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Encyclopedia > U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment
7th Cavalry Regiment
Image:7CavRegtCOA.jpg
7th CR Coat of Arms
Active: September 21, 1866
Country: United States
Allegiance:
Branch: Regular Army
Type: Armored Cavalry
Role:
Size:
Command structure:
Current commander:
Garrison/HQ:
Ceremonial chief:
Colonel of the Regiment: {{{colonel_of_the_regiment}}}
Nickname: Garry Owen
Patron: {{{patron}}}
Motto: The Seventh First
Colors: Yellow
March: Garry Owen
Mascot: {{{mascot}}}
Notable battles or wars:
Notable commanders: George Armstrong Custer
Anniversaries:
7th Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia
7th Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia

The 7th United States Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment, whose lineage traces back to the mid-19th century. Its official nickname is "Garryowen", which alludes to the traditional Irish drinking song Garryowen that was adopted as its march tune. Image File history File links 7CavRegtCOA.jpg Coat of Arms. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Regular Army is the name given to the permanent force of the United States Army that is maintained during peacetime. ... George Armstrong Custer George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839–June 25, 1876) was a United States Army cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. ... Image File history File links 7th_Cav_Crest. ... Image File history File links 7th_Cav_Crest. ... US Army Seal The United States Army is the branch of the United States armed forces that has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Cavalry is also a common misspelling of the Biblical hill Calvary. ... A regiment is a military unit, larger than a company and smaller than a division. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Garryowen, also known as Garry Owen (and Garyowen, Gary Owen and Gary Owens), is an Irish dance tune (MIDI file) of the 1800s which became the marching tune for the US 7th Cavalry Regiment during the late 1800s. ...

Contents


Indian Wars

The 7th Cavalry Regiment was constituted on July 28, 1866 in the Regular Army as the 7th Cavalry. It was Organized on September 21, 1866 at Fort Riley, Kansas as part of an expansion of the Regular Army following the demobilization of the wartime volunteer and draft forces. From 1866 through 1871, the regiment was posted at Ft. Riley and fought in the Indian Wars, notably at the Battle of the Washita in 1868. Indian Wars is the name used by historians in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between the United States and Native American peoples (Indians) of North America. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... Fort Riley is a census-designated place and United States Army post, in Northeast Kansas, on the Kansas River. ... Official language(s) None Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 15th 82,277 mi²; 213,096 km² 211 mi; 340 km 400 mi; 645 km 0. ... The Regular Army is the name given to the permanent force of the United States Army that is maintained during peacetime. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Indian Wars is the name used by historians in the United States to describe a series of conflicts between the United States and Native American peoples (Indians) of North America. ... The Battle of Washita occurred on November 27, 1868 when George Armstrong Custer’s 7th U.S. Cavalry attacked Black Kettle’s Cheyenne village on the Washita River (near present day Cheyenne, Oklahoma). ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


Typical of post-Civil War cavalry regiments, the Seventh was organized as a twelve company regiment without formal battalion organization. However, battalions — renamed "squadrons" in 1883 — did exist. Companies A–D were assigned to 1st Battalion; Companies E–H were assigned to 2nd Battalion; and Companies I–L were assigned to 3rd Battalion. Throughout this period, the cavalryman was armed with Colt Single Action Army .45 caliber revolvers and single shot Springfield carbines, caliber .50–70 until 1870 and caliber .45–70 until 1892. He used one of the many variants of the McClellan saddle. Sabres were issued but not carried on campaign. Combatants United States of America Confederate States of America Commanders Abraham Lincoln† Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Robert E. Lee Strength 2,213,363 1,064,200 Casualties KIA: 110,100 Total dead: 359,500 Wounded: 275,200 KIA: 74,500 Total dead: 198,500 Wounded: 137,000+  The American... A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 100-200 soldiers. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO code In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... 1883 (MDCCCLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The term Colt, when used by itself, can refer to: A firearm produced by Colts Manufacturing Company, founded by Samuel Colt. ... The Model 1873 Trapdoor Springfield was the first ever standard issued Breech-loading rifle for the United States Army. ... 1870 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The McCellan Saddle was that saddle designed by George B. McClellan, a career Army officer in the U.S. Army, and adopted by the Army in 1859. ... SABRE (Synergic Air BReathing Engine) is a proposal for a hydrogen-fuelled air breathing rocket engine/jet engine for propelling the Skylon launch vehicle into low earth orbit. ...


