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Encyclopedia > U.S. Highway 66
U.S. Highway 66
US 66
The Main Street of America
The Will Rogers Highway
Length 2,448 miles (3,940 km)
General direction east/west
From Chicago, Illinois
To Santa Monica, California
Major cities Chicago
Springfield, IL
St. Louis
Springfield, MO
Tulsa
Oklahoma City
Amarillo
Albuquerque
Flagstaff
San Bernardino
Pasadena
Los Angeles
Established 1926 (decom. 1985)
System U.S. Highway system
"Route 66" redirects here. For other uses of the term "Route 66", and other highways numbered 66, see Route 66 (disambiguation).

U.S. Highway 66 or Route 66 was a highway in the U.S. Highway system. One of the original federal routes, US 66 was established on November 11, 1926, though signs did not go up until the following year. It originally ran from Chicago, Illinois through Missouri, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona and California before ending at the beach at Santa Monica for a total distance of 2,448 miles (3,940 km). Image File history File links US66. ... A mile is a unit of distance (or, in physics terminology, length) currently defined as 5,280 feet, 1,760 yards, or 63,360 inches. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... ... Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city in western Los Angeles County, California, USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, and north of Venice. ... ... Founded Incorporated 1819   County Sangamon County Mayor Timothy Davlin Area  - Total  - Water 156. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Tulsa is the second-largest city in Oklahoma. ... Downtown Oklahoma City The State Capitol of Oklahoma From The South Motto: Nickname: Capital of the New Century Founded Incorporated 1889   County Oklahoma County Cleveland County Canadian County Borough Parrish Mayor Mick Cornett Area  - Total  - Water 1,608. ... Downtown Amarillo, 2005 Nickname: Rotor City, USA Motto: {{{motto}}} Official website: http://www. ... Downtown Albuquerque Albuquerque is the largest city in the state of New Mexico, United States. ... Flagstaff, Arizona Territory. ... San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... Pasadena is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The City of Los Angeles (from Spanish; Los Ángeles) is the second-largest city in the United States in terms of population, as well as one of the worlds most important economic, cultural, and entertainment centers. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... Current U.S. Highway shield Current U.S. Highway shield in California The United States Highway System is an integrated system of roads in the United States numbered within a nationwide grid. ... The following highways are numbered 66: U.S. Highway 66, the most common meaning, a * will denote a current-day designation that shares a former alignment of this highway. ... Current U.S. Highway shield Current U.S. Highway shield in California The United States Highway System is an integrated system of roads in the United States numbered within a nationwide grid. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... ... State nickname: The Show Me State Official languages English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City (largest metropolitan area is Saint Louis) Governor Matt Blunt (R) Senators Kit Bond (R) Jim Talent (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 21st 69,709 mi²; 180,693 km² 1. ... State nickname: The Sunflower State Official languages None Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Governor Kathleen Sebelius (D) Senators Sam Brownback (R) Pat Roberts (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 15th 82,277 mi²; 213,096 km² 0. ... Oklahoma is a state of the United States, lying mostly in the southern Great Plains, and its U.S. postal abbreviation is OK; others abbreviate the states name Okla. ... ... State nickname: Land of Enchantment Official languages English Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Governor Bill Richardson (D) Senators Pete Domenici (R) Jeff Bingaman (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 5th 315,194 km² 0. ... State nickname: The Grand Canyon State, The Copper State Official languages English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Governor Janet Napolitano (D) Senators John McCain (R) Jon Kyl (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 6th 295,254 km² 0. ... State nickname: The Golden State Official languages English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 4. ... Santa Monica Pier Santa Monica is a coastal city in western Los Angeles County, California, USA, by the Pacific Ocean, south of Pacific Palisades and Brentwood, and north of Venice. ...


Route 66 was a major migratory path west, especially during the dust bowl, and supported the economies of the communities on which the road passed. People became prosperous due to the growing popularity of the highway, and those same people later fought to keep the highway alive even with the growing threat of the new Interstate Highway System. Dust storm approaching Stratford, Texas The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a series of dust storms caused by a massive drought and decades of inappropriate farming techniques that began in 1930 and lasted until 1941. ... Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ...


US 66 was officially decommissioned (that is, officially removed from the US Highway System) in 1985 after it was decided the route was no longer relevant and had been replaced by the Interstate Highway System. The road currently exists as "Historic Route 66", a National Scenic Byway, in the states it once crossed on its journey from Chicago to Santa Monica. It has begun to return to maps in this form. Decommissioned highway Largely in the United States of America, as the states build freeways as a new classification of highways, the state may strip the old highway of its old designation as a numbered highway or downgrade it to a lesser status. ... This article is about the year. ... A National Scenic Byway is a road recognized by the United States Department of Transportation for its archeological, cultural, historic, natural, recreational, and/or scenic qualities. ...

Contents


History of the highway

Birth and rise of Route 66

Location of US Highway 66 in the late 1930s in relation to the modern interstate highway system.
Location of US Highway 66 in the late 1930s in relation to the modern interstate highway system.

