal States) A federal republic is a state which is both a federation and a republic. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American businessman and politician, was elected in 2000 as the 43rd President of the United States of America, re-elected in 2004, and is currently serving his second term in that office. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... The Vice President of the United States is the second-highest executive official of the United States government. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941) is the 46th Vice President of the United States, serving under the President George W. Bush. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... U.S. Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is the document in which the Thirteen Colonies in North America declared themselves independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain and explained their justifications for doing so. ... Painting by Benjamin West depicting John Jay, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens, and William Temple Franklin. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). ... 1783 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different surface areas  here is a list of areas between 1 million km² and 10 million km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Map of countries by population This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, with population figures estimated for 1 July 2005 (rounded to the nearest 1,000). ... World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries/dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The figures in the following table are based on areas including inland water bodies (lakes, reservoirs, rivers). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The numeral trillion refers to one of two number values, depending on the context of where and how it is being used. ... Map of world GDP (PPP) by country using the IMF and World Bank lists for 2004 There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP), the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year. ... Map of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita, based on the 2005 IMF data. ... World map indicating HDI of UN member states, 2003. ... World map indicating HDI of UN member states, 2003. ... This article is about general United States currency. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ... Map of the world color-coded with areas in blue observing daylight saving time. ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ... The following is a list of currently existing Internet Top-level domains (TLDs). ... .us is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United States of America, established in 1985. ... .gov is the generic top-level domain used by the United States federal government. ... .edu (dot-edu) is the generic top-level domain for educational institutions, primarily those in the United States. ... .mil is the generic top-level domain for the United States Department of Defense and its subsidiary organizations. ... .um is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the United States Minor Outlying Islands. ... A telephone dial This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: country In political geography and international politics a country is a geographical territory. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... The Federal Republic of Germany and its sixteen Bundesländer (Federal States) A federal republic is a state which is both a federation and a republic. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Flag Seal Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location Location of Washington, D.C., with regard to the surrounding states of Maryland and Virginia. ...


The present-day continental United States has been inhabited for at least 15,000 years by Native Americans. After 16th-century European exploration and settlement, the English established new colonies, and gained control of others, in the eastern portion of the continent in the 17th and early 18th centuries. On 4 July 1776, at war with Britain over fair governance, thirteen of these colonies declared their independence; in 1783, the war ended in British acceptance of the new nation. Since then, the country has more than quadrupled in size: it now consists of 50 states, one federal district, and a number of overseas territories. Native Americans is a term which has several different common meanings and scope, according to regional use and context. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Flag of England The Kingdom of England was a kingdom located in Western Europe, in the southern part of the island of Great Britain. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... Combatants American Revolutionaries, France, Netherlands, Spain, Native Americans Great Britain, German mercenaries, Loyalists, Native Americans Commanders George Washington, Comte de Rochambeau, Nathanael Greene William Howe, Henry Clinton, Charles Cornwallis (more commanders) The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence,[1] was a war between... Betsy Ross purportedly sewed the first American flag with 13 stars and 13 stripes representing each of the 13 states. ... U.S. Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is the document in which the Thirteen Colonies in North America declared themselves independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain and explained their justifications for doing so. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ...


At over 3.7 million square miles (over 9.1 million km²), the U.S. is the third largest country by area. Home to nearly 300 million people, it is the world's third most populous nation. This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Map of countries by population This is a list of sovereign states and other territories by population, with population figures estimated for 1 July 2005 (rounded to the nearest 1,000). ...


The United States has maintained a liberal democratic political system since it adopted its constitution on September 17, 1787. American military and economic stature increased throughout the 20th century; with the collapse of the Soviet Union at the end of the Cold War, the nation emerged as the world's sole superpower.[1] This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ... A superpower is a state with the first rank in the international system and the ability to influence events and project power on a worldwide scale; it is considered a higher level of power than a major power. ...

Contents


Name

The earliest known use of the name America is from 1507, when a globe and a large map created by the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller in Saint-Dié-des-Vosges described the combined continents of North and South America. Although the origin of the name is uncertain[2], the most widely held belief is that expressed in an accompanying book, Cosmographiae Introductio, which explains it as a feminized version of the Latin name of Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci (Americus Vespucius); in Latin, the other continents' names were all feminine. America is usually meant as either: the Americas, the lands and regions of the Western hemisphere, usually subdivided into North America, Central America and South America. ... Martin Waldseemüller (ca. ... Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune of northeastern France. ... Cosmographiae introductio was a book published in 1507 to accompany Martin Waldseemüllers map of the world and wall-map, which was the first appearance of the name America. It is widely held to have been written by Matthias Ringmann although some historians attribute it to Waldseemüller himself. ... It has been suggested that natural gender be merged into this article or section. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Amerigo Vespucci (March 9, 1454 in Florence, Italy - February 22, 1512) was an Italian merchant and cartographer who voyaged to and wrote about the Americas. ...


The Americas, including the region encompassing the thirteen colonies, were originally known as Columbia, prompting the name District of Columbia for the land set aside for the nation's capital. Columbia remained a popular name for the United States until the early twentieth century, when it fell into relative disuse; but it is still used poetically and appears in various names and titles. A female personification of the country is also called Columbia; she is similar to Britannia. [3],[4],[5],[6],[7] (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... Personification is a term used in literary criticism to name the figure of speech which involves directly speaking of an inanimate object, or an abstract concept, as if were a living entity, often one with specifically human attributes. ... Britannia, the British national personification. ...


The term "united States of America" was first used officially in the Declaration of Independence, adopted on 4 July 1776. On 15 November 1777, the Second Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, the first of which stated "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be 'The United States of America.'" U.S. Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is the document in which the Thirteen Colonies in North America declared themselves independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain and explained their justifications for doing so. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... November 15 is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 46 days remaining. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Second Continental Congress was a body of representatives appointed by the legislatures of several British North American colonies which met from May 10, 1775 to March 1, 1781. ... The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, was the first governing document of the United States of America. ...


The adjectival and demonymic forms for the United States are American, a point of controversy among some. An adjective is a part of speech which modifies a noun, usually describing it or making its meaning more specific. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Use of the word American differs between historical, geographical and political contexts. ...


History

Main article: History of the United States
The Mayflower, which transported Pilgrims to the New World, arrived in 1620.
The Mayflower, which transported Pilgrims to the New World, arrived in 1620.

Before the European colonization of the Americas, a process that began at the end of the 15th century, the present-day continental U.S. was inhabited exclusively by Native Americans and Alaska Natives, who arrived on the continent over a period that may have begun 35,000 years ago and may have ended as recently as 11,000 years ago.[8] The first successful English settlement was at Jamestown, Virginia, in 1607, followed in 1620 by the Pilgrims' landing at Plymouth, Massachusetts. In 1609 and 1617, respectively, the Dutch settled in part of what became New York and New Jersey. In 1638, the Swedes founded New Sweden, in part of what became Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania after passing through Dutch hands. Throughout the 17th and early 18th centuries, England (and later Great Britain) established new colonies, took over Dutch colonies, and split others. With the division of the Carolinas, in 1729, and the colonization of Georgia, in 1732, the British colonies in North America, excluding Canada, numbered thirteen. These thirteen colonies would be drawn closer together over the coming decades. The history of the United States has occurred at the regional, territorial, state and local level. ... Image File history File links MayflowerHarbor. ... Image File history File links MayflowerHarbor. ... Mayflower in Plymouth Harbor by William Halsall (1882) The Mayflower was the ship which transported the Pilgrims from Plymouth, England to North Virginia (which later became part of the United States of America) in 1620, leaving Plymouth on September 6 and dropping anchor near Cape Cod on November 11 (both... Pilgrims Going to Church by George Henry Boughton (1867) The Pilgrims were a group of English religious separatists who sailed from Europe to North America in the early 17th century, in search of a home where they could freely practice their style of religion. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Photo by Edward S. Curtis. ... Alaska Natives are indigenous peoples who live in what is now the U.S. state of Alaska. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... The Flag of England The Kingdom of England was a kingdom located in Western Europe, in the southern part of the island of Great Britain. ... The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony from sea to sea The Virginia Colony refers to the English colony in North America that existed during the 17th and 18th centuries before the American Revolution. ... Official language(s) English Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Area  Ranked 35th  - Total 42,793 sq mi (110,862 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 430 miles (690 km)  - % water 7. ... Pilgrims Going to Church by George Henry Boughton (1867) The Pilgrims were a group of English religious separatists who sailed from Europe to North America in the early 17th century, in search of a home where they could freely practice their style of religion. ... Plymouth is a city in the South West of England, or alternatively the Westcountry, and is situated within the traditional county of Devon. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) was the name of the 17th century fortified settlement on Manhattan Island in the New Netherland territory (1614-1674) situated originally between 38 and 42 degrees latitude. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  Ranked 27th  - Total 54,520 sq mi (141,205 km²)  - Width 285 miles (455 km)  - Length 330 miles (530 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Events March 29 - Swedish colonists establish first settlement in Delaware, called New Sweden. ... New Sweden, or Nya Sverige, was a small Swedish settlement along the Delaware River on the Mid-Atlantic coast of North America. ... Official language(s) None Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Area  Ranked 49th  - Total 2,491 sq. ... Official language(s) None Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 160 miles (255 km)  - Length 280 miles (455 km)  - % water 2. ... The Carolinas is a collective term used in the United States to refer to the states of North and South Carolina together. ... Betsy Ross purportedly sewed the first American flag with 13 stars and 13 stripes representing each of the 13 states. ...

Presenting the Declaration of Independence to the Continental Congress
Presenting the Declaration of Independence to the Continental Congress

Tensions between American colonials and the British during the revolutionary period of the 1760s and 1770s led to open military conflict in 1775. George Washington commanded the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) as the Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on 4 July 1776. The Second Continental Congress had been formed to confront British actions, and did create the Continental Army, but did not have the authority to levy taxes or make federal laws. In 1777, the Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation, uniting the states under a weak federal government, which operated from 1781 until 1788, when enough states had ratified the United States Constitution. The Constitution, which strengthened the union and the federal government, has since remained the supreme law of the land.[9] Image File history File links Declaration_independence. ... Image File history File links Declaration_independence. ... U.S. Declaration of Independence The Declaration of Independence is the document in which the Thirteen Colonies in North America declared themselves independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain and explained their justifications for doing so. ... The American Revolution was an upheaval that ended British control of middle North America, resulting in the formation of the United States of America in 1776. ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799) was the Commander in Chief of American forces in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and, later, the first President of the United States, an office he held from 1789 to 1797. ... The Second Continental Congress was a body of representatives appointed by the legislatures of several British North American colonies which met from May 10, 1775 to March 1, 1781. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 1776. ... Illustration depicting uniforms and weapons used during the 1779 to 1783 period of the American Revolution by showing four soldiers standing in an informal group General George Washington, was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army on June 15, 1775. ... A tax (also known as a duty) is a financial charge or other levy imposed on an individual or a legal entity by a state or a functional equivalent of a state (e. ... The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, was the first governing document of the United States of America. ... The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ...

National Atlas map depicting dates of territorial acquisitions.
National Atlas map depicting dates of territorial acquisitions.

From 1803 to 1848, the size of the new nation nearly tripled as settlers (many entrenched with the concept of Manifest Destiny as an inevitable consequence of American exceptionalism) pushed beyond national boundaries even before the Louisiana Purchase.[10] The expansion was tempered somewhat by the stalemate in the War of 1812, but was subsequently reinvigorated by victory in the Mexican–American War in 1848. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1038, 1136 KB)United States Territorial Acquisitions // Summary Main article: United States territorial acquisitions This image depicts the United States historic acquisitions of territories, such as the Thirteen Colonies, the Louisiana Purchase, British and Spanish Cession, and so on. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1038, 1136 KB)United States Territorial Acquisitions // Summary Main article: United States territorial acquisitions This image depicts the United States historic acquisitions of territories, such as the Thirteen Colonies, the Louisiana Purchase, British and Spanish Cession, and so on. ... This painting (circa 1872) by John Gast called American Progress is an allegorical representation of Manifest Destiny. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... From Frank Bond, Louisiana and the Louisiana Purchase. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Strength United States Regular army : 99,000 Volunteers: 10,000* Rangers: 3,000 Militia: 458,000** Naval and marine: 20,000 Indigenous peoples New York Iroquois: 600 Northwestern allies: ? Southern allies: ? United Kingdom Regular army: 10,000+ Naval and marine: ? Canadian militia: 86,000+** Indigenous... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 60,000 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government estimate) The Mexican-American...