From 1871 through 1873, 7th Cavalry companies participated in constabulary duties in the Reconstruction South, and again in 1874-1876 for half the regiment. In 1873 the 7th Cavalry moved its garrison post to Fort Abraham Lincoln, Dakota Territory. From here, the regiment carried out the historic reconnaissance of the Black Hills in 1874, making the discovery of gold in the Black Hills public and starting a gold rush that precipitated the Black Hills War. Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer's disaster at the Battle of the Little Bighorn on June 25 and 26, 1876, while a stunning defeat, demonstrated the sheer bravery of the 7th Cavalrymen: fourteen soldiers received the Medal of Honor during that battle. The regiment was present at the Wounded Knee Massacre on December 29, 1890, the end of the Indian Wars. 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... Reconstruction-era military districts in the South For other uses, see Reconstruction (disambiguation). ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Fort Abraham Lincoln was an important infantry and cavalry post about seven miles south of todays Mandan, North Dakota. ... Dakota Territory was the name of the northernmost part of the Louisiana Purchase of the United States. ... This article is about the place in South Dakota. ... A California Gold Rush handbill A gold rush is a period of feverish migration of workers into the area of a dramatic discovery of commercial quantities of gold. ... The Black Hills War was a United States civil war between the Lakota Native American tribe and the United States government from 1876 until 1877. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... George Armstrong Custer George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 - June 25, 1876) was an American cavalry commander in the Civil War and the Indian Wars who is best remembered for his defeat and death at the Battle of the Little Bighorn against a coalition of Native American tribes, led by... |conflict=Battle of the Little Bighorn |partof=the Black Hills War, Indian Wars |image= |caption=Custers Last Stand, June 26, 1876 |date=June 25–June 26, 1876 |place=Near the Little Bighorn River, Big Horn County, Montana // Headline text Hello Matt Mudge!Bold text |combatant2=United States |commander1=Sitting... June 25 is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 189 days remaining. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Three different versions of the Medal of Honor are awarded: one each for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... Combatants Great Sioux Nation United States Commanders Big Foot† James W. Forsyth Strength 120 men 230 women and children 500 men Casualties 150 killed 50 wounded 25 killed 39 wounded The Wounded Knee Massacre was the last major armed conflict between the Lakota Sioux and the United States, and was... December 29 is the 363rd day of the year (364th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 2 days remaining. ... 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar). ...


Before World-War II

In 1892, the Army replaced the Springfield .45–70 Rifle with the U.S. Magazine Rifle, Model 1892, also known as the .30–40 Krag-Jorgensen Rifle. A carbine version, the M1896, issued in 1896. German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... Closeup of the Krag-Jørgensen receiver and magazine door on a Norwegian M1912 Carbine The Krag-Jørgensen is a repeating bolt action rifle designed by the Norwegians Ole Herman Johannes Krag and Erik Jørgensen in the late 19th Century. ... A carbine is a firearm similar to, but generally shorter and less powerful than a rifle or musket of a given period. ... 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


From 1895 until 1899, the Regiment served in New Mexico (Fort Bayard) and Oklahoma (Ft. Sill), then overseas in Cuba (Camp Columbia) from 1899 to 1902. An enlisted trooper with the Seventh Cavalry from 1895 to 1897 at Fort Grant Arizona Territory was author Edgar Rice Burroughs. 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) None, English, Spanish popularly believed to be official, but they are not. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 20th 181,196 km² 355 km 645 km 1. ... Fort Sill is a United States Army post near Lawton, Oklahoma; about 85 miles southwest of Oklahoma City. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Arizona Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed between 1863 and 1912, as well as a territory of the Confederate States of America that existed from 1861 to 1865. ... Edgar Rice Burroughs (September 1, 1875 – March 19, 1950) was an American author, best known for his creation of the jungle hero Tarzan, although he produced works in many genres. ...