Championed by Oklahoman Cyrus Avery in 1923 when the first talks about a national highway system began, US 66 was first signed in 1927 as one of the original U.S. Highways, although it was not completely paved until 1938. Avery was adamant that the highway have a round number and had proposed number 60 to identify it. A controversy erupted over the number 60, largerly from delegates from Kentucky which wanted a Virginia Beach - Los Angeles highway to be US 60 and US 62 between Chicago and Springfield, MO. Arguments and counter-arguments continued and the final conclusion was to have US 60 run between Virginia Beach and Springfield (MO) and the Chicago - Los Angeles route be US 62. Avery settled on "66" (which was unassigned) because he thought the double-digit number would be easy to remember as well as pleasant to say and hear. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (4096x2532, 1017 KB) Summary Map of US Highway 66. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (4096x2532, 1017 KB) Summary Map of US Highway 66. ... // Events and trends The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ... Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... Cyrus Stevens Avery (1871–1963) was known as the Father of Route 66. He created the route while appointed to a federal board to create the Federal Highway System, then pushed for the establishment of the U.S. Highway 66 Association to pave and promote the highway. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Current U.S. Highway shield The United States Highway System is an integrated system of roads in the United States numbered within a nationwide grid. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... State nickname: Bluegrass State Other U.S. States Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Governor Ernie Fletcher (R) Senators Mitch McConnell (R) Jim Bunning (R) Official languages English Area 104,749 km² (37th)  - Land 102,989 km²  - Water 1,760 km² (1. ... Virginia Beach is an independent city located in the South Hampton Roads area in the Commonwealth of Virginia, on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. ... United States Highway 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ...

Modern-day sign in New Mexico, along a section of Route 66 named a National Scenic Byway
Modern-day sign in New Mexico, along a section of Route 66 named a National Scenic Byway

After the new federal highway system was officially created, Avery called for the establishment of the U.S. Highway 66 Association to promote the complete paving of the highway from end to end and to promote travel down the highway. In 1927, in Tulsa, Oklahoma, the association was officially established with John T. Woodruff of Springfield, Missouri elected the first president. In 1928, the association made its first attempt at publicity, the "Bunion Derby", a footrace from Los Angeles to New York City, of which the path from Los Angeles to Chicago would be on Route 66. The publicity worked: several dignitaries, including Will Rogers, greeted the runners at certain points on the route. The association went on to serve as a voice for businesses along the highway until it disbanded in 1976. Download high resolution version (1108x764, 43 KB)Public domain from http://www. ... Download high resolution version (1108x764, 43 KB)Public domain from http://www. ... State nickname: Land of Enchantment Official languages English Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Governor Bill Richardson (D) Senators Pete Domenici (R) Jeff Bingaman (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 5th 315,194 km² 0. ... A National Scenic Byway is a road recognized by the United States Department of Transportation for its archeological, cultural, historic, natural, recreational, and/or scenic qualities. ... The U.S. Highway 66 Association was organized in Tulsa, Oklahoma in 1927. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Tulsa is the second-largest city in Oklahoma. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The city is at the center of international finance, politics, entertainment, and culture, and is one of the worlds major global cities (along with London, Tokyo and Paris) with a virtually unrivaled collection of museums, galleries, performance venues, media outlets, international corporations, and stock exchanges. ... Will Rogers. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Traffic grew on the highway due to the geography through which it passed. Much of the highway was essentially flat and this made the highway a popular truck route. The Dust Bowl of the 1930s saw many farming families (mainly from Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas) head west for agricultural jobs in California. Route 66 became the main road of travel for these people, often derogatorily called "Okies". And during the Depression, it gave some relief to communities located on the highway. The route passed through numerous small towns, and with the growing traffic on the highway, helped create the rise of mom-and-pop businesses (mainly as service stations, restaurants, and motor courts) up and down the highway. The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer prepares to offload Skoda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For further uses of the word truck, see Truck (disambiguation). ... Dust storm approaching Stratford, Texas The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a series of dust storms caused by a massive drought and decades of inappropriate farming techniques that began in 1930 and lasted until 1941. ... // Events and trends The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ... Dust storm approaching Stratford, Texas During the Great Depression, in portions of the North American Great Plains there was a years-long drought, leading to soil erosion and dust storms usually referred to as the Dust Bowl. ... The Great Depression was a massive global economic recession (or depression) that ran from 1929 to approximately 1939. ...

The Chain of Rocks Bridge was built to carry the growing traffic of Route 66 around the city of St. Louis.
The Chain of Rocks Bridge was built to carry the growing traffic of Route 66 around the city of St. Louis.

Much of the early highway, like all the other early highways, was gravel or graded dirt. Due to the efforts of the US Highway 66 Association, Route 66 became the first highway completely paved in 1938. Several places were dangerous, more than one part of the highway becamed nicknamed "Bloody 66" and gradually work was done to realign these segments to remove dangerous curves. However, one section (through the Black Mountains of Arizona) was fraught with sharp hairpin turns and was the steepest along the entire route--so much so that some early travelers, too frightened at the prospect of driving such a potentially dangerous road, hired locals to negotiate the winding grade. The section remained until 1953--despite this, Route 66 continued to be a popular route. Image File history File links Chain of Rocks Bridge, St. ... Image File history File links Chain of Rocks Bridge, St. ... The Chain of Rocks Bridge is a 5,350 feet long bridge spanning the Mississippi River on the north edge of St. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) is a common year starting on Thursday. ...


