FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "U2" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


U2
U2 performing at Madison Square Garden in November 2005.
U2 performing at Madison Square Garden in November 2005.
Background information
Origin Dublin, Ireland
Genre(s) Rock, Post-punk, Alternative rock
Years active 1976 — present
Label(s) Interscope (1997-present)
Island (1979-1997)
Website www.u2.com
Members
Bono
The Edge
Adam Clayton
Larry Mullen Jr.

U2 (IPA: /ˌjuːˈtuː/) are a rock band from Dublin, Ireland. The band consists of Bono (vocals and guitar), The Edge (guitar, keyboards and vocals), Adam Clayton (bass guitar), and Larry Mullen Jr. (drums and percussion). U2 have been one of the most popular acts in the world since the mid-1980s. The band has sold more than 170 million albums worldwide,[1] and has won 22 Grammy Awards, more than any other rock band.[2] U2 can mean: The Irish rock band U2 The Lockheed U-2 spy plane The U-2 Spy Plane Crisis of 1960 Unterseeboot 2, German submarine The Polikarpov U-2 (Po-2) biplane The U2 electric guitar by Danelectro, a 1956 twenty-two fret single-cutaway with two single-coil... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 835 KB) Author: Zachary Gillman Zachary Gillman gave me permission through e-mail to use this image on Wikipedia. ... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City, United States. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... Alternative music redirects here. ... In the music industry, a record label is a brand and a trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. ... Interscope Records is an American record label, owned by Universal Music Group, and operates as one third of UMGs Interscope-Geffen-A&M label group. ... For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ... For other subjects called The Edge, see The Edge (disambiguation). ... Adam Charles Clayton (born 13 March 1960 in Chinnor, Oxfordshire, England), is best known as the bass player of the rock band U2. ... Lawrence Joseph Larry Mullen, Jr. ... For other uses, see Rock music (disambiguation). ... This article is about the type of musical group. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... Rhythm guitar is a guitar that is primarily used to provide rhythmic and harmonic accompaniment for a singer or for other instruments in an ensemble. ... For other subjects called The Edge, see The Edge (disambiguation). ... Lead guitar refers to a role within a band, that provides melody or melodic material, as opposed to the rhythm of the rhythm guitar, bass, and drums. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... A backup vocalist is a vocalist that sings in harmony with the lead vocalist, with other backup vocalists, or alone but in the background of a song. ... Adam Charles Clayton (born 13 March 1960 in Chinnor, Oxfordshire, England), is best known as the bass player of the rock band U2. ... A sunburst-colored Precision Bass The electric bass guitar (or electric bass; pronounced , as in base) is a bass stringed instrument played with the fingers (either by plucking, slapping, popping, or tapping) or using a pick. ... Lawrence Joseph Larry Mullen, Jr. ... A drum kit (or drum set or trap set - the latter an old-fashioned term) is a collection of drums, cymbals and other percussion instruments arranged for convenient playing by a sole percussionist (drummer), usually for jazz, rock, or other types of contemporary music. ... Percussion instruments are played by being struck, shaken, rubbed or scraped. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


U2 formed in 1976 when the members were teenagers with limited musical proficiency. By the mid-1980s, however, the band had become a top international act, noted for its anthemic sound, Bono's impassioned vocals, The Edge's textural guitar playing, and a toned and in-time rhythm section. Their success as a live act was greater than their success as a record-selling act until their 1987 album, The Joshua Tree, brought them mega-stardom.[3] Their 1991 album Achtung Baby and the accompanying Zoo TV Tour were part of a significant reinvention for the band; it was a response to their own sense of musical stagnation, the dance and alternative rock revolutions, and criticism of their image. This experimentation continued for the rest of the 1990s. See also: 1970s in music. ... Arena rock, also called stadium rock or anthem rock, is a loosely-defined term describing a rock era. ... In music texture is the overall quality of sound of a piece, most often indicated by the number of voices in the music and to the relationship between these voices (see below). ... See also: Musical groups established in 1987 Record labels established in 1987 // January 3 - Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. ... For other uses, see Joshua tree (disambiguation). ... Singles from Achtung Baby Released: 21 October 1991 Released: 24 November 1991 Released: March 1992 Released: 8 June 1992 Released: August 1992 Achtung Baby is the seventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released on 19 November 1991. ... For the fan club-exclusive album released from this tour, see Zoo TV Live. ... Dancing is historically entwined with many cultures around the world. ... Alternative music redirects here. ...


In the early years of the 21st century, U2 have pursued a more traditional sound while maintaining influences from their previous musical explorations. They continue to enjoy high levels of commercial and critical success. The band is active in human rights, international development, and social justice causes, such as Amnesty International, Make Poverty History, the ONE Campaign, Live Aid, Live 8, Bono's DATA (Debt, AIDS, Trade in Africa) campaign, and Music Rising. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... This article is about International Development. ... Social justice refers to the concept of an unjust society that refers to more than just the administration of laws. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... // The Make Poverty History campaign (which is written as MAKEPOVERTYHISTORY) was a British and Irish coalition of charities, religious groups, trade unions, campaigning groups and celebrities who mobilized around the UKs prominence in world politics in 2005 to increase awareness and pressure governments into taking actions towards relieving absolute... ONE Campaign logo. ... Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ... Official Live8 DVD, released in November 2005 Live 8 was a series of concurrent benefit concerts that took place on 2 July 2005, in the G8 states and in South Africa. ... For other uses, see Data (disambiguation). ... A charity founded (with support from U2s The Edge) to help in the purchasing of new instruments for the musicians of New Orleans affected by Hurricane Katrina It was announced in early September 2006 that Green Day would join U2 in the studio to record a cover version of...

History

Formation (1976 – 1979)

U2 in 1980: (left to right) Clayton, Mullen, Bono, Edge
U2 in 1980: (left to right) Clayton, Mullen, Bono, Edge

U2 formed in Dublin, Ireland on 25 September 1976.[4] Larry Mullen Jr., then fourteen, posted a notice on his secondary school notice board (Mount Temple Comprehensive School) seeking musicians for a new band. Seven teenage boys attended the initial practice in Mullen's kitchen.N1 Known for about a day as "The Larry Mullen Adventure," the group featured Mullen on drums, Adam Clayton on bass guitar, Paul Hewson (Bono) on lead vocals, Dave Evans (The Edge) and his brother Dick Evans on guitar, as well as Ivan McCormick and Peter Martin, two other friends of Mullen.[5] Soon after, the group settled on the name "Feedback", because it was one of the few technical terms they knew.[6] Martin did not return after the first practice, and McCormick left the group within a few weeks. Most of their material consisted of cover versions, which the band explained was not their forte.N2 Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lawrence Joseph Larry Mullen, Jr. ... Mount Temple Comprehensive School is a secondary school located in Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland, originally notable as the first non-sectarian public (state funded) school to open in Dublin. ... Adam Charles Clayton (born 13 March 1960 in Chinnor, Oxfordshire, England), is best known as the bass player of the rock band U2. ... For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ... For other subjects called The Edge, see The Edge (disambiguation). ... Dick Dik Evans is the brother of David The Edge Evans, U2 guitarist. ...

We couldn't believe it. I was completely shocked. We weren't of an age to go out partying as such but I don't think anyone slept that night....Really, it was just a great affirmation to win that competition, even though I've no idea how good we were or what the competition was really like. But to win at that point was incredibly important for morale and everyone's belief in the whole project.

The Edge on winning the CBS competition[7] For other subjects called The Edge, see The Edge (disambiguation). ...

In March 1977, the band changed its name to "The Hype".[8] Dick Evans, who was older and by this time at college, was becoming the odd man out as the rest of the band was leaning towards the idea of a four-piece ensemble; he was 'phased out' in March 1978. During a farewell concert in the Presbyterian Church Hall in Howth, which featured The Hype playing covers, Dick ceremoniously walked offstage. The remaining four band members completed the concert playing original material as "U2".[9] The origin of the name "U2" is unclear; on a list of six names provided by the Dublin punk rock guru Steve Averill,[10] "U2" was chosen for its ambiguity and open-ended interpretations, and because it was the name that the members of the band disagreed with the least.N3 [11] WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O283393 Statistics County: Elevation: sea level Population (2002)  - Town:  - Rural:   8706  n/a Howth (pronounced to rhyme with both; known as Binn Éadair in Irish) is a generally affluent residential area in the Fingal County Council administrative area of County Dublin, Ireland. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ...


On Saint Patrick's Day in 1978, U2 won a talent show in Limerick, Ireland. The prize consisted of £500 and funding to record a demo, which was an important milestone and affirmation for the fledgling band.[9] The band recorded its first demo tape at Keystone Studios, in Harcourt Street, Dublin, in April 1978.[12] In May, Paul McGuinness, who had earlier been introduced to the band by Hot Press journalist Bill Graham, agreed to be U2's manager.[13] U2's first release, an Ireland-only EP entitled Three, was released in September 1979, and was the band's first Irish chart success.[14] In December 1979, U2 performed in London for their first shows outside Ireland, although they failed to get much attention from audiences or critics.[15] In February 1980, their second single "Another Day" was released on the CBS label, but again only for the Irish market.[16] This article is about the city in Ireland. ... Paul McGuinness is the main shareholder and founder of Principle Management Limited: an artist management company based in Dublin, Ireland, which has managed U2 from the start of their successful career. ... Three was U2s first release, a three-song EP recorded and released in 1979 (see 1979 in music). ... Another Day was U2s second single release, after the Three EP. As it has not appeared on any album or other CD pressing, it is considered a rarity in U2s catalogue and almost wholly unknown to anyone but dedicated fans of the band. ...


Boy, October, and War (1980 – 1983)

Island Records signed U2 in March 1980, and "11 O'Clock Tick Tock" became the band's first internationally released single that May.[17] The band's debut album, the Steve Lillywhite-produced Boy, followed in October, and was praised as one of the better debuts in rock history.[18] Although Bono's lyrics were unfocused and seemingly improvised, common themes appeared that described the hopes and frustrations of adolescence,[19] such as fear over sex, identity confusion, death, and uncontrollable mood swings.[20] The album included the band's first UK hit single, "I Will Follow". Boy's release was followed by U2's first tour of continental Europe and the United States.[21] Despite being unpolished, these early live performances demonstrated U2's potential, as critics noted that Bono was a "charismatic" and "passionate" showman.[22] Island Records is a record label that was founded by British record producers in Jamaica. ... 11 OClock Tick Tock was U2s third single release. ... Steve Lillywhite (born in 1955) is a well-known Grammy Award winning English music producer. ... Alternate cover U.S. and Canada cover Singles from Boy Released: August 1980 Released: October 1981 Boy is the debut album from Irish rock band U2, released in 1980. ... I Will Follow is a song by the rock band U2 and is the first track on their debut album Boy. ...


