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Encyclopedia > U.S. Far East Air Force

The Far East Air Force (USAFFE) was formed from the Philippine Army Air Corps on August 4, 1941. At this time, United States Army Forces - Far East (USAFFE) possessed 210 aircraft, including 31 P-40Bs. The rest were P-26s, P-35s, B-10s, B-18s, A-29s, C-39s, and various observation planes. This force was considered to be largely obsolescent and is described, in 1948, as, "...unable to withstand even a mildly determined and ill-equipped foe." (1) The Philippine Army Air Corps was created by the Philippine National Assemblys National Defense Act of 1935. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... USAFFE (United States Army Forces - Far East) included the Philippine Department, Philippine Army (2 regular and 10 reserve divisions), and the Far East Air Force (formerly, Philippine Army Air Corps). ... An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... The Curtiss P-40 was an American fighter aircraft which first flew in 1938 and played a vital role in the crucial middle stages of World War II. Developed from the pre-war radial-engined P-36 Hawk, the P-40 became known as the Tomahawk, the Kittyhawk, and finally... The Boeing P-26, nicknamed the Peashooter, was the first all-metal production fighter aircraft and the first pursuit monoplane used by the United States Army Air Corps. ... The Seversky P-35 was a US fighter aircraft. ... A B-10 being flown during a training session at Maxwell Air Force Base The Martin B-10 was the first all-metal monoplane bomber to go into regular use by the United States Army Air Corps, entering service in June 1934. ... Douglas B-18A Bolo The Douglas B-18 Bolo was a United States Army Air Corps and Royal Canadian Air Force bomber of the late 1930s and early 1940s based on the Douglas DC-2. ... Lockheed Hudson Mk V The Lockheed Hudson was a light bomber and coastal reconnaissance aircraft built initially for the Royal Air Force shortly before the outbreak of World War II. The Hudson was the first significant aircraft construction contract for the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation—the initial RAF order for 200... The Douglas DC-2 was a 14-seat, twin-propeller airliner produced by the Douglas Aircraft Corporation starting in 1934. ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The Force Headquarters was located at Nielson Field, however, the majority of the planes were at either Clark Field or Nichols Field. Major General Lewis H. Brereton became the commander of this unit, in the fall of 1941. Nielson Field (Luzon, the Philippines) was the location of the U.S. Far East Air Force headquarters. ... Proper name for Clark Air Base, Republic of the Philippines, during 1919-48 when it was under U.S. Army jurisdiction. ... Nichols Field (Luzon, the Philippines), during the World War II era, was the location of the Far East Air Forces U.S. 20th Air Base Group. ...

Contents

History of the USAFFE Air Force

In July of 1941, Chief of the Army Air Forces, Major General Henry H. Arnold, proposed sending four heavy bombardment groups (340 aircraft) and 2 pursuit squadrons (260 aircraft) to the Philippines, as reinforcements for the Philippine Army Air Corps. By October 2, 81 P-40s had been shipped to the islands, along with the 14th Squadron of the 19th Bombardment Group (H). The rest of the 19th BG(H) arrived in November, for a total of 35 B-17s. Henry Harley Arnold (June 25, 1886 - January 15, 1950), often referred to by the nickname Hap, was an American pilot, commander of the US Army Air Corps from 1938, commander of the US Army Air Forces from 1941 until 1945 and the first General of the Air Force in 1949. ... The Republic of the Philippines is a country of South East Asia, located in the western Pacific Ocean some 1,210 km (750 mi) from mainland Asia. ... October 2nd is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... The Curtiss P-40 was an American fighter aircraft which first flew in 1938 and played a vital role in the crucial middle stages of World War II. Developed from the pre-war radial-engined P-36 Hawk, the P-40 became known as the Tomahawk, the Kittyhawk, and finally... A B_17 nicknamed Sally B in England in 2001 The B_17 Flying Fortress was the first mass_produced, four_engine heavy bomber. ...


By March of 1942, the War Department planned to have 165 heavy bombers in the Philippines and, at least, 240 fighters. The 7th Bombardment Group (H) was enroute when the Japanese invasion began. The 27th Bombardment Group (L)'s pilots and ground crews had arrived in November, but the unit's A-24s remained in Hawaii. 1942 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... War Department may refer to the military establishments of several different countries: British War Department Confederate War Department United States Department of War, under the leadership of the United States Secretary of War (until 1947) See also: defense minister This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... A heavy bomber is a bomber aircraft of the largest size, and typically longest ranges. ... A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for attacking other aircraft, as opposed to a bomber, which is designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... Official language Japanese Capital Tokyo Largest City Tokyo Emperor Akihito Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 60th 377,835 km² 0. ... State nickname: The Aloha State Other U.S. States Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Governor Linda Lingle Official languages Hawaiian and English Area 28,337 km² (43rd)  - Land 16,649 km²  - Water 11,672 km² (41. ...