During World War II, more migration west occurred because of war-related industries in California. Route 66, already popular and fully-paved, became one of the main routes and also served for moving military equipment. Fort Leonard Wood in Missouri was located near the highway, which was locally upgraded quickly to a divided-highway to help with military traffic. Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the globe and is accepted as the largest and deadliest... Fort Leonard Wood is a United States Army Basic Combat Training (BCT) post located in the Missouri Ozarks. ...


In the 1950s, Route 66 became the main highway for vacationers heading to Los Angeles. The road passed through the Painted Desert and near the Grand Canyon. Meteor Crater in Arizona was another popular stop. This sharp rise in tourism in turn gave rise to a burgeoning trade in all manner of roadside attractions including teepee-shaped motels, frozen custard stands, Indian curio shops, and reptile farms. Meramec Caverns near St. Louis began advertising on barns, billing itself as the "Jesse James hideout." The Big Texan advertised a free 72 ounce steak dinner to anyone who could eat the whole thing in an hour. It also marked the birth of the fast-food industry: Red's Giant Hamburgs in Springfield, Missouri, site of the first drive-thru restauraunt, and the first McDonald's in San Bernardino. Changes like these to the landscape further cemented 66's reputation as a near-perfect microcosm of the culture of America, now linked by the automobile. // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ... Painted Desert, Arizona Painted Desert, Arizona The Painted Desert is a cross-section of colored, badland hills stretching across most of Northern Arizona. ... The Grand Canyon is a colorful, steep-sided gorge, carved by the Colorado River, in northern Arizona, USA. The canyon appears on many versions of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World list, although none of these lists are by any means authoritative. ... Meteor Crater The Meteor Crater, sometimes known as the Barringer Crater and formerly as the Canyon Diablo crater, is a famous impact crater, located about 35 miles (55 km) east of Flagstaff, near Winslow in the northern Arizona desert (USA). ... Categories: Stub | Buildings and structures | Survival skills ... Frozen custard is a type of cold dessert similar to ice cream, made with eggs in addition to cream and sugar. ... Meramec Caverns is a 26 mile cavern system in the Ozarks of Missouri, USA. It was formed from large limestone deposits over millions of years. ... This article is about the outlaw. ... The front view of the Big Texan Steak Ranch. ... Reds Giant Hamburgs was a cafe on U.S. Highway 66 in Springfield, Missouri. ... A drive-through refers to a type of restaurant or part of a restaurant that serves customers in their vehicles. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants. ... San Bernardino is best known as a city and county in the State of California, San Bernardino, California. ...


Changes in routing

Four major sections of US 66 underwent major realignments during the 1930s. // Events and trends The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the global depression. ...


Between Springfield, Illinois and East St. Louis, Illinois, US 66 was shifted further east to what is now roughly I-55. The original alignment followed the current Illinois State Highway 4. Founded Incorporated 1819   County Sangamon County Mayor Timothy Davlin Area  - Total  - Water 156. ... East St. ... Illinois State Route 4 is a long state road that runs south from the Interstate 55 business loop around Springfield south to Illinois State Route 13 just north of Murphysboro. ...


From downtown St. Louis to Gray Summit, Missouri, US 66 originally went down Market Street and Manchester Road (now, largely, Missouri State Highway 100). The original alignment was never viewed as anything more than temporary. The planned route was down Watson Road (now Missouri State Highway 366), but Watson Road had not yet been completed. The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Gray Summit is a census-designated place located in Franklin County, Missouri. ... -1... Missouri State Highway 366 is a section of U.S. Highway 66 beginning at the Interstate 44/Interstate 270 interchange in Fenton and ending at Interstate 55 in St. ...


From west of El Reno, Oklahoma to Bridgeport, Oklahoma, US 66 turned north to Calumet, Oklahoma and then west to Geary, Oklahoma then southwest across the South Canadian River over a suspension toll bridge into Bridgeport, Oklahoma. In 1933, a straighter cut-off route was completed from west of El Reno, Oklahoma directly to a point one mile south of Bridgeport, Oklahoma crossing over a 38-span steel pony truss bridge over the South Canadian River and bypassing both Calumet and Geary by several miles. El Reno is a city located in Canadian County, Oklahoma in the central part of the state. ... Bridgeport is a city located in Caddo County, Oklahoma. ... Calumet is a town located in Canadian County, Oklahoma. ... Geary is a city located in Oklahoma. ... Bridgeport is a city located in Caddo County, Oklahoma. ... El Reno is a city located in Canadian County, Oklahoma in the central part of the state. ... Bridgeport is a city located in Caddo County, Oklahoma. ...


From west of Santa Rosa, New Mexico to north of Los Lunas, New Mexico, the road originally turned north from current I-40 along much of what is now US 84 to near Las Vegas, followed (roughly) I-25 through Santa Fe and Albuquerque to Los Lunas and then turned northwest along the present State Highway 6 alignment to a point near Laguna. In 1937, a straight-line route was completed from west of Santa Rosa through Moriarity and east-west through Albuquerque and west to Laguna. This newer routing saved travelers as much as four hours of travel through New Mexico. Santa Rosa is the county seat of Guadalupe County, New Mexico. ... Los Lunas is a village located in Valencia County, New Mexico. ... The Plaza Hotel, built in 1881, on the Plaza of West Las Vegas. ... Interstate 25 is an interstate highway in the western United States. ... Santa Fe (Spanish for holy faith) or Santa Fé (Portuguese) is the name of a number of places in the world: United States of America: Santa Fe, the state capital of New Mexico Santa Fe, Florida Santa Fe, Missouri Santa Fe, Tennessee Santa Fe, Texas Rancho Santa Fe, California It... This article is about the largest city of New Mexico. ...