The Battle of Gettysburg, the bloodiest battle and turning point of the American Civil War. The victory of the Union kept the country united.

As new territories were being incorporated, the nation was divided over the issue of states' rights, the role of the federal government, and, by the 1820s, the expansion of slavery. The Northern states were opposed to the expansion of slavery whereas the Southern states saw the opposition as an attack on their way of life, since their economy was dependent on slave labor. The failure to permanently resolve these issues led to the American Civil War, following the secession of many slave states in the South to form the Confederate States of America after the 1860 election of Abraham Lincoln.[11] The 1865 Union victory in the Civil War effectively ended slavery, as well as settling the question of whether a state had the right to secede. The event was a major turning point in American history, with an increase in federal power.[12] Download high resolution version (900x569, 409 KB)The battle of Gettysburg, Pa. ... Download high resolution version (900x569, 409 KB)The battle of Gettysburg, Pa. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America Commanders George G. Meade Robert E. Lee Strength 83,289 75,054 Casualties 23,049 (3,155 killed, 14,529 wounded, 5,365 captured/missing) 28,000 (3,500 killed, 18,000 wounded, 6,500 captured/missing) The Battle of... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... States rights refers to the idea that U.S. states possess certain rights and political powers in the politics of the United States and constitutional law. ... Map of the division of the states during the Civil War. ... Southern United StatesThe states shown in dark red are usually included in the South, while all or portions of the striped states may or may not be considered part of the Southern United States. ... Slave sale in Easton, Maryland The history of slavery in the United States began soon after Europeans first settled in what in 1776 became the United States. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... A slave state is a U.S. State that had legal slavery (overwhelmingly the enslavement of African-Americans, although historically also the enslavement of Native Americans, and Whites through indentured servitude) in the period leading up to the American Civil War and the Emancipation Proclamation. ... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... For other uses of the name Abraham Lincoln, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation) Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president... Map of the division of the states during the Civil War. ...


After the Civil War, an unprecedented influx of immigrants, who helped to provide labor for American industry and create diverse communities in undeveloped areas together with high tariff protections, national infrastructure building, and national banking regulations, hastened the country's rise to international power. The United States subsequently gained new territories as a result of its growing power status, including the annexation of Puerto Rico after victory in the Spanish–American War,[13] which marked the beginning of the U.S. as a major world power. The Statue of Liberty was a common sight to many immigrants who entered the United States through Ellis Island Immigration to the United States of America is the act of immigrating, or moving, to territory within the United States culture and government. ... A typical archetype, the cowboy, in the Wild West. ... Combatants United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Revolutionaries Spain Casualties 379 U.S. dead; considerably higher though undetermined Cuban and Filipino casualties Unknown[1] The Spanish-American War took place in 1898, and resulted in the United States gaining control over the former colonies of Spain in the Caribbean and... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Landing at Ellis Island, 1902. Immigration helped spur the American economy.
Landing at Ellis Island, 1902. Immigration helped spur the American economy.

At the start of the First World War, in 1914, the U.S. remained neutral; but, in 1917, the U.S. joined the Allied Powers, helping to turn the tide against the Central Powers. For historical reasons, American sympathies were very much in favor of the British and French, even though a sizable number of citizens, mostly Irish and German, were opposed to intervention.[14] After the war, the Senate did not ratify the Treaty of Versailles, because of a fear that it would pull the U.S. into European affairs which President Washington had warned against. Instead, the country chose to pursue a policy of unilateralism that bordered at times on being isolationist.[15] Image File history File links Ellis_island_1902. ... Image File history File links Ellis_island_1902. ... Ellis Island, at the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor, was at one time the main immigration port for immigrants entering the United States in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ... Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... European military alliances in 1915. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Triple Alliance. ... The Treaty of Versailles (1919) was the peace treaty which officially ended World War I between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany. ... Unilateralism, (one+side-ism) is any doctrine or agenda that supports one-sided action. ... Isolationism is a foreign policy which combines a non-interventionist military and political policy with a policy of economic nationalism (protectionism). ...

An abandoned farm in South Dakota during the Great Depression, 1936.
An abandoned farm in South Dakota during the Great Depression, 1936.

During most of the 1920s, the U.S. enjoyed a period of unbalanced prosperity as farm prices fell and industrial profits grew. A rise in debt and an inflated stock market culminated in a crash in 1929, triggering the Great Depression, which with the New Deal, led to the rise of greater government intervention in the economy. Image File history File links Location: Dallas, South Dakota Date: May 13, 1936 Buried machinery in barn lot. ... Image File history File links Location: Dallas, South Dakota Date: May 13, 1936 Buried machinery in barn lot. ... The Great Depression was a global economic slump that began in 1929 and bottomed in 1933. ... The Roaring Twenties refers to the North American time period of the 1920s, which has been described as one of the most colorful decades in American history. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Black Monday (1987) on the Dow Jones Industrial Average A stock market crash is a sudden dramatic loss of value of shares of stock in corporations. ... The Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn, starting in 1929 and lasting through most of the 1930s. ... This article is becoming very long. ...


The nation did not fully recover until 1941, when the U.S. was driven to join the Allies against the Axis after a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese. World War II was the costliest war in American history, but helped to pull the economy out of depression as the required production of military materiel provided much-needed jobs and women entered the workforce in large numbers for the first time.[16] The group of countries known as the Allies of World War II consisted of those nations opposed to the Axis Powers during the Second World War. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants United States of America Imperial Japan Commanders Husband Kimmel (USN), Walter Short (USA) Chuichi Nagumo (IJN) Strength 8 battleships, 8 cruisers, 29 destroyers, 9 submarines, ~50 other ships, ~390 planes 6 aircraft carriers, 2 battleships, 3 cruisers, 9 destroyers, 8 tankers, 23 fleet submarines, 5 midget submarines, 441 planes... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, Poland, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8... Materiel (from the French for material) is the equipment and supplies in Military and commercial supply chain management. ...

After World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union became superpowers in an era of ideological rivalry dubbed the Cold War. The U.S. represented liberal democracy and capitalism, while the USSR represented communism and a centrally planned economy. The result was a series of proxy wars, including the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the tense nuclear showdown of the Cuban Missile Crisis. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1380x1111, 200 KB) This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1380x1111, 200 KB) This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... (©Joe Rosenthal/Associated Press) Raising the U.S. flag on Iwo Jima. ... (Joe Rosenthal / ©Associated Press) Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima Joe Rosenthal (born October 9, 1911) was a Jewish American photographer, who received the Pulitzer Prize for his iconic World War II portrait of American troops raising the flag on Mount Suribachi during the Battle of Iwo Jima. ... Associated Press logo This article concerns the news service. ... The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ... This article or section is missing references or citation of sources. ... For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... A planned economy is an economic system in which decisions about the production, allocation and consumption of goods and services are planned ahead of time, usually in a centralized fashion, though some proposed systems favour decentralized planning. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Combatants Western Allied/UN combatants: South Korea, United States, United Kingdom Communist combatants: North Korea, Peoples Republic of China, Soviet Union Commanders Douglas MacArthur Kim Il-sung, (Peng Dehuai de facto) Strength Note: All figures may vary according to source. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... U.S.A.F. spy photo of one of the suspected launch sites The Cuban Missile Crisis was a confrontation during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States regarding the Soviet deployment of nuclear missiles in Cuba. ...

U.S. astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the moon, 1969.
U.S. astronaut Buzz Aldrin on the moon, 1969.

The perception that the U.S. was losing the space race spurred government efforts to raise proficiency in mathematics and science in schools[17] and lead to President Kennedy's call for the United States to land "a man on the moon" by the end of the 1960s, which was realized in 1969.[18] Image File history File links Buzz Aldrin with U.S. flag on the moon. ... Image File history File links Buzz Aldrin with U.S. flag on the moon. ... For other uses, see Space Race (disambiguation). ... John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to as John F. Kennedy, JFK or Jack Kennedy, was the 35th President of the United States. ...


Meanwhile, American society experienced a period of sustained economic expansion. At the same time, discrimination across the U.S., especially in the South, was increasingly challenged by a growing civil-rights movement headed by prominent African Americans such as Martin Luther King, Jr., which led to the abolition of the Jim Crow laws in the South.[19] The U.S. Southern states or The South, known during the American Civil War era as Dixie, is a distinctive region of the United States with its own unique historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. ... Jim Crow laws were state and local laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States and in force between 1876 and 1964 that restricted access of African-Americans to public facilities. ...


After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States continued to involve itself in military action overseas, such as the Gulf War. // The rise of Gorbachev Although reform in the Soviet Union stalled between 1969–1982, a generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush Norman Schwarzkopf Colin Powell Saddam Hussein Ali Hassan al-Majid Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also called...


Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, U.S. foreign policy focused on the threat of terrorist attacks. In response, the government under George W. Bush began a series of military and legal operations termed the War on Terror, beginning with the overthrow of Afghanistan's Taliban government in October 2001. Soon after, the "War on Terror" continued with the controversial 2003 invasion of Iraq, with support from 30 governments known as 'the coalition of the willing'. For the 1993 bombing, see World Trade Center bombing. ... A terrorist is one who promotes widespread feelings of overwhelming imminent danger in order to change the mindset of the general populous, usually for political purposes. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American businessman and politician, was elected in 2000 as the 43rd President of the United States of America, re-elected in 2004, and is currently serving his second term in that office. ... The war on terrorism or war on terror (abbreviated in U.S. policy circles as GWOT for Global War on Terror) is an effort by the governments of the United States and its principal allies to destroy groups deemed to be terrorist (primarily radical Islamist organizations such as al-Qaeda... Flag flown by the Taliban. ... Combatants Coalition Forces (United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Poland) Iraq Commanders Tommy Franks Saddam Hussein Strength 263,000 375,000 The 2003 invasion of Iraq, termed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the US administration, began on March 20. ... Coalition of the Willing is a phrase which has been used by the administration of United States President George W. Bush to refer to the nations whose governments supported (most of them not militarily) the United States position in the Iraq disarmament crisis and later the 2003 invasion of Iraq...


Government and politics

More information on politics and government of the United States can be found at the Politics and government of the United States series.
The United States Capitol
The United States Capitol

The United States is the longest-surviving constitutional republic with the oldest wholly written constitution in the world. Its government operates as a representative democracy through a congressional system under a set of powers specified by its Constitution. There are three levels of government: federal, state, and local. Officials at all three levels are either elected by voters in a secret ballot or appointed by other elected officials. Executive and legislative offices are decided by a plurality vote of citizens in their respective districts, with judicial and cabinet-level offices nominated by the Executive and approved by the Legislature. In some states, judicial posts are filled by popular election rather than executive appointment. The federal government of the United States was established by the United States Constitution. ... Image File history File linksMetadata USCapitol. ... Image File history File linksMetadata USCapitol. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representants. ... A presidential system, or a congressional system, is a system of government of a republic where the executive branch is elected separately from the legislative. ... The Polling by William Hogarth (1755); Before the secret ballot was introduced voter intimidation was commonplace Wikisource has original text related to this article: A History of the Australian Ballot System in the United States The secret ballot is a voting method in which a voters choices are confidential. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Plurality. ...


The federal government comprises three branches, which are designed to check and balance one another's powers: This law-related article does not cite its references or sources. ... The doctrine and practice of dispersing political power and creating mutual accountability between political entities such as the courts, the president or prime minister, the legislature, and the citizens. ...

