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Encyclopedia > U.S. Defense Department
Dept. of Defense

Seal of the Department of Defense Seal of the United States Department of Defense. ...

Established: July 26, 1947
Activated: September 18, 1947
Renamed: August 10, 1949
Secretary: Donald Rumsfeld
Deputy Secretary: vacant
Budget: $419.3 billion (2006 official)
Employees: 700,000 civilian
2.3 million military (2004)

The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated as DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. The Department of Defense controls the U.S. military and is headquartered at The Pentagon. It is headed by the Secretary of Defense, who is currently Donald Rumsfeld. July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate, and is a member of the Cabinet. ... Donald Rumsfeld Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is the current Secretary of Defense of the United States, since January 20, 2001, under President George W. Bush. ... The United States Deputy Secretary of Defense is the second-highest ranking official in the United States Department of Defense. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... The armed forces of the United States of America consist of the United States Army United States Navy United States Air Force United States Marine Corps United States Coast Guard Note: The United States Coast Guard has both military and law enforcement functions. ... The Pentagon, looking east with the Potomac River and Washington Monument in the distance. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense, concerned with the armed services and The Secretary is appointed by the President with the approval of the Senate, and is a member of the Cabinet. ... Donald Rumsfeld Donald Henry Rumsfeld (born July 9, 1932) is the current Secretary of Defense of the United States, since January 20, 2001, under President George W. Bush. ...

Contents

History

Proposals to coordinate the activities of the military services were initially considered by U.S. Congress in 1944. Specific plans were put forth in 1945 by the Army, the Navy, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In a special message to U.S. Congress on December 19, 1945, President Harry Truman proposed creation of a unified Department of National Defense. A proposal reached Congress in April 1946, but was held up by the Naval Affairs Committee held hearings in July 1946 due to objections to the concentration of power in a single department. Truman eventually sent new legislation to Congress in February 1947, where it was debated and amended for several months. Seal of the Congress. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... The Joint Chiefs of Staff is a panel comprising the highest-ranking members of each major branch of the armed services in any particular country. ... Seal of the Congress. ... December 19 is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the victim of Mt. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


On July 26, 1947, Truman signed the National Security Act of 1947, which set up the National Military Establishment to begin operations on September 18, 1947, the day after the confirmation of James V. Forrestal as the first Secretary of Defense. The Establishment had the unfortunate abbreviation 'NME' (the obvious pronunciation being "enemy"), and was renamed to the "Department of Defense" on August 10, 1949; in addition, the secretary was given greater authority over the military departments of the Army, Navy, and Air Force. July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... -1... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ... James Vincent Forrestal (February 15, 1892–May 22, 1949) was a Secretary of the Navy and the first United States Secretary of Defense (1947 - 1949). ... An enemy or foe is a relativist term for an entity that is seen as forcefully adverse or threatening. ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Seal of the Air Force. ...


The Department of Defense is based in The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia outside Washington, DC, across the Potomac River. It was created by combining the War Department (founded in 1789) with the Navy Department (founded in 1798; formerly the Board of Admiralty, founded in 1780), and the newly created Department of the Air Force. The department was formed in order to reduce interservice rivalry which was believed to have reduced military effectiveness during World War II. The Pentagon, looking east with the Potomac River and Washington Monument in the distance. ... Arlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Virginia, directly across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. Originally part of the District of Columbia, by an act of Congress July 9, 1846, the area south of the Potomac was returned (retroceded) to Virginia effective in 1847. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Upper part of the Potomac River The Potomac River flows into Chesapeake Bay, located along the mid-Atlantic coast of the United States (USA). ... The United States Department of War was the military department of the United States governments executive branch from 1789 until 1949, when it became part of the United States Department of Defense. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Seal The United States Department of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798, to provide administrative and technical support, and civilian leadership to the United States Navy. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Categories: Stub | U.S. Dept. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


It includes Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, as well as non-combat agencies such as the National Security Agency and the Defense Intelligence Agency. Seal of the Air Force. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States armed forces. ... The National Security Agency (NSA) is a United States government agency responsible for both the collection and analysis of message communications, and for the security of government communications against similar agencies elsewhere. ... Overview The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), designated in 1986 as a United States Department of Defense combat support intelligence agency was established in 1961. ...