Also, US 66 was rerouted around several larger cities via bypass or beltline routes to permit travelers to avoid city traffic congestion. Some of those cities included Springfield, Illinois; St. Louis, Missouri, Springfield, Missouri; Joplin, Missouri; and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Founded Incorporated 1819   County Sangamon County Mayor Timothy Davlin Area  - Total  - Water 156. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Joplin is a city located in parts of southern Jasper County and northern Newton County in the southwestern corner of Missouri. ... Downtown Oklahoma City The State Capitol of Oklahoma From The South Motto: Nickname: Capital of the New Century Founded Incorporated 1889   County Oklahoma County Cleveland County Canadian County Borough Parrish Mayor Mick Cornett Area  - Total  - Water 1,608. ...


Decline

Abandoned, fire-damaged Whiting Brothers gas station, New Mexico. Conservation efforts are underway to preserve original buildings such as this all along the route.
Abandoned, fire-damaged Whiting Brothers gas station, New Mexico. Conservation efforts are underway to preserve original buildings such as this all along the route.

The death knell for Route 66 came in 1956 with the signing of the Interstate Highway Act by President Dwight Eisenhower. As a general fighting in the European theater during World War II, Eisenhower was impressed by Germany's high-speed roadways, or "autobahnen." Eisenhower envisioned a similar system of roads for the US in which one could conceivably drive at high speed from one end of the country to the other without stopping as well as making it easier to mobilize troops in the event of a national emergency. From http://www. ... From http://www. ... Modern gas station A filling station, gas station or petrol station is a facility that sells fuel for road motor vehicles – usually petrol (US: gas/gasoline), diesel fuel and LPG. The term gas station is mostly particular to the United States of America and Canada, where petrol is known as... State nickname: Land of Enchantment Official languages English Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Governor Bill Richardson (D) Senators Pete Domenici (R) Jeff Bingaman (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 5th 315,194 km² 0. ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, popularly known as the National Interstate and Defense Highways Act, officially began on June 29, 1956, when a hospitalized Dwight D. Eisenhower signed this bill into law. ... Dwight David Ike Eisenhower (October 14, 1890–March 28, 1969), American soldier and politician, was the 34th President of the United States (1953–1961) and supreme commander of the Allied forces in Europe during World War II, with the rank of General of the Army. ... The German and Austrian autobahn sign The Swiss autobahn sign Autobahn (pronounced in IPA) is the German word for a major high-speed road confined to motor vehicles and having full control of access, similar to a motorway or freeway in English-speaking countries. ...


During its nearly 60 year existence, Route 66 was under constant change. As highway engineering became more sophisticated, engineers were constantly looking for more direct routes between cities and towns. Increased traffic led to a number of major and minor realignments of US 66 through the years, particularly in the years immediately following World War II when Illinois began widening US 66 into a four-lane highway through virtually the entire state from Chicago to the Mississippi River just east of St. Louis, MO, and included bypasses around virtually all of the towns. By the early-to-mid 1950s, Missouri also upgraded its sections of US 66 to four lanes complete with bypasses. Most of the newer four-lane 66 paving in both states was upgraded into the interstate highway system in later years.


In 1953, the first major bypassing of US 66 occurred in Oklahoma with the opening of the Turner Turnpike between Tulsa and Oklahoma City. The new 88-mile toll road paralleled US 66 for its entire length and bypassed each of the towns along 66. The Turner Turnpike was joined in 1957 by the new Will Rogers Turnpike, which connected Tulsa with the Oklahoma-Missouri border west of Joplin, MO, again paralleling US 66 and bypassing the towns in northeastern Oklahoma in addition to the entire state of Kansas. Both Oklahoma turnpikes were soon designated as Interstate 44, along with the US 66 bypass at Tulsa that connected the city with both turnpikes. The Turner Turnpike is the oldest of Oklahomas ten turnpikes. ... The Will Rogers Turnpike runs from Tulsa, Oklahoma to the Missouri state line. ...


Originally, highway officials planned for the last section of US 66 to be bypassed by interstates in Texas, but as was the case in many places, lawsuits held up construction of the new interstates. The US Highway 66 Association had become a voice for the businesses which feared the loss of their businesses. Since the interstates only provided access via ramps at intersections, travelers could not pull directly off a highway into a business. At first, plans were laid out to allow (mainly national chains) to be placed in interstate medians. Such lawsuits effectively prevented this on all but toll roads. Some towns in Missouri threated to sue the state if the US 66 designation was removed from the road, though lawsuits never materialized. Several businesses were well known to be on US 66, and fear of losing the number resulted in the state of Missouri officially requesting the designation "Interstate 66" for the St. Louis to Oklahoma City section of the route, but it was denied. In 1984, Arizona also saw its final stretch of highway decommissioned with the completion of Interstate 40 through Williams. Finally, with decertification of the highway by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials the following year, US Highway 66 officially ceased to exist. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Decommissioned highway Largely in the United States of America, as the states build freeways as a new classification of highways, the state may strip the old highway of its old designation as a numbered highway or downgrade it to a lesser status. ... INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-15 CA 0 I-17 AZ 195 I-25 NM 159 I-44 OK 147 I-35 OK 150-152 I-30 AR 153 I-55 AR 277-279 I-65 TN 210-211 I-75 TN 368-385 I-81 TN 421 I-26... Williams is a city located in Coconino County, Arizona. ... AASHTO, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, is a standards setting body which publishes specifications, test protocols and guidelines which are used in highway design and construction throughout the United States. ...


