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Encyclopedia > U.S. 7th Infantry Division
Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 7th Infantry Division (Light).
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Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 7th Infantry Division (Light).

The 7th Infantry Division (Light) —nicknamed Bayonets— was forged in the fields of France, tempered on the frozen tundra and mountains of the Aleutians, the coral atolls and islands of the South Pacific, and then honed razor sharp in the mountains and rice paddies of Korea. Image File history File links Wikipedia-7thInfantryDivision. ... Image File history File links Wikipedia-7thInfantryDivision. ... US Army Seal HHC, US Army Distinctive Unit Insignia The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces that has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Korea refers to South Korea and North Korea together, which were a unified country until 1948. ...


History

The US Army 7th Infantry Division was created at Camp Wheeler, Georgia on 6 December 1917 and served in Alsace-Lorraine, France in World War I. The division served as occupation forces in the post-war period. The division was deactivated in 1923. It was later reactivated 1 July 1940 at Camp Ord, California. The division was used for construction and training activities during the early part of the war. Redesignated 9 April 1942 as 7th Motorized Division, the division was preparing to deploy to the Africa. Reorganized and re-designated on 1 January 1943 as 7th Infantry Division to fight in the Pacific theater. In 1943 the division was trained in amphibious warfare and later participated in the liberation of the Aleutian Islands of Attu and Kiska. The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Imperial Province of Elsass-Lothringen (497 Kb) Alsace-Lorraine (French: Alsace-Lorraine; German: Elsass-Lothringen) was the territory originally of the German empire, ceded to Louis XIV by the peace of Westphalia in 1648, but returned by France to the newly-unified Germany under the 1871 Treaty of Frankfurt (which... State nickname: The Golden State Official languages English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 4. ... // Etymology World map showing Africa (geographically) The name Africa came into Western use through the Romans, who used the name Africa terra — land of the Afri (plural, or Afer singular) — for the northern part of the continent, as the province of Africa with its capital Carthage, corresponding to modern-day... For other meanings of Pacific, see Pacific (disambiguation). ...


On 31 January 1944 the Division landed on islands in the Kwajalein Atoll in conjunction with the 4th Marine Division, and in a week of heavy fighting, wrested them from the Japanese. Elements took part in the capture of Engebi in the Eniwetok Atoll, 18 February 1944. The Division then moved to Oahu, T. H., remaining there until mid-September when it sailed to join the assault on the Philippines. On 20 October 1944, the Division made an assault landing at Dulag, Leyte, and after heavy fighting secured airstrips at Dulag, San Pablo, and Buri. The troops moved north to take Dagami, 29 October, and then shifted to the west coast of Leyte, 26 November, and attacked north toward Ormoc, securing Valencia, 25 December. An amphibious landing by the 77th Infantry Division effected the capture of Ormoc, 11 December 1944, and the 7th joined in its occupation. Mopping up operations continued until early February 1945. The next D-day for the Division was 1 April 1945, when it made an assault landing on Okinawa. It drove from the west to the east coast on the first day and engaged in a savage 51-day battle in the hills of southern Okinawa. The division accepted the surrender of the Japanese Army in South Korea. After the war the division served as occupation forces in Korea and Japan. Infantry inspect a hole in the devasted Kwajalein Atoll Kwajalein Atoll is part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), 2,100 nautical miles (3900 km) southwest of Honolulu, Hawaii, at 8. ... The U.S. 4th Marine Division is a division of the United States Marine Corps. ... Enewetak (or Eniwetok) is an atoll in the Marshall Islands of the central Pacific Ocean. ... Oahu (usually Oahu outside Hawaiian and Hawaiian English), the Gathering Place, is the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands and most populous island in the State of Hawaii. ... This article is about the prefecture. ...


The 7th Infantry Division was stationed in Japan at the outbreak of the Korean War and participated in the Inchon Landing and was at the Yalu River when the Chinese entered the war. Task Force Faith, a regimental sized unit formed from several division elements, was trapped east of the Chosin Reservoir by two Chinese divisions and wiped out in furious fighting. The 7th participated in battles such as Battle of Heartbreak Ridge, Battle of Porkchop Hill, and the Battle of Old Baldy. The 7th led the charge to the north, and was one of the first units to reach the Yalu River. Between 1953 to 1971, the 7th Infantry Division defended the DMZ. Its main garrison was Camp Casey, South Korea. On 2 April 1971, the division was deactivated at Fort Lewis, Washington. After three years the 7th was reactivated at its former garrison, Fort Ord. 1 October 1985, the division was re-designated as the first Light Infantry Division and the various battalions of the 17th, 31st and 32nd Regiments were replaced by battalions from other regiments. The 7th participated in Operation Golden Pheasant in Honduras in 1988 and Operation Just Cause in Panama in 1989. The BRAC Commission of 1991 recommended the closing of Fort Ord, and by 1994, the garrison was closed. However, a few elements of the division (mainly MP Companies) participated quelling the 1992 Los Angeles Riots before being deactivated once again in 1994. The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge was a month long battle in the Korean War. ... The Yalu (Amnok) River is a river on the border between China and North Korea. ... In military terms, a demilitarized zone (DMZ) is an area, usually the frontier or boundary between two or more groups, where military activity is not permitted, usually by treaty or other agreement. ... Camp Casey, South Korea is a U.S. Army base in South Korea. ... Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army military base located in Pierce County, Washington. ... Fort Ord was a U.S. Army post on the Monterey Bay in California. ... Operation Golden Pheasant was an emergency deployment of 82nd Airborne and 7th Infantry Division troops by parachute and regular air-landing operations to Honduras in 1988 as a show of force, as a result of threatening actions by the forces of the (then socialist) Nicaraguans. ... Operation Just Cause was the U.S. military invasion of Panama that deposed Manuel Noriega in December 1989, during the administration of U.S. President George H. W. Bush. ... Brač is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, with an area of 396 km², making it the third largest island in the Adriatic, and thus the largest in Dalmatia. ...


In 1993 the division moved from Fort Ord to Fort Lewis, Washington and the 3rd Brigade of the 7th was reflagged as the 1st Brigade of the 25th Infantry Division. The 7th Infantry Division (Light) was formally reactivated on 4 June 1999, at Fort Carson, Colorado, as the first Active Component/Reserve Component division. The current reserve units that make up the 7th Infantry Division are the U.S. 39th Infantry Brigade of the Arkansas National Guard, the 41st Enhanced Separate Brigade of the Oregon National Guard and the 45th Enhanced Separate Brigade of the Oklahoma National Guard. Fort Carson is the present headquarters for the Division. Fort Carson is a census-designated place and United States Army Base located in El Paso County, Colorado. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 39 Infantry Brigade (Separate), aka. ... Fort Carson is a census-designated place and United States Army Base located in El Paso County, Colorado. ...


One of the division's brigades, the 39th Enhanced Separate Brigade of the Arkansas National Guard, was activated for occupation duty in Iraq during the fall of 2003.


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