In wartime, the Department of Defense also has authority over the Coast Guard; in peacetime, that agency is under the control of the Department of Homeland Security. Prior to the creation of DHS, the Coast Guard was under the control of the Department of Transportation. The Coast Guard has not been formally militarized since World War II, although it has participated in various military and law enforcement operations over the years. Coast Guard shield The United States Coast Guard is the coast guard of the United States. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting Americas people from harm and its property from damage. ... The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with transport. ...


The DoD's annual budget is roughly $425 billion (~$1,600 per capita), which does not include tens of billions more in supplemental expenditures allotted by Congress throughout the year.


The command structure of the Department of Defense is defined by the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986. Under the act, the chain of command runs from the President of the United States, through the Secretary of Defense, to the regional commanders within one of several commands who command all military forces within their area of operation. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the several Chiefs of Staff are responsible for readiness of the U.S. military and serve as the President's military advisers, but are not in the chain of command. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer in the United States (with the notable exception of the President of the United States). The Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (PL 99-433) was a reorganization plan which focused the chain of command in military operations undertaken by the United States Department of Defense. ... The Joint Chiefs of Staff is a panel comprising the highest-ranking members of each major branch of the armed services in any particular country. ... The Joint Chiefs of Staff is a panel comprising the highest-ranking members of each major branch of the armed services in any particular country. ... Seal of the President of the United States The President of the United States is the head of state of the United States. ...


On February 22, 2002, the Department of Defense Office of the Inspector General has reported that DOD has not and will not account for $1.1 trillion of "undocumentable adjustments." In addition, there have been several high-profile Government Accountability Office investigations of the Department of Defense. February 22 is the 53rd day of every year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Government Accountability Office investigations of the Department of Defense are typically audits in which the Government Accountability Office (GAO), the United States Congress’ investigative arm, studies how the Department of Defense spends taxpayer dollars. ...


As part of the September 11, 2001 attacks, terrorists crashed a plane into one of the sections of The Pentagon, causing part of it to collapse, killing 189 people. The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks carried out in the United States on September 11, 2001. ... The Pentagon, looking east with the Potomac River and Washington Monument in the distance. ...


