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Encyclopedia > U.S. Department of Energy
Dept. of Energy

Seal of the Department of Energy

Established: August 4, 1977
Activated: October 1, 1977
Secretary: Samuel W. Bodman
Deputy Secretary: Kyle E. McSlarrow
Budget: $21.5 billion (2004)
Employees: 16,100 federal
100,000 contract (2004)

The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety. Its purview includes the nation's nuclear weapons program, nuclear reactor production for the United States Navy, energy conservation, energy-related research, radioactive waste disposal, and domestic energy production, many of which are funded through its system of national laboratories.


Many federal agencies have been established to handle various aspects of U.S. energy policy, dating back to the creation of the Manhattan Project and the subsequent Atomic Energy Commission. The impetus for putting them all under the auspices of a single department was the 1973 energy crisis, in response to which President Jimmy Carter proposed creation of the department. The enabling legislation was passed by Congress and signed into law by President Carter on August 4, 1977. The department began operations on October 1, 1977. The agency is administered by the United States Secretary of Energy.


Operating units

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is an independent regulatory agency within the U.S. Department of Energy. The Department also manages the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.


National laboratories administered by the Department include:

Power marketing organizations controlled by the Department include:

Related legislation

External links



  Results from FactBites:
 
US Department of Energy - definition of US Department of Energy in Encyclopedia (365 words)
The United States Department of Energy (DOE) is a Cabinet-level department of the United States government responsible for energy policy and nuclear safety.
The impetus for putting them all under the auspices of a single department was the 1973 energy crisis, in response to which President Jimmy Carter proposed creation of the department.
The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission is an independent regulatory agency within the U.S. Department of Energy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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