In 1903 the Army replaced the Krag .30–40 with the M1903 Springfield Rifles, initially in caliber .30–03 and later in its more familiar .30–06 form. In 1911, the Army adopted the superb M1911 Automatic Colt Pistol, replacing the Colt single and double action .45 and .38 caliber revolvers. 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The term Springfield Rifle may refer to any one of several types of small arms produced by the Springfield Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts, for the United States armed forces. ... Rampant Colt - The original logo of Colts Firearms Colts Manufacturing Company was founded in Hartford, Connecticut in 1847 by Samuel Colt in order to produce revolvers, which Colt held the patent on, during the Mexican-American War. ... The Colt Single Action Army, one of the most popular revolvers of all time A revolver is a multishot firearm, usually a handgun, in which the rounds are held in a revolving cylinder that rotates to fire them through a single barrel. ...


The Regiment served in the Philippines during the Philippine Insurgency from 1904 through 1907, with a second tour from 1911 through 1915. Back in the United States, the Regiment was once again stationed in the southwest, in Arizona (Camp Harvey J. Jones), where it patrolled the U.S.-Mexico border and later was part of the Mexican Punitive Expedition of 1916 to 1917. The Philippine-American War was a war between the armed forces of the United States and the Philippines from 1899 through 1913. ... 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 6th 295,254 km² 500 km 645 km 0. ... The international border between Mexico and the United States runs a total of 3,141 km (1,951 miles) from San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California, in the west to Matamoros, Tamaulipas, and Brownsville, Texas, in the east. ... The Pancho Villa Expedition was an abortive punitive expedition conducted by the United States against the military forces of Mexican Revolutionary General Pancho Villa in retaliation for Villas invasion of the United States and attack on the village of Columbus, New Mexico. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 - The Royal Army Medical Corps first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


In December 1917, 7th Cavalry was assigned to the 15th Cavalry Division, a on-paper organization designed for service in France during World War One that was never more than a simple headquarters because of the speed in which the war ended after the entry of the United States. 7th Cavalry was released from this assignment in May 1918. Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


On September 13, 1921, 7th Cavalry Regiment was assigned to the 1st Cavalry Division, which assignment was maintained to the current day. The Division and its 2nd Brigade was garrisoned at Fort Bliss, Texas, while the 1st Brigade was garrisoned at Douglas, Arizona. Additional garrison points were used as well. September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Fort Bliss is a census-designated place and US Army post located in El Paso County, Texas. ... Official language(s) None. ... Douglas (also spelled Douglass) is a masculine given name. ...


7th Cavalry Regiment continued to train as a horse cavalry regiment right up to World War II, including participation in several training maneuvers at the Louisiana Maneuver Area on April 26May 28, 1940; August 1222, 1940; and August 8October 4, 1941. Official language(s) English and French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans at last census; probably Baton Rouge since Hurricane Katrina Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 31st 134,382 km² 210 km 610 km 16 29°N to 33°N 89°W to 94°W Population... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... August 12 is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ...


World War II

7th Cavalry Regiment was dismounted on February 28, 1943, and started packing up for deployment to the Pacific Theater, still part of 1st Cavalry Division. 7th Cavalry staged at Camp Stoneman, California on June 18, 1943, and departed the San Francisco Port of Embarkation on June 26, 1943. It arrived in Australia on July 11, 1943, where it trained for combat, and then participated in the New Guinea campaign, which began on January 24, 1943, and did not end until December 31, 1944. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO) is the term used in the United States for all military activity in the Pacific Ocean and the countries bordering it, in World War II. Pacific War is a more common name, around the world, for the broader conflict between the Allies and Japan... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 3rd 410,000 km² 402. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... The New Guinea campaign was one of the major military campaigns of World War II. Fighting in the Australian mandated Territory of New Guinea (the north-eastern part of the island of New Guinea and surrounding islands) and Dutch New Guinea, between Allied and Japanese forces, commenced with the Japanese... January 24 is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