With the decommissioning of US 66, no single interstate route was designated to replace it. Interstate 55 covered the section from Chicago to St. Louis; Interstate 44 carried the traffic on to Oklahoma City; Interstate 40 took the largest chunk, replacing 66 to Barstow, California; Interstate 15 took over for the route to San Bernardino; and Interstate 10 carried Route 66's traffic across the Los Angeles metro area to Santa Monica. Interstate 55 is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST I-40 Oklahoma 120 I-35 Oklahoma 130-135 I-55 Missouri 290 Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS   Interstate 44 is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-15 CA 0 I-17 AZ 195 I-25 NM 159 I-44 OK 147 I-35 OK 150-152 I-30 AR 153 I-55 AR 277-279 I-65 TN 210-211 I-75 TN 368-385 I-81 TN 421 I-26... Barstow is a city located in San Bernardino County, California. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-5 CA 0 I-805 CA 3 I-8 CA 6 I-215 CA 63 I-10 CA 109 I-215 CA 123 US-395 CA 141 I-40 CA 184 I-215 NV 34 US-93 /US-95 NV 42 US-93 NV 64... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-5 CA 18-19 I-15 CA 57 I-17 AZ 143 I-17 AZ 150 I-8 AZ 199 I-19 AZ 260 I-25 NM 145 I-20 TX 187 I-35 TX 570-572 I-45 TX 768 I-49 LA 103...


After decertification

Towns such as Kingman, Arizona promote their association with Route 66
Towns such as Kingman, Arizona promote their association with Route 66

When the highway was decommissioned, sections of the road were disposed of in various ways. Within many cities, the route became a "business loop" for the interstate. Some sections became state roads, local roads, private drives, or were abandoned completely. More than eighty percent of the original route and alternate alignments are still drivable with careful planning. Some stretches are quite well-preserved, including one between Springfield, Missouri and Tulsa. Download high resolution version (2233x957, 650 KB)Kingman, Arizona. ... Download high resolution version (2233x957, 650 KB)Kingman, Arizona. ... Kingman is a city located in Mohave County, Arizona. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Downtown Tulsa Tulsa is the second-largest city in Oklahoma. ...


Some states have kept the 66 designation for parts of the highway, albeit as state roads. Missouri highways 366, 266, and 66 are all original sections of the highway. Oklahoma State Highway 66 remains as the alternate "free" route near its turnpikes. A long segment in Arizona signed as Arizona State Highway 66 links Seligman to Kingman. A surface street stretch between San Bernardino and La Verne in eastern Los Angeles County retains its number as California State Highway 66. Several county roads and city streets have also retained the "66" name. Missouri State Highway 366 is a section of U.S. Highway 66 beginning at the Interstate 44/Interstate 270 interchange in Fenton and ending at Interstate 55 in St. ... Missouri State Highway 266 is a section of former U.S. Highway 66 with termini between Interstate 44 at Springfield and Missouri State Highway 96 west of Halltown. ... Missouri State Highway 66 is a fourteen mile long road in southwest Missouri which had previously been U.S. Highway 66 for its final six years. ... Oklahoma State Highway 66 is a section of former U.S. Highway 66, beginning at U.S. Highway 60 near White Oak and ending at U.S. Highway 81 at El Reno. ... Arizona State Highway 66, or AZ-66 is a surface-road, a relic of the now-decommissioned U.S. Highway 66 lying in northwestern Arizona, the only part of old US 66 in Arizona to have Arizona state highway markers. ... Seligman is a census-designated place located in Yavapai County, Arizona. ... San Bernardino is the county seat of San Bernardino County, California, United States. ... La Verne is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Location in the state of California Formed 1850 Seat Los Angeles Area  - Total  - Water 10,517 km² (4,061 mi²)   Population  - (2004)  - Density 10,179,716 (est) 967. ... California State Highway 66 is a section of former U.S. Highway 66 which runs between Interstate 215 in San Bernardino and Interstate 210 in La Verne. ...


Revival

In 1990, Route 66 associations were founded separately in both Arizona and Missouri. Other groups in the other Route 66 states soon followed. The same year, the state of Missouri declared Route 66 in that state a "State Historic Route". The first "Historic Route 66" marker was erected on Kearney Street at Glenstone Avenue in Springfield, Missouri (now replaced, the original sign has been placed at Route 66 State Park near Eureka). Other historic markers now line - at times sporadically - the entire 2400 mile (3860 km) length of road. A section of the road in Arizona was placed on the National Register of Historic Places; the Arroyo Seco Parkway in the Los Angeles Area and Route 66 in New Mexico have been made into National Scenic Byways; and work is under way in Missouri to make the road a state scenic byway. Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... The Meramec River flows past Route 66 State Park in Missouri. ... Eureka is a city located in St. ... The National Register of Historic Places is the USAs official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. ... California State Route 110 extends from from California State Route 47 in USA. Most of Route 110 south of Interstate 10 is designated Interstate 110; the southernmost section is again signed as a state route. ...


