The Liberals, led by Henry Campbell-Bannerman, gained an overall majority in parliament. The Conservatives under Arthur Balfour lost more than half their seats, while the newly-formed Labour Party were far more successful than the Labour Representation Committee had been in the 1900 general election. The Irish Nationalists achieved their seats on a low number of votes as 74 of their members were elected in uncontested seats.
The Conservatives under Arthur Balfour lost more than half their seats, while the Labour Representation Committee was far more successful than it had been in the 1900 generalelection and after the election was reformed as the Labour Party and elected Keir Hardie as its leader.
The Irish Parliamentary Party, led by John Redmond, achieved its seats on a low number of votes as 74 of their members were elected in uncontested seats.
In Northern Ireland, the election was dominated in the unionist community by a battle between the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to be the region's largest unionist party in Parliament.
Other elections in the province have shown both a shift in votes towards the DUP but also a collapse of support for the cross-community Alliance Party which is likely to be more marked in a first past the post election and thus which may work in the UUP's favour.
The results were interpreted by the UK media as an indicator of a breakdown in trust in the government, and in the Prime Minister, Tony Blair, in particular.
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