The band's second album, October, was released in 1981 and contained overtly spiritual themes; Bono, The Edge, and Mullen had joined a Christian group in Dublin called the 'Shalom Fellowship', which led them to question the relationship between the Christian faith and the rock and roll lifestyle.[23] The album was met with mixed reviews, and sales indicate it is U2's lowest selling album. October is the second album by Irish rock band U2, released in 1981. ...

Music sample:

"Sunday Bloody Sunday" (1983) Image File history File links U2_Sunday_Bloody_Sunday. ...

From the album War.

Problems listening to the file? See media help. War is the third studio album by Irish rock band U2, released in 1983. ...

Resolving the doubts of the October period, U2 released War in 1983.[24] A record where the band "turned pacifism itself into a crusade,"[25] War's sincerity and "rugged" guitar was intentionally at odds with the "cooler" synth-pop of the time.[26] The album included "Sunday Bloody Sunday," where Bono had lyrically tried to contrast the events of Bloody Sunday with Easter Sunday.[27] Rolling Stone magazine wrote that the song showed the band was capable of deep and meaningful songwriting.N4 War was U2's first album to feature the photography of Anton Corbijn, who remains U2's principal photographer and has had a major influence on their vision and public image.[28] U2's first commercial success, War debuted at #1 in the United Kingdom, and its first single, "New Year's Day", was the band's first overseas hit.[29] War is the third studio album by Irish rock band U2, released in 1983. ... Sunday Bloody Sunday is the third single and opening track from U2s 1983 album, War. ... // The Bogside area viewed from the city walls Bloody Sunday (Irish: Domhnach na Fola) is the term used to describe an incident in Derry[1], Northern Ireland, on 30 January 1972 in which 26 civil rights protesters were shot by members of the 1st Battalion of the British Parachute Regiment... Easter (also called Pascha) is generally accounted the most important holiday of the Christian year, observed March or April each year to celebrate the Resurrection of Jesus from the dead (after his death by crucifixion; see Good Friday), which Christians believe happened at about this time of year, almost two... This article is about the magazine. ... Anton Corbijn (pronounced ) (born May 20, 1955) is a photographer from Strijen, the Netherlands. ... New Years Day is the third song and lead single from U2s 1983 album, War. ...


On the subsequent War Tour, the band performed to sold-out concerts in mainland Europe and the U.S. The image of Bono waving a white flag during performances of "Sunday Bloody Sunday" became a familiar sight.[30] U2 recorded the Under a Blood Red Sky live album on this tour and a live video was released, both of which received extensive play on the radio and MTV, helping expand the band's audience.[31] Their generally unfavourable record deal with Island Records was coming to an end, and in 1984 U2 signed an unusually lucrative extension. Forgoing a larger initial payment, they instead negotiated the return of their copyrights (such that they owned the rights to their own songs), an increase in their royalty rate, and a general improvement in terms.[32] The War Tour was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place in 1982 and 1983 in support of the groups album War. ... Under a Blood Red Sky is the name of both a live album and concert video recorded by the rock band U2 and released in 1983. ... This article is about the original U.S. music television channel. ...


The Unforgettable Fire and Live Aid (1984 – 1985)

We knew the world was ready to receive the heirs to The Who. All we had to do was to keep doing what we were doing and we would become the biggest band since Led Zeppelin, without a doubt. But something just didn't feel right. We felt we had more dimension than just the next big anything, we had something unique to offer. The innovation was what would suffer if we went down the standard rock route. We were looking for another feeling. The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ...

Bono on The Unforgettable Fire's new direction.[33] For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ...

The Unforgettable Fire was released in 1984. Ambient and abstract, it was at the time the band’s most marked change in direction.[34] The band feared that following the overt rock of the War album and tour, they were in danger of becoming another "shrill", "sloganeering arena-rock band".[35] Thus, rather than become another formula band, experimentation was sought;[36] as Adam Clayton recalls, "We were looking for something that was a bit more serious, more arty."[37] The Edge admired the ambient and 'weird works' of Brian Eno, who, along with his engineer Daniel Lanois, eventually agreed to produce the record.[38] For the song of the same name from the album, see The Unforgettable Fire (song). ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Daniel Lanois (born September 19, 1951 in Hull, Québec) is a Canadian record producer and singer-songwriter. ...


The Unforgettable Fire has a rich and orchestrated sound. Under Lanois' direction, Larry's drumming became looser, funkier, and more subtle and Adam's bass became more subliminal; the rhythm section no longer intruded, but flowed in support of the songs.[39] Complementing the sonic atmospherics, the album's lyrics are open to many interpretations, providing what the band called a "very visual feel".[34] Bono's recent immersion in fiction, philosophy, and poetry made him realise that his songwriting mission — about which he had always been reluctant — was a poetic one. Due to a tight recording schedule, however, Bono felt songs like "Bad" and "Pride (In the Name of Love)" were incomplete "sketches".[40] "Pride (In the Name of Love)", about Martin Luther King, was the album's first single and became the band's biggest hit at that point, being their first to enter the U.S. top 40.[41] Bad is the seventh track from U2s 1984 album, The Unforgettable Fire. ... Pride (In the Name of Love) is the second song on U2s 1984 album, The Unforgettable Fire and was released as the albums first single. ... “Martin Luther King” redirects here. ...

Music sample:

"The Unforgettable Fire" (1984) Image File history File links Tuf_sample. ...

Sample of "The Unforgettable Fire" from the album The Unforgettable Fire (1984). Typical of the album, the song has a rich, symphonic sound built from ambient guitar and driving rhythm; a lyrical "sketch".[42]

Problems listening to the file? See media help.

Much of the Unforgettable Fire Tour moved into indoor arenas as U2 began to win their long battle to build their audience.[43] Translating the complex textures of the new studio-recorded tracks, such as "The Unforgettable Fire" and "Bad", to live performance was problematic.[34] One solution was programmed sequencers, which the band had previously been reluctant to use, but are now used in the majority of the band's performances.[34] Songs criticised as being "unfinished", "fuzzy", and "unfocused" on the album made more sense on stage.[44] The Unforgettable Fire Tour was a concert tour by Irish rock band U2, which took place in 1984 and 1985 in support of groups album The Unforgettable Fire. ... In the field of electronic music, a sequencer was traditionally a device or piece of software that allows the user to record, play back and edit musical patterns. ...

U2's performance at Live Aid was a turning point in their career.
U2's performance at Live Aid was a turning point in their career.

U2 participated in the Live Aid concert for Ethiopian famine relief at Wembley Stadium in July 1985.[45] U2's performance was considered one of the show's most memorable and was a turning point in the band's career.[46] During the song "Bad", Bono leapt down off the stage to embrace and dance with a fan, showing a television audience of millions the personal connection that Bono could make with audiences.[47] In 1985, Rolling Stone magazine called U2 the "Band of the 80s," saying that "for a growing number of rock-and-roll fans, U2 have become the band that matters most, maybe even the only band that matters."[48] Image File history File links Live_Aid_-_U2. ... Image File history File links Live_Aid_-_U2. ... Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ... Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ... Location of Ethiopia, as Ethiopian borders were as of the famine, prior Eritrean independence in 1993. ... Wembley Stadium was a football stadium located in Wembley, London. ...


The Joshua Tree and Rattle and Hum (1986 – 1989)

Friendships with Bob Dylan, Van Morrison, and Keith Richards encouraged the band to look back to the roots of rock music and focused Bono on his skills as a song and lyric writer.[49] Realising "that U2 had no tradition, we were from outer space", the band explored American blues, country, and gospel music.[50] The band wanted to build on The Unforgettable Fire's atmospherics, but instead of its out-of-focus tracks, they sought a harder-hitting sound within the strict discipline of conventional song structures.[51] This article is about the recording artist. ... George Ivan Morrison OBE (generally known as Van Morrison) (born August 31, 1945) is a singer-songwriter from Belfast, Northern Ireland. ... Keith Richards (born 18 December 1943) is an English guitarist, songwriter, singer and a founding member of The Rolling Stones in 1962. ... Blues music redirects here. ... country music, see Country music (disambiguation) Country music, the first half of Billboards country and western music category, is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. ... Gospel music is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian. ...


U2 interrupted their 1986 album sessions to serve as a headline act on Amnesty International's A Conspiracy of Hope Tour; but rather than be a distraction, the tour added extra intensity and power to their new music.[52] In his 1986 travels to San Salvador and Nicaragua, Bono saw the distress of peasants bullied in internal conflicts subject to American political intervention; this first-hand experience later became a central influence on the album. The album juxtaposes antipathy towards America against the band's deep fascination with the country, its open spaces, freedom, and what it stands for.[53] The band wanted music with a sense of location, a 'cinematic' quality; the album's music and lyrics draw on imagery created by American writers whose works the band had been reading.[54] Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... A Conspiracy of Hope Tour was a short series of six benefit concerts in behalf of Amnesty International that took place in the United States during June 1986. ... For other uses, see San Salvador (disambiguation). ...

The wild beauty, cultural richness, spiritual vacancy and ferocious violence of America are explored to compelling effect in virtually every aspect of The Joshua Tree — in the title and the cover art, the blues and country borrowings evident in the music...Indeed, Bono says that "dismantling the mythology of America" is an important part of The Joshua Tree's artistic objective.

Rolling Stone[55] This article is about the magazine. ...

The Joshua Tree—so named as a "tribute" to, rather than a "metaphor" for, America[56]—was released in March 1987. It became the fastest-selling album in British chart history, and was number one for nine weeks in the United States.[57] It won U2 their first two Grammy Awards.[58] The album's first two singles, the 'rock & roll bolero "With or Without You"[59] and the rhythmic gospel "I Still Haven't Found What I'm Looking For", quickly went to #1 in the U.S. U2 became the fourth rock band to be featured on the cover of Time magazine,[60] which declared U2 "Rock's Hottest Ticket".[61] The album brought U2 to a new level of mega-stardom and is cited by Rolling Stone as one of rock's greatest.[62] The Joshua Tree Tour, the first during which the band consistently played in stadiums, sold out arenas and stadiums around the world.[63] For other uses, see Joshua tree (disambiguation). ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... The bolero is a type of dance and musical form. ... The Joshua Tree track listing I Still Havent Found What Im Looking For (2) With or Without You (3) Bullet the Blue Sky (4) The Best of 1980-1990 track listing New Years Day (2) With or Without You (3) I Still Havent Found What I... I Still Havent Found What Im Looking For is the second track U2s 1987 album, The Joshua Tree and was released as the albums second single. ... (Clockwise from upper left) Time magazine covers from May 7, 1945; July 25, 1969; December 31, 1999; September 14, 2001; and April 21, 2003. ... The Joshua Tree Tour was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place during 1987, in support of their album The Joshua Tree. ...