The United States Congress is a bicameral legislature. The House of Representatives has 435 members, each representing a congressional district for a two-year term. House seats are apportioned among the states according to population every tenth year. Each state has two Senators, regardless of population, elected to six-year terms; one third of the 100 Senators are elected every second year. A legislature is a governmental deliberative assembly with the power to adopt laws. ... Congress in Joint Session. ... Seal of the Senate The Senate of the United States of America is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is, along with the United States Senate, one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... In law, the judiciary or judicature is the system of courts which administer justice and provide a mechanism for the resolution of disputes. ... The Supreme Court of the United States is the highest judicial body in the United States and leads the judicial branch of the United States federal government. ... The bicameral legislature of the United States is housed in a capitol building with two wings. ... U.S. Congressional districts are determined after each census. ... US Congressional apportionment for states in 2000 The membership of the United States House of Representatives changes each decade following the decennial United States Census. ... A state of the United States (a U.S. state) is any one of the fifty states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ...


Under the country's federal system, the relationship between the state and national governments is complex; under U.S. law, states are considered sovereign entities. However, the American Civil War and Texas v. White established that states do not have the right to secede, and, under the Constitution, they are not allowed to conduct foreign policy. Federal law overrides state law in the areas in which the federal government is empowered to act; but the powers of the federal government are subject to limits outlined in the Constitution. All powers not granted to the federal government in the Constitution are left to the states or the people themselves. However, the "Necessary and Proper" and "Commerce" clauses of the Constitution legally allow the extension of federal powers into other affairs, though this is the topic of considerable debate over states' rights. Federalism can refer to either: The form of government, or constitutional structure, found in a federation. ... The law of the United States was originally largely derived from the common law of the system of English law, which was in force at the time of the Revolutionary War. ... Texas v. ... A foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how a particular country will interact with the other countries of the world. ... Federal law is the body of law created by the federal government of a nation. ... State law, in the United States, is the law of each separate U.S. state, as passed by the state legislature and signed into law by the state governor. ... The Necessary and Proper Clause (also known as the elastic clause) refers to Article One Section 8 paragraph 18 of the United States Constitution: The interpretation of this phrase has been controversial, especially during the early years of the republic. ... Article I, Section 8, Clause 3 of the United States Constitution, known as the Commerce Clause, empowers the United States Congress To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes. ... States rights refers to the idea that U.S. states possess certain rights and political powers in the politics of the United States and constitutional law. ...


The Constitution contains a dedication to "preserve liberty" with a "Bill of Rights" and other amendments, which guarantee freedom of speech, religion, and the press; the right to a fair trial; the right to keep and bear arms; universal suffrage; and property rights. However, although the United States is committed to the Western ideology to pursue human rights, the extent to which these rights are available in practice is debated: various forms of ethnic discrimination were not legally prohibited until the 1964 Civil Rights Act. However, discrimination is fading with a more tolerant culture and the passage of numerous anti-discrimination laws, embraced by the majority of Americans. The Statue of Liberty is a very popular icon of liberty. ... Image of the United States Bill of Rights from the U.S. National Archives and Records Administration. ... The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... A public demonstration Freedom of speech is the concept of being able to speak freely without censorship. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Freedom of speech. ... The Right to a fair trial is an essential right in all countries respecting the rule of law. ... Amendment II (the Second Amendment) of the United States Constitution, which is part of the Bill of Rights, declares the necessity for a well regulated militia, and prohibits infringement of the right of the people to keep and bear arms. // Text The Second Amendment, as passed by the House and... Universal suffrage (also general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of suffrage to all adults, without distinction as to race, sex, belief, or social status. ... // Use of the term In common usage, property means ones own thing and refers to the relationship between individuals and the objects which they see as being their own to dispense with as they see fit. ... This article is about discrimination in the social science sense. ... President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. ...


There are two major political parties: the Republican Party and the Democratic Party. The Republicans are generally socially conservative and economically classical-liberals with some right-leaning centrists. The Democrats are generally socially liberal and economically progressive with some left-leaning centrists. Growing numbers of Americans identify with neither party—with some claiming the title Independent and others joining emerging parties, including the Green, Libertarian, and Reform parties. Except for a Democratic plurality in the Senate in 2001–2002[20], the Republican Party has held the majority in both houses of Congress since the 1994 elections; since 2001, the president has been George W. Bush, a Republican. This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Social conservatism is a belief in traditional or natural law-based morality and social mores and the desire to preserve these in present day society, often through civil law or regulation. ... Classical liberalism is a term used to describe the following: the philosophy developed by early liberals from the Enlightenment until John Stuart Mill the philosophy developed by early liberals from the Age of Enlightenment until John Stuart Mill and then revived in the 20th century by Friedrich von Hayek and... Progressivism is a political philosophy whose adherents promote public policies that they believe would lead to positive social change. ... In United States politics, the Green Party has been active as a third party since the 1980s. ... The Libertarian Party is a United States political party created in 1971. ... The Reform Party of the United States of America (abbreviated Reform Party USA or RPUSA) is a political party in the United States, founded by Ross Perot in 1995 who said Americans were disillusioned with the state of politics – as being corrupt and unable to deal with vital issues – and... The U.S. House election, 1994 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1994 which occurred in the middle of President Bill Clintons first term. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American businessman and politician, was elected in 2000 as the 43rd President of the United States of America, re-elected in 2004, and is currently serving his second term in that office. ...


Foreign relations and military

Main articles: Foreign relations of the United States and Military of the United States
President of the United States, George W. Bush (right) at Camp David in March 2003, hosting the British Prime Minister Tony Blair of the United Kingdom. Both countries have dominated world politics.
President of the United States, George W. Bush (right) at Camp David in March 2003, hosting the British Prime Minister Tony Blair of the United Kingdom. Both countries have dominated world politics.

The United States has large economic, political, and military influence on a global scale, which makes its foreign policy a subject of great interest and discussion around the world. Almost all countries have embassies in Washington, D.C., and consulates around the country. However, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, and Sudan do not have formal diplomatic relations with the United States.[21] The U.S. is a founding member of the United Nations (with a permanent seat on the Security Council), among many other international organizations. President of the United States, George W. Bush (right) at Camp David in March 2003, hosting the British Prime Minister Tony Blair. ... This article needs to be updated. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American businessman and politician, was elected in 2000 as the 43rd President of the United States of America, re-elected in 2004, and is currently serving his second term in that office. ... Main Lodge at Camp David during Nixon administration, February 9, 1971. ... In the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the head of government, exercising many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, First Lord of the Treasury, Minister for the Civil Service and Member of Parliament (MP) for Sedgefield. ... It has been suggested that United States, Chanceries of Foreign Governments be merged into this article or section. ... The title Consul has been used for official representatives of a state, outside its (metropolitan) territory, looking after its interests (a task normally largely transferred to the formal diplomacy) and, especially, those of its subjects, individuals as well as enterprises. ... United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is the organ of the United Nations charged with maintaining peace and security among nations. ... For the political science journal, see: International Organization An international organization (also called intergovernmental organization) is an organization of international scope or character. ...


In 1949, in an effort to contain communism during the Cold War, the U.S., Canada, and ten Western European nations formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, a mutual-defense alliance in which they have since been joined by 14 other European states—including Turkey, which straddles the Eurasian border, and some former Soviet states. In an example of realpolitik, the U.S. also established diplomatic relations with Communist countries that were antagonistic to the Soviet Union, like the People's Republic of China during the Sino-Soviet split. Recently, the foreign policy of the United States has focused on combating terrorism as well as the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Calls by an overwhelming majority of American citizens continue for increased border security against illegal immigration and the shipment of illegal narcotics, with their primary goal the protection of American interests and the safety of U.S. citizens around the world, against such threats as terrorist infiltration at the border with Mexico.[22] NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance or the Western Alliance, is an international organisation for collective security established in 1949, in support of the North Atlantic Treaty signed in Washington, DC, on 4 April 1949. ... Realpolitik (German: real (realistic, practical or actual) and Politik (politics)) is a term used to describe politics based on strictly practical rather than idealistic notions, and practiced without any sentimental illusions. ... The Sino-Soviet split was a major diplomatic conflict between the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), beginning in the late 1950s, reaching a peak in 1969 and continuing in various ways until the late 1980s. ... Weapons of mass destruction (WMD) generally include nuclear, biological, chemical (NBC) and, increasingly, radiological weapons. ... Illegal immigration refers to a immigration of people across national borders —in violation of the immigration laws of the country of destination. ... Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events...

Supercarriers like the USS Nimitz are a major component of the U.S. system of force projection.
Supercarriers like the USS Nimitz are a major component of the U.S. system of force projection.

The United States has a long-standing tradition of civilian control over military affairs. The Department of Defense administers the United States armed forces, which comprise the Army, the Air Force, and the Navy (including the Marine Corps). The Coast Guard falls under the jurisdiction of the Department of Homeland Security in peacetime, but is placed under the Department of the Navy in times of war. Image File history File links PD Navy photo of USS Nimitz (CVN-68) at sea near the Persian Gulf 12 Oct 1997, cropped from http://www. ... Image File history File links PD Navy photo of USS Nimitz (CVN-68) at sea near the Persian Gulf 12 Oct 1997, cropped from http://www. ... USS , a typical supercarrier, and HMS Illustrious, a light V/STOL aircraft carrier on a joint patrol. ... USS Nimitz (CVN-68) is a supercarrier in the United States Navy, the lead ship of its class. ... In military and diplomatic calculations, projection of force is the capacity, either implied, or demonstrated in practice, to exert control over distant theatres through military action. ... The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... The armed forces of a state are its government sponsored defense and fighting forces and organizations. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The United States Air Force (or USAF) is the aerospace branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... United States Marine Corps seal The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military, which along with the U.S. Navy, is under the United States Department of the Navy. ... Coast Guard Seal The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is a military branch of the United States involved in maritime law, mariner assistance and search and rescue, among other duties of any coast guard. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... Widely-recognized peace symbol Peace is commonly understood to mean the Other definitions include freedom from disputes, harmonious relations and the absence of mental stress or anxiety, as the meaning of the word changes with context. ... Seal The United States Department of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798, to provide administrative and technical support, and civilian leadership to the United States Navy. ... The United States detonated an atomic bomb over Nagasaki on August 9, 1945. ...


The military of the United States comprises 1.4 million personnel on active duty[23], along with several hundred thousand each in the Reserves and the National Guard. Service in the military is voluntary, though conscription may occur in times of war through the Selective Service System. The U.S. is considered to have the most powerful military in the world, in part due to the size of its defense budget; the American defense expenditures in 2005 was estimated to be greater than the next 14 largest national military budgets combined.[24] However, the U.S. military budget is only about 4% of the country's GDP[25] and, after the military build-up of World War II, has decreased after the winding down of the Cold War.[26] The U.S. military maintains over 700 bases and facilities on every continent except Antarctica.[27] Human Resources has at least two meanings depending on context. ... ActiveDuty. ... A reserve component of the United States military is an organization of servicemembers who generally perform a minimum of 39 days of military duty per year and who augment the active duty (or full time) military when necessary. ... Seal of the National Guard Bureau Seal of the Army National Guard Seal of the Air National Guard Seal of the National Guard Missile Defense The United States National Guard is a component of the United States Army (the Army National Guard) and the United States Air Force (the Air... The Selective Service System is the means by which the United States administers military conscription. ... The US military budget is that portion of the United States discretionary federal budget that is allocated for the funding of the Department of Defense. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, Poland, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8... The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ... The Military of the United States is deployed in many countries across the world, making it one of the most global militaries since the Roman Empire. ...


States and territories

Main article: Political divisions of the United States
Map of United States, showing state names.[28]
Map of United States, showing state names.[28]

The conterminous, or contiguous, forty-eight states—all the states but Alaska and Hawaii—are also called the continental United States. Some include Alaska in the "continental" states, because, although it is separated from the "lower forty-eight" by Canada, it is part of the North American mainland. All of these terms commonly include the District of Columbia. Hawaii, the fiftieth state, is an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean. The political units and divisions of the United States include: the fifty states, which units are typically divided into counties and townships, and incorporate cities, villages, towns, and other types of municipalities, and other autonomous or subordinate public authorities and institutions; and the federal state, which unit is the United... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_with_state_names. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_with_state_names. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,854 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,941 sq mi (28,337 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Depending on usage, the term continental United States can refer to either: the 48 contiguous states plus the District of Columbia; or the 48 contiguous states plus the District of Columbia and Alaska. ... ... An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ...