Early 20th Century American pop culture

Route 66 impacted the naming of a company and also was immortalized in literature, popular music, and television. Although several business became associated with Highway 66 because of their being on or near the highway, Phillips 66 actually took part of their name directly from the highway. Phillips 66 is a brand of gasoline and service station in the U.S. It is part of ConocoPhillips. ...


Because the road through Oklahoma was relatively flat and straight, two chemical engineers decided to test a new gasoline from a Tulsa oil company in the late 1920s. The company car they were driving ran exceptionally well on the new blend, prompting the engineer in the passenger seat to exclaim that the car was "going like sixty." His companion looked at the speedometer and said that they were going more like 66 miles/hour (106 km/h). The combination of the highway number and the speed of the car led to the naming of Phillips 66 gasoline, a brand still marketed today. Chemical engineering is the application of science, in particular chemistry, along with mathematics and economics to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms. ... Gasoline is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... Sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or primarily in North America and in Australia as the Roaring Twenties . In Europe it is sometimes refered to as the Golden Twenties. ... Phillips 66 is a brand of gasoline and service station in the U.S. It is part of ConocoPhillips. ...


In 1940, California writer John Steinbeck published the Grapes of Wrath, his novel about the westward migration of Oklahoma's Dust Bowl farmers to California's San Joaquin Valley. The book described the problems many of them faced, including prejudice and poverty, as they traveled to a hopefully better life. In this book, he spent a chapter describing the path west, which funnels to Oklahoma City and continues down Route 66. He referred to Route 66 as the "Mother Road", a nickname the highway still retains. The book won a Pulitzer Prize and made the road even more famous. 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... John Steinbeck John Ernst Steinbeck III (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the most famous American writers of the 20th century. ... The Grapes of Wrath book cover The Grapes of Wrath is a work of fiction published by John Steinbeck in 1939, in which descriptive, narrative, and philosophical passages succeed one another. ... Dust storm approaching Stratford, Texas The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a series of dust storms caused by a massive drought and decades of inappropriate farming techniques that began in 1930 and lasted until 1941. ... The eight-county San Joaquin Valley is the part of the Central Valley of California that lies south of the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta in Stockton. ... Listen to this article (help) Listen to this article · (info) This audio file was created from the revision dated 2005-04-13, and does not reflect subsequent edits to the article. ...


In 1946, jazz composer and pianist Bobby Troup wrote his best-known song, "(Get Your Kicks On) Route 66", after driving the highway himself to get to California. He presented it to Nat King Cole who in turn made it one of the biggest hit singles of his career. The title was suggested by Troup's first wife, Cynthia, who accompanied him on the trip. The song later became a hit for Chuck Berry, and has been recorded by many subsequent artists, including The Rolling Stones and Depeche Mode. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... (Get Your Kicks On) Route 66 is an American popular song, composed in 1946 by Bobby Troup and first recorded that same year by Nat King Cole. ... Nat King Cole in The Blue Gardenia (1953) Nat King Cole (March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965) was a hugely popular American singer and jazz musician. ... Chuck Berry Charles Edward Anderson Chuck Berry (born October 18, 1926) is an immensely influential guitarist, singer, and composer, and one of the pioneers of rock & roll music. ... The Rolling Stones are a British rock group who rose to prominence during the 1960s. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


The highway also gave its name to a popular television show, Route 66, seen from 1960 through 1964 on CBS. The show featured Martin Milner and George Maharis as "Tod" and "Buzz," two young men in a Corvette looking for adventure along America's highways. Strangely, though much of the program was filmed on location, rarely was it shot along Route 66. Since then, the Corvette has become the one car that is most associated with Route 66. Route 66 was an American TV series in which two young men travelled across America. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the Nintendo 64 emulator, see 1964 (Emulator). ... CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System) is a major television network and radio broadcaster in the United States. ... Martin Milner (b. ... C5 Chevrolet Corvette Z06 at the Memphis Motor Speedway, 2004 The Chevrolet Corvette is a sports car first manufactured by Chevrolet in 1953 and is built today exclusively at a General Motors assembly plant in Bowling Green, Kentucky. ...


Another famous GM product has a strong connection to Route 66: The Cadillac Ranch, located near Amarillo, Texas, features a row of ten vintage Cadillacs being stood up at an angle, with their front ends buried into the ground. General Motors Corporation NYSE: GM, also known as GM, is a United States-based automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... The cars as you face east, towards Amarillo Cadillac Ranch is a public art installation and sculpture in Amarillo, Texas. ... Downtown Amarillo, 2005 Nickname: Rotor City, USA Motto: {{{motto}}} Official website: http://www. ... Cadillac is a brand of luxury automobile, part of the General Motors corporation, produced and mostly sold in the USA; outside of North America, they have been less successful. ...


