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Encyclopedia > U.S. Census, 2000

The Twenty-second United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 persons enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty second federal census and the largest single civil administrative peacetime effort in the history of the United States. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Enumeration is the name given to the kind of mathematics that deals with counting objects. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ...


The U.S. resident population includes the total number of people in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Bureau also enumerated the residents of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; its population was 3,808,610, an 8.1 percent increase over the number from a decade earlier. Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... A Free Association is an association which meets certain mostly negative criteria. ...

Contents


Population profile

In an introduction to a more detailed population profile (see references below), the Census Bureau highlighted the following facts about U.S population dynamics:

  • 75.1 percent of respondents said they were White and no other race;
  • 12.3 percent are of Black or African-American descent;
  • Hispanics - who may belong to any race - accounted for 12.5 percent of the U.S. population, up from 9 percent in 1990;
  • 3.6 percent of respondents are Asian;
  • Between 1990 and 2000, the population aged 45 to 54 grew by 49 percent and those aged 85 and older grew 38 percent;
  • Women outnumber men two to one among those aged 85 and older;
  • Almost one in five adults had some type of disability in 1997 and the likelihood of having a disability increased with age;
  • Families (as opposed to men or women living alone) still dominate American households, but less so than they did thirty years ago;
  • Since 1993, both families and nonfamilies have seen median household incomes rise, with "households headed by a woman without a spouse present" growing the fastest;
  • People in married-couple families have the lowest poverty rates;
  • The poor of any age are more likely than others to lack health insurance coverage;
  • The number of elementary and high school students in 2000 fell just short of the all-time high of 49 million reached in 1970;
  • Improvements in educational attainment cross racial and ethnic lines; and
  • The majority (51%) of U.S. households have access to computers; 41% have Internet access.

The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... Hispanic, as used in the United States, is one of several terms used to categorize US citizens, permanent residents and temporary immigrants, whose background hail either from the Spanish-speaking countries of Latin America or relating to a Spanish-speaking culture. ... Americans with disabilities comprise one of the largest minority groups in the United States. ... There is significant disagreement about poverty in the United States; particularly over how poverty ought to be defined. ... Health insurance is a type of insurance whereby the insurer pays the medical costs of the insured if the insured becomes sick due to covered causes, or due to accidents. ... Primary or elementary education consist of the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Secondary education is a period of education which, in most contemporary educational systems of the world, follows directly after primary education, and which may be followed by tertiary, post-secondary, or higher education (e. ... The home computer is a consumer-friendly word for the second generation of microcomputers (the technical term that was previously used), entering the market in 1977 and becoming common during the 1980s. ... ...

Population breakdown

The most-populous state in the country was California (33,871,648); the least populous was Wyoming (493,782). The state that gained the most numerically since the 1990 census was California, up 4,111,627. Nevada had the highest percentage growth in population, climbing 66.3 percent (796,424 people) since 1990. State nickname: The Golden State Official languages English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 4. ... State nickname: Equality State Official languages English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Governor Dave Freudenthal (D) Senators Craig Thomas (R) Mike Enzi (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 10th 253,554 km² 0. ... State nickname: Silver State, Battle Born State (official) Official languages None Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Governor Kenny Guinn (R) Senators Harry Reid (D) John Ensign (R) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 7th 286,367 km² 0. ...


Changes in population

Regionally, the South and West picked up the bulk of the nation's population increase, 14,790,890 and 10,411,850, respectively. This meant that the mean center of U.S. population moved to Phelps County, Missouri. The Northeast grew by 2,785,149; the Midwest, by 4,724,144. The U.S. Southern states or the South, also known colloquially as Dixie, constitute a distinctive region covering a large portion of the United States, with its own unique heritage, historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ... This article deals with the western United States. ... The mean center of U.S. population is determined by the United States Census Bureau after tabulating the results of each census. ... Phelps County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and according to the U.S. Census Bureau it includes the mean center of U.S. population in 2000. ... The U.S. Northeast is a region of the United States of America defined by the US Census Bureau. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ...


Image:2000-census-percent-change.jpg Image:2000-census-numeric-change.jpg File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Languages spoken at home

The Modern Language Association provides a website with overviews and detailed data about the locations and numbers of speakers of thirty languages and seven groups of less commonly spoken languages in the United States. Languages other than English are spoken at home by 46,951,595 respondents or 17.88% of people who are at least five years old. Below are the top languages spoken at home. Percentage is with respect to the number of people reported language other than English. Languages that contribute over 1% are listed. The Modern Language Association of America (often abbreviated MLA) is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of literature and literary criticism. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

  1. Spanish or Spanish Creole (59.85%)
  2. French or French Creole (4.47%)
  3. Chinese (4.31%)
  4. German (2.95%)
  5. Tagalog (2.61%)
  6. Vietnamese (2.15%)
  7. Italian (2.15%)
  8. Korean (1.90%)
  9. Russian (1.50%)
  10. Polish (1.42%)
  11. Arabic (1.31%)
  12. Portuguese or Portuguese Creole (1.20%)
  13. Japanese (1.02%)

(Note that our ranking differs from the MLA website because we combine French and French Creole.) A number of Creole languages are based on the Spanish language. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tagalog (pronunciation: ) is one of the major languages of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Arabic (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... A Portuguese Creole is a creole language based on the Portuguese language. ...


Reapportionment

The results of the census are used to determine how many congressional districts each state is apportioned. Congress defines the formula, in accordance with Title 2 of the U.S. Code, to reapportion among the states the 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives. The apportionment population consists of the resident population of the fifty states, plus the overseas military and federal civilian employees and their dependents living with them who could be allocated to a state. Each member of the House represents a population of about 647,000. The populations of the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico are excluded from the apportionment population because they do not have voting seats in the U. S. House of Representatives. U.S. Congressional districts are determined after each census. ... Apportionment, or reapportionment, is the process of determining representation in politics within a legislative body by creating constituencies. ... The United States House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States. ...


Since 1790 Census, the first census, the decennial count has been the basis for the United States representative form of government. In 1790, each member of the House represented about 34,000 residents. Since then, the House has more than quadrupled in size, and each member represents about 19 times as many constituents. Image:2000-census-reapportionment.jpg census. ...


External links and references

United States Census Bureau web pages

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Microsoft PowerPoint is a presentation program developed for the Microsoft Windows and Mac OS computer operating systems. ...

Other 2000 census websites

United States Censuses
1790

1800 | 1810 | 1820 | 1830 | 1840 | 1850 | 1860 | 1870 | 1880 | 1890
1900 | 1910 | 1920 | 1930 | 1940 | 1950 | 1960 | 1970 | 1980 | 1990
2000 | 2010 The Modern Language Association of America (often abbreviated MLA) is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of literature and literary criticism. ... The U.S. Census is mandated by the United States Constitution. ... From http://www. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ...


 
 

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