The United States also holds several other territories, districts, and possessions, notably the federal district of the District of Columbia—which contains the nation's capital city, Washington—and several overseas insular areas, the most significant of which are American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the United States Virgin Islands. Palmyra Atoll is the United States' only incorporated territory; but it is unorganized and uninhabited. In addition, since 1898, the United States Navy has leased an extensive naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... An incorporated territory of the United States is a specific area under the jurisdiction of the United States, over which the United States Congress has determined that the United States Constitution is to be applied to the territorys inhabitants in its entirety (e. ... The term unorganized territories has several connotations depending the exact usage and context. ... Map of Cuba with location of Guantánamo Bay indicated. ... For the body of water, see Guantánamo Bay, Cuba. ...


Ecology

Geography and climate

Main article: Geography of the United States
A satellite composite image of the contiguous U.S. Deciduous vegetation and grasslands prevail in the east, transitioning to prairies, boreal forests, and the Rocky Mountains in the west, and deserts in the southwest. In the northeast, the coasts of the Great Lakes and Atlantic seaboard host much of the country's population.
Enlarge
A satellite composite image of the contiguous U.S. Deciduous vegetation and grasslands prevail in the east, transitioning to prairies, boreal forests, and the Rocky Mountains in the west, and deserts in the southwest. In the northeast, the coasts of the Great Lakes and Atlantic seaboard host much of the country's population.
Mount Hood, an active volcano in the northwest.
Mount Hood, an active volcano in the northwest.

The United States is the world's third largest country by land area, after Russia and Canada.[29] It is bounded by the North Atlantic Ocean to the east, the North Pacific Ocean to the west, Mexico to the south, and Canada to the north. Alaska also borders Canada, with the Pacific Ocean to its south and the Arctic Ocean to its north. The island state of Hawaii is situated in the Pacific, southwest of the North American mainland. A satellite composite image of the contiguous United States. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1680x1050, 694 KB) Summary USA, satellite image composite Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1680x1050, 694 KB) Summary USA, satellite image composite Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Depending on usage, the term continental United States can refer to either: the 48 contiguous states plus the District of Columbia; or the 48 contiguous states plus the District of Columbia and Alaska. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... An Inner Mongolian Grassland. ... A prairie is an area of land of low topographic relief that principally supports grasses and herbs, with few trees, and is generally of a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. ... Boreal may refer to these: Northern from the eponymous Boreas, god of the North Wind in Greek mythology. ... White Goat Wilderness Area, Alberta, Canada View of the Rocky Mountains as depicted on the Colorado state quarter The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... Desert view in Saudi Arabia. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... Categories: US geography stubs ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1626, 2365 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Clackamas County, Oregon Mount Hood Wikipedia:Featured pictures visible Gallery of mountains User:Wahkeenah United States User talk:Howcheng Wikipedia:Featured pictures candidates/April-2006 Wikipedia:Wikipedia... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1626, 2365 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Clackamas County, Oregon Mount Hood Wikipedia:Featured pictures visible Gallery of mountains User:Wahkeenah United States User talk:Howcheng Wikipedia:Featured pictures candidates/April-2006 Wikipedia:Wikipedia... Mount Hood is an active stratovolcano in northern Oregon, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ...


The U.S. has an extremely varied geography, particularly in the West. The eastern seaboard has a coastal plain which is widest in the south and almost nonexistent in the north. Beyond the coastal plain, the rolling hills of the piedmont region end at the Appalachian Mountains which rise above 6,000 feet (1,830 m) in North Carolina and New Hampshire. From the west slope of the Appalachians, the Midwestern prairie is relatively flat and is the location of the Great Lakes as well as the Mississippi-Missouri River, the world's fourth longest river system.[30] West of the Mississippi River, the prairie slopes uphill and blends into the vast and oftentimes featureless Great Plains. The abrupt rise of the Rocky Mountains at the western edge of the great plains, extends the entire width of the continental U.S., reaching altitudes over 14,000 feet (4,270 m) in Colorado.[31] In the past, the Rocky Mountains had a higher level of volcanic activity; nowadays, the range only has one area of volcanism, Yellowstone National Park, possibly the world's largest volcano. Dozens of high mountain ranges, salt flats such as the Bonneville Salt Flats, and valleys are found in the Great Basin region located west of the Rockies and east of the Sierra Nevadas, which also has deep chasms, including the Snake River. At the southwestern end of the Great Basin, Death Valley lies below sea level and is the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere and is situated near the Mojave Desert. North of the Great Basin and east of the Cascades in the Northwest is the Columbia River Plateau, a large igneous province caused by one of the largest flood basalts ever to appear on Earth, it is marked by dark black rocks. Near the Four Corners region lies the Colorado Plateau, named after the Colorado River, which flows through it. The Plateau is generally high in elevation, has highly eroded sandstone, and is a blood red in some locations with many national parks, such as Arches, Bryce Canyon, Grand Canyon, and Zion. Immediately to the east of the continental Pacific Coast, the Sierra Nevada mountain range has Mount Whitney, the highest peak in the continental U.S. Along the Pacific coast, the Coast Ranges and the volcanic Cascade Range extend across the width of the country. Alaska has numerous mountain ranges, including Mount McKinley (Denali), the highest peak in North America. Numerous volcanoes can be found throughout the Alexander and Aleutian Islands extending south and west of the Alaskan mainland. The Hawaiian islands are tropical, volcanic islands extending over 1,500 miles (2,400 km), and consisting of six larger islands and another dozen smaller ones that are inhabited. In geography, a coastal plain is an area of flat, low-lying land adjacent to a seacoast and separated from the interior by other features. ... The James River winds its way among piedmont hills in central Virginia. ... A rainy day in the Great Smoky Mountains, Western North Carolina The Appalachian Mountains (French: les Appalaches) are a vast system of North American mountains, partly in Canada, but mostly in the United States, forming a zone, from 100 to 300 miles wide, running from Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, 1... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre (in the U.S., chiefly meter) is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 500 miles (805 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Area  Ranked 46th  - Total 9,359 sq. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Prairie refers to an area of land in North America of low topographic relief that principally supports grasses and herbs, with few trees, and is generally of a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... The Mississippi River, derived from the old Ojibwe word misi-ziibi meaning great river (gichi-ziibi big river at its headwaters), is the second-longest river in the United States; the longest is the Missouri River, which flows into the Mississippi. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... The Great Plains is the broad expanse of prairie which lies east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States of America and Canada, covering all or parts of the U.S. states of New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Montana, South Dakota and North Dakota and the... White Goat Wilderness Area, Alberta, Canada View of the Rocky Mountains as depicted on the Colorado state quarter The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... For the next-generation airliner series from Boeing, see Boeing Yellowstone Project. ... Bonneville Salt Flats The Bonneville Salt Flats are a 121 km² (47 mi²) salt flat in northwestern Utah. ... Drainage map showing the Great Basin in orange The Great Basin is a large, arid region of the western United States, commonly defined as the contiguous watershed region, roughly between the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada, that has no natural outlet to the sea. ... This article is about the Snake River in the northwestern United States. ... Death Valley and Panamint Range Death Valley is a valley in California that is located southeast of the Sierra Nevada range in the Great Basin and the Mojave Desert, comprising much of Death Valley National Park. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ... Looking across from Emigrant Pass towards the Kingston Range in the eastern Mojave. ... The Washington towns of Spokane, Vantage, Yakima and Pasco, and the Oregon town of Pendleton, lie on the Columbia River Plateau. ... A flood basalt is a giant volcanic eruption that coats large stretches of land with basalt lava. ... Hello i am from outer space we great you today. ... The Colorado Plateau, also called the Colorado Plateaus Province, is a physiographic region of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region of the southwestern United States. ... The Colorado River from the bottom of Marble Canyon, in the Upper Grand Canyon Colorado River in the Grand Canyon from Desert View The Colorado River is a river in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, approximately 1,450 mi (2,330 km) long, draining a part of the... Arches National Park preserves over 2,000 natural sandstone arches, including the world-famous Delicate Arch, in addition to a variety of unique geological resources and formations. ... Bryce Canyon National Park is a national park located in southwestern Utah in the United States. ... For other Grand Canyons see Grand Canyon (disambiguation). ... Zion National Park is a United States National Park located near Springdale, Utah in the Southwestern United States. ... The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range that is almost entirely in eastern California. ... Mount Whitney is the highest point in the contiguous United States. ... The Pacific Coast Ranges are the series of mountain ranges that stretch along west coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico. ... Smoking Bromo and Semeru (background) volcanoes on Java in Indonesia. ... Mount Adams in Washington The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanoes called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... Denali redirects here. ... A MODIS photograph of the Alexander Archipelago The Alexander Archipelago is an archipelago, or group of islands, off the southeast coast of Alaska. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... Map of the Hawaiian Islands, a chain of islands that stretches 2,400 km in a northwesterly direction from the southern tip of the Island of Hawai‘i. ... A mile is any of a number of units of distance, each in the magnitude of 1–10 km. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ...

Wasatch Range, in Utah, part of the Rocky Mountains, next to the Great Salt Lake. Mark Twain described the two as America's Great Wall and Dead Sea.
Wasatch Range, in Utah, part of the Rocky Mountains, next to the Great Salt Lake. Mark Twain described the two as America's Great Wall and Dead Sea.

The climate of the U.S. is as varied as its landscape. In northern Alaska, tundra and arctic conditions predominate, and the temperature has fallen as low as minus 80 °F (−62 °C).[32] On the other end of the spectrum, Death Valley, California once reached 134 °F (56.7 °C); the second-highest temperature ever recorded on Earth.[33] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1981x427, 671 KB) Summary i took it Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Rocky Mountains Utah Wasatch Range ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1981x427, 671 KB) Summary i took it Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Rocky Mountains Utah Wasatch Range ... Wasatch Mountains from space. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,876 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... Satellite Photo of the Great Salt Lake as it looked in the summer of 2003 The Great Salt Lake as seen looking north towards Antelope Island from Sunset Beach Great Salt Lake from airspace over Salt Lake City Great Salt Lake is an endorheic saline lake in northern Utah, much... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American humorist, novelist, writer, and lecturer. ... Great Wall can refer to several things: Great Wall of China Great Wall of Galaxies, part of the Coma Cluster This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Dead Sea (Hebrew: ) (Arabic: ‎) is on the border between the West Bank, Israel, and Jordan on the Jordan Rift Valley. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... A thermometric scale whose name is synonymous with the Celsius scale. ... Death Valley National Park is a mostly arid National Park located east of the Sierra Nevada mountain range in Inyo County, California, USA with a small section extending into Nevada. ...


On average, the mountains of the western states receive the most snow and are one of the snowiest places on Earth. The greatest annual snowfall level is at Mount Rainier, in Washington, at 680 inches (1,727.2 cm); the record there was 1,122 inches (2849.8 cm) in the winter of 1971–1972. Other places with significant snowfall outside the Cascade Range are the Wasatch Mountains, near the Great Salt Lake, and the Sierra Nevadas, near Lake Tahoe. In the east, while snowfall does not approach western levels, the region near the Great Lakes and the mountains of the northeast receive the most. Along the northwestern Pacific coast, rainfall is greater than anywhere else in the continental U.S., with Quinault Ranger in Washington having an average of 137.21 inches.[34] Hawaii receives even more, with 460 inches measured annually on Mount Waialeale, in Kauai. The Mojave Desert, in the southwest, is home to the driest locale in the U.S.—Yuma Valley, Arizona, with an average of 2.63 inches of precipitation each year.[35] Mount Rainier from space Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... Mount Adams in Washington The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanoes called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ... The Wasatch Range (also seen as Wasatch Mountains and Wahsatch Range) is a mountain range that stretches from southern Idaho and Wyoming south through central Utah in the Western United States. ... Lake Tahoe Emerald Bay State Park Lake Tahoe is a freshwater lake in the Sierra Nevada, on the border between the U.S. states of California and Nevada, near Carson City. ... Mount Wai‘ale‘ale (Hawaiian for rippling waters), elevation 5,208 ft (1,578 m), is the second highest point on the island of Kaua‘i in the Hawaiian Islands. ... Kauai (usually called Kauai outside the Hawaiian Islands) is the oldest and fourth largest of the main Hawaiian Islands, having an area of 1,446 km² . Known also as the Garden Isle, Kauai lies 105 miles (170 kilometers) across the Kauai Channel, northwest of Oahu. ... Looking across from Emigrant Pass towards the Kingston Range in the eastern Mojave. ...


