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Encyclopedia > UNICEF
UNICEF Logo
UNICEF Logo

The United Nations Children's Fund or UNICEF (Arabic: منظمة الأمم المتحدة للطفولة; French: Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance; Spanish: Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia) was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946. In 1953, its name was shortened from United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund, but is still known by the popular acronym based on this old name. Headquartered in New York City, UNICEF provides long-term humanitarian and developmental assistance to children and mothers in developing countries. A voluntarily funded agency, UNICEF relies on contributions from governments and private donors. Its programmes emphasise developing community-level services to promote the health and well-being of children. UNICEF was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965. Image File history File links Unicef_logo. ... Image File history File links Unicef_logo. ... The Arabic language (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), or simply Arabic (Arabic: ‎ translit: ), is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Big Apple, The Capital of the World[1], Gotham Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area    - City 1,214. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ... The Nobel Peace Prize Medal featuring a portrait of Alfred Nobel Lester B. Pearson after accepting the Nobel Peace Prize The Nobel Peace Prize is one of five Nobel Prizes bequested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


Following the reaching of term limits by Executive Director of UNICEF Carol Bellamy, former US Secretary of Agriculture Ann Veneman took control of the organization in May 2005 with an agenda to increase the organization's focus on the Millennium Development Goals. Carol Bellamy, (born January 14, 1942), is the President and CEO of World Learning, and President of its School for International Training. ... The United States Secretary of Agriculture is the head of the United States Department of Agriculture concerned with land and food as well as agriculture and rural development. ... Ann Margaret Veneman (born June 29, 1949) is currently the Executive Director of UNICEF. She was the first woman to become the United States Secretary of Agriculture. ... 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Wikimedia Commons has media related to: May 2005 Deaths in May May 26: Eddie Albert May 25: Ismail Merchant May 25: Sunil Dutt May 25: Graham Kennedy May 22: Thurl Ravenscroft May 21: Howard Morris May 21... The Millennium Development Goals are eight goals that all 191 United Nations member states have agreed to try to achieve by the year 2015. ...

Contents


Priorities

UNICEF is currently focused on 5 primary priorities: Young Child Survival and Development,Primary Education and Gender Equality, Child protection, HIV/AIDS, and Early childhood. Other priorities include child survival, the child in the family, and sports for development.


How they work to improve the status of their priorities is through 14 methods ranging from direct and legal interventions, to education and beyond to research and census data collection.


Education, especially for girls

Education is a proven intervention for improving the lives of all people, including children. Educating young women yields spectacular benefits for the current and future generations, and specifically affects a range of UNICEF priorities including child survival, children in family, immunization, and child protection.

UNICEF’s aim is to get more girls into school, ensure that they stay in school and that they are equipped with the basic tools they need to succeed in later life. As part of its on-going efforts to ensure every girl and boy their right to an education, UNICEF’s acceleration strategy is speeding progress in girls’ enrollment in 25 selected countries during the 2002-2005 period.

Immunization plus

Immunization is a direct intervention, a method which has made great improvements in the health of children world-wide over the past 20 years. But every year, more than 2 million children die from diseases that could have been prevented by inexpensive vaccines [1].


The plus in the programme is the additional interventions made possible during interventions. Ranging from client education to nutritional supplements to [hello. I'm David. not sheckardo]insecticide-treated mosquito netting, these life-saving services make immunization programmes a powerful tool for child health.


Child protection

Every day children are forced to be soldiers, sex workers, sweatshop workers, servants. They are abused, exploited, and the subject of violence and the outcomes are uneducated, unhealthy, and impoverished children. UNICEF works in a variety of ways to provide protection and support, from child's rights advocacy to child soldier demobilisation programmes, working with individuals, civic groups, governments, and the private sector to bring about positive change.


HIV/AIDS

15 million children are now orphaned due to AIDS. It is estimated that by the year 2010 in sub-Saharan Africa alone, more than 18 million children, will have lost at least one parent to AIDS. Half of all new infections are people under the age of 25, with girls being hit harder and younger than boys. Working to protect and support orphaned children, to prevent parent-child transmission, and to give young people gender-sensitive and youth-friendly services, UNICEF also advocates for a protective familial, social and legal environment. UNICEF is also running several programes dedicated to controlling both online and offline child pornography. [2].