The documentary Rattle and Hum featured footage recorded from The Joshua Tree Tour, and the accompanying double album of the same name included nine studio tracks and six live U2 performances. Released in record stores and cinemas in October 1988, the album and film were intended as a tribute to American music.[64] The film included tracks recorded at Sun Studios in Memphis and tracks performed with Bob Dylan and B.B. King. Despite a positive reception from fans, Rattle and Hum received mixed-to-negative reviews from both film and music critics.[65] The band did not tour in support of the album except for the brief Lovetown Tour, which primarily consisted of shows in Australia. With a sense of musical stagnation, Bono announced at an end-of-decade concert that the weary U2 had come to the end of an era and had to "...go away and just dream it all up again".[66] Rattle and Hum refers to both a motion picture about the band U2 and its companion album, documenting the bands 1987 Joshua Tree Tour of the United States and its exploration into American music. ... Label of the fourth Sun Records Sun Records has been the name for four 20th century record labels. ... For other uses, see Memphis (disambiguation). ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Riley B. King aka B. B. King (b. ... The rock band U2s Lovetown Tour took place in late 1989 and early 1990. ...


Achtung Baby, Zoo TV, and Zooropa (1990 – 1993)

Buzzwords on this record were trashy, throwaway, dark, sexy, and industrial (all good) and earnest, polite, sweet, righteous, rockist and linear (all bad). It was good if a song took you on a journey or made you think your hifi was broken, bad if it reminded you of recording studios or U2...Berlin became a conceptual backdrop for the record. The Berlin of the Thirties — decadent, sexual and dark — resonating against the Berlin of the Nineties — reborn, chaotic and optimistic...

Brian Eno on the recording of Achtung Baby[67] Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ...

In November 1991, U2 released Achtung Baby. Hurt by criticism of Rattle and Hum, the band made a calculated change in musical and thematic direction, their most audacious since The Unforgettable Fire.[68] Sonically, Achtung Baby incorporated dance, industrial, and alternative music influences of the time; the band referred to the album as the sound of "four men chopping down the Joshua Tree".[69] Thematically, it was a more inward-looking and personal record; it was darker, yet at times more flippant, than the band's previous work. Commercially and critically, it has been one of the band's most successful albums and a crucial part of the band's early 1990s reinvention.[70] Like The Joshua Tree, it is cited by Rolling Stone as one of rock's greatest.[71] Singles from Achtung Baby Released: 21 October 1991 Released: 24 November 1991 Released: March 1992 Released: 8 June 1992 Released: August 1992 Achtung Baby is the seventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released on 19 November 1991. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term alternative rock or alternative music1 was coined in the early 1980s to describe bands which didnt fit into the mainstream genres of the time. ...


The band initially worked on Achtung Baby in East Berlin, seeking inspiration and renewal on the eve of German reunification. Daniel Lanois produced the album with assistance from Brian Eno.[72] In the Berlin sessions, conflict arose within the band over the quality of material and musical direction. While Adam and Larry preferred a sound similar to U2's previous work, Bono and The Edge were inspired by alternative and European dance music and advocated a change. Weeks of slow progress, arguments, and tension subsided when the band rallied around a chord progression The Edge had written, creating the song "One".[73] East Berlin was the name given to the eastern part of Berlin between 1949 and 1990. ... This article is about the 1990 German reunification. ... Achtung Baby track listing Even Better Than the Real Thing (2) One (3) Until the End of the World (4) The Best of 1990-2000 track listing Electrical Storm (William Orbit Mix) (4) One (5) Miss Sarajevo (6) U218 Singles track listing Sunday Bloody Sunday (11) One (12) Desire (13...

Music sample:

"The Fly" (1991) Image File history File links Fly_sample. ...

Sample of "The Fly" – chosen as the first single from Achtung Baby (1991) because its hip-hop beats, distorted vocals, and hard industrial edge sounded nothing like U2.[74]

Problems listening to the file? See media help. Singles from Achtung Baby Released: 21 October 1991 Released: 24 November 1991 Released: March 1992 Released: 8 June 1992 Released: August 1992 Achtung Baby is the seventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released on 19 November 1991. ...

The Zoo TV Tour of 1992-1993 was a multimedia event, and showcased an extravagant but intentionally bewildering array of hundreds of video screens, upside-down flying Trabant cars, mock transmission towers, satellite TV links, subliminal text messages, and Bono's over-the-top stage characters such as "The Fly", "Mirror-Ball Man", and "(Mister) MacPhisto". The extravagant shows were intentionally in contrast to the austere staging of previous U2 tours, and mocked the excesses of rock and roll by appearing to embrace these very excesses. The shows were, in part, U2's way to represent the pervasive nature of cable television and its blurring of news, entertainment, and home shopping.[75] Prank phone calls were made to President Bush, the United Nations, and others. Live satellite uplinks to war-torn Sarajevo caused controversy.[76] For the fan club-exclusive album released from this tour, see Zoo TV Live. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the automobile. ... Satellite television is television delivered by way of communications satellites, as compared to conventional terrestrial television and cable television. ... A subliminal message is a signal or message embedded in another object, designed to pass below the normal limits of perception. ... George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) was the 41st President of the United States, serving from 1989 to 1993. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ...

Quickly recorded and released during a break in the Zoo TV tour in mid-1993, the Zooropa album continued many of the themes from Achtung Baby and the Zoo TV tour. Initially intended as an EP, the band expanded Zooropa into a full-length LP album. It was an even greater departure from the style of their earlier recordings, incorporating techno influences and other electronic effects.[77] Most of the songs were played at least once during the 1993 leg of the tour, which extended through Europe, Australia, New Zealand and Japan; half the album's tracks became fixtures in the set.[78] Image File history File links U2s multimedia extravaganza Zoo TV world tour (1992-1993). ... Image File history File links U2s multimedia extravaganza Zoo TV world tour (1992-1993). ... For the fan club-exclusive album released from this tour, see Zoo TV Live. ... Zooropa is the eighth studio album by the Irish rock band U2. ... EP can stand for: EP is the IATA code for Iran Aseman Airlines Extended play, a music recording (usually consisting of several tracks, but shorter than a typical album) European Parliament, the parliamentary body of the European Union Evolutionary psychology, a belief that psychology can be better understood in light... An LP Long playing (LP), either 10 or 12-inch diameter, 33 rpm (actually 33. ... For the comic book character previously known as Techno, see Fixer (comics). ...


Passengers, Pop, and PopMart (1995 – 1998)

In 1995, U2 released an experimental album called Original Soundtracks 1. Brian Eno, producer of three previous U2 albums, contributed as a full partner, including writing and performing. For this reason, and due to the record's highly experimental nature, the band chose to release it under the moniker "Passengers" to distinguish it from U2's conventional albums. It was commercially unnoticed by U2 standards and it received generally poor reviews. However, the single "Miss Sarajevo" featuring Luciano Pavarotti, and which Bono cites as one his favourite U2 songs,[79] was a hit. Original Soundtracks 1 is a 1995 album recorded by U2 and Brian Eno (see 1995 in music). ... Miss Sarajevo is the only single from Passengers 1995 album, Original Soundtracks No. ... Luciano Pavarotti performing on June 15, 2002 at a concert in the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI[1] (October 12, 1935 – September 6, 2007) was a celebrated Italian tenor in operatic music, who successfully crossed into popular music becoming one of the most...

The giant screen from the PopMart Tour stage
The giant screen from the PopMart Tour stage

It's not enough to write a great lyric; it’s not enough to have a good idea or a great hook, lots of things have to come together and then you have to have the ability to discipline and screen. We should give this album to a re-mixer, go back to what was originally intended, so that 'Mofo' is on top of the stickiest groove with a proper plastic attack, 'Do You Feel Loved' is done as a liquid base line hook that carries the intimacies whispered on top of it, 'If God Will Send His Angels' should be diamonds and pearls. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1771 × 1180 pixel, file size: 219 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1771 × 1180 pixel, file size: 219 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Popmart Tour (often referred to as just Popmart) was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place from 1997 to 1998, in support of the groups 1997 album, Pop. ... Diamonds and Pearls is the title track to Prince and the New Power Generations 1991 hit album. ...

Bono on Pop[80] For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ...

On 1997's Pop, U2 continued experimenting; tape loops, programming, rhythm sequencing, and sampling provided much of the album with heavy, funky dance rhythms.[81] Released in March, the album debuted at #1 in 35 countries, and drew mainly positive reviews;[82] Rolling Stone stated that U2 had "defied the odds and made some of the greatest music of their lives."[83] Others, particularly American fans, felt that the album was a major disappointment, and it was commercially disappointing by U2 standards.[citation needed] The band was hurried into completing the album in time for the impending pre-booked tour, and Bono admitted that the album "didn't communicate the way it was intended to".[84] Pop is an album released by the Irish rock band U2 in March of 1997 (see 1997 in music). ... Tape loops are loops of prerecorded magnetic tape used to create repetitive, rhythmic musical patterns. ... Computer programming (often simply programming) is the craft of implementing one or more interrelated abstract algorithms using a particular programming language to produce a concrete computer program. ... This article is about reusing existing sound recordings in creating new works. ...


The subsequent tour, PopMart, commenced in April 1997, and continued the Zoo TV theme of decadence. The set included a 100-foot tall golden yellow arch, a 150-foot long video screen, and a 40-foot tall mirrorball lemon. Like Zoo TV, it featured advertising influences and was intended to send a sarcastic message to those accusing U2 of commercialism. U2's "big shtick" failed, however, to satisfy many who were seemingly confused by the band's new kitsch image and elaborate sets.[85] The late delivery of Pop meant rehearsal time was severely reduced, and performances in early shows suffered.[86] A highlight of the tour was a concert in Sarajevo where U2 were the first major group to perform following the Bosnian war.[87] Larry Mullen Jr. described the concert as "an experience I will never forget for the rest of my life, and if I had to spend 20 years in the band just to play that show, and have done that, I think it would have been worthwhile."[88] The Popmart Tour (often referred to as just Popmart) was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place from 1997 to 1998, in support of the groups 1997 album, Pop. ... Map of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo) Coordinates: , Country Entity Canton Sarajevo Canton Government  - Mayor Semiha Borovac (SDA) Area [1]  - City 141. ... Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim...


"Reapplying for the best band in the world" (2000-present)

All That You Can't Leave Behind is easy to relate to, full of solid songs that appeal to a wide audience with its clear notions of family, friendship, love, death, and re-birth. More Lanois than Eno on first impression, the sounds on this album come from a band that has digested the music it started to consume while making Rattle and Hum. This time they are neither imitating or paying tribute. This time it's soul music, not music about soul.

— Caroline van oosten de Boer[89]

Following the comparatively poor reception of Pop, U2 declared on a number of occasions that they were "re-applying for...The best band in the world".[90] Since 2000, the band has pursued a more traditional sound while maintaining influences from their previous musical explorations.[91] Pop is an album released by the Irish rock band U2 in March of 1997 (see 1997 in music). ...