In central portions of the U.S., tornadoes are more common than anywhere else on Earth[36] and touch down most commonly in the spring and summer. Deadly and destructive hurricanes occur almost every year along the Atlantic seaboard and the Gulf of Mexico. The Appalachian region and the Midwest experience the worst floods, though virtually no area in the U.S. is immune to flooding. The Southwest has the worst droughts; one is thought to have lasted over 500 years and to have decimated the Anasazi people.[37] Union City, Oklahoma tornado (1973) A tornado is a violently rotating column of air which is in contact with both a cumulonimbus (or, in rare cases, cumulus) cloud base and the surface of the earth. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Ancient Pueblo People, or Ancestral Puebloans is the preferred term for the group of peoples often known as Anasazi who are the ancestors of the modern Pueblo peoples. ...


Flora and fauna

The Bald Eagle is on the Great Seal of the United States. Protection of this once endangered species has helped save it from extinction.
The Bald Eagle is on the Great Seal of the United States. Protection of this once endangered species has helped save it from extinction.

The U.S. has over 17,000 identified native plant and tree species, including 5,000 just in California (which is home to both the tallest and the most massive trees in the world).[38] With habitats ranging from tropical to arctic, the flora of the U.S. is the most diverse of any country; yet, thousands of non-native exotic species sometimes adversely affect indigenous plant and animal communities. Over 400 species of mammal, 700 species of bird, 500 species of reptile and amphibian, and 90,000 species of insect have been documented.[39] Many plants and animals are very localized in their distribution, and some are in danger of extinction. The U.S. passed the Endangered Species Act in 1973, to protect native plant and animal species and their habitats. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (611x762, 47 KB) This image was copied from wikipedia:de. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (611x762, 47 KB) This image was copied from wikipedia:de. ... Binomial name Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), also known as the American Eagle, is a bird of prey originating in North America, most recognizable as the national bird of the United States. ... Obverse The Great Seal of the United States is used to authenticate certain documents issued by the United States government. ... Sweet clover (Melilotus sp. ... The Endangered Species Act (7 U.S.C. 136; 16 U.S.C. 460 et seq. ...


Conservation has a long history in the U.S.; in 1872, the world's first National Park was established, at Yellowstone. Another 57 national parks and hundreds of other federally managed parks and forests have since been designated.[40] In some parts of the country, wilderness areas have been established to ensure long-term protection of pristine habitats. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service monitors endangered and threatened species and has set aside numerous areas for species- and habitat-preservation. Altogether, the U.S. government owns 1,020,779 square miles (2,643,807 km²) which is 28.8% of the total land area of the U.S.[41] The bulk of this land is protected park and forestland; but some is leased for oil and gas exploration, mining, and cattle ranching. Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales A national park is a reserve of land, usually owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... For the next-generation airliner series from Boeing, see Boeing Yellowstone Project. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... The endangered Sea Otter An endangered species is a population of organisms (usually a taxonomic species), which is either (a) so few in number or (b) threatened by changing environmental or predation parameters that it is at risk of becoming extinct. ... Threatened species refers to animal and plant species under a serious, but perhaps not imminent, threat of extinction. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ) or crude oil is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... Chuquicamata, the largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ...


Economy

Main articles: Economy of the United States, Science and technology in the United States, Household income in the United States and Transportation in the United States

The economic history of the United States has its roots in the marginally successful colonial economies that progressed to the largest industrial nation in the world by the turn of the 20th Century. The United States has the largest and one of the most technologically advanced national economies in the world, with a GDP of 13. ... The United States came into being during the Age of Enlightenment (circa 1680 to 1800), a period in which writers and thinkers rejected the superstitions of the past. ... The median household income in 2003 according to the US Census Bureau was determined to be $43,389 a year. ... Because the automobile industry took off very early in the United States (when compared to other Western nations), much of the development of U.S. urban areas reflects the personal mobility enjoyed by a large portion of the U.S. population. ... The economic history of the United States has its roots in the quest of European settlers for economic gain in the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries. ...

Wall Street, in New York City, represents the status of the U.S. as a major global financial power.
Wall Street, in New York City, represents the status of the U.S. as a major global financial power.

The economic system of the United States can be described as a capitalist-mixed economy, in which corporations and other private firms make the majority of microeconomic decisions, and governments prefer to take a smaller role in the domestic economy, although the combined role of all levels of government is relatively large, at 36% of the GDP. The U.S. has a small social safety net, and regulation of businesses is slightly below the average of developed countries.[42] The United States' median household income in 2005 was $43,318.[43] ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 431 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Wall Street ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 431 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Wall Street ... View up Wall Street from Pearl Street NYSE and Broad Street view from Wall Street Wall Street is the name of a narrow street in lower Manhattan running east from Broadway downhill to the East River. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... In economics, a capitalist is someone who owns capital, presumably within the economic system of capitalism. ... A mixed economy is an economy that contains both private and public, or state owned (or controlled) enterprises. ... A corporation is a legal person which, while being composed of natural persons, exists completely separately from them. ... Microeconomics is the study of the economic behaviour of individual consumers, firms, and industries and the distribution of production and income among them. ... The social safety net is a term used to describe a collection of services provided by the state (such as welfare, universal healthcare, homeless shelters, and perhaps various subsidized services such as transit), which prevent any individual from falling into poverty beyond a certain level. ... This is a list of companies from the United States: #Current companies #Former companies, including acquired and merged ones #By industry #By location #See also Current companies Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S... The median household income in 2003 according to the US Census Bureau was determined to be $43,389 a year. ...


Economic activity varies greatly across the country. For example, New York City is a center of financial, publishing, broadcasting, and advertising industries, while Los Angeles is the most important center for film and television production. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Pacific Northwest are major centers for technology. The Midwest is known for its reliance on manufacturing and heavy industry, with Detroit serving as the center of the American automotive industry, and Chicago serving as the business and financial capital of the region. The Southeast is a major area for medical research, tourism, and the lumber industry. Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... Finance studies and addresses the ways in which individuals, businesses and organizations raise, allocate and use monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects. ... This article is concerned with the production of books, magazines, and other literary material (whether in printed or electronic formats). ... individually-donated time and energy direct government payments or operation indirect government payments, such as radio and television licenses grants from foundations or business entities selling advertising or sponsorship public subscription or membership fees charged to all owners of TV sets or radios, regardless of whether they intend to receive... Advertising, generally speaking, is the promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas, usually performed by an identified sponsor. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Darker red states are always considered part of the Pacific Northwest. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... Automakers are companies that produce automobiles. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... Southeast is the ordinal direction halfway between south and east. ... Medical research is research conducted to aid the body of knowledge in the field of medicine. ... El Nido, Philippines Tourism is the act of travel for the purpose of recreation and business, and the provision of services for this act. ... Lumber is the name used, generally in North America, for wood that has been cut into boards or other shapes for the purpose of woodworking or construction. ...

A farm near Klingerstown, Pennsylvania. Farming is a major contributor to the American economy.

The largest sector in the United States economy is service, which employs roughly three quarters of the work force.[44] The economy is fueled by an abundance in natural resources such as coal, petroleum, and precious metals. However, the country still depends for much of its energy on foreign countries. In agriculture, the country is a top producer of corn, soy beans, rice, and wheat, with the Great Plains labeled as the "breadbasket of the world" for their tremendous agricultural output.[45] The U.S. has a large tourist industry, ranking third in the world,[46] and is also a major exporter in goods such as automobiles, airplanes, steel, weapons, and electronics. Canada accounts for 19% (more than any other nation) of the United States' foreign trade, followed by China, Mexico, and Japan. Image Number K5052-5 Farming near Klingerstown, Pennsylvania. ... Image Number K5052-5 Farming near Klingerstown, Pennsylvania. ... Farming near Klingerstown, Pennsylvania. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... The service sector or the service industry, is one of the three main industrial categories of a developed economy, the others being the secondary industry (manufacturing and primary goods production such as agriculture), and primary industry (extraction such as mining and fishing). ... Coal (previously referred to as pitcoal or seacoal) is a fossil fuel extracted from the ground by underground mining or open-pit mining (surface mining). ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Petroleum (from Greek petra – rock and elaion – oil or Latin oleum – oil ) or crude oil is a thick, dark brown or greenish liquid. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Noble metal. ... Binomial name Zea mays L. Maize (Zea mays ssp. ... Binomial name Glycine max Merr. ... Species Oryza glaberrima Oryza sativa Rice refers to two species (Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima) of grass, native to tropical and subtropical southeastern Asia and to Africa, which together provide more than one fifth of the calories consumed by humans[1]. Rice is an annual plant, growing to 1-1. ... Species T. boeoticum T. compactum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat (Triticum spp. ... The Great Plains is the broad expanse of prairie which lies east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States of America and Canada, covering all or parts of the U.S. states of New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Montana, South Dakota and North Dakota and the... A good in economics is any physical object (natural or man-made) or service that, upon consumption, increases utility, and therefore can be sold at a price in a market. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An Air France Boeing 777, a modern passenger jet. ... The old steel cable of a colliery winding tower Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ... A weapon is a tool used to kill or incapacitate a person or animal, or destroy a military target. ... The field of electronics is the study and use of systems that operate by controlling the flow of electrons (or other charge carriers) in devices such as thermionic valves and semiconductors. ...


While the per capita income of the United States is among the highest in the world, the wealth is comparatively concentrated, with approximately 40% of the population being worse off than most of western Europe and the top 20% being substantially richer.[47] The social mobility of the U.S. is a subject of much debate. Since 1975, it has been characterizeable as a "two-tier" labor market, in which most income gains have gone to the top 20% of households.[48] A common understanding of Western Europe in modern times. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


This observation does, however, ignore the fact that the American economic strata are in a constant state of flux. Those who argue in favor of American social mobility may point out that, in the absence of a class-based system, as exists in many other countries (including highly-industrialized ones), social mobility in the United States is relatively high. The abovementioned bottom 40%, it can be argued, heavily consists of new immigrants and young, newly independent individuals. The household incomes of these demographic groups are statistically lower, but eventually increase with education and practical experience. The population size of these groups is maintained through immigration and aging.

The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a manned mission to space.
The Space Shuttle Columbia takes off on a manned mission to space.

The United States is an influential country in scientific and technological research and the production of innovative technological products. During World War II, the U.S. was the first to develop the atomic bomb, ushering in the atomic age. During the beginnings of the Cold War, the U.S. began successes in space science and technology, leading to a space race, which led to rapid advances in rocketry, weaponry, material science, computers, and many other areas, culminating the first visit of a man to the moon, when Neil Armstrong stepped off of Apollo 11 in July 1969.[49] The U.S. also funded the development of the Internet. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x813, 126 KB)Launching of the NASA Space Shuttle Columbia on STS-1 in April 1981. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (700x813, 126 KB)Launching of the NASA Space Shuttle Columbia on STS-1 in April 1981. ... The Space Shuttle Columbia seconds after engine ignition, 1981 (NASA). ... Technologies or gadgets that are either developed or significantly advanced in the United States. ... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, Poland, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the epicenter. ... The Atomic Age was a phrase used for a time in the 1950s in which it was believed that all power sources in the future would be atomic in nature. ... The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their military alliance partners. ... For other uses, see Space Race (disambiguation). ... A rocket is a vehicle, missile or aircraft which obtains thrust by the reaction to the ejection of fast moving exhaust from within a rocket engine. ... A weapon is a tool used to kill or incapacitate a person or animal, or destroy a military target. ... Materials science includes those parts of chemistry and physics that deal with the properties of materials. ... The tower of a personal computer. ... Neil Alden Armstrong (born August 5, 1930) is a former American astronaut, test pilot, and naval aviator famous as the first human ever to set foot on the Moon. ... Apollo 11 was the fifth human spaceflight of the Apollo program, the third human voyage to the moon, and the first manned mission to land on the Moon. ...