7th Cavalry was relieved from duty in this campaign, and moved on to be reorganized under special Cavalry and Infantry Tables of Organization & Equipment on December 4, 1943, and then trained for combat, and participated in the Bismarck Archipelago campaign, which started on December 15, 1943, and did not end until November 27, 1944. December 4 is the 338th day (339th on leap years) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... The Bismarck Archipelago is a group of islands off the coast of New Guinea in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, named in honour of the German chancellor Otto von Bismarck and belonging to Papua New Guinea. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


7th Cavalry moved to Oro Bay, New Guinea on February 22, 1944, and moved by Landing Craft to Negros Island to reinforce the units there on March 4, 1944, securing Lombrum Plantation. February 22 is the 53rd day of every year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Negros is an island of the Philippines located in the Visayas. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


7th Cavalry moved on to Hauwei Island, which it secured on March 1213, 1944. The regiment continued on, and arrived at Lugos Mission on Manus Island on March 15, 1944. March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Location of Manus Province in Papua New Guinea Manus Province is the smallest province in Papua New Guinea with a land area of 2100km², but with more than 220,000km² of water. ... March 15 is the 74th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (75th in Leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...

The Leyte campaign started on October 17, 1944, and 7th Cavalry moved on towards the Philippines, and assaulted Leyte on October 20, 1944. 7th Cavalry reached the Visayan Sea in late December, 1944, and reassembled with the 1st Cavalry Division near Tunga on January 7, 1945. Leyte did not end until July 1, 1945, but 7th Cavalry was needed for the Luzon campaign, which started on December 15, 1944. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2780x2177, 526 KB) American troops of Troop E, 7th Cavalry Regiment, advance towards San Jose on Leyte Island, Philippine Islands. ... The Battle of Leyte in the Pacific campaign of World War II was the invasion and conquest of Leyte in the Philippines by Allied forces under the command of General Douglas MacArthur between October 20 and December 31, 1944. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Leyte (pronounced LAY-teh or LAY-tee) is an island in the Visayas group of the Philippines. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... The Visayan Sea is a small sea within the Philippine archipelago, surrounded on three sides by the islands of the Visayas. ... Tunga may refer to: A river in India. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Luzon, home to the Filipino capital Manila, saw the showdown between Japanese commander Tomoyuki Yamashita and General Douglas MacArthur on December 15, 1944. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...


Deploying again by landing craft, 7th Cavalry landed at Luzon on January 27, 1945, where the regiment engaged until the end of the Luzon campaign on July 4, 1945. 7th Cavalry again reorganized — this time entirely under Infantry Tables of Organization & Equipment, but still designated as a Cavalry Regiment, on July 20, 1945 to prepare for the invasion of the main Japanese islands. However, the invasion was not to be. 7th Cavalry Regiment was at Lucena Batangas in the Philippines until September 2, 1945, when it was moved to Japan to start Occupation duty. Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The Japanese Archipelago extends from north to south along the eastern coast of the Eurasian Continent, the western shore of the Pacific Ocean. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (246th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... History of Japan Paleolithic Jomon Yayoi Yamato period ---Kofun period ---Asuka period Nara period Heian period Kamakura period Muromachi period Azuchi-Momoyama period ---Nanban period Edo period Meiji period Taisho period Showa period ---Japanese expansionism ---Occupied Japan ---Post-Occupation Japan Heisei The Surrender of Japan Japan surrendered to the Allies...


Occupation of Japan and Korean War

The 7th stayed in Japan as part of the occupation force. Ironically, one of its officers during this period was Lt. Col. Brice C. W. Custer, the nephew of former commander George Armstrong Custer. Overview map of the Korean War The Korean War, from June 25, 1950 to cease-fire on July 27, 1953 (the war has not ended officially), was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ...