All That You Can't Leave Behind was released in October 2000 and reunited the band with producers Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois. The album was considered by many of those not won over by the band's 1990s experimentation as a return to grace;[92] Rolling Stone called it U2's "third masterpiece" alongside The Joshua Tree and Achtung Baby.[93] The album debuted at #1 in 22 countries[94] and its world-wide hit single, "Beautiful Day" earned three Grammy Awards. The album's other singles, "Walk On", "Elevation", and "Stuck in a Moment You Can't Get Out Of" also won Grammy Awards. Singles from All That You Cant Leave Behind Released: October 9, 2000 Released: January 29, 2001 Released: February 20, 2001 Released: June 25, 2001 All That You Cant Leave Behind is the tenth studio album by the Irish rock band U2, released in 2000 by Island Records in... Beautiful Day is the lead single from U2s 2000 album, All That You Cant Leave Behind. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music... Walk On is a single release from U2s 2000 album, All That You Cant Leave Behind. ... Elevation is the third track and third single release from U2s 2000 album, All That You Cant Leave Behind. ... All That You Cant Leave Behind track listing Beautiful Day (1) Stuck in a Moment You Cant Get Out Of (2) Elevation (3) The Best of 1990-2000 track listing Stay (Faraway, So Close!) (7) Stuck in a Moment You Cant Get Out Of (8) Gone (9...

U2 performs at Super Bowl XXXVI Halftime Show, 3 February 2002
U2 performs at Super Bowl XXXVI Halftime Show, 3 February 2002

For the Elevation Tour, U2 performed in a scaled-down setting, returning to arenas after nearly a decade of stadium productions. A heart-shaped stage and ramp permitted greater proximity to the audience. Following the September 11, 2001 attacks, the new album gained added resonance. In October, U2 performed a series of sold-out shows at Madison Square Garden in New York City.[citation needed] In later interviews, Bono and the Edge would call these New York City shows among their most memorable and emotional performances.[citation needed] In early 2002, U2 performed during halftime of Super Bowl XXXVI.[95] Image File history File links U2_Super_Bowl. ... Image File history File links U2_Super_Bowl. ... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The rock band U2s Elevation Tour took place in 2001 in support of their album All That You Cant Leave Behind. ... A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Madison Square Garden, often abbreviated as MSG, known colloquially simply as The Garden, has been the name of four arenas in New York City, United States. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Date February 3, 2002 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Tom Brady, Quarterback (New England) Favorite Rams by 14 National anthem Mariah Carey Coin toss George H. W. Bush and Roger Staubach Referee Bernie Kukar Halftime show U2 Attendance 72,922 TV in the United States Network FOX...


The band's next studio album, How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb, was released on 22 November 2004. Sonically, the band was looking for harder-hitting rock than All That You Can't Leave Behind. Thematically, Bono states that "A lot of the songs are paeans to naiveté, a rejection of knowingness."[96] The first single "Vertigo" was featured on a widely-aired television commercial for the Apple iPod in conjunction with the release of a special edition U2 iPod and an iTunes U2 box set. The album debuted at #1 in 32 countries; first week sales in the US doubled that of All That You Can't Leave Behind and set a record for the band.[97] Claiming it as a contender as one of U2's three best albums, Bono said, "There are no weak songs. But as an album, the whole isn't greater than the sum of its parts, and it fucking annoys me."[98] Using a similar setup and stage design as the previous tour, the Vertigo Tour featured a setlist that varied more across dates than any U2 tour since the Lovetown Tour, and included songs not played since the early 1980s. Much like the Elevation Tour, the Vertigo Tour was a large commercial success.[99] The album and its singles won Grammy Awards in all eight categories they were nominated in. In 2005, Bruce Springsteen inducted U2 into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[100] Singles from How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb Released: 8 November 2004 Released: 8 February 2005 Released: 14 February 2005 Released: 6 June 2005 Released: November 2005 How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb is the commercially successful and critically acclaimed eleventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released in... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb track listing Vertigo (1) Miracle Drug (2) U218 Singles track listing With or Without You (4) Vertigo (5) New Years Day (6) Vertigo is the opening track and first single from U2s 2004 album, How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb. ... Apple Inc. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple and launched in October 2001. ... The Complete U2 is a digital box set by U2, released exclusively online in the iTunes Music Store on November 23, 2004 (see 2004 in music). ... The Vertigo Tour was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place in 2005 and 2006 in support of the groups 2004 album How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb. ... Springsteen redirects here. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame at sunset. ...


In August 2006, the band transferred some of its operations to Holland two months after Ireland capped its artists tax exemption at €250,000.[101] Since 2006, the band have been writing and recording new material; initially with Rick Rubin, and more recently with Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois. A new album is planned to be released some time in 2008.[102] Frederick Jay (Rick) Rubin (born March 10, 1963 in Lido Beach, New York) is an American record producer and is currently the co-head of Columbia Records. ...


Musical style

Since their inception, U2 have developed and maintained a distinctly recognisable sound, with emphasis on melodic instrumentals and expressive, larger-than-life vocals.[103] This approach is rooted partly in the early influence of record producer Steve Lillywhite at a time when the band was not known for musical proficiency.[104] The Edge has consistently used a rhythmic echo and a signature delay[105] to craft his guitar work, coupled with an Irish-influenced drone played against his syncopated melodies[106] that ultimately yields a well-defined ambient and atmospheric sound. Bono has nurtured his falsetto operatic voice[107] and has exhibited a notable lyrical bent towards social, political, and personal subject matter while maintaining a grandiose scale in his songwriting. In addition, the Edge has described U2 as a fundamentally live band.[106] In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the musicians, organizing and scheduling production budget and resources, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes. ... Steve Lillywhite (born in 1955) is a well-known Grammy Award winning English music producer. ... In music, a drone is a harmonic or monophonic effect or accompaniment where a note or chord is continuously sounded throughout much or all of a piece, sustained or repeated, and most often establishing a tonality upon which the rest of the piece is built. ... Falsetto (Italian diminutive of falso, false) is a singing technique that produces sounds that are pitched higher than the singers normal range, in the treble range. ...

U2 performing in their hometown of Dublin, Ireland in 2005

Despite these broad consistencies, U2 have introduced new elements into their musical repertoire with each new album. U2's early sound was influenced by bands such as Television and Joy Division, and has been described as containing a "sense of exhilaration" that resulted from The Edge's "radiant chords" and Bono's "ardent vocals".[108] U2's sound began with post-punk roots and minimalistic and uncomplicated instrumentals heard on Boy and October, but evolved through War to include aspects of rock anthem, funk, and dance rhythms to become more versatile and aggressive.[109] The two albums were labeled "muscular and assertive" by Rolling Stone,[35] influenced in large part by Lillywhite's producing. The Unforgettable Fire, which began with the Edge playing more keyboards than guitars, as well as follow-up The Joshua Tree, had Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois at the production helm. With their influence, both albums achieved a "diverse texture".[35] The songs from The Joshua Tree and Rattle and Hum placed more emphasis on Lanois-inspired rhythm as they mixed distinct and varied styles of gospel and blues music, which stemmed from the band's burgeoning fascination with America's culture, people and places. In the 1990s, U2 reinvented themselves as they began using synthesizers, distortion, and electronic beats derived from alternative music, dance music, and hip-hop on Achtung Baby[110] Zooropa and Pop.[111] The 2000s had U2 returning to a stripped-down sound, with less use of synthesizers and effects and a more traditional rhythm. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 853 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 853 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the band. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Daniel Lanois (born September 19, 1951 in Hull, Québec) is a Canadian record producer and singer-songwriter. ... The term synthesiser is also used to mean frequency synthesiser, an electronic system found in communications. ... In the world of guitar music and guitar amplification, distortion is actively sought, evaluated, and appreciatively discussed in its endless flavors. ... Electronica refers to a wide range of contemporary electronic music designed for a wide range of uses, including foreground listening, some forms of dancing, and background music for other activities; but unlike electronic dance music, is not specifically focused on the dance floor. ... For other uses, see Hip hop (disambiguation). ...


Lyrics and themes

Social and political commentary, often embellished with Christian-Catholic religious and spiritual imagery,[112] are a major aspect of U2's lyrical content. Songs like "Sunday Bloody Sunday" and "Mothers of the Disappeared" are based on real-life events and they find their emotional impact from the compelling reality of those situations. Furthermore, Bono's personal conflicts and turmoil related to family are showcased in songs like "Mofo", "Tomorrow" and "Kite". An emotional yearning or pleading is another frequent conveyance,[103] in tracks such as "Yahweh"[113], "Peace on Earth" and "Please". More generally, the investigation of loss and anguish coupled with hopefulness and resiliency, central in The Joshua Tree,[35] has motivated much of U2's songwriting and music. Some of this lyrical ideation has been amplified by Bono and the band's personal experiences during their youth in Ireland, as well as Bono's campaigning and activism later in hos life. U2 have used tours such as Zoo TV and PopMart to caricature social trends such as media overload and consumerism, respectively.[111] Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is... Sunday Bloody Sunday is the third single and opening track from U2s 1983 album, War. ... Mothers of the Disappeared is a song on U2s 1987 album The Joshua Tree. ... Mofo (short for motherfucker) is the sixth and final single from U2s 1997 album Pop. ... Tomorrow is a song from U2s second album, October. ... Kite is a U2 song from the album All That You Cant Leave Behind. ... Yahweh is a song by U2, off of their album How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb. ... Peace On Earth is the eighth track from U2s 2000 album, All That You Cant Leave Behind. ... Please is the fourth single from U2s 1997 album, Pop. ... For the fan club-exclusive album released from this tour, see Zoo TV Live. ... The Popmart Tour (often referred to as just Popmart) was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place from 1997 to 1998, in support of the groups 1997 album, Pop. ...


