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Encyclopedia > U.S. 6th Infantry Division

The 6th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War I and World War II. Known as "Red Star", and formerly called the "Sight Seein' Sixth". (Shoulder patch: Six pointed red star.) File links The following pages link to this file: U.S. 6th Infantry Division ... US Army Seal HHC, US Army Distinctive Unit Insignia The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces that has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... World War I was primarily a European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machine guns, and poison gas. ... World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atom bomb. ...

Contents


World War I

Activated: November 1917

  • Segments:
    • Infantry Regiments: 51st, 52d, 53d & the 54th Infantry Regiment
    • Machine-Gun Battalions: 16th, 17th & 18th
    • Field Artillery Battalions: 3d, 11th & 78th
  • Overseas: June 1918
  • Major operations: Meuse-Argonne
  • Days of combat: 43
  • Casualties: Total 386 (KIA-38; WIA-348)
  • Returned to U.S.: June 1919

Deactivated: 30 September 1921 at Camp Grant, Illinois September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 92 days remaining. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


Commanders

COMMANDING OFFICERS:
(26 November 1917 – 1 June 1919)
Col. Charles E. Tayman 26 November 1917 - 28 December 1917
Brig. Gen. James B. Erwin 29 December 1917 - 27 August 1918
Maj. Gen. Walter H. Gordon 28 August 1918 - 1 June 1919



World War II

Activated: 12 October 1939

  • Overseas: 21 July 1943
  • Campaigns: Luzon, New Guinea
  • Days of combat: 306
  • Distinguished Unit Citations: 7
  • Awards: MH-2, DSC-10, DSM-3, SS-697, LM-18, DFC-3, SM-94, BSM-3, 797, AM-45.
  • Segments:
    • Infantry Regiments: 1st, 20th, & 63d Infantry Regiment
    • Field Artillery Battalions: 1st, 51st, 53d & 80th
    • 6th Engineer Combat Battalion
  • Nickname: "Sightseeing Sixth"

Inactivated: 10 January 1949 in Korea


WWII Combat Chronicle

The division moved to Hawaii in July and August 1943 to assume defensive positions on Oahu, training meanwhile in jungle warfare. It moved to Milne Bay, New Guinea, 31 January 1944, and trained until early June 1944. The division first saw combat in the Toem-Wakde area of Dutch New Guinea, engaging in active patrolling 14-18 June, after taking up positions 6-14 June. Moving west of Toem, it fought a bloody battle with the enemy at Lone Tree Hill, 21-30 June, and secured the Maffin Bay area by 12 July. State nickname: The Aloha State Other U.S. States Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Monarch Akahi Nui Governor Linda Lingle (R) Senators Daniel Inouye (D) Daniel Akaka (D) Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Area 28,337 km² (43rd)  - Land 16,649 km²  - Water 11,672 km² (41. ... July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Note: as an adjective (stressed on the second syllable instead of the first), august means honorable. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Oahu (usually Oahu outside Hawaiian and Hawaiian English), the Gathering Place, is the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands and most populous island in the State of Hawaii. ... Jungle warfare is a term used to cover the special techniques needed for military units to survive and fight in jungle terrain. ... Battle of Milne Bay Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date August 25, 1942 – September 5, 1942 Place Milne Bay, New Guinea Result Allied victory The Battle of Milne Bay was a battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II. Japanese marines attacked the Australian base at Milne Bay... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Dutch New Guinea was a common name of western New Guinea while it was a colonial possession of the Netherlands. ...


After a brief rest, the division made an assault landing at Sansapor, 30 July, on the Vogelkop Peninsula. The 6th secured the coast from Cape Waimak to the Mega River and garrisoned the area until December 1944. The division landed at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, on D-day, 9 January 1945, and pursued the Japanese into the Cabanatuan Hills, 17-21 January, capturing Munoz, 7 February. It then drove notrheast to Digalan Bay and Baler Bay, 13 February, isolating enemy forces in southern Luzon. The 1st Infantry Regiment operated on Bataan, 14-21 February, cutting the peninsula from Abucay to Bagac. The division shifted to the Shimbu Line northeast of Manila, 24 February, took Mount Mataba, 17 April, Mount Pacawagan, 29 April, Bolog, 29 June, Lane's Ridge of Mount Santo Domingo, 10 July, and Kiangan, 12 July. The 6th remained in the Cagayan Valley and the Cordilleras Mountains until VJ-day, then moved to occupy Korea. The division occupied the southern half of the United States zone of occupation until inactivated. December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... The Lingayen Gulf is an extension of the South China Sea on Luzon in the Philippines. ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzón, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... The military designation of days and hours within the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), is specified in AAP-6 (STANAG 3680), NATO Glossary of Terms and Definitions, as follows: D-Day is the day on which an operation commences or is due to commence. ... January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... January is the first month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... Bataan is a province of the Philippines occupying the whole of Bataan Peninsula on Luzon. ... Abucay is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bataan, Philippines. ... Bagac is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bataan, Philippines. ... // For other meanings of the word, see Manila (disambiguation). ... Kiangan is a 4th class municipality in the province of Ifugao, Philippines. ... Cagayan Valley (Lambak ng Cagayan in Filipino) is a region of the Philippines, also designated as Region II or Region 02. ... August 15, 1945, marked Victory over Japan Day or V-J Day, taking a name similar to Victory in Europe Day, which was generally known as V-E Day. ... Korea refers to South Korea and North Korea together, which were a unified country until 1948. ... Belligerent military occupation, occurs when one nations military garrisons occupy all or part of the territory of another nation or recognized belligerent during an invasion (during or after a war). ...


Medal of Honor recipients

Medal of Honor recipients for the 6th Infantry Division during WWII: The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ...

  • Corporal Melvin Mayfield - Company D, 20th Infantry Regiment, 6th Infantry Division - Cordillera Mountains, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 29 July 1945
  • Second Lieutenant (then T/Sgt.) Donald E. Rudolph - Company E, 20th Infantry Regiment, 6th Infantry Division - Munoz, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 5 February 1945

Corporal is a military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Code OR-4) in use by several militaries of the world. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... February 5 is the 36th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Commanders

COMMANDING OFFICERS:
(October 1939 – January 1949)
Brig. Gen. Clement A. Trott October 1939 - October 1940
Brig. Gen. Frederick E. Uhl October 1940 - December 1940
Maj. Gen. Clarence S. Ridley January 1941 - August 1942
Maj. Gen. Durward S. Wilson September 1942 - October 1942
Maj. Gen. Franklin C. Sibert October 1942 - August 1944
Maj. Gen. Edwin D. Patrick August 1944 - March 1945
Maj. Gen. Charles E. Hurdis March 1945 - April 1946
Col. George M. Williamson, Jr. April 1946 - June 1946
Maj. Gen. Albert E. Brown June 1946 - September 1946
Brig. Gen. John T. Pierce September 1946 - October 1946
Maj. Gen. Orlando Ward October 1946 - 1 January 1949



References

  • The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950 reproduced at CMH.

External links

  • Brief History of the 6th US Infantry Division By Thomas E. Price [1]
  • Reunion page @ Military.com

 
 

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