During World War II and the Korean War, it used the main weapons of the U.S. Army (namely, the M1 Garand, M1 Carbine, M1911A1, and BAR). However, it converted to a tank unit, and used mainly the M26 Pershing. The conduct of 7th Cavalry soldiers with respect to their placement at No Gun Ri during the early part of the Korean War has come under fire. Overview map of the Korean War The Korean War, from June 25, 1950 to cease-fire on July 27, 1953 (the war has not ended officially), was a conflict between North Korea and South Korea. ... The M1 Garand (more formally the United States Rifle, Caliber . ... The M1 Carbine (formally the United States Carbine, Caliber . ... The M1911 is a . ... The Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR, usually pronounced bee ay are) is a family of automatic rifles (or machine rifles) and light machine guns used primarily by the United States and other countries during the 20th century. ... The Heavy Tank M26 Pershing was an American tank used during World War II and the Korean War. ... No Gun Ri is a village in South Korea, located in Hwanggan-myeon, Yeongdong County, North Chungcheong province. ... The No Gun Ri incident is an event that occurred in the early part of the Korean War. ...


7th Cavalry Regiment was reorganized under a new Table of Organization & Equipment on March 25, 1949, when the Troops were once again designated as Companies. March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday. ...


Cold War

The regiment was relieved from its assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division on October 15, 1957, and then reorganized under the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) on November 1, 1957. As part of this reorganization, 1st Battalion was redesignated as 1st Battle Group, 7th Cavalry Regiment, and was again assigned to 1st Cavalry Division. 2nd Battalion was redesignated July 1, 1957 as HHT, 2nd Reconnaissance Squadron, 7th Cavalry Regiment. The Cold War was the protracted geopolitical, ideological, and economic struggle that emerged after World War II between the global superpowers of the Soviet Union and the United States, supported by their respective and emerging alliance partners. ... (Redirected from 1st Cavalry Division) Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 1st Cavalry Division. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in Leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... (Redirected from 1st Cavalry Division) Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 1st Cavalry Division. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the Korean War, 7th Cavalry was used mainly in a reconnaissance role. It received the M14 rifle, along with various other new weapons and equipment (including the M60 Super Patton tank). Also, a few OH-13s were used by the reconnaissance squadrons. Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Caliber: 7. ... The M46, M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the U.S armys principal main battle tanks of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. ... Ohios 13th district The 13th congressional district of Ohio is currently represented by Representative Sherrod Brown. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ...


Three battalions, the 1st, 2nd and 5th served during the Vietnam War, armed with the new M16 rifle, the M203 grenade launcher replacing the M79 grenade launcher. Claymore mines were also used extensively. The other 2 units, the 3rd and 4th reconnaissance squadrons were based in Germany, and Korea. Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 1,250,000+ US dead: 58,226 US wounded... M16 is the U.S. Military designation for a family of rifles derived from the ArmaLite AR-15. ... M203 generally refers to the United States Army designation for a single shot 40 mm grenade launcher that attaches to the M16 assault rifle or the M4 Carbine. ... Caliber: 40 mm grenade Action: Single shot, breech loaded Mass: 3 kg (6. ... Parts of the M18A1 Claymore The M18A1 Claymore Antipersonnel Mine is a weapon often used by many countries around the world, named after the large Scottish sword, by the inventor, Norman A. MacLeod. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Motto: Broadly bring benefit to humanity (Korean: 널리 인간 세계를 이롭게 하라) Anthem: Aegukga Capital Seoul Largest city Seoul Official language(s) Korean Government President Prime Minister Presidential democracy Roh Moo-hyun Han Myung-sook Establishment - Gojoseon - Declaration of Republic - Liberation - First Republic 2333 BC March 1, 1919 August 15, 1945 August 15, 1948 Area...


The 1st, 2nd, and 5th battalions were deactivated after the Vietnam war, and only the 3rd and 4th squadrons remained as divisional reconnaissance squadrons assigned to the 3rd Infantry Division and 2nd Infantry Division respectively. Both the 3rd and 4th squadrons are aviation-tank cavalry squadrons using M60 Patton tank, M113 & M114 Armored Personnel Carriers. Both squadrons had an air cavalry "Delta" Troop, that had both reconnaissance & gunship UH-1B's. The gunships were armed with M-5 rocket launchers, and M-22 anti-tank guided missiles. In the early 80's the 3rd Squadron became the divisional cavalry squadron for the 8th Infantry Division and was stationed at Coleman Barracks West Germany. The Squadron consisted of two ground troops, two aviation troops and a headquarters troop. The ground troops were equipped with M60A3 tanks, M113 Armored Personnel Carriers, ITV (Improved TOW Vehicle, a M113 variant) and a morter section with 4.2 inch mortars mounted in a M113 variant. In 1989 the M60 tanks were replaced with M1A1 Abrams tanks. The aviation troops were equipped with OH-58 scout helicopters and AH-1 Cobra attack helicopters. The 3rd Squadron was deactivated along with the 8th Infantry Division in 1991. Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... The M47, M48 and M60 Patton were the United States Armys principal tanks of the Korean and Vietnam Wars. ... The M113 during the Vietnam War The M113 is an armored personnel carrier family. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly (or officially in the USMC) known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ...


However, between 1974 and 1975 other units were reactivated. The 1st Battalion became an armored unit, the 2nd Battalion and 5th Battalion as mechanized infantry. In 1978, the 5th Battalion was once again deactivated. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...


Persian Gulf War

The 1st Squadron and 4th Squadron fought in the Persian Gulf War. The 1st Squadron was the divisional cavalry squadron for the 1st Cavalry Division and assigned to an aviation brigade. See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... Shoulder sleeve Insignia of the United States Army 1st Cavalry Division. ...


The 4th Squadron was also the divisional cavalry squadron for 3rd Armored Division. Ground troops were armed with the M3A1 Bradley CFV. Air cavalry Troops AH-1F Cobras, OH-58C scouts. Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 3rd Armored Division, Spearhead. ... General Characteristics (M2 Bradley) Length: 21 ft 2 in (6. ... AH-1W SuperCobra of the U.S. Marines The AH-1 Cobra is an attack helicopter, designed by Bell Helicopter Textron. ... The OH-58 Kiowa scout helicopter has the primary missions of reconnaissance, surveillance, and intelligence gathering. ...


Iraq War

The 3rd Squadron fought in the Iraq War, Operation Iraqi Freedom and as the "Eyes and Ears" for the 3d Infantry Division (Mechanized) and the "Iron Fist" for the XVIII Airborne Corps. The unit was engaged with the enemy earlier or more often in the war than any other unit. The 3rd Squadron was the speadhead and the screening force for the main elements of the 3rd Infantry Division. The Iraq War or War in Iraq, is an informal term for the military conflict in Iraq including the 2003 Invasion of Iraq by the United States, United Kingdom and Australia, overthrow of the Iraqi government, occupation and subsequent military activities by US, UK and other forces. ... This article covers invasion specifics. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 3d Infantry Division (Mechanized). ... Patch of the XVIII Airborne Corps. ...


Current status

Currently, the 1st Squadron is in the 4th Aviation Brigade of the 1st Cavalry Division, armed with M1A2 SEP Abrams, M3A2CFV Bradleys, OH-58 Kiowa. The 2nd Battalion fights as mechanized infantry under the 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, using M2A3 IFV Bradleys. These two units are both stationed at Fort Hood, Texas. Shoulder sleeve Insignia of the United States Army 1st Cavalry Division. ... The M1 Abrams main battle tank is the principal combat tank of the United States Army and the United States Marine Corps, with three main versions being deployed starting in 1980: the M1, M1A1, and M1A2. ... General Characteristics (M2 Bradley) Length: 21 ft 2 in (6. ... OH-58 Kiowa OH-58D Kiowa Warrior The OH-58 Kiowa scout is a helicopter manufactured by Bell Helicopter Textron. ... General Characteristics (M2 Bradley) Length: 21 ft 2 in (6. ... Fort Hood is a census-designated place and US Army post located outside of Killeen Texas. ...