Influences

The band cites The Who[114], The Clash[115], Ramones[116], The Beatles[117] and Joy Division[118] as their major influences. Other musicians and bands such as OneRepublic,[119] Coldplay,[120] The Killers,[120] Flickerstick,[121] and Angels & Airwaves[122] have in turn been influenced by the work of U2. Cover versions of U2 songs have been made by performers such as Our Lady Peace, Mary J. Blige, Johnny Cash, The Chimes, Joe Cocker, Pearl Jam, James Blunt, tobyMac, Pet Shop Boys, Radiohead, Ignite, The Smashing Pumpkins, Keane, Pillar and The Bravery. U2 have also enjoyed reciprocal influential relationships with artists including Green Day, Bruce Springsteen, Bob Dylan, Elvis Costello, R.E.M., and Anton Corbijn. The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ... This article is about the English rock band. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... This article is about the band. ... OneRepublic (often miswritten separated) is an American rock band formed in Colorado. ... Coldplay are an English rock band. ... The Killers are an American rock band from Las Vegas, Nevada, most famous for their hit singles Somebody Told Me, Mr. ... Flickerstick Flickerstick (sometimes incorrectly called Flicker Stick) is a Denton, Texas rock band mostly remembered for being the winner of VH1s talent/reality show Bands on the Run. ... Angels & Airwaves is an alternative rock band fronted by former blink-182 and Box Car Racer guitarist/vocalist Tom DeLonge. ... Our Lady Peace, abbreviated as OLP, is a Canadian alternative rock band consisting of Raine Maida (vocals), Duncan Coutts (bass), Jeremy Taggart (drums), and Steve Mazur (guitar). ... Mary Jane Blige (born January 11, 1971) is an American R&B, soul, and hip hop soul singer, songwriter, occasional rapper, record producer, and actress who has sold over forty million records worldwide. ... For the song of the same name, recorded by Tracy Byrd and later by Jason Aldean, see Johnny Cash (song). ... The Chimes were a dance music trio from Scotland featuring vocalist Pauline Henry with Mike Paden and James Locke. ... Joe Cocker OBE (born 20 May 1944) is an English rock/blues singer who came to popularity in the 1960s, and is most known for his gritty voice and his cover versions of popular songs. ... This article is about the rock group. ... James Blunt (born James Hillier Blount, February 22, 1974) is an English singer-songwriter whose debut album, Back to Bedlam, and single releases — especially the number one hit Youre Beautiful — brought him to fame in 2005. ... Kevin (Toby) Michael McKeehan, professionally known as tobyMac, is known for his role as a member of the Christian music group dc Talk. ... Pet Shop Boys are a Grammy Award nominated British synthpop/pop music/electronic music duo, consisting of Neil Tennant who provides main vocals, keyboards and very occasionally guitar, and Chris Lowe on keyboards and occasionally on vocals. ... Radiohead are an English rock band. ... Ignite is a hardcore/punk rock band from Orange County, California. ... The Smashing Pumpkins are an American alternative rock band that formed in Chicago in 1988. ... Keane (IPA: /kin/) are an English piano rock band, first established in Battle, East Sussex in 1995, taking their current name in 1997. ... Look up pillar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Bravery is an American rock band from New York City that consists of Sam Endicott, John Conway, Anthony Burulcich, Michael Zakarin, and Mike Hindert. ... This article is about the band Green Day. ... Springsteen redirects here. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Elvis Costello (born Declan Patrick McManus August 25, 1954) is an English musician, singer, and songwriter. ... R.E.M. is an American rock band formed in Athens, Georgia in 1980 by Bill Berry (drums), Peter Buck (guitar), Mike Mills (bass guitar), and Michael Stipe (vocals). ... Anton Corbijn (pronounced ) (born May 20, 1955) is a photographer from Strijen, the Netherlands. ...


Campaigning and activism

U2 have long been interested in social and political issues inside and outside the scope of their music. Since the early 1980s, the members of U2 – as a band and individually – have collaborated with other musicians, artists, celebrities, and politicians to address issues concerning poverty, disease, and social injustice. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2480x1654, 1287 KB) Summary Brazilian president Lula shakes hands with U2 leader Bono. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2480x1654, 1287 KB) Summary Brazilian president Lula shakes hands with U2 leader Bono. ... Brazilian Presidential Standard The President of Brazil is both the head of state and head of government of the Federative Republic of Brazil. ... Term of office: January 1, 2003 – present Preceded by: Fernando Henrique Cardoso Succeeded by: incumbent Date of birth: October 6, 1945 Place of birth: Vargem Grande (now Caetés), Garanhuns, Pernambuco First Lady: Marisa Letícia Lula da Silva Political party: Workers Party Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva (born...


In 1984, Bono and Adam Clayton participated in Band Aid to raise money for Ethiopian famine relief. The initiative produced the hit charity single "Do They Know It's Christmas?", which would be the first among several collaborations between U2 and Bob Geldof. In July 1985, U2 played Live Aid, a follow-up to Band Aid's efforts. Bono and his wife Ali, invited by World Vision, later visited Ethiopia; Bono witnessed the famine first hand. Bono would later say this laid the groundwork for his Africa campaigning and some of his songwriting.[123] Band Aid was a British and Irish charity supergroup, founded in 1984 by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure in order to raise money for famine relief in Ethiopia by releasing the record Do They Know Its Christmas? for the Christmas market. ... A famine is a phenomenon in which a large percentage of the population of a region or country are so undernourished that death by starvation becomes increasingly common. ... Cover art for the original Do They Know Its Christmas? release – artist Peter Blake Do They Know Its Christmas? is a song written by Bob Geldof and Midge Ure in 1984 specifically to raise money for Ethiopian famine relief. ... Robert Frederick Xenon Geldof[1], KBE[2], known as Bob Geldof (born 5 October 1951) [3], is an Irish singer, songwriter, actor and political activist. ... Ethiopia, as its borders were in 1985. ... This article is about the adhesive bandage. ... This article is about the charitable organization. ...


In 1986, U2 participated in the A Conspiracy of Hope Tour in support of Amnesty International and in Self Aid for unemployment in Ireland. The same year, Bono and Ali Hewson also visited Nicaragua and El Salvador at the invitation of the Sanctuary movement, and saw the effects of the El Salvador Civil War. These 1986 events greatly influenced The Joshua Tree album, which was being recorded at the time. A Conspiracy of Hope Tour was a short series of six benefit concerts in behalf of Amnesty International that took place in the United States during June 1986. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... Self Aid was a benefit concert held in Dublin, Ireland on May 17, 1986. ... The Sanctuary movement was a religious and political movement of approximately 500 congregations in the U.S. that helped Central American refugees by sheltering them from Immigration and Naturalization Service authorities. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 1992, the band participated in the "Stop Sellafield" concert with Greenpeace during their Zoo TV tour.[124] Events in Sarajevo during the Bosnian war inspired the song "Miss Sarajevo", which premiered at a September 1995 Pavarotti and Friends show, and which Bono and the Edge performed at War Child.[125] A promise made in 1993 was kept when the band played in Sarajevo as part of 1997's PopMart Tour.[126] In 1998, they performed in Belfast days prior to the vote on the Good Friday Agreement, bringing Irish political leaders David Trimble and John Hume on stage to promote the agreement.[127] Later that year, all proceeds from the release of the "Sweetest Thing" single went towards supporting the Chernobyl Children's Project. The Sellafield facility on the Cumbrian coast, United Kingdom Sellafield is the name of a nuclear site, close to the village and railway station of Seascale, operated by Sellafield Ltd, but owned since 1 April 2005 by the Nuclear Decommissioning Authority. ... Greenpeace protest against Esso / Exxon Mobil. ... Combatants Army of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Predominantly Bosniak) Army of Republika Srpska, Yugoslav Peoples Army, various paramilitary units from Serbia and Montenegro (Serbian) Croatian Defence Council, Croatian Army (Croatian) Commanders Alija Izetbegović (President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Sefer Halilović (Army chief of staff 1992-1993) Rasim... Miss Sarajevo is the only single from Passengers 1995 album, Original Soundtracks No. ... The Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti (born October 12, 1935), is one of the most famous living opera singers. ... For other uses of the name War Child, see the disambiguation page. ... This article is about the city in Northern Ireland. ... The Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement and, more rarely, as the Stormont Agreement) was signed in Belfast on April 10, 1998 by the British and Irish Governments and endorsed by most Northern Ireland political parties. ... The Lord Trimble William David Trimble, Baron Trimble, PC (born 15 October 1944), known as David Trimble, is a Northern Irish politician who served as leader of the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP) and the first First Minister of Northern Ireland. ... John Hume. ... For the movie, see The Sweetest Thing. ... Chernobyl Childrens Project International (CCPI) is a United Nations-accredited international development, medical, and humanitarian organization that works with children, families and communities that continue to be affected by the Chernobyl nuclear disaster of 1986. ...


In 2001, the band dedicated "Walk On" to Burma's pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi.[128] In late 2003, Bono and the Edge participated in the South Africa HIV/AIDS awareness 46664 series of concerts hosted by Nelson Mandela. The band played 2005's Live 8 concert in London. The band and manager Paul McGuinness were awarded Amnesty International's Ambassador of Conscience Award for their work in promoting human rights.[129] Walk On is a single release from U2s 2000 album, All That You Cant Leave Behind. ... Aung San Suu Kyi (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ; IPA: [6]); born 19 June 1945 in Yangon (Rangoon), is a pro-democracy activist and leader of the National League for Democracy in Myanmar (Burma), and a noted prisoner of conscience and advocate of nonviolent resistance. ... 46664 is the prisoner number of Nelson Mandela from his imprisonment in 1964 to his release in 1990, and the title used for a series of AIDS charity concerts (the motto: Aids is not a disease it is a human rights issue). Mandela is sometimes referred to, reverently, as prisoner... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... Official Live8 DVD, released in November 2005 Live 8 was a series of concurrent benefit concerts that took place on 2 July 2005, in the G8 states and in South Africa. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... The Ambassador of Conscience Award is Amnesty Internationals highest human rights award. ...


Since 2000, Bono has done a significant amount of solo campaigning; he was involved in the Jubilee 2000 campaign with Bob Geldof, Muhammad Ali, and others with the aim of cancelling third world debt during the Great Jubilee. Bono, along with activists from Jubilee 2000, founded a multinational NGO in January 2002 called DATA, with the aim of improving the social, political, and financial state of Africa. He continued his campaigns for debt and HIV/AIDS relief into June 2002 by making high-profile visits to Africa.[130] Product Red, a 2006 for-profit brand seeking to raise money for the Global Fund, was founded, in part, by Bono. The ONE Campaign, the US counterpart of Make Poverty History, has been shaped by his efforts and vision. Bono has also teamed up with Yahoo! to promote the ONE Campaign, which Yahoo! has helped to re-develop. Logo of Jubilee 2000 Jubilee 2000 was an international coalition movement in over 40 countries calling for cancellation of unpayable third world debt by the year 2000. ... For other persons named Muhammad Ali, see Muhammad Ali (disambiguation). ... The official logo of the Great Jubilee of 2000 features its motto: Christ Yesterday, Today, Forever. ... Logo of Jubilee 2000 Jubilee 2000 was an international coalition movement in over 40 countries calling for cancellation of unpayable third world debt by the year 2000. ... NGO is an abbreviation or code for: Non-governmental organization Nagoya Airport (IATA code) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Summers, Bono, Leaning Debt, AIDS, Trade in Africa (or DATA) is a multinational non-government organization founded in January 2002 in London by U2s Bono along with Bobby Shriver and activists from the Jubilee 2000 Drop the Debt campaign. ... Product Red (styled (PRODUCT)RED) is a for-profit brand which is licensed to partner companies such as American Express, Apple Inc. ... Tuberculous lungs The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria is a UN-related organization whose purpose is to finance programs that purport to prevent and treat patients with AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, three major threats to health on a global scale. ... The ONE Campaign is a part of the international Make Poverty History movement which is dedicated to the goal of energizing people in the United States to lobby Congress to increase humanitarian aid to 1% of the federal budget, specifically with the aim of fighting AIDS and severe poverty in... // The Make Poverty History campaign (which is written as MAKEPOVERTYHISTORY) was a British and Irish coalition of charities, religious groups, trade unions, campaigning groups and celebrities who mobilized around the UKs prominence in world politics in 2005 to increase awareness and pressure governments into taking actions towards relieving absolute... Yahoo redirects here. ...