An NBDL basketball team, the Tulsa 66ers, was named after the route. The road also lent its name to a minor league baseball team, the Inland Empire 66ers. The National Basketball Development League is the NBAs officially sponsored and operated developmental basketball organization. ... The Tulsa 66ers is the name of a NBDL minor league basketball team based in Tulsa, Oklahoma. ... A Class A California League game in San Jose, California (1994) Minor baseball leagues are North American professional baseball leagues that compete at a level below that of Major League Baseball. ... The Inland Empire 66ers are a minor league baseball team in San Bernardino, California, USA. They are a high-A class team in the California League. ...


Currently, K-Mart's line of jeans also bears the name of the former highway, branded as "Route 66."


On the Disney's film A Goofy Movie. Goofy and Max are going vacation using the Highway 66. A Goofy Movie is a 1995 animated feature, produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation Paris and released to theatres by Walt Disney Pictures and Buena Vista Distribution, featuring the characters from the Disney Afternoon television series Goof Troop. ... Goofy Goofy is a fictional character from the Walt Disneys Mickey Mouse universe. ... A Max/MSP patch written and used by Autechre Max is a graphical development environment for music and multimedia developed and maintained by San Francisco-based software company Cycling74. ...


Nicknames

Over the years, U.S. Highway 66 received many nicknames:

  1. The Great Diagonal Way — Right after Route 66 was commissioned, it received this nickname because a large section of the highway (Chicago to Oklahoma City) ran diagonally, unlike the other highways.
  2. The Main Street of America — Advertised as such by the US Highway 66 Association to promote the highway. The title had also been claimed by supporters of U.S. Highway 40, but the Route 66 group was more successful.
  3. The Mother Road — Called this by John Steinbeck in The Grapes of Wrath, the title continued to be applied to the highway.
  4. The Will Rogers Highway — "Officially" named this by the US Highway 66 Association in 1952. A plaque dedicating the highway to the humorist is still located opposite the western terminus of Route 66 in Santa Monica, California.

United States Highway 40 is an east-west United States highway. ...

Bannered routes

Several alternate alignments of US 66 occurred because of traffic issues. Business routes (BUS), bypass routes (BYP), alternate routes (ALT), and "optional routes" (OPT) (an early designation for alternate routes) came into being. A Business Route can be a branch from an Interstate, U.S. or State Highway route. ... Bypass routes are a type of bannered highway usually used when the main route of the highway goes through a town and an alternate route of the same highway goes around the highway. ... Alternate routes are bannered highways that provide an alternate alignment for a highway and exist for various reasons. ...

Alternate US Highway 66 served as the original alignment of Route 66 until a new alignment was built, passing thorugh Plainfield, Illinois as a bypass of Joliet in 1940. ... Bolingbrook is a village located in Will County, Illinois and DuPage County, Illinois. ... Gardner is a village located in Grundy County, Illinois. ... Towanda is a village located in McLean County, Illinois. ... Bloomington is a city located in McLean County, Illinois. ... Lincoln is a town located in Logan County, Illinois. ... Business US 66 was the original alignment of U.S. Highway 66 through Springfield, Illinois. ... Founded Incorporated 1819   County Sangamon County Mayor Timothy Davlin Area  - Total  - Water 156. ... Business US 66 in the East St. ... Mitchell, Illinois is a town located at the junction of Interstate 270 and Illinois State Route 203, part of former U.S. Highway 66. ... East St. ... Business US 66 in the St. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Sunset Hills is a city located in St. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Bypass US 66 around the St. ... Mitchell, Illinois is a town located at the junction of Interstate 270 and Illinois State Route 203, part of former U.S. Highway 66. ... Sunset Hills is a city located in St. ... Business US Highway 66 (also City US 66 until 1960) was an old alignment of Route 66 in Springfield, Missouri. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Bypass US 66 in Springfield, Missouri was a short lived bypass created when Interstate 44 was built on the north side of the city and the main route was multiplexed with I-44. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... Alternate Business US 66 was a second business alignment of U.S. Highway 66 in Springfield, Missouri. ... Springfield is the third largest city in Missouri. ... U.S. Highway 66 Alternate was a short 1 mile spur of U.S. Highway 66 . ... Carthage is a city located in Jasper County, Missouri. ... Business US 66 in Webb City, Missouri was a business route of U.S. Highway 66. ... Carterville is a city located in Jasper County, Missouri. ... Webb City is a city located in Jasper County, Missouri. ... Alternate US 66 was an alternate route of U.S. Highway 66 in the Joplin, Missouri area. ... Webb City is a city located in Jasper County, Missouri. ... Joplin is a city located in parts of southern Jasper County and northern Newton County in the southwestern corner of Missouri. ... Business US 66 in Joplin, Missouri was a business route of U.S. Highway 66 and was the former alignment of the main road. ... Joplin is a city located in parts of southern Jasper County and northern Newton County in the southwestern corner of Missouri. ... Bypass US 66 in Joplin, Missouri was a bypass route of U.S. Highway 66. ... Joplin is a city located in parts of southern Jasper County and northern Newton County in the southwestern corner of Missouri. ... Tulsa is the second-largest city in Oklahoma. ... The State Capitol of Oklahoma Looking at Downtown Oklahoma City The Flag of Oklahoma City Oklahoma City (sometimes abbreviated as OKC) is the capitol and largest city of the state of Oklahoma in the United States of America. ... Business US 66 in Amarillo was a business route of U.S. Highway 66. ... Downtown Amarillo, 2005 Nickname: Rotor City, USA Motto: {{{motto}}} Official website: http://www. ... Alternate U.S. Route 66 was a designation to preserve the older routing of U.S. 66 from Pasadena to Los Angeles, when the signage for U.S. 66 was transfered to the Arroyo Seco Parkway (now the Pasadena Freeway). ... Pasadena is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... The City of Los Angeles (from Spanish; Los Ángeles) is the second-largest city in the United States in terms of population, as well as one of the worlds most important economic, cultural, and entertainment centers. ...

