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Encyclopedia > U.S. presidential election, 1880
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Summary

Keeping a promise made during the 1876 campaign, incumbent President Rutherford Hayes did not seek re-election. The Republican Party eventually chose another Ohioan, James Abram Garfield, as their standard-bearer. The Democratic Party meanwhile chose Civil War General Winfield Scott Hancock as their nominee.

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The election of 1880 was largely seen as a referendum on the Republican's relaxation of Reconstruction efforts in the southern states. There were no pressing issues of the day save tariffs - the Republicans supporting higher tariffs, the Democrats supporting lower ones.


Georgia voters did not cast their ballots until December 8, 1880, belatedly awarding their 11 electoral votes to Hancock. Despite capturing less than 10,000 more popular votes than Hancock, Garfield was easily elected, capturing 214 of the states' 369 electoral votes.


Republican convention

While Hayes didn't seek renomination, former President Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877) openly sought nomination to a third term. Going into the Chicago convention he was the front-runner, but opponents supported a number of other candidates, including James Gillespie Blaine of Maine and Ohio's John Sherman. James Garfield, who was representing the Ohio delegation, gave a major speech in support of Sherman but soon found himself among those receiving delegate votes. On the 36th ballot, Garfield garnered 399 delegate votes, outlasting Grant (who had 313), Blaine (285) and Sherman to win the nomination. Chester Arthur was subsequently chosen as Garfield's running mate by a large margin over Elihu B. Washburne. The convention is also noteworthy as it was the first at which delegates cast votes for an African-American, Blanche Kelso Bruce.


Democratic convention

The Democratic Party convention was a wild affair, with literally dozens of names being presented as potential Presidential nominees. In the end, Civil War General Winfield Scott Hancock was nominated with 705 delegate votes, besting Thomas F. Bayard (154), Samuel J. Randall (129), Henry G. Payne (81), Allen Granberry Thurman (69), Stephen J. Field (66), and a host of other candidates. William Hayden English was subsequently nominated as Hancock's running mate.


Greenback Labor Party

Dissatisfied with the fiscal policies of both parties, the Greenback Labor Party, a minor force in the 1876 election, returned with James Baird Weaver as its Presidential nominee and Benjamin Chambers as his running mate.


Election results

Presidential Candidate Party State Popular Vote: Electoral Vote:
James Abram Garfield Republican Ohio 4,454,416 214
Winfield Scott Hancock Democratic Pennsylvania 4,444,952 155
James Baird Weaver Greenback Labor Iowa 308,578 0
Neal Dow Prohibition Maine 10,305 0
John Wolcott Phelps American Vermont 700 0
Vice Presidential Candidate Party State Popular Vote: Electoral Vote:
Chester Alan Arthur Republican New York - - - 214
William Hayden English Democratic Indiana - - - 155
Benjamin J. Chambers Greenback Labor Texas - - - 0
Henry Adams Thompson Prohibition Ohio - - - 0
Samuel Clarke Pomeroy American Kansas - - - 0

See also: President of the United States, U.S. presidential election, 1880, History of the United States (1865-1918)


Other elections


U.S. presidential elections

1789–1800: 1789 | 1792 | 1796
1800–1849: 1800 | 1804 | 1808 | 1812 | 1816 | 1820 | 1824 | 1828 | 1832 | 1836 | 1840 | 1844 | 1848
1850–1899: 1852 | 1856 | 1860 | 1864 | 1868 | 1872 | 1876 | 1880 | 1884 | 1888 | 1892 | 1896
1900–1949: 1900 | 1904 | 1908 | 1912 | 1916 | 1920 | 1924 | 1928 | 1932 | 1936 | 1940 | 1944 | 1948
1950–1999: 1952 | 1956 | 1960 | 1964 | 1968 | 1972 | 1976 | 1980 | 1984 | 1988 | 1992 | 1996
2000–2049: 2000 | 2004 | 2008


 
 

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