In late 2005, following Hurricane Katrina and Hurricane Rita, The Edge helped introduce Music Rising, an initiative to raise funds for musicians who lost their instruments in the storm-ravaged Gulf Coast.[131] In 2006, U2 collaborated with pop punk band Green Day to record a cover version of the song "The Saints Are Coming" by The Skids to benefit Music Rising.[132] This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... Lowest pressure 895 mbar (hPa)[1] Damages $10 billion (2005 USD)[1] Fatalities 7 direct, 113 indirect Areas affected Bahamas, Florida, Cuba, Yucatán Peninsula, Louisiana, Texas, Mississippi, Arkansas Part of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season Hurricane Rita is the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most... A charity founded (with support from U2s The Edge) to help in the purchasing of new instruments for the musicians of New Orleans affected by Hurricane Katrina It was announced in early September 2006 that Green Day would join U2 in the studio to record a cover version of... The Gulf of Mexico is a major body of water bordered and nearly landlocked by North America. ... Pop punk is used for two separate subgenres of punk rock music: the kind typically found on Lookout! Records, which stray very little from the three-chord formula that The Ramones pioneered, as well as a newer subgenre of melodic, more emotional punk, which includes by bands like NOFX and... This article is about the band Green Day. ... The Saints Are Coming is a rock song by the Scottish punk rock band The Skids, off their debut album Scared to Dance from 1978. ... The Skids The Skids were an art-punk/punk rock and new wave band from Dunfermline, Scotland, founded in 1977 by Stuart Adamson (1958 - 2001, guitars / vocals / keyboards), Richard Jobson (vocals / guitar), Thomas Kellichan (drums) and William Simpson (bass guitar / vocals). ...


U2 and Bono's social activism have not been without its critics however. There are authors and activists whose work is reprinted by such publications as the politically left Counterpunch which has often carried articles critical of their being too close to power and their attempts to help as doing more harm than good.


Other projects

The members of U2 have undertaken a number of side projects, sometimes in collaboration with some of their bandmates. In 1985, Bono recorded the song "In a Lifetime" with the Irish band Clannad. The Edge recorded a solo soundtrack album for the film Captive in 1986.[133] Bono and The Edge wrote the song "She's A Mystery To Me" for Roy Orbison, which was featured on his 1989 album Mystery Girl.[134] Together with The Edge, Bono wrote the song "Goldeneye" for the 1995 James Bond film GoldenEye, which was performed by Tina Turner.[135] Adam Clayton and Larry Mullen Jr. did a rework of the title track of the movie Mission: Impossible in 1996.[136] Bono loaned his voice to "Joy" on Mick Jagger's 2001 album Goddess in the Doorway.[137] This article is about the Irish musical group. ... The soundtrack for the movie Captive is the only solo album to date by The Edge, guitarist of U2. ... Roy Kelton Orbison (April 23, 1936 – December 6, 1988), nicknamed The Big O, was an influential Grammy Award-winning American singer-songwriter, guitarist and a pioneer of rock and roll whose recording career spanned more than four decades. ... Mystery Girl is an 1989 music album by Roy Orbison. ... GoldenEye is a hit James Bond theme performed by Tina Turner used for the 1995 film, GoldenEye. ... 007 redirects here. ... This article is about GoldenEye, the film. ... Tina Turner (born Anna Mae Bullock) November 26, 1939) is an 11 time Grammy Award-winning (sharing three), American Singer, Dancer, Record Producer, Executive Producer, Film Producer, Actress, Writer, Performer, Songwriter, Author and occasional Painter whose career has spanned from 1956 to present. ... Mission: Impossible (1996) is a film directed by Brian De Palma and featuring Tom Cruise, based on the television series Mission: Impossible. ... Sir Michael Phillip Mick Jagger (born July 26, 1943) is a English rock musician, actor, songwriter, record and film producer and businessman. ... Goddess in the Doorway is the fourth album by Mick Jagger and was released in 2001. ...


Aside from musical collaborations, U2 have worked with several authors. American author William S. Burroughs had a guest appearance in U2's video for "Last Night on Earth" shortly before he died.[138] His poem "A Thanksgiving Prayer" was used as video footage during the band's Zoo TV Tour. Other collaborators include William Gibson and Allen Ginsberg.[139] In early 2000, the band recorded two songs for the The Million Dollar Hotel movie soundtrack, including "The Ground Beneath Her Feet," which was co-written by Salman Rushdie and motivated by his book of the same name.[140] William Seward Burroughs II (February 5, 1914) - August 2, 1997; pronounced ), more commonly known as William S. Burroughs, was an American novelist, essayist, social critic, painter and spoken word performer. ... For other persons named William Gibson, see William Gibson (disambiguation). ... Irwin Allen Ginsberg (IPA: ) (June 3, 1926 – April 5, 1997) was an American poet. ... The Million Dollar Hotel is an English language 2000 movie based on a concept story by Bono of Irish rock band U2 and Nicholas Klein and directed by Wim Wenders. ... The Ground Beneath Her Feet is a song by U2 from the film, The Million Dollar Hotel. ... Ahmed Salman Rushdie (Devanagari : अख़्मद सल्मान रश्दी Nastaliq:; born 19 June 1947) is an Indian-British novelist and essayist. ... The Ground Beneath Her Feet is a novel written by Salman Rushdie. ...


Discography

Main article: U2 discography
Studio albums
Compilation and live albums

This is a comprehensive listing of official releases by the Irish rock band U2. ... Alternate cover U.S. and Canada cover Singles from Boy Released: August 1980 Released: October 1981 Boy is the debut album from Irish rock band U2, released in 1980. ... October is the second album by Irish rock band U2, released in 1981. ... War is the third studio album by Irish rock band U2, released in 1983. ... For the song of the same name from the album, see The Unforgettable Fire (song). ... For other uses, see Joshua tree (disambiguation). ... Rattle and Hum refers to both a motion picture about the band U2 and its companion album, documenting the bands 1987 Joshua Tree Tour of the United States and its exploration into American music. ... Singles from Achtung Baby Released: 21 October 1991 Released: 24 November 1991 Released: March 1992 Released: 8 June 1992 Released: August 1992 Achtung Baby is the seventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released on 19 November 1991. ... Zooropa is the eighth studio album by the Irish rock band U2. ... Pop is an album released by the Irish rock band U2 in March of 1997 (see 1997 in music). ... Singles from All That You Cant Leave Behind Released: October 9, 2000 Released: January 29, 2001 Released: February 20, 2001 Released: June 25, 2001 All That You Cant Leave Behind is the tenth studio album by the Irish rock band U2, released in 2000 by Island Records in... Singles from How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb Released: 8 November 2004 Released: 8 February 2005 Released: 14 February 2005 Released: 6 June 2005 Released: November 2005 How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb is the commercially successful and critically acclaimed eleventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released in... Under a Blood Red Sky is the name of both a live album and concert video recorded by the rock band U2 and released in 1983. ... Wide Awake in America is a four-track EP by the Irish rock band U2, released in 1985 (see 1985 in music). ... The Best of 1980–1990 is the first greatest hits compilation by Irish rock band U2, released in November 1998. ... The Best of 1990–2000 is the second greatest hits compilation by Irish rock band U2, released in November 2002. ... U218 Singles (originally titled U218) is a compilation by the Irish rock band U2. ...

Awards

Main article: List of U2 awards

This is a comprehensive list of major music awards received by U2, an Irish rock band that formed in 1976, and whose members are Adam Clayton, Bono, The Edge, and Larry Mullen Jr. ...

References

General

  • Chatterton, Mark (2001). U2: The Complete Encyclopedia. Firefly Publishing. ISBN 0-946719-41-1
  • Flanagan, Bill (1995). U2 at the End of the World. Delacorte Press. ISBN 0-385-31154-0
  • Graham, Bill; van Oosten de Boer (2004). U2: The Complete Guide to their Music. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-9886-8. 
  • McCormick, Neil (ed), (2006). U2 by U2. HarperCollins Publishers. ISBN 0-00-719668-7
  • de la Parra, Pimm Jal (1994). U2 Live: A Concert Documentary. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-3666-8
  • de la Parra, Pimm Jal (2003). U2 Live: A Concert Documentary. Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-9198-7
  • Stokes, Niall (1996). Into The Heart: The Stories Behind Every U2 Song. Harper Collins Publishers. ISBN 0-7322-6036-1. 
  • Wall, Mick, (2005). Bono. Andre Deutsch Publishers. ISBN 0233001593 (Promotional edition published by Paperview UK in association with the Irish Independent)

Niall Stokes (Irish : Niall Ó Stócaigh) is the editor of the popular fortnightly music and political magazine Hot Press based in Dublin, Republic of Ireland. ...