Organization

In 2003, the National Communications System was moved to the United States Department of Homeland Security. The Office of the Secretary of Defense, Deputy Asst Secretary for Administration, as part of the U.S. Department of Defense, is the assistant and advisor to the Secretary and Deputy Secretary of Defense on DoD-wide organizational and administrative management matters. ... The Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee (DPBAC or DPB) is a federal advisory committee to the United States Department of Defense. ... The United States Department of Defenses Office of Net Assessment was created in 1973. ... The Defense Criminal Investigative Service (DCIS) is the criminal investigative arm of the Inspector General of the United States Department of Defense (DoD). ... Seal The United States Department of the Air Force was formed in 1949 and is a component agency of the United States Department of Defense. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... Seal The Department of the Army is one of the three military departments in the United States Department of Defense. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Seal The United States Department of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798, to provide administrative and technical support, and civilian leadership to the United States Navy. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... United States Marine Corps Emblem The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is the second smallest of the five branches of the United States armed forces, with 170,000 active and 40,000 reserve Marines as of 2002. ... The Joint Chiefs of Staff is a panel comprising the highest-ranking members of each major branch of the armed services in any particular country. ... Aerial view of USNO. The United States Naval Observatory (USNO) is one of the oldest scientific agencies in the United States. ... Emblem of the United States Central Command. ... The United States European Command (USEUCOM) is a unified combatant command whose mission is to maintain ready forces to conduct the full spectrum of military operations unilaterally or in concert with the coalition partners; to enhance transatlantic security through support to NATO; to promote regional stability; and advance U.S... U.S. Joint Forces Command is one of nine unified combatant commands of the U.S. military. ... Emblem of the United States Northern Command. ... The United States Pacific Command operates from suburban Honolulu in south central Oahu at the Nimitz-MacArthur Pacific Command Center. ... The United States Southern Command (also called SOUTHCOM) is responsible for all United States military activities in Central America, South America, and the Caribbean basin. ... Emblem of the United States Special Operations Command. ... United States Strategic Command is one of the unified commands of the United States Department of Defense which controls the nuclear weapons assets of the United States military. ... The United States Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM) is one of nine unified commands of the United Statess Department of Defense. ... The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. ... The Defense Commissary Agency is an agency of the Federal government of the United States which is under the authority of the Department of Defense. ... The Defense Contract Audit Agency (DCAA), under the authority, direction, and control of the United States Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller), is responsible for performing all contract audits for the Department of Defense (DoD), and providing accounting and financial advisory services regarding contracts and subcontracts to all DoD Components responsible... The Defense Contract Management Agency (DCMA) is the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) component that works directly with Defense suppliers to help ensure that DoD, Federal, and allied government supplies and services are delivered on time, at projected cost, and meet all performance requirements. ... The Defense Finance and Accounting Service (DFAS), under the U.S. Department of Defense, provides finance and accounting services for the military and other members of defense. ... The Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA), formerly known as the Defense Communications Agency is a combat support agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for planning, developing, fielding, operating, and supporting command, control, communications, and information systems that serve the needs of the President, the Secretary of Defense... Overview The Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), designated in 1986 as a United States Department of Defense combat support intelligence agency was established in 1961. ... The Defense Legal Services Agency (DOD Office of the General Counsel) is headed by the General Counsel of the Department of Defense (DoD). ... This history article needs to be wikified. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... The Defense Security Service (DSS), formerly known as the Defense Investigative Service (DIS), plays an important role in safeguarding United States security. ... The Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) is an office of the United States Department of Defense whose primary function is to analyze potential threats to the United States of America, both homeland and abroad, and provide contingency plans for all such scenarios. ... The Missile Defense Agency is the section of Department of Defense responsible for developing a layered defense against ballistic missiles. ... The National Security Agency (NSA) is a United States government agency responsible for both the collection and analysis of message communications, and for the security of government communications against similar agencies elsewhere. ... The National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) is a department of the United States Department of Defense (DoD) which designs, builds and operates the reconnaissance satellites of the United States government. ... The U.S. National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA), before 2004 known as the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA), was established October 1, 1996, by the National Imagery and Mapping Agency Act of 1996. ... In response to the terrorist attack against the Pentagon on September 11, 2001, the United States Department of Defense (DoD) established the Pentagon Force Protection Agency (PFPA). ... The American Forces Information Service (AFIS) is a United States Department of Defence-provided service that supplies information about the U.S. military. ... The Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office (DPMO), as part of the United States Department of Defense, reports to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy through Assistant Secretary of Defense (International Security Affairs). ... The Department of Defense Education Activity (DoDEA) is a civilian agency of the U.S. Department of Defense. ... The Department of Defense Dependents Schools (usually shortened to just DoDDS) is a network of schools, both primary and secondary, that serve dependents of United States military- and other non-US - personnel. ... ... The Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA) is the U.S. Department of Defenses (DoD) primary source for assisting communities that are adversely impacted by Defense program changes, including base closures or realignments, base expansions, and contract or program cancellations. ... Washington Headquarters Services (WHS) was established as a U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) Field Activity on October 1, 1977 as part of a DoD headquarters streamlining initiative. ... In U.S. telecommunication, the term National Communications System (NCS) has the following meanings: 1. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting Americas people from harm and its property from damage. ...


Technology

The DoD sponsored the research and development of the modern computer and through DARPA subsidized the creation of the Internet. It maintains the global positioning system (GPS). Each of these technologies was made available to the public worldwide at no charge. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is an agency of the United States Department of Defense responsible for the development of new technology for use by the military. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ...


The DoD commissioned the design of the Ada programming language. Ada is a structured, statically typed programming language designed by Jean Ichbiah of CII Honeywell Bull in the 1970s. ...


The greatest leap in military technology will be the 200-billion dollar Global Information Grid, a global high-speed network connecting all forces. The future nervous system of the entire Department of Defense. A global information-net of the Pentagon. ...


Related legislation

1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... -1... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1958 is an American law which was created to provide for more effective administration for the Department of Defense (DoD). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Goldwater-Nichols Department of Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 (PL 99-433) was a reorganization plan which focused the chain of command in military operations undertaken by the United States Department of Defense. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

See also

The Office of the Secretary of Defense Identification Badge is a U.S. military badge of the Department of Defense issued to members of the U.S. military who are permanently assigned as military aides to the Secretary of Defense in the Department of Defense. ...

External links



  Results from FactBites:
 
United States Department of Defense - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (937 words)
The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated as DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government.
The Department of Defense is based in The Pentagon in Arlington County, Virginia outside Washington, DC, across the Potomac River.
The command structure of the Department of Defense is defined by the Goldwater-Nichols Act of 1986.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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