In the sciences, Americans have a large share of Nobel Prizes, especially in the fields of physiology and medicine. The National Institutes of Health, a focal point for biomedical research in the United States, has contributed to the completion of the Human Genome Project.[50] The main governmental organization for aviation and space research is the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Major corporations, such as Boeing and Lockheed Martin, also play an important role. The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. ... Physiology (in Greek physis = nature and logos = word) is the study of the mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions of living organisms. ... This article is about the field of medical practice and health care. ... The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for medical research. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... First flight, December 17, 1903 Aviation or air transport refers to the activities surrounding human flight and the aircraft industry. ... NASA Logo Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-09-01, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is the world’s largest aircraft manufacturer. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ...


The automobile industry took off early in the United States in comparison with other countries, and much of the nation's transportation development has been centered on the construction of a network of high-capacity highways. From data taken in 2004, there are about 3,981,521 miles (6,407,637 km) of roadways in the U.S., the most in the world.[51] Highway in Pennsylvania, USA A highway is a major road designed for automobile travel that connects cities, places, other highways, or other significant points of interest. ... A mile is any of a number of units of distance, each in the magnitude of 1–10 km. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ...


Despite the popularity of cars, mass transit systems are also available in large cities, such as New York, which operates one of the busiest subway systems in the world. Whereas the freight rail network is one of the best—but also one of the most congested—in the world, the passenger rail network may be considered underdeveloped by European and Japanese standards. The U.S. has more miles of rail than any other nation on Earth.[52] In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ... A cycle rickshaw at rest in Manhattan. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Air travel is the preferred means of travel for long distances, the busiest airport being Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (as well as being the busiest airport in the world), followed closely by O'Hare International Airport in Chicago. There are also several major seaports in the United States, with the three busiest being the Port of Los Angeles, the Port of Long Beach, and the Port of New York and New Jersey, all three among the world's busiest ports. This article refers to the tool of travel. ... Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL) is located in the Atlanta, Georgia, USA metropolitan area, and is the second busiest airport in the world behind Chicagos OHare, in terms of the number of flights and is the busiest in terms of passengers transfered[1]. (As... The cachet of being known as the Worlds busiest airport is fiercely fought over by the owners of the worlds largest airports. ... ORD redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location Location in Chicagoland and northern Illinois Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Illinois Cook, DuPage Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 606. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... General Information Founded December 9, 1907 Coordinates  - Latitude  - Longitude 33º4239 N 118º1459 W Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 7500 acres 4200 acres 3300 acres Available Berths 270 Vessel Arrivals 2,813 (FY 2004) Annual container volume 7. ... The Port of Long Beach is the second busiest seaport in the United States and the tenth busiest port in the world. ... The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is a bi-state agency (operated pursuant to an interstate compact) that runs most of the regional transportation infrastructure including the bridges, tunnels, airports and seaports within the New York-New Jersey Port District. ... The worlds busiest port is contested by several ports around the world, as there is as yet no standardised means of evaluating port performance and traffic. ...


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of the United States
2000 Population Density Map
2000 Population Density Map

As of June 2006, there are an estimated 298,967,801 people in the United States, with a population growth rate of about 0.59%.[53] According to Census 2000, about 79 percent of the population lives in urban areas,[54] and the country has 31 ethnic groups with at least one million members each, with numerous others represented in smaller amounts.[55] Population of the United States, 1790 to 2000 The demographics of the United States depict a largely urban nation, with 75% of its population living in urban and suburban areas. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x766, 116 KB) Summary United States population density map based on Census 2000 data. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x766, 116 KB) Summary United States population density map based on Census 2000 data. ... The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


The majority of Americans (67.4% in 2004)[56] are the descendants of white European immigrants. Ancestors of most of this majority, which has been declining since the 1960s (when it peaked at about 90% of the total), were of nationalities sometimes called the Big Three: English, German, and Irish.[57] If current immigration trends continue, the number of non-Hispanic whites is expected to be reduced to a plurality by 2040-2050. The largest ethnic group of European ancestry is German at 15.2 percent, followed by Irish (10.8%), English (8.7%), Italian (5.6%) and Scandinavian (3.7%). Many immigrants also hail from Slavic countries, such as Poland and Russia, as well as from French Canada.[58] African Americans, or Blacks, largely descend from Africans who arrived as slaves during the seventeenth through ninteenth centuries, and number about 35 million or 12.9% of the population. At about 1.5% of the total population, Native Americans and Alaska Natives number about 4.4 million[59], approximately 35% of whom were living on reservations in 2005[60]. World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... The Statue of Liberty was a common sight to many immigrants who entered the United States through Ellis Island Immigration to the United States of America is the act of immigrating, or moving, to territory within the United States culture and government. ... A plurality (or relative majority) is the largest share of something, which may or may not be a majority. ... This article is about the English as an ethnic group. ... Scandinavia is a region in Northern Europe named after the Scandinavian Peninsula. ... The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... An Atsina named Assiniboin Boy Photo by Edward S. Curtis. ... Alaskan Natives are Aboriginal Americans who live in Alaska. ... BIA map of Indian reservations in the continental United States. ...


Current demographic trends include the immigration of Hispanics from Latin America into the Southwest, a region that is home to about 60 percent of the 35 million Hispanics in the United States. Immigrants from Mexico make up about 66 percent of the Hispanic community,[61] are second only to the German-descent population in the single-ethnic category. The Hispanic population, which has been growing at an annual rate of about 4.46 percent since the 1990s, is expected to increase significantly in the coming decades, because of both immigration and a higher birth rate among Latinos than among the general population.[62] According to the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the population of the United States will reach 300 million people in October 2006.[63] Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The Southwest region of the United States is drier than the adjoining Midwest in weather; the population is less dense and, with strong Spanish-American and Native American components, more ethnically varied than neighboring areas. ...


The United States has dozens of major cities, which play an important role in U.S. culture, heritage, and economy. In 2004, 251 incorporated places had populations of at least 100,000 and nine had populations greater than 1,000,000, including several important global cities, such as New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago. In addition, there are fifty metropolitan areas with populations over 1,000,000. This is a list of the 100 largest incorporated cities in the United States (including Puerto Rico), based on the United States Census Bureaus 2004 population estimates. ... An incorporated place, as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau, is a type of governmental unit incorporated under state law as a city, town (except the New England states, New York, and Wisconsin), borough (except in Alaska and New York), or village and having legally prescribed limits, powers, and... A global city and world city, or world-class city, is a city that has a direct and tangible effect on global affairs through socioeconomic, cultural, and/or political means. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... The following is a list (by population) of all Metropolitan Statistical Areas as defined by the United States Census Bureau. ...


Language

Main article: Languages in the United States

Although the United States has no official language, English is the de facto national language. In 2003, approximately 214.8 million, or 81.6%, of the population aged five years and older spoke only English at home.[1] Although not all Americans speak English, it is the most common language for daily interaction among both native and non-native speakers. Despite the lack of a nationwide official language, knowledge of English is required of immigrants seeking naturalization. Some Americans advocate making English the official language, which it is in twenty-seven individual states. Three states also recognize other languages along with English: French in Louisiana, Hawaiian in Hawaii, and Spanish in New Mexico.[64] Besides English, languages spoken at home by at least one million Americans aged five years and up are Spanish or Spanish Creole, spoken by 29.7 million; Chinese (mostly Mandarin), 2.2 million; French (including Patois and Cajun), 1.4 million; Tagalog, 1.3 million; Vietnamese, 1.1 million; and German, 1.1 million.[57][2] // Although the United States currently has no official language, it is largely monolingual with English being the de facto national language. ... American English (AmE) is the dialect of the English language used mostly in the United States of America. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Naturalization is the act whereby a person voluntarily and actively acquires a nationality which is not his or her nationality at birth. ... An official language is a language that is given a privileged legal status in a state, or other legally-defined territory. ... Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,941 sq mi (28,337 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Official language(s) None Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq. ... A number of Creole languages are based on the Spanish language. ... Mandarin, or Beifanghua (Chinese: 北方話; Pinyin: BÄ›ifānghuà; literally Northern Dialect(s)), or Guanhua (Traditional Chinese: 官話; Simplified Chinese: 官话; Pinyin: Guānhuà; literally official speech) is a category of related Chinese dialects spoken across most of northern and southwestern China. ... Patois, although without a formal definition in linguistics, can be used to describe a language considered as nonstandard. ... This article is about an ethnic culture. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


Religion

Pisgah Baptist Church in Four Oaks, North Carolina. The Bible Belt is well known for its large devout Christian population.
Pisgah Baptist Church in Four Oaks, North Carolina. The Bible Belt is well known for its large devout Christian population.
Main article: Religion in the United States

The United States government keeps no official register of Americans' religious status. However, in a private survey conducted in 2001 and mentioned in the Census Bureau's Statistical Abstract of the U.S., 76.7% of American adults identified themselves as Christian; about 52% of adults described themselves as members of various Protestant denominations; Roman Catholics, at 24.5%, were the most populous individual sect; the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (1.3%), Judaism (1.4%), and other religions also have firm places in American culture; about 14.2% of respondents described themselves as having no religion; the religious distribution of the 5.4% who elected not to describe themselves for the survey is unknown.[53] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 1304 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: United States Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 1304 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: United States Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 500 miles (805 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 9. ... The approximate extent of the Bible Belt, indicated in red A Bible Belt is an area in which Christian Evangelical Protestantism is a pervasive or dominant part of the culture. ... Despite official separation of church and state, many churches in the U.S. take strong stances on political subjects. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus, whom they regard as a/the Christ. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ... This article describes the Jewish religion; for a consideration of ethnic, historic, and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity refer to the article Jew. ...


The country has a relatively high level of religiosity among developed nations. About 46 percent of American adults say that they attend religious services at least once a week, compared with 14 percent of adults in Great Britain, 8 percent in France, and 7 percent in Sweden. Moreover, 58 percent of Americans say they often think about the meaning and purpose of life, compared with 25 percent of the British, 26 percent of the Japanese, and 31 percent of West Germans.[65] However, this rate is not uniform across the country as regular attendance is markedly more common in the Bible Belt, composed largely of Southern and Southern Midwestern states, than in the Northeast or the western United States.[66] The approximate extent of the Bible Belt, indicated in red A Bible Belt is an area in which Christian Evangelical Protestantism is a pervasive or dominant part of the culture. ... The U.S. Southern states or the South, also known colloquially as Dixie, constitute a distinctive region covering a large portion of the United States, with its own unique heritage, historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Regional definitions vary The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. ... If you have been redirected here after viewing any statistical information, note that as defined by the Census Bureau, the western United States includes 13 states: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, New Mexico, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. ...


The fastest growing group are those that claim no religion, representing 8% of the population in 1990 and 14% in 2001. The number of those with no religion vary wildly from region to region reaching a high in Washington at 25% and the rest of the relatively agnostic western United States and a low in North Dakota at 3%, followed shortly by the Bible Belt.[67] In the U.S. women are generally more religious than men, at 42% and 31%, respectively, and younger Americans are more secular than their older counterparts, at 14% and 7%, respectively. Among racial and ethnic groups blacks are the most religious while Asians are the least, at 49% and 28%, respectively.[68] List of the continental U.S. states and Washington D.C. by percentage of population claiming no religion. ... The term agnosticism and the related agnostic were coined by Thomas Henry Huxley in 1869. ... For general discussion of dark-skinned people, see Black people. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Asian people. ...