Notes

  1. ^ The Edge said about the early formation of the group, "The next stage was a note on the schoolboard to the effect that 'Larry had wasted a lot of money on drums and was interested in finding other people to waste money on guitars' and stuff like that, so we all met in his kitchen one day. I think between us there was one kit of drums, one bass without amp ('I had a purple Marshall amp with a tatty little speaker that used to blow up every time I wound it up,' protested Adam), one borrowed electric guitar and a borrowed amplifier. It was like first day in the army, everyone was knocked into shape and telling everyone else what to do. It was Larry's kitchen so he was sort of in charge, but he was only really interested in playing drums, so eventually it winnowed down from four lead guitarists to three, then two, then Bono started to concentrate fully on vocals, so it developed from there."[141]
  2. ^ As The Edge explained in 1982, "Much earlier on we tried to do cover versions of things, but to be honest we were so bad at working out stuff that we just had to give it up and write our own songs, so by the time we came to realise there were other bands doing new things it was too late, because we already had our own style of writing. We just played together and things came out. We always try to do things differently, we never accept the normal, so it was mainly trial and error."[141]
  3. ^ In 1980, Bono said of the name, "We're still discovering, growing...One of the reasons we chose the name U2 was to have that ambiguity which I think I is necessary, so that it's not so easy for people to make premature assumption or wrong associations. But it's not a name that will directly confuse people. That name in a way is obvious; there's nothing to it really. It's not blasphemous; it's not going to upset people. It's just really simple and straightforward. BUT it's not like The U2 or The U2s, which is already happening and ruins it."[142]
  4. ^ Rolling Stone wrote that the ability to use a range of powerful images, taking a song initially about sectarian anger, and turn it into a call for Christians to unite and claim victory over death and evil, showed that the band was capable of deep and meaningful songwriting.[143]
  1. ^ Vallely, Paul. "Bono: The Missionary". The Independent, May 2006. Retrieved October 15, 2006.
  2. ^ GRAMMY Winners List grammy.com. Retrieved October 15, 2006.
  3. ^ Paul McGuiness. Classic Albums: The Joshua Tree' [Television documentary]. Rajon Vision.
  4. ^ McCormick (2006), page 27
  5. ^ Chatterton (2001), page 130
  6. ^ McCormick (2006), page 30
  7. ^ McCormick (2006), pages 46-47
  8. ^ de la Parra (2003), page 6
  9. ^ a b McCormick (2006), pages 46-48
  10. ^ Better known as Steve Rapid of The Radiators From Space
  11. ^ McCormick (2006), page 44
  12. ^ Wall, Mick, (2005). Bono. Andre Deutsch Publishers. ISBN 0233001593 (Promotional edition published by Paperview UK is association with the Irish Independent), pages 45
  13. ^ McCormick (2006), pages 53-56
  14. ^ de la Parra (1994), page 8
  15. ^ de la Parra (1994), page 10
  16. ^ Stokes (1996), page 142; McCormick (2006), page 88
  17. ^ Stokes (1996), page 142
  18. ^ Boy Review. Hot Press (October 1980). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.; Boy New Music Express review. New Music Express (1980-10-25). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.; Boy Billboard review. Billboard (1980-09-30). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.; Boy The Washington Post review. The Washington Post (1980-09-30). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  19. ^ Henke, James (1981-02-19). U2: Here Comes the "Next Big Thing". Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  20. ^ The Meaning of U2 Lyrics. U2MoL. Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  21. ^ de la Parra (2003), pages 16,17
  22. ^ Voice of Influential U2 Frontman. BBC (2006-12-23). Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  23. ^ Flanagan (1995), pages 46-48
  24. ^ Stokes (1996), page 36
  25. ^ Reynolds, Simon. Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978-1984. Penguin, 2005. p. 367. ISBN 0-14-303672-6
  26. ^ Graham (2004), page 14
  27. ^ McCormick (2006), p135.
  28. ^ McCormick (2006), page 127
  29. ^ "New Year's Day" reached #10 on the UK charts, and received extensive radio coverage in the US, almost breaking that country's Top 50. (McCormick (2006), page 139); Songfacts: New Year's Day by U2. Songfacts.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  30. ^ Block, Adam (1989-05-01). Bono Bites Back. MotherJones.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  31. ^ Net Music Countdown: U2. netmusiccountdown.com. Retrieved on 2007-09-06.
  32. ^ Connelly, Christopher (1984-03-14). "Keeping the Faith". Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-09-06. 
  33. ^ McCormick (2006), page 147
  34. ^ a b c d Parra, Pimm Jal de la U2 Live: A Concert Documentary, pages 52-55, 1996, Harper Collins Publishers, ISBN 0-7322-6036-1
  35. ^ a b c d Pond, Steve (9 April 1987). "The Joshua Tree Album Review". Rolling Stone. 
  36. ^ Graham (2004), page 21
  37. ^ McCormick (2006), page 147
  38. ^ Island Records boss Chris Blackwell initially tried to discourage them from their choice of producers, believing that just when the band were about to achieve the highest levels of success, Eno would "bury them under a layer of avant-garde nonsense". (McCormick (2006), page 151)
  39. ^ Stokes, Niall (1996). Into The Heart: The Story Behind Every U2 Song. Australia: HarperCollinsPublishers, pages 50-51. ISBN 0-7322-6036-1. 
  40. ^ McCormick (2006), page 151
  41. ^ Graham, (2004), page 23, 24
  42. ^ Stokes, Niall (1996). Into The Heart: The Story Behind Every U2 Song. Australia: HarperCollinsPublishers, pages 55. ISBN 0-7322-6036-1. 
  43. ^ de la Parra (1994), page 62-63
  44. ^ Rolling Stone, which was critical of the album version of "Bad", described its live performance as a 'show stopper'. Henke, James (18 July 1985). "''Wide Awake in America'' Album Review". Rolling Stone. 
  45. ^ Live Aid: A Look Back At A Concert That Actually Changed The World MTV.com. Retrieved 31 October 2006.
  46. ^ McCormick (2006), page 164
  47. ^ de la Parra (2003), pages 72-73
  48. ^ U2, the Only Band that Mattered in the '80s? about.com. Retrieved January 31, 2007
  49. ^ McCormick (2006), page 179
  50. ^ Bono in McCormick (2006), pages 169, 177
  51. ^ DeCurtis, Anthony (27 March 1987). "U2 Releases The Joshua Tree". Rolling Stone.  cited in Gardner, Elysa (ed) (1994), U2: The Rolling Stone Files, London: Sidgwick & Jackson, ISBN 0-283-06239-8
  52. ^ McCormick (2006), page 174
  53. ^ McCormick (2006), page 186
  54. ^ Graham (2004), pages 27-30
  55. ^ DeCurtis, Anthony (7 May 1987). "Truths and Consequences". Rolling Stone. 
  56. ^ McCormick (2006), page 186
  57. ^ Classic Albums: The Joshua Tree [Television Documentary]. Eagle Rock Entertainment.; McCormick (2006), page 186
  58. ^ Grammy Award for Album of the Year and a Grammy for the Best Rock Performance By a Duo or Group With Vocal.GRAMMY Winners List grammy.com. Retrieved December 4, 2006.
  59. ^ Pond, Steve (9 April 1987). "The Joshua Tree Album Review". Rolling Stone. 
  60. ^ following The Beatles, The Band, and The Who)
  61. ^ "Rock's Hottest Ticket" Time Magazine Archive, April 1987. Retrieved on 20 January 2007.
  62. ^ The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All-Time Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 15 October 2006.
  63. ^ de la Parra (1994), pages 102-103, 111)
  64. ^ Stokes (1996), page 78; Graham (2004), pages 36-38
  65. ^ Allmusic.com Rattle and Hum review. Retrieved 3 November 2006; Christgau, Robert. "Rattle and Hum. robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 3 November 2006.
  66. ^ McCormick (2006), page 213; "A Story of One" [Video documentary].
  67. ^ Eno, Brian (28 November 1991). "Bringing Up Baby". Rolling Stone. 
  68. ^ Flanagan (1995), pages 4-6; Graham (2004), page 43
  69. ^ Deep Cuts: U2, Part I
  70. ^ Graham (2004), page 44
  71. ^ The RS 500 Greatest Albums of All-Time Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 15 October 2006.
  72. ^ Flanagan (1995), page 7
  73. ^ Flanagan (1995), pages 6-11
  74. ^ Flanagan (1995), page 30; Graham (2004), page 49; Stokes, Niall (1996). Into The Heart: The Story Behind Every U2 Song. Australia: HarperCollinsPublishers, pages 102. ISBN 0-7322-6036-1. 
  75. ^ de la Parra (1994), pages 139-141; Flanagan (1995), pages 12,13, 58-61; Stokes (1996), pages 110-111
  76. ^ de la Parra (2003), pages 153, 166
  77. ^ Graham (2004), page 51
  78. ^ de la Parra (2003), pages 166-172
  79. ^ McCormick (2006), page 261-262
  80. ^ McCormick (2006), page 269
  81. ^ Graham (2004), pages 62-63
  82. ^ (U2 have) relaxed sufficiently to allow a certain funk into their music.... NME. Retrieved on 2006-10-31.; U2 have not reinvented themselves so much as rediscovered themselves.... Sunday Times (UK). Retrieved on 2006-10-31.
  83. ^ (March 1997) "Rolling Stone Pop Review". Rolling Stone (756). 
  84. ^ U2 Set to Re-Record Pop. contactmusic.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-31.
  85. ^ U2 live: Play-by-play of the concert lasvegassun.com. Retrieved 29 December 2006; U2, Brute? spin.com. Retrieved December 29, 2006; U2:Pop : Music Reviews Rollingstone.com, December 1997. Retrieved 29 December 2006.
  86. ^ de la Parra (2003), pages 193-202
  87. ^ Rock On The Net: U2 rockonthenet.com. Retrieved October 31, 2006,
  88. ^ U asked U2! msn.com. Retrieved 15 January 2007; Furthermore, Bono described the show as "one of the toughest and one of the sweetest nights of my life."(Bono in Conversation The Independent. Retrieved 15 January 2007)
  89. ^ Graham (2004), page 21
  90. ^ Tyrangiel, Josh (2002-02-23). Bono's Mission. Time. Retrieved on 2007-03-10.
  91. ^ McCormick (2006), pages 289 & 296
  92. ^ Time to Get the Leathers Out Guardian.co.uk. Retrieved on 31 October 2006
  93. ^ Hunter, James (26 October 2000). "Review: All That You Can't Leave Behind". Rolling Stone Magazine (RS 853). 
  94. ^ The Rock Radio: U2 biography therockradio.com. Retrieved 31 October 2006.
  95. ^ de la Parra (2003), page 268
  96. ^ Wenner, Jann S (February), "Bono On The Records", Rolling Stone (no. 648): pages 74, 75
  97. ^ Rock On The Net: U2 rockonthenet.com. Retrieved October 31, 2006.
  98. ^ Wenner, Jann S (February), "Bono On The Records", Rolling Stone (no. 648): pages 74, 75
  99. ^ U2's Vertigo Leads Year's Top Tours billboard.com. Retrieved 31 October 2006.
  100. ^ U2 stars enter rock Hall of Fame bbc.co.uk. Retrieved January 17, 2007; Transcript: Bruce Springsteen Inducts U2 into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame u2station.com. Retrieved January 17, 2007
  101. ^ Daniel McConnell (6 August 2006). U2 move their rock empire out of Ireland. Retrieved on 6 August 2006.
  102. ^ U2's new album written
  103. ^ a b Top 10 U2 Songs of the '80s about.com. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  104. ^ U2 Dissect "Bomb" rollingstone.com. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  105. ^ A Study of the Edge's (U2) Guitar Delay amnesta.net. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  106. ^ a b U2's Leading Edge Musician Magazine. Retrieved February 25, 2007.
  107. ^ Column: off the record..., vol. 6-201 atu2.com. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  108. ^ Reynolds (2005), page 368
  109. ^ Rolling Stone: War: Review rollingstone.com. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  110. ^ U2: Achtung, Baby: Music Reviews rollingstone.com. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  111. ^ a b Under A Golden Arch, Sincerely U2 nytimes.com. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  112. ^ U2: The Catharsis in the Cathedral nytimes.com. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  113. ^ U2 - How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb Review uncut.co.uk. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  114. ^ McCormick (2006), page 113
  115. ^ Clash Star Strummer Dies, BBC news, 27 December 2002
  116. ^ About U2 Influences: The Ramones by Daniel Walker, October 2004
  117. ^ The Ethereal Connection: a Synthesis of U2 and The Beatles
  118. ^ NewOrderStory [DVD]. Warner Bros., 2005.
  119. ^ OneRepublic's AmIAnnoying.com page
  120. ^ a b Rolling Stone, Issue #1025-1026, May 3 - May 17, 2007
  121. ^ Flickerstick releases live Atlanta album
  122. ^ NME's 10 Most Influential Bands/Artists. NME Magazine, 2002; Angels & Airwaves - Between the Blinks musicOMH.com. Retrieved February 18, 2007
  123. ^ Bono time.com. Retrieved January 16, 2007; McCormick (2006), page 289
  124. ^ McCormick (2006), page 238
  125. ^ McCormick (2006), page 262
  126. ^ McCormick (2006), page 277
  127. ^ McCormick (2006), pages 285-286
  128. ^ McCormick (2006), pages 295-296
  129. ^ Ambassador of Conscience Award 2005 artforamnesty.org. Retrieved February 5, 2007
  130. ^ Kagan Daryn."CNN Access: Bono backs 'effective aid' for Africa" CNN.com, May, 2002. Retrieved 31 October 2006; Bono and O'Neill in Africa: Summing up the trip CNN.com. Retrieved October 31, 2006; "Bono wins Chirac aid boost pledge". CNN.com, June, 2002. Retrieved 31 October 2006.
  131. ^ The Edge (U2) Announces 'Music Rising', a Campaign to Aid Musicians Affected by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita modernguitars.com. Retrieved January 16, 2007
  132. ^ Hiatt, Brian (25 September 2006). U2, Green Day Unite. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.
  133. ^ McCormick (2006), page 169
  134. ^ McCormick (2006), page 211
  135. ^ de la Parra (2003), page 141
  136. ^ de la Parra (2003), page 132
  137. ^ Wenner, Jann S (December 6, 2001). Goddess In The Doorway Review. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.
  138. ^ William S. Burroughs dies at 83; Beat Generation godfather Houston Chronicle. Retrieved October 31, 2006; How Mystical 23 Changed Course Of History mirror.co.uk. Retrieved February 25, 2007.
  139. ^ U2 Connections: William Gibson atu2.com. Retrieved October 31, 2006; American Masters: Allen Ginsberg PBS.com. Retrieved October 31, 2006.
  140. ^ Salman Rushdie's Words Become U2 Lyrics CNN.com Retrieved November 6, 2006.
  141. ^ a b On the Edge of Success. U2 Magazine No. 3 (May 1, 1982). Retrieved on 2007-11-06.
  142. ^ U2 can Make it in the Rock Business. NME (March 22, 1980). Retrieved on 2007-11-05.
  143. ^ Considine, JD. Rolling Stone War review. Rolling Stone. Retrieved on 2007-09-06.