Army Chief of Staff General Marshall wrote on December 1, 1941, "We must get every B-17 to the Philippines as soon as possible." George C. Marshall George Catlett Marshall (December 31, 1880–October 16, 1959), an American military leader and statesman, was born into a middle-class family in Uniontown, Pennsylvania. ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1941 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Aircraft Warning Systems of the Far East Air Force

By the time of the Japanese invasion, the force possessed seven radar sets, but, only two were in operation. There were plans, for 1942, to build three detector stations and an information center. The two working sets were at Iba and outside Manila. M*A*S*H, see Corporal Walter (Radar) OReilly. ... Manila (Maynila in Filipino) is the capital city of the Philippines. ...


The islands were served by one air warning service company of ~200 troops. The 557th Air Warning Battalion arrived in San Francisco, enroute, on December 6. This article is about the city in California. ... December 6 is the 340th day (341st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In lieu of working equipment and adequate personnel, USAFFE had organized a warning service consisting of watchers who would report plane movements by telephone (or telegraph) to the 5th Interceptor Command. Telegraphy (from the Greek words tele = far away and grapho = write) is the long distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters, originally over wire. ...


Airfields of the Far East Air Force

Within 130 km of Manila, there were 6 airfields. Outside of Luzon, there were another 6 airfields. Clark Field was the only one that could support heavy bombers, until the December completion of Del Monte Field. Another bomber base was scheduled for construction, in the Visayas. A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer) (symbol: km) is a unit of length equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words khilia = thousand and metro = count/measure). ... Manila (Maynila in Filipino) is the capital city of the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Proper name for Clark Air Base, Republic of the Philippines, during 1919-48 when it was under U.S. Army jurisdiction. ... A heavy bomber is a bomber aircraft of the largest size, and typically longest ranges. ... Del Monte Field was constructed by December of 1941 and was part of USAFFEs plans to fortify the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ...


In August of 1941, $10,000,000 was spent to improve the airfields. Most of these funds were spent on Nichols and Clark Fields, with the rest spent mostly on auxiliary fields at Iba, on the Zambales coast, to the west of Clark, and various points on northern Luzon. The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Nichols Field (Luzon, the Philippines), during the World War II era, was the location of the Far East Air Forces U.S. 20th Air Base Group. ... The Zambales Mountains are on the western side of Luzon, in the Philippines. ...

Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Proper name for Clark Air Base, Republic of the Philippines, during 1919-48 when it was under U.S. Army jurisdiction. ... Nichols Field (Luzon, the Philippines), during the World War II era, was the location of the Far East Air Forces U.S. 20th Air Base Group. ... Nielson Field (Luzon, the Philippines) was the location of the U.S. Far East Air Force headquarters. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... Del Monte Field was constructed by December of 1941 and was part of USAFFEs plans to fortify the Philippines. ...

Aircraft of the Far East Air Force — 1941December

The number in () indicate the number of aircraft that were usable. Where un-noted, the number of usable aircraft is unknown. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1941: Events Jacqueline Cochran became the first woman to fly a bomber across the Atlantic Ocean. ...

  • B-17C/D: 35 (33)
  • B-18A: 18
  • A-27: 9
  • B-10B: 12
  • P-40B/E: 107 (54)
  • P-26|P-26A: 16
  • P-35|P-35A: 52 (18)
  • O-47: 12
  • Other: 46
  • TOTAL: 307

There were additional aircraft attached to the Philippine Army Air Corps. A B-17 nicknamed Sally B in England in 2001 The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress was the first mass-produced, four-engine heavy bomber. ... Douglas B-18A Bolo The Douglas B-18 Bolo was a United States Army Air Corps and Royal Canadian Air Force bomber of the late 1930s and early 1940s based on the Douglas DC-2. ... A B-10 being flown during a training session at Maxwell Air Force Base The Martin B-10 was the first all-metal monoplane bomber to go into regular use by the United States Army Air Corps, entering service in June 1934. ... The Curtiss P-40 was an American fighter aircraft which first flew in 1938 and played a vital role in the crucial middle stages of World War II. Developed from the pre-war radial-engined P-36 Hawk, the P-40 became known as the Tomahawk, the Kittyhawk, and finally... The Boeing P-26, nicknamed the Peashooter, was the first all-metal production fighter aircraft and the first pursuit monoplane used by the United States Army Air Corps. ... The Philippine Army Air Corps was created by the Philippine National Assemblys National Defense Act of 1935. ...


Far East Air Force — 1941 December 8

As of November 31, the force contained 4,940 enlisted troops, under the command of 669 officers. The August strength was at 2,049 enlisted troops, under the command of 254 officers. December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... In the military, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ...


The numbers in () indicate the number of personnel, as of November 31. This information needs to be checked for accuracy.

  • Craven, Wesley F. and James L. Cate. The Army Air Forces in World War II.

 
 

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