Education

Main article: Education in the United States

Education in the United States has been a state or local, not federal, responsibility. However, the Department of Education of the federal government exerts some influence through its ability to control funding. Students are generally obliged to attend mandatory schooling in public schools starting with kindergarten, and ending with the 12th grade, which is normally completed at age 18, but many states may allow students to drop out at the age of 16. Besides public schools, parents may also choose to educate their own children at home or to send their children to parochial or private schools. After high school, students may choose to attend universities, either public or private. Public universities receive funding from the federal and state governments, as well as other sources, but most students still have to pay student loans after graduation. Tuition at private universities is generally much higher than at public universities. Educational oversight Secretary Deputy Secretary U.S. Department of Education Margaret Spellings Eugene W. Hickok National education budget $69. ... The United States Department of Education (also known as ED) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government. ... The term public school has different (and in some cases contradictory) meanings due to regional differences. ... A kindergarten in Afghanistan. ... The term public school has different (and in some cases contradictory) meanings due to regional differences. ... Thomas Edison attended compulsory school for only three months, after which he was taught at home by his mother and a tutor. ... A parochial school (or faith school) is a type of private school which engages in religious education in addition to conventional education. ... Private schools, or independent schools, are schools not administered by local or national government, which retain the right to select their student body and are funded in whole or in part by charging their students tuition rather than with public (state) funds. ... Lists of high schools in the United States by state or territory: Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Los Angeles County Orange County San Diego County Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. ...

America's 19 World Heritage Sites include the University of Virginia, one of many highly regarded public universities supported by taxpayers at the state level of government.
America's 19 World Heritage Sites include the University of Virginia, one of many highly regarded public universities supported by taxpayers at the state level of government.

There are many competitive institutions of higher education in the United States, both private and public. The United States has 168 universities in the world's top 500, 17 of which are in the top 20.[69] There are also many smaller universities and liberal arts colleges, and local community colleges of varying quality across the country with open admission policies. Image File history File links RotundaII.jpg Summary The Rotunda at the University of Virginia. ... Image File history File links RotundaII.jpg Summary The Rotunda at the University of Virginia. ... Site #86: Memphis and its Necropolis, including the Pyramids of Giza (Egypt). ... Mascot Cavalier Website www. ... This List of colleges and universities in the United States includes colleges and universities in the U.S. that grant four-year baccalaureate and/or post-graduate masters and doctorate degrees. ... In the history of education, the seven liberal arts comprise two groups of studies, the trivium and the quadrivium. ... In Canada and the United States, a community college, sometimes called a county college, a junior college or a city college, is an educational institution providing post-secondary education and lower-level tertiary education, granting certificates, diplomas, and Associates degrees. ...


The United States has a low literacy rate as compared to other developed countries, with a reading literacy rate at 86-98% of the population over age 15,[70] while ranking below average in science and mathematics.[71] Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ...


Health

Main article: Health care in the United States

The World Health Organization ranks the United States' health level 72nd among the world's nations.[72] Infant mortality is 5 per 1,000; among developed nations, only Latvia ranks worse, at 6 per 1,000. [73] Obesity is also a public-health problem, which is estimated to cost tens of billions of dollars every year.[74] Health care in the United States is provided by many separate legal entities. ... Flag of World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations, acting as a coordinating authority on international public health, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. ... For early system failures, see failure rate. ... Public health is concerned with threats to the overall health of a community based on population health analysis. ...


Unlike most Western governments, the U.S. government does not guarantee publicly funded health care to its citizens, leading to a notably high number of people suffering from lack of proper healthcare. Private charities and insurance play a huge role in covering health care costs. Health insurance in the United States is traditionally a benefit of employment, which is mandated by law in many cases. Also, emergency care facilities are required to provide service regardless of the patient's ability to pay. Medical bills are overwhelmingly the most common reason for personal bankruptcy in the United States.[75] However, the country spends a notable amount on research through such federal agencies as the National Institutes of Health.[76] This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for medical research. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of the United States
American cultural icons, such as apple pie, baseball, and the American flag.
American cultural icons, such as apple pie, baseball, and the American flag.

The culture of the United States is rooted in its origin as British colonies, but has been strongly influenced by subsequent waves of immigration, first from Europe and Africa and later from all over the world. Overall, the most significant culural influences came from northern Europe, especially from the German, English and Irish cultures.[57] This article serves as an overview of the customs and culture of the United States; for the popular (pop) culture of the United States, see arts and entertainment in the United States. ... http://www. ... http://www. ... In cooking, an apple pie is a fruit cake in which the principal filling ingredient is apples. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... National flag and ensign. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ... The culture of England is sometimes difficult to separate clearly from the culture of the United Kingdom, so influential has English culture been on the cultures of the British Isles and, on the other hand, given the extent to which other cultures have influenced life in England. ...


One model of American culture has been that of being a melting pot in which immigrants eventually assimilate into American culture bringing contributions from their culture but ultimately adopting a unified American culture. A more recently proposed model is that of the salad bowl in which immigrant cultures retain at least some of the unique characteristics of their culture without merging into the overall American culture.[77] Modern sociologists tend to view pluralism, rather than assimilation, as a goal for American society, largely disregarding the idea of the melting pot.[57] Alternate meaning: crucible (science) The melting pot is a metaphor for the way in which heterogenous societies develop, in which the ingredients in the pot (iron, tin; people of different backgrounds and religions, etc. ... The salad bowl is the idea that the U.S. is not a melting pot but a salad bowl. ...


A key component of American culture is the American Dream, a faith, held by many in the United States, that, through hard work, courage, and self-determination, regardless of social class, a person can gain a better life.[78] This belief is rooted in the belief that the country is a "city upon a hill, a light unto the nations,"[79] which were values held by many early European settlers and maintained by subsequent generations. Historical American flags in Washington, DC: the Betsy Ross flag hangs on both ends and the classic Old Glory is to each side of the current 50 state version. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... City upon a hill is the phrase often used to refer to John Winthrops famous sermon, A Model of Christian Charity,, of 1630, based on Matthew 5:14 (You are the light of the world. ...


American cuisine, embraces native American ingredients like turkey, potatoes, corn, and squash which have become integral parts of American culture. Such popular icons as apple pies, pizza, and hamburgers are all derived from European dishes. Burritos and tacos have their origins in Mexico. However, many of the food items now enjoyed worldwide either originated in the United States or were substantially altered by American chefs. As a nation of immigrants, it is no surprise that the cuisine of the United States is incredibly diverse. ... Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, grown for its starchy tuber. ... Look up corn in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up squash in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In cooking, an apple pie is a fruit cake in which the principal filling ingredient is apples. ... A Pizza Margherita made in Naples (Napoli), Italy. ... Hamburgers often contain beef, lettuce, onions, and other toppings in a bun. ... A large burrito. ... Tacos al pastor Plate of tacos A taco is a traditional Mexican dish comprising a rolled or folded, pliable maize tortilla filled with meat (generally grilled beef, picadillo, fish, chicken or pork), and optionally, a wide variety of vegetables and/or sauces. ...


Music in the United States also traces to the country's melting-pot population through a diverse array of styles. Rock and roll, hip hop, country, blues, and jazz are among the country's most internationally renowned genres. Since the late 19th century, popular recorded music from the United States has become increasingly known across the world, such that some forms of American popular music are heard almost everywhere.[80] The United States is home to a wide array of regional styles and scenes. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Hip hop music (also referred to as rap or rap music) is a style of popular music. ... country music, see Country music (disambiguation) In popular music, country music, also called country and western music or country-western, is an amalgam of popular musical forms developed in the Southern United States, with roots in traditional folk music, Celtic music, blues, gospel music, and old-time music that began... Rhythm and blues (or R&B) was coined as a musical marketing term in the United States in 1949 by Jerry Wexler at Billboard magazine, and was used to designate upbeat popular music performed by African American artists that combined jazz, gospel, and blues. ... Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory, and is marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... A genre is a division of a particular form of art or utterance according to criteria particular to that form. ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and mostly distributed commercially. ...

Mickey Mouse has become an American icon .
Enlarge
Mickey Mouse has become an American icon .

However, not all American culture is derived from some other form found elsewhere in the world. For example, the birth of cinema, as well as its radical development, can largely be traced back to the United States. In 1878, the first recorded instance of sequential photographs capturing and reproducing motion was Eadweard Muybridge's series of a running horse, which the British-born photographer produced in Palo Alto, California, using a row of still cameras. Since then, the American film industry, centered in Hollywood, California, has had a profound effect on cinema across the world. Other areas of development include the comic book and Disney's animated films, which saw widespread popularity and influence, especially in Japanese anime and manga (the popularity of which has tranformed them from an obscure art into a global phenomenon), as well as Chinese animation and manhua. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (529x800, 37 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (529x800, 37 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mickey Mouse is a comic animal cartoon character who has become a symbol for The Walt Disney Company. ... Muybridges The Horse in Motion. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Official website: http://www. ... An American comic book is a small magazine originating in the United States containing a narrative in the comics form. ... Disney may refer to: The Walt Disney Company and its divisions, including Walt Disney Pictures. ... An animated cartoon is a short, hand-drawn (or made with computers to look similar to something hand-drawn) moving picture for the cinema, television or computer screen, featuring some kind of story or plot (even if it is a very short one). ... // A scene from Cowboy Bebop (1998) Anime ), which is short for the English word animation, in the western world most popularly refers (but not limited) to the medium of animation originating in Japan, with distinctive character and background aesthetics that visually set it apart from other forms of animation (e. ... For other uses, see Manga (disambiguation). ... A phenomenon (plural: phenomena) is an observable event, especially something special (literally something that can be seen from the Greek word phainomenon = observable). ... This page is about the development of animation and comic industry in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. ... Manhua (Traditional Chinese: 漫畫; Simplified Chinese: 漫画; Pinyin: ) is a general term for comics produced in China, often including Chinese translations of Japanese manga. ...

Pro Bowl, 2006. American Football is the most popular spectator sport in the United States.[81]
Pro Bowl, 2006. American Football is the most popular spectator sport in the United States.[81]

Sports are a national pastime, and playing sports, especially American football, baseball, and basketball, is very popular at the high-school level. Professional sports in the U.S. is big business, with most of the world's most highly paid athletes.[82] The "Big Four" sports are baseball, football, ice hockey, and basketball. Baseball is popularly termed "the national pastime"; but, since the early 1990s, football has largely been considered the most popular sport in America. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2284x2012, 500 KB) Subject: Pro Bowl Source page url: http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2284x2012, 500 KB) Subject: Pro Bowl Source page url: http://www. ... Tackle during 2006 Pro Bowl in Hawaii A top cheerleader from each team takes part in the 2006 Pro Bowl in Hawaii The Pro Bowl is the National Football Leagues all-star game. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... A spectator sport is one that is characterized by the presence of spectators, or watchers, at its matches. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... High school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ...


Another popular sport is auto racing, especially NASCAR. Lacrosse, originally played by some of the indigenous tribes, is a visible sport and growing. Soccer (called football in many other parts of the world) is a popular participatory sport, especially among children; but it does not have a large following as a spectator sport, in contrast to its much greater popularity in other countries. But, in recent years, the national league, Major League Soccer, has seen a rise in popularity and internationally famous players within the league. The United States is among the most influential regions in shaping three popular board-based recreational sportssurfboarding, skateboarding, and snowboarding—which have many competitions and a large, dedicated subculture. Eight Olympiads have taken place in the United States. The country generally fares very well in them, especially the Summer Olympics: for instance, in the 2004 Olympics, the U.S. topped the medals table, with a record 103 medals (35 gold, 39 silver, and 29 bronze).[83] Auto racing (also known as automobile racing, autosport or motorsport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... For other uses, see Lacrosse (disambiguation). ... Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... A spectator sport is one that is characterized by the presence of spectators, or watchers, at its matches. ... Locations of Major League Soccer teams Major League Soccer (MLS) is the top soccer league in the United States in the American Soccer Pyramid. ... The first boardsport was surfing, followed by skateboarding. ... See World Wide Web for surfing the web; see also Wind surfing Surfing at Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. ... A skateboarder performing a frontside lipslide. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... For months before the Olympic Games, runners relay the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the opening ceremony. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... The 2004 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXVIII Olympiad, were held in Athens, Greece, over a period of 17 days from August 13 to August 29, 2004. ... This is the full table of the medal count of the 2004 Summer Olympics. ...