is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Radiators From Space are an Irish band. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Billboard be merged into this article or section. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the magazine. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the magazine. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the magazine. ... The Grammy Award for Album of the Year is the most prestigious award category. ... The Grammy Award for Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal has been awarded since 1980. ... is the 338th day of the year (339th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... For other uses, see Band. ... The Who are a British rock band that first formed in 1964, and grew to be considered one of the greatest[1] and most influential[2] bands in the world. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the magazine. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the music magazine. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... For other uses, see Bono (disambiguation). ... For other subjects called The Edge, see The Edge (disambiguation). ... Adam Charles Clayton (born 13 March 1960 in Chinnor, Oxfordshire, England), is best known as the bass player of the rock band U2. ... Lawrence Joseph Larry Mullen, Jr. ... Paul McGuinness is the main shareholder and founder of Principle Management Limited: an artist management company based in Dublin, Ireland, which has managed U2 from the start of their successful career. ... Richard Dick or Dik Evans is the brother of David The Edge Evans, U2 guitarist. ... Brian Eno (pronounced IPA: ) born on 15 May 1948 in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England) is an English electronic musician, music theorist and record producer. ... Daniel Lanois (born September 19, 1951 in Hull, Québec) is a Canadian record producer and singer-songwriter. ... Steve Lillywhite (born in 1955) is a well-known Grammy Award winning English music producer. ... Jimmy Iovine was born on March 11, 1953, in Brooklyn, New York. ... Mark Ellis a. ... Howard Bernstein (born March 2, 1966 in Glasgow, Scotland) is a musician and producer who has worked with artists such as Björk, U2, and Tricky. ... Alternate cover U.S. and Canada cover Singles from Boy Released: August 1980 Released: October 1981 Boy is the debut album from Irish rock band U2, released in 1980. ... October is the second album by Irish rock band U2, released in 1981. ... War is the third studio album by Irish rock band U2, released in 1983. ... For the song of the same name from the album, see The Unforgettable Fire (song). ... For other uses, see Joshua tree (disambiguation). ... Rattle and Hum refers to both a motion picture about the band U2 and its companion album, documenting the bands 1987 Joshua Tree Tour of the United States and its exploration into American music. ... Singles from Achtung Baby Released: 21 October 1991 Released: 24 November 1991 Released: March 1992 Released: 8 June 1992 Released: August 1992 Achtung Baby is the seventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released on 19 November 1991. ... Zooropa is the eighth studio album by the Irish rock band U2. ... Pop is an album released by the Irish rock band U2 in March of 1997 (see 1997 in music). ... Singles from All That You Cant Leave Behind Released: October 9, 2000 Released: January 29, 2001 Released: February 20, 2001 Released: June 25, 2001 All That You Cant Leave Behind is the tenth studio album by the Irish rock band U2, released in 2000 by Island Records in... Singles from How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb Released: 8 November 2004 Released: 8 February 2005 Released: 14 February 2005 Released: 6 June 2005 Released: November 2005 How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb is the commercially successful and critically acclaimed eleventh studio album by Irish rock band U2, released in... In July 2006, it was reported that U2 were recording a new album,[1]. Detailed information about the current state of the project has not been reported. ... Three was U2s first release, a three-song EP recorded and released in 1979 (see 1979 in music). ... Wide Awake in America is a four-track EP by the Irish rock band U2, released in 1985 (see 1985 in music). ... The Best of 1980–1990 is the first greatest hits compilation by Irish rock band U2, released in November 1998. ... PopHeart is an EP by the Irish rock band U2, released exclusively at Target Stores in the United States in 2002 (see 2002 in music). ... The Best of 1990–2000 is the second greatest hits compilation by Irish rock band U2, released in November 2002. ... Exclusive is a digital EP by the Irish rock band U2, released exclusively on the iTunes Music Store in 2003. ... The Complete U2 is a digital box set by U2, released exclusively online in the iTunes Music Store on November 23, 2004 (see 2004 in music). ... Live From Under The Brooklyn Bridge is an digital EP by the Irish rock band U2, released exclusively on iTunes in the United States and Canada in 2004 (see 2004 in music). ... U218 Singles (originally titled U218) is a compilation by the Irish rock band U2. ... Under a Blood Red Sky is the name of both a live album and concert video recorded by the rock band U2 and released in 1983. ... Rattle and Hum refers to both a motion picture about the band U2 and its companion album, documenting the bands 1987 Joshua Tree Tour of the United States and its exploration into American music. ... Original Soundtracks 1 is a 1995 album recorded by U2 and Brian Eno (see 1995 in music). ... Hasta La Vista Baby! is a live album recorded by U2 and released exclusively to members of its fan club in fall 2000 (see 2000 in music). ... Live from the Point Depot is a digital live album by U2 released through the iTunes Music Store on November 23, 2004 as part of the digital box set, The Complete U2. ... U2. ... Zoo TV Live is a live album by the Irish rock band U2. ... Under a Blood Red Sky is the name of both a live album and concert video recorded by the rock band U2 and released in 1983. ... Rattle and Hum refers to both a motion picture about the band U2 and its companion album, documenting the bands 1987 Joshua Tree Tour of the United States and its exploration into American music. ... U218 Singles (originally titled U218) is a compilation by the Irish rock band U2. ... U218 Videos is a music video compilation DVD by U2 from 2006, released the same day as its compilation album, U218 Singles. ... For other uses, see Joshua tree (disambiguation). ... U2 3D is an upcoming 3D film featuring performances from U2s Vertigo Tour concerts in Mexico and South America. ... This page includes the concert tours by Irish rock band U2. ... The War Tour was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place in 1982 and 1983 in support of the groups album War. ... The Unforgettable Fire Tour was a concert tour by Irish rock band U2, which took place in 1984 and 1985 in support of groups album The Unforgettable Fire. ... A Conspiracy of Hope was a short tour of six benefit concerts on behalf of Amnesty International that took place in the United States during June 1986. ... The Joshua Tree Tour was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place during 1987, in support of their album The Joshua Tree. ... The rock band U2s Lovetown Tour took place in late 1989 and early 1990. ... For the fan club-exclusive album released from this tour, see Zoo TV Live. ... The Popmart Tour (often referred to as just Popmart) was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place from 1997 to 1998, in support of the groups 1997 album, Pop. ... The rock band U2s Elevation Tour took place in 2001 in support of their album All That You Cant Leave Behind. ... The Vertigo Tour was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place in 2005 and 2006 in support of the groups 2004 album How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb. ... This is a comprehensive listing of official releases by the Irish rock band U2. ... This is a comprehensive list of major music awards received by U2, an Irish rock band that formed in 1976, and whose members are Adam Clayton, Bono, The Edge, and Larry Mullen Jr. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
IBM - U2 product family - Family Overview (432 words)
U2 Web Development Environment for UniData and UniVerse (U2 Web DE) is the new name for RedBack®.
U2 Web DE is an object-based application platform that speeds Web development and enables flexible, scalable deployment of Web solutions.
SystemBuilder is comprised of U2 SB+ and U2 SBClient and offers a rich development environment for IBM U2 data servers, enabling rapid development and deployment of powerful business applications for On Demand solutions.
U2 Home Page: @U2 - U2 News, U2 Pix, U2 lyrics, U2 Collectors Guide and more! (267 words)
Sep 27 - @U2 - Bono's Liberty Medal Acceptance Speech Transcript
Sep 27 - @U2 - DVD Review: PopMart Live from Mexico City
An alert @U2 reader passed along a Japanese interview by Hideo Koutarou with Karl Hyde of Underworld.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m