Related U.S. highways

United States Highway 166 is an east-west United States highway. ... United States Highway 266 is an east-west United States highway. ... United States Highway 366 was a short-lived east-west United States highway, with two distinct identities. ... United States Highway 466 was an east-west United States highway. ... United States Highway 491 is a north-south United States highway. ... United States Highway 380 is an east-west United States highway. ...

Related state routes

Illinois State Route 53 is a north-south state highway that runs south from Long Grove at Illinois State Route 83 to Gardner at Interstate 55 west of old U.S. Highway 66, a distance of about 80 miles. ... Illinois State Route 4 is a long state road that runs south from the Interstate 55 business loop around Springfield south to Illinois State Route 13 just north of Murphysboro. ... Illinois State Route 203 is a north-south roadway with its southern terminus at I-55, I-70, and U.S. 40 around Gateway International Raceway and its northern current terminus officially signed by IDOT is at I-270. ... -1... Missouri State Highway 366 is a section of U.S. Highway 66 beginning at the Interstate 44/Interstate 270 interchange in Fenton and ending at Interstate 55 in St. ... Missouri State Highway 266 is a section of former U.S. Highway 66 with termini between Interstate 44 at Springfield and Missouri State Highway 96 west of Halltown. ... Missouri State Highway 96 is a state highway running between Interstate 44 at Halltown and Missouri State Highway 171 near Carl Junction. ... Missouri State Highway 66 is a fourteen mile long road in southwest Missouri which had previously been U.S. Highway 66 for its final six years. ... Kansas State Highway 66 is a 13 mile (21 kilometre) long highway that slices off the southeastern corner of the state. ... Oklahoma State Highway 66 is a section of former U.S. Highway 66, beginning at U.S. Highway 60 near White Oak and ending at U.S. Highway 81 at El Reno. ... New Mexico State Highway 333 is a highway in central New Mexico. ... Arizona State Highway 66, or AZ-66 is a surface-road, a relic of the now-decommissioned U.S. Highway 66 lying in northwestern Arizona, the only part of old US 66 in Arizona to have Arizona state highway markers. ... California State Highway 66 is a section of former U.S. Highway 66 which runs between Interstate 215 in San Bernardino and Interstate 210 in La Verne. ...

Related Interstate highways

Interstate 55 is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION MILEPOST I-40 Oklahoma 120 I-35 Oklahoma 130-135 I-55 Missouri 290 Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS   Interstate 44 is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-15 CA 0 I-17 AZ 195 I-25 NM 159 I-44 OK 147 I-35 OK 150-152 I-30 AR 153 I-55 AR 277-279 I-65 TN 210-211 I-75 TN 368-385 I-81 TN 421 I-26... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-5 CA 0 I-805 CA 3 I-8 CA 6 I-215 CA 63 I-10 CA 109 I-215 CA 123 US-395 CA 141 I-40 CA 184 I-215 NV 34 US-93 /US-95 NV 42 US-93 NV 64... MAJOR JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-5 CA 18-19 I-15 CA 57 I-17 AZ 143 I-17 AZ 150 I-8 AZ 199 I-19 AZ 260 I-25 NM 145 I-20 TX 187 I-35 TX 570-572 I-45 TX 768 I-49 LA 103...

References

  • Arizona Highways (July, 1981). Entire issue about Route 66.
  • Freeth, Nick. Route 66. St. Paul, Minnesota: MBI Publishing, 2001. ISBN 0760308640
  • Scott, Quinta and Kelly, Susan Croce. Route 66: A Highway and Its People. Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press, 1988. ISBN 0806122919
  • Schneider, Jill. Route 66 Across New Mexico: A Wanderer's Guide. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1991. ISBN 0826312802
  • Walls, Michael. Route 66: The Mother Road. New York: St. Martin's Press, 2001. ISBN 0312281676

See also

Over 300 cities and towns were located on US 66. Most of them have articles. For an exhaustive list of these locations (with links), see List of cities on U.S. Highway 66. This is a list of cities on U.S. Highway 66. ...


External links

Route 66 Museum in Clinton, Oklahoma, USA
Enlarge
Route 66 Museum in Clinton, Oklahoma, USA
Primary U.S. Highways
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38
40 41 42 43 44 45 46 48 49
50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59
60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69
70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79
80 81 82 83 84 85 87 89
90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99
101 163 400 412 425
Lists
U.S. Highways - Bannered U.S. Highways

 
 

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