Early childhood

Every child must be ensured the best start in life – their future, and indeed the future of their communities, nations and the whole world depends on it. [3]

UNICEF applies a holistic, evidence-based approach to Early childhood, including the following principles:

  • Preventive and curative health care including immunization, adequate nutrition, and safe water and basic sanitation must be provided for children, their caregivers, and their communities.
  • Children must have birth registration, protection from abuse and neglect, and be provided with love and psycho-social care as well as support for early education.
  • Girls and women, especially, should have good nutrition and health care, education, family support, and their rights must be respected. They need to be informed of the health and survival risks, to themselves and their babies, regarding early repeat pregnancy, as well as breast feeding. The health and survival of mothers is directly related to the health and survival of their children.

Public perception

UNICEF is the world's leading children's organisation. Over the 60 years of its history it has become a primary reference for governments and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGO), collecting and disseminating more research on children than any other organisation, writing position papers on various aspects of the health and environments of children. UNICEF has also organised world-wide fundraising drives, to fund interventions which directly benefit children. A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization which is not a part of a government. ...


But many groups, governments, and individuals have criticised UNICEF over the years for failing to meet the needs of their particular group or interest. Recent examples include criticism of its perceived failure to hold the Government of Sudan adequately accountable for the practice of slavery in southern Sudan, its policy against the marketing of breast-milk substitutes in developing world hospitals, and its adherence to the 1990 Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has been ratified by every government in the world except the United States and Somalia. Slavery in the Sudan has a long history, beginning in ancient Egyptian times and continuing up to the present. ... The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international convention setting out the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights of children. ...


Unlike NGOs, UNICEF is an inter-governmental organisation and thus is accountable to governments. This gives it unique reach and access in every country in the world, but also sometimes hampers its ability to speak out on rights violations.


UNICEF has also been criticised for having political bias; while UNICEF aims to fund only non-political organisations, NGO Monitor (published by former Israeli Ambassador to the UN Dore Gold) criticises the UNICEF-funded "Palestinian Youth Association for Leadership and Rights Activation" (PYALARA), a student-run Palestinian NGO, for what NGO Monitor alleges is its covert political agenda justifying suicide bombings and demonising Israel [4]. NGO Monitor is a project with the stated aim of monitoring non-governmental organizations operating in Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ... Ambassador Dore Gold (born 1954) is a former Israeli diplomat. ... The Palestinian Youth Association for Leadership and Rights Activation (PYALARA) is a youth-oriented Palestinian communication and media non-governmental organization designed to provide a creative outlet for young Palestinians frustrated by the harsh conditions of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. ... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is an organization which is not a part of a government. ...


The Catholic Church has also been critical of UNICEF, with the Vatican even withdrawing donations, because of reports by the American Life League that parts of the funding pay for sterilisations, abortions, and contraceptives [5]. The cause for this accusations had been, that UNICEF had spread information about possible measures to girls who were in danger of being raped by soldiers during civil wars as well as education on how to avoid HIV-infection and how to reduce exorbitant birth rates. The American Life League or ALL is the largest pro-life organization in the United States. ... Sterilization is a surgical technique leaving a male or female unable to procreate. ...


See also

This is a list of UNICEF Goodwill Ambassadors. ... A street child or street kid is a child who lives on the street – in particular, one that is not taken care of by parents or other adults – and who sleeps on the street because he or she does not have a home. ... The Afghan New Beginnings Programme aims to demobilize and reintegrate thousands of child combatants in Afghanistan. ... The event was broadcast on NBC in the United States The Music for UNICEF Concert: A Gift of Song was a benefit concert of popular music held in the United Nations General Assembly in New York City on January 9, 1979. ...

External links

  • Official homepage
  • Proposed Logo for Wikijunior, using part of the Unicef Logo
  • United Nations - Official site
  • History of the United Nations - UK Government site

  Results from FactBites:
 
UNICEF - definition of UNICEF in Encyclopedia (782 words)
UNICEF’s aim is to get more girls into school, ensure that they stay in school and that they are equipped with the basic tools they need to succeed in later life.
UNICEF works in a variety of ways to provide protection and support, from child's rights advocacy to child soldier demobilization programs, working with individuals, civic groups, governments, and the private sector to bring about positive change.
While UNICEF aims to fund only non-political organizations, NGO Monitor (published by former Israeli Ambassador to the UN Dore Gold) criticizes the UNICEF-funded "Palestinian Youth Association for Leadership and Rights Activation" (PYALARA), a student-run Palestinian NGO, for what NGO Monitor alleges is its covert political agenda justifying suicide bombings and demonizing Israel [4] (http://www.ngo-monitor.org/editions/v1n05/v1n05-1.htm).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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