The 3rd and 4th Squadrons, on the other hand, fight as aviation-tank units, with similar dispositions as the 1st Squadron. The 3rd Squadron fighting under the 4th Brigade of the 3rd Infantry Division. The 3rd Squadron is based at Fort Stewart in Georgia, while 4th Squadron is under the 2nd Infantry Division, stationed in various bases north of Seoul, South Korea. The 5th Squadron recently activated in July 21, 2004 and assigned to 1st Brigade of the 3rd Infantry Division, as a mechanized Infantry unit and based at Fort Stewart, Georgia, The 7th Cavalry is currently a parent regiment. Fort Stewart is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post primarily located in Liberty County, Georgia, but also occupying significant portions of Bryan County, Georgia. ... Patch of the United States Army 2nd Infantry Division. ... Seoul (IPA: , (help· info)) is the capital of South Korea (the Republic of Korea) and one of the most populous cities in the world. ... July 21 is the 202nd day (203rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 163 days remaining. ... It has been designated the: International Year of Rice (by the United Nations) International Year to Commemorate the Struggle against Slavery and its Abolition (by UNESCO) 2004 World Health Day topic was Road Safety (by World Health Organization) Year of the Monkey (by the Chinese calendar) See the world in... Fort Stewart is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post primarily located in Liberty County, Georgia, but also occupying significant portions of Bryan County, Georgia. ... Many armies use different regimental systems. ...


Honors

Campaign Participation Credit

  • Indian Wars:
  1. Comanches;
  2. Little Big Horn;
  3. Nez Perces;
  4. Pine Ridge;
  5. Montana 1873;
  6. North Dakota 1874
  • Mexican Expedition:
  1. Mexico 1916-1917
  • World War II:
  1. New Guinea;
  2. Bismarck Archipelago (with arrowhead);
  3. Leyte (with arrowhead);
  4. Luzon
  • Korean War:
  1. UN Defensive;
  2. UN Offensive; CCF Intervention;
  3. First UN Counteroffensive;
  4. CCF Spring Offensive;
  5. UN Summer-Fall Offensive;
  6. Second Korean Winter;
  7. Third Korean Winter
  • Vietnam:
  1. Defense;
  2. Counteroffensive;
  3. Counteroffensive, Phase II;
  4. Counteroffensive, Phase III;
  5. Tet Counteroffensive;
  6. Counteroffensive, Phase IV;
  7. Counteroffensive, Phase V;
  8. Counteroffensive, Phase VI;
  9. Tet 69/Counteroffensive;
  10. Summer-Fall 1969;
  11. Winter-Spring 1970;
  12. Sanctuary Counteroffensive;
  13. Counteroffensive, Phase VII;
  14. Consolidation I;
  15. Consolidation II;
  16. Cease-Fire
  • Southwest Asia:
  1. Defense of Saudi Arabia;
  2. Liberation and Defense of Kuwait;
  3. Cease-Fire

Decorations

  1. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for ANTIPOLO, LUZON
  2. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for YONCHON, KOREA
  3. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for TAEGU, KOREA
  4. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for PUSAN, KOREA
  5. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for PLEIKU PROVINCE
  6. Presidential Unit Citation (Army) for BINH THUAN PROVINCE
  7. Valorous Unit Award for QUANG TIN PROVINCE
  8. Valorous Unit Award for FISH HOOK
  9. Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army) for SOUTHWEST ASIA
  10. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation for 17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945
  11. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for WAEGWAN-TAEGU
  12. Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation for KOREA 1952-1953
  13. Chryssoun Aristion Andrias (Bravery Gold Medal of Greece) for KOREA

The Presidential Unit Citation is a senior unit award granted to military units which have performed an extremely meritorious or heroic act, usually in the face of an armed enemy. ... The Valorous Unit Award is a decoration which is awarded to units of the United States Army which display extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States of America. ... The Meritorious Unit Commendation is a mid-level unit award of the United States military which is awarded to any military command which displays exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding service, heroic deeds, or valorous actions. ...

Sources

links

  • 7th cavalry clan

 
 

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