This article discusses the culture of the United States; for customs and way of life, see Culture of the United States. ... The media of the United States consists of several different types of communications media: television, radio, cinema, newspapers, magazines, and Internet-based Web sites. ... Closely related to the development of American music in the early 20th century was the emergence of a new, and distinctively American, art form -- modern dance. ... The United States has a history of architecture that includes a wide variety of styles. ... Holidays of the United States vary with local observance. ... // List of people by Ethnicity African Americans Albanian Americans American Indians Arab Americans Armenian Americans Australian Americans Austrian Americans Hispanic Americans Chinese Americans Cuban Americans Dutch Americans English Americans Estonian Americans Filipino Americans Finnish Americans French Americans German Americans Greek Americans Hungarian Americans Indian Americans Iranian Americans Irish Americans Italian...

See also

United States Portal
Life in the
United States
Arts and entertainment
Culture
Economy
Education
Health care
Holidays
Household income
Human rights
Languages
Passenger vehicle transport
Politics
Poverty
Religion
Standard of living
Social issues
Social structure
Main article: List of United States-related topics

Image File history File links Portal. ... This article discusses the culture of the United States; for customs and way of life, see Culture of the United States. ... This article serves as an overview of the customs and culture of the United States; for the popular (pop) culture of the United States, see arts and entertainment in the United States. ... Health care in the United States is provided by many separate legal entities. ... Holidays of the United States vary with local observance. ... The median household income in 2003 according to the US Census Bureau was determined to be $43,389 a year. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... A 1979 Lincoln Continental with Town Car trim option. ... The federal government of the United States was established by the United States Constitution. ... There has been significant disagreement about poverty in the United States; particularly over how poverty ought to be defined. ... The standard of living in the United States is one of the highest in the world by almost any measure. ... Social issues in the United States as perceived by social justice advocates and other groups and commentators include an unequal educational system, poverty, high rates of crime and incarceration, and lack of access to quality health care. ... The contemporary United States has no legally-recognized social classes. ... This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to United States. ... A superpower is a state with the first rank in the international system and the ability to influence events and project power on a worldwide scale; it is considered a higher level of power than a major power. ... A hyperpower is a state that is vastly stronger than any potential rival. ... // Economic A.T. Kearney/Foreign Policy Magazine: Globalization Index 2005, ranked 4 out of 62 countries IMD International: World Competitiveness Yearbook 2005, ranked 1 out of 60 economies (countries and regions) The Wall Street Journal: 2005 Index of Economic Freedom, ranked 12 out of 155 countries The Economist: The World... Columbia, late 19th century Representative symbol of the USA from a Columbia Records phonograph cylinder package Columbia is a poetic and the first popular name for the United States of America, dating from before the Revolution but which strangely fell out of use in the early 20th century. ...

Notes

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  2. ^ Theories on the origin of America's name
  3. ^ http://www.nasa.gov/columbia/home/index.html
  4. ^ http://www.columbiarecords.com/
  5. ^ http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/C/htmlC/columbiabroa/columbiabroa.htm
  6. ^ http://www.reelclassics.com/Studios/Columbia/columbia.htm
  7. ^ http://memory.loc.gov/cocoon/ihas/loc.natlib.ihas.200000004/default.html
  8. ^ "Paleoamerican Origins". 1999. Smithsonian Institution. Accessed 2 May 2006.
  9. ^ Yanak, Ted and Cornelison, Pam. The Great American History Fact-finder: The Who, What, Where, When, and Why of American History. Page 114. Houghton Mifflin; 2nd Updated edition: 27 August 2004. ISBN 0618439412
  10. ^ Manifest Destiny- An interpretation of How the West was Won. Crossroads of Earth Resources and Society. URL accessed on 4 May 2006.
  11. ^ Morrison, Michael A Slavery and the American West: The Eclipse of Manifest Destiny and the Coming of the Civil War. Page 176. University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0807847968.
  12. ^ De Rosa, Marshall L. The Politics of Dissolution: The Quest for a National Identity and the American Civil War. Page 266. Transaction Publishers: 1 January 1997. ISBN 1560003499
  13. ^ Spielvogel, Jackson J. Western Civilization: Volume II: Since 1500. Page 708. Wadsworth Publishing: 10 January 2005. ISBN 0534646042
  14. ^ Eric Foner and John A. Garraty, The Reader's Companion to American History. Page 576. 21 October 1991. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0395513723.
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  28. ^ Alaska and Hawaii are shown at different scales; the Aleutian Islands and the uninhabited Northwestern Hawaiian Islands are omitted from this map.
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  39. ^ National Biological Service, Our Living Resources, URL accessed 14 June 2006.
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  57. ^ a b c d Adams, J.Q.; Pearlie Strother-Adams (2001). Dealing with Diversity. Chicago, IL: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company. 0-7872-8145-X.
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June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 30 is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 184 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... May 26 is the 146th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (147th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Looking down the Aleutians from an airplane. ... An uninhabited island is an island that has yet to be (or is not currently) populated by humans. ... The Hawaiian island chain. ... The Heritage Foundation, a think tank located in Washington, D.C., is an influential public policy research institute whose stated mission is to formulate and promote conservative public policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, traditional American values, and a strong national defense. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 6 is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 178 days remaining. ... The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is an international organization of those developed countries that accept the principles of representative democracy and a free market economy. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ronald Wilson Reagan, Hon GCB, (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was the 40th President of the United States (1981–1989) and the 33rd Governor of California (1967–1975). ...

Further reading

Find more information on United States by searching Wikipedia's sister projects:

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  • Johnson, Paul M. A History of the American People. 1104 pages. Harper Perennial: March 1, 1999. ISBN 0060930349.
  • Litwak, Robert S. Rogue States and U.S. Foreign Policy : Containment after the Cold War. 300 pages. Woodrow Wilson Center Press: February 1, 2000. ISBN 0943875978.
  • Nye, Joseph S. The Paradox of American Power : Why the World's Only Superpower Can't Go It Alone. 240 pages. Oxford University Press, USA; New Ed edition: 1 May 2003. ISBN 0195161106.
  • Susser, Ida (Editor), and Patterson, Thomas C. (Editor). Cultural Diversity in the United States: A Critical Reader. 476 pages. Blackwell Publishers: December 2000. ISBN 0631222138.
  • Whalen, Edward. The United States Of Europe: The New Superpower and the End of American Supremacy. 320 pages. The Penguin Press HC: 4 November 2004. ISBN 1594200335.
  • Pierson, Paul. Politics in Time : History, Institutions, and Social Analysis. 208 pages. Princeton University Press: 9 August 2004. ISBN 0691117152.

External links

Government

  • Official U.S. government Web portal - Gateway to governmental sites
  • White House - Official site of the President of the United States
  • Senate - Official site of the United States Senate
  • House - Official site of the United States House of Representatives
  • Supreme Court - Official site of the Supreme Court of the United States

Overviews

History

Maps

Hotspots outline the egyptian pyramids on WikiMapia. ...

Immigration

United States: Membership in International Organizations US Flag
AfDBANZUSAPECARFAsDBASEAN (dialogue partner) • Australia GroupBISCE (observer) • CERN (observer) • CP • EAPC • EBRDFAOG5G7G8G10 • IADB • IAEAIBRDICAOICCICCt (signatory) • ICFTUICRMIDAIEAIFADIFCIFRCSIHOILOIMFIMOInterpolIOCIOMISOITUMIGAMINUSTAHNAM (guest) • NATONEANSGOASOECDOPCW • OSCE • Paris ClubPCAUnited NationsUN Security Council (permanent member) • UNCTADUNESCOUNHCRUNITARUNMEEUNMIKUNMILUNMOVICUNOMIGUNRWAUNTSOUPUWCLWCOWHOWIPOWMOWorld Trade OrganizationZC
History Timeline ( Colonial Era | American Revolution | Westward Expansion | Civil War | World War I | Great Depression | World War II | Cold War | Vietnam War | Civil Rights) | Foreign relations | Military | Demographic and Postal history
Politics Law ( Constitution and Bill of Rights | Declaration of Independence) | Political parties ( Democrats & Republicans) | Elections (Electoral College) | Political scandals | Political divisions | Red state vs. blue state divide
Government Federal agencies | Legislative branch (Congress: House | Senate) Executive branch ( President & Vice-President | Cabinet | Attorney-General | Secretary of State) | Law enforcement ( FBI | Intelligence:CIA | DIA | NIMA | NRO | NSA) | Judicial branch ( Supreme Court) | Military ( Army | Navy | Marines | Air Force | Coast Guard )
Geography Appalachian Mtns. | Rocky Mtns. | Grand Canyon | Great Plains | Midwest | The South | Mississippi River | New England | Mid-Atlantic | Pacific Northwest | Mountains | Valleys | Islands | Rivers | States | Cities | Counties | Regions | Extreme points | National Park System
Economy Banking | Companies | Standard of living | U.S. Dollar | Wall Street | Household income | Poverty
Society Demographics | U.S. Census Bureau | Languages | Religion | Social structure | Standard of living | Media | Education | Holidays | Folklore
Arts Music ( Classical | Folk | Popular) | Film & TV (Hollywood) | Literature ( Poetry | Transcendentalism | Harlem Renaissance | Beat Generation) | Visual arts ( Abstract expressionism) | Cuisine | Dance | Architecture
Other United States territory | Communications | Transportation ( Highways and Interstates | Railroads) | Uncle Sam | Flag | American Dream | Media | Education | Tourism | Social issues ( Immigration | Affirmative action | Racial profiling | Human rights | War on Drugs | Pornography | Same-sex marriage | | Prisons | Capital punishment) | Anti-Americanism | American exceptionalism | American Folklore | American English | United States Mexico barrier | Passenger vehicle transport
Political divisions of the United States
States Alabama | Alaska | Arizona | Arkansas | California | Colorado | Connecticut | Delaware | Florida | Georgia | Hawaii | Idaho | Illinois | Indiana | Iowa | Kansas | Kentucky | Louisiana | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | Michigan | Minnesota | Mississippi | Missouri | Montana | Nebraska | Nevada | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New Mexico | New York | North Carolina | North Dakota | Ohio | Oklahoma | Oregon | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | South Dakota | Tennessee | Texas | Utah | Vermont | Virginia | Washington | West Virginia | Wisconsin | Wyoming
Federal district District of Columbia
Insular areas American Samoa | Guam | Northern Mariana Islands | Puerto Rico | Virgin Islands
Minor outlying islands Baker Island | Howland Island | Jarvis Island | Johnston Atoll | Kingman Reef | Midway Atoll | Navassa Island | Palmyra Atoll | Wake Island
Countries and territories of North America
Antigua and BarbudaBahamasBarbadosBelizeCanadaCosta RicaCubaDominicaDominican RepublicEl SalvadorGrenadaGuatemalaHaitiHondurasJamaicaMexicoNicaraguaPanamaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesTrinidad and TobagoUnited States
Dependencies: Denmark: GreenlandFrance: Guadeloupe ∙ Martinique ∙ Saint-Pierre and MiquelonNetherlands: Aruba ∙ Netherlands AntillesUK: Anguilla ∙ Bermuda ∙ British Virgin Islands ∙ Cayman Islands ∙ Montserrat ∙ Turks and Caicos IslandsU.S.: Navassa Island ∙ Puerto Rico ∙ U.S. Virgin Islands
UN Security Council Members Flag of the UN
Permanent Members
China - France - Russia - United Kingdom - United States
Term ending December 31, 2006
Argentina - Denmark - Greece - Japan - Tanzania
Term ending December 31, 2007
Congo - Ghana - Peru - Qatar - Slovakia

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