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Encyclopedia > UK Joint Intelligence Committee

The Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) was founded in 1936 as a sub-committee of the Committee of Imperial Defence. The Committee of Imperial Defence was effectively an advisory peacetime defence planning system in which formal authority remained with departmental ministers. This ensured not only flexibility, but also its acceptability to ministers.

Contents

History

The JIC grew to maturity in World War II, becoming the senior intelligence assessment body in the UK. In 1957 it moved to the Cabinet Office, where it has since been served by a dedicated Assessments Staff who prepare draft intelligence assessments for the committee to consider. The Cabinet Office is a department of the Government of the United Kingdom responsible for supporting the Prime Minister and Cabinet in progressing matters that require coordination across Government departments. ...


The JIC recently played a controversial role in compiling a dossier in which the UK government set out the threat posed by Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction in the run up to war. There were allegations that the dossier was "sexed up" prior to publication in order to bolster the case for military action. Evidence that the wording of the dossier was "strengthened" was presented to the Hutton Inquiry, a judicial review set up to investigate the circumstances leading up to the death of an eminent government weapons expert David Kelly who had criticised the wording of the dossier in off-the-record briefings to journalists. Dr. Kelly committed suicide shortly after his identity was confirmed to the media by the government. JIC members John Scarlett and Sir Richard Dearlove (then head of MI6, the Secret Intelligence Service) gave evidence to the Inquiry in which they argued that the words used in the dossier were consistent with their assessment of the intelligence available at the time. For the album, see Weapons of Mass Destruction (album). ... The Hutton Inquiry was a British judicial inquiry chaired by Lord Hutton, appointed by the British government to investigate the death of a government weapons expert, Dr. David Kelly. ... For other persons named David Kelly, see David Kelly (disambiguation). ... Sir John McLeod Scarlett, KCMG, OBE (born August 18, 1948) is head of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6). ... Sir Richard Dearlove is a career intelligence officer and, until May 6, 2004, head of Britains Secret Intelligence Service (MI6). ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ...


Despite the work of the 1400 strong Iraq Survey Group in post-war Iraq, no evidence of actual WMD capability has so far been uncovered; according to its final report in September 2004. The US and UK Governments both announced investigations into the assessment of WMD intelligence in the run up to war. The British inquiry, headed by Lord Butler of Brockwell, in its report in July 2004, while critical of the British intelligence community, did not recommend that anyone should resign. Similarly, the US Senate Intelligence Committee, while critical of US intelligence officials, did not recommend any resignations in its report, also issued in July 2004. Iraq Survey Group insignia The Iraq Survey Group (ISG) was a fact-finding mission sent by the multinational force in Iraq after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq to find weapons of mass destruction (WMD) programs developed by Iraq under the regime of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. ... On February 3, 2004 the British Government announced an inquiry into the intelligence relating to Iraqs weapons of mass destruction which played a key part in the Governments decision to invade Iraq (as part of the U.S.-led coalition) in 2003. ... Arms of Baron Butler of Brockwell The Right Honourable Frederick Edward Robin Butler, Baron Butler of Brockwell, KG, GCB, CVO, PC (born 3 January 1938) is a retired British civil servant, now sitting in the House of Lords as a life peer. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is...


Function

The main task of the JIC is to produce definitive top-level all-source assessments for UK ministers and senior officials. In addition it agrees (for approval by ministers) the requirements and priorities which direct the collection work of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), and inform the work of the Security Service (MI5) and Defence Intelligence Staff. It evaluates the performance of the UK intelligence agencies and presents summaries to the Prime Minister and other ministers. The JIC normally meets once a week. Its chairman was Sir John Scarlett until July 2004, when he moved back to become the new Chief of MI6.The current Chairman is Sir Richard Mottram, a long-time senior civil servant, who is also the Intelligence and Security Co-ordinator, having succeeded Bill Jeffrey in 2005. The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), commonly known as MI6, is the United Kingdoms external intelligence agency. ... The Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is a British intelligence agency responsible for providing signals intelligence (SIGINT) and information assurance. ... Security Service can mean: The British internal security service, MI5 A secret service or secret police agency ... The Defence Intelligence Staff is part of the United Kingdoms Ministry of Defence. ... An intelligence agency is a governmental organization devoted to gathering of information by means of espionage (spying), communication interception, cryptoanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. ... A prime minister is the very most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Sir John McLeod Scarlett, KCMG, OBE (born August 18, 1948) is head of the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6). ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ... Richard Mottram (1946) is a United Kingdom civil servant. ... William Alexander (Bill) Jeffrey, born 28th February, 1948, is a British civil servant, currently Permanent Secretary for Defence in the UK. Jeffrey was educated at Allan Glens School, Glasgow, and Glasgow University. ...


Role within British intelligence

In addition to its Chairman, the JIC comprises the heads of the British intelligence agencies, the Chief and Deputy Chief of the Defence Intelligence Staff, the Chief of the Assessments Staff, representatives of the Ministry of Defence, Foreign and Commonwealth Office and other departments and the Prime Minister's adviser on foreign affairs. Full details of the UK central intelligence machine, of which the JIC is part, are set out in the now somewhat dated official document, National Intelligence Machinery.[1] JIC meetings are in two parts: the first at which Australia, Canada and the U.S. are represented; and the second, with no foreigners present. The Defence Intelligence Staff is part of the United Kingdoms Ministry of Defence. ... The Ministry of Defence (MOD) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for implementation of government defence policy and the headquarters of the British Armed Forces. ... The Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Whitehall, seen from St. ... A prime minister is the very most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from...


References

  1. ^ National Intelligence Machinery. The Stationery Office (September 2001).

The Stationery Office is a private publishing company that was created in 1995 when the publishing arm of Her Majestys Stationery Office was privatised. ...

See also

UK Flag United Kingdom Intelligence Agencies edit UK Flag
Current: Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) • Security Service (MI5) • Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) • Defence Intelligence Staff (DIS) • Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA) • Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC)
Defunct agencies: MI1 • MI2 • MI3 • MI4 • MI7 • MI8 • MI9 • MI10 • MI11 • MI12 • MI13 • MI14 • MI15 • MI16 • MI17 • MI18 • MI19

  Results from FactBites:
 
UK Joint Intelligence Committee - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (579 words)
It evaluates the performance of the UK intelligence agencies and presents summaries to the Prime Minister and other ministers.
Full details of the UK central intelligence machine, of which the JIC is part, are set out in a now somewhat dated official document at [3] JIC meetings are in two parts: the first at which Australia, Canada and the US are represented; and the second, with no foreigners present.
JIC members John Scarlett and Sir Richard Dearlove (head of MI6, the Secret Intelligence Service) gave evidence to the Inquiry in which they argued that the words used in the dossier were consistent with their assessment of the intelligence available at the time.
Guardian Unlimited Politics | Special Reports | Blair 'not interested in intelligence agencies' (901 words)
The key committee on the intelligence services (CSI) - which is chaired by Mr Blair and includes the deputy prime minister, the chancellor, and the home, foreign and defence secretaries, still had not met, the ISC said in its annual report.
Committee members did not believe that their probe into the war on Iraq would be blocked by ministers or the prime minister.
The committee's report went on to reveal that a "small number" of UK companies were still trying to breach export restrictions which were in place to prevent the global proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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