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Encyclopedia > U.S. 2d Infantry Division

The 2d Infantry Division is a formation of the United States Army. Its current primary mission is the defense of South Korea in the initial stages of an invasion from North Korea until other American units can arrive. The United States Army is the branch of the United States armed forces that has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ...

U.S. 2nd Infantry Division
Image:2_Infantry_Div_SSI.PNG
2nd ID Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active: October 26, 1917 - Present
Country: USA
Allegiance:
Branch: Regular Army
Type: Division
Role: Infantry
Size: 15,000 soldiers
Command structure:
Current commander:
Garrison/HQ: South Korea, Fort Carson, Fort Lewis
Ceremonial chief:
Colonel of the Regiment: {{{colonel_of_the_regiment}}}
Nickname: "Indian Head Division"
"Warrior Division"
Patron: {{{patron}}}
Motto: "Second to None"
Colors: Red and Blue
March:
Mascot:
Notable battles or wars: Battle of Belleau Wood
Château-Thierry campaign
Meuse-Argonne offensive
Western Front (World War II)
Korean War
Operation Phantom Fury
Notable commanders:
Anniversaries:
Decorations:
Battle honours:

Contents

Image File history File links 2_Infantry_Div_SSI.PNG // SHOULDER SLEEVE INSIGNIA. Description: Upon a five pointed white star whose points lie in the circumference of an imaginary circle 3-1/2 inches (8. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... The Regular Army is the name given to the permanent force of the United States Army that is maintained during peacetime. ... Fort Carson is a census-designated place and United States Army Base located in El Paso County, Colorado. ... Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post located in Pierce County, Washington. ... The Battle of Belleau Wood was a battle of the first World War. ... The Battle of Chateau Thierry was fought on July 18, 1918. ... The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was a major battle of World War I. It was the biggest operation and victory of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in that war. ... During World War II, the Western Front was the theater of fighting west of Germany, encompassing France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxemberg, and Denmark. ... Combatants Western Allied/UN combatants: South Korea, United States Communist combatants: North Korea, Peoples Republic of China Strength Note: All figures may vary according to source. ... Combatants United States Military Iraqi Security Forces Iraqi insurgents Commanders Maj. ... A battle honour is an official acknowledgement to recognize a military units achievements in specific wars or operations. ...


Strength

There are approximately 15,000 soldiers in the 2d Infanty Division.


The 2d Division, unlike any other division in the Army, is made up partially of Korean soldiers, called KATUSAs (Korean Augmentation to US Army). This program began in 1950 by agreement with South Korean President Syngman Rhee. Some 27,000 KATUSAs served with the US forces at the end of the Korean War. As of May 2006, approximately 1,100 KATUSA Soldiers serve with 2ID. KATUSA stands for Korean Augmentation To the United States Army. ... Syngman Rhee Syngman Rhee or Lee Seungman (March 26, 1875 – July 19, 1965) was the first president of South Korea. ... Combatants Western Allied/UN combatants: South Korea, United States Communist combatants: North Korea, Peoples Republic of China Strength Note: All figures may vary according to source. ...


Nicknames

  • "Indian Head" Division (so named after the unit patch)
  • "Warrior Division" (official nickname)
  • Motto: "Second to None"

Command and Staff

  • Division Commander: Major General James A. Coggin
  • Assistant Division Commander (Maneuver): Brigadier General Joseph Martz

Locations

Camp Red Cloud (Division Command) located in Uijeongbu City
Camp Essayons
Camp Casey: located in Dongducheon City, 45 miles north of Seoul; 17 miles south of DMZ
Camp Castle
Camp Hovey
Camp Howze
Camp Stanley
Camp Humphreys

Camp Red Cloud (commonly reffered to as CRC) is a United States Army camp located in the city of Uijeongbu, approximately 40 kilometers north of Korea, between Seoul and the Korean Dimilitarized Zone (DMZ). ... Uijeongbu is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. ... Camp Casey, South Korea is a U.S. Army base in South Korea. ... Dongducheon is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. ... Seoul (Sŏul|서울) ) is the capital and largest city of South Korea (Republic of Korea). ... Map of the Korean DMZ. The DMZ is given in red. ... Camp Humpreys houses the military jail facility in South Korea which detains soldiers for no more than a year before they are shipped off to Ft. ...

Subunits

1st Heavy Brigade Combat Team
4th Squadron, 7th Cavalry, at Camp Hovey
2d Battalion, 9th Infantry, at Camp Casey
1st Battalion, 72d Armor, at Camp Casey
1st Battalion, 15th Field Artillery, at Camp Hovey
1st Brigade Special Troops Batalion, at Camp Hovey
4th Chemical Company
302d Brigade Support Battalion, at Camp Casey: Tactically supports 1st Brigade Combat Team
Fires Brigade, at Camp Casey
6th Battalion, 37th Field Artillery; Commander: Lt. Colonel David Thompson
Headquarters Battery (HHB)
2 ATACMS (Bat II) Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS) batteries
Service Battery
1st Battaltion, 38th Field Artillery; ("Steel Behind the Rock"); General support for division; counter-fire on North Korean batteries
2d Brigade Combat Team,at Fort Carson, Colorado
1st Battalion, 9th Infantry Regiment "Manchu"
1st Battalion, 503d Infantry Regiment (Air Assault) "1st Rock"
1st Battalion, 506th Infantry Regiment (Air Assault) "Currahee"
Long Range Surveillance Detachment,
2d Battalion, 17th Artillery; ("Steel Battalion") At Fort Carson, CO; supports 2d Brigade Combat Team
2 M119A2 105 mm howitzer batteries (Alpha and Bravo)
Headquarters Battery
Golf Company
3d Brigade, Stryker Brigade Combat Team, at Fort Lewis, WA "Arrowhead Brigade"
2d Battalion, 3d Infantry Regiment (The Old Guard) Patriots
5th Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment Regulars
1st Battalion, 23d Infantry Regiment Tomahawks
1st Squadron, 14th Cavalry Regiment Warhorse
1st Battalion, 37th Field Artillery Regiment On the Minute
296th Brigade Support Battalion Frontline Support
334th Signal Company
18th Engineer Company
209th Military Intelligence Company
C/5-2 Infantry
C/5-5 ADA
5th Battalion, 5th Air Defense Artillery; Lieutenant Colonel Roberto L. Delgado, Commanding
Aviation Brigade
Aviation Brigade Headquarters
1st Battalion, 2d Aviation, at Camp Eagle
2d Battalion, 2d Aviation, at Camp Humphries
3rd Squadron, 6th Cavalry, at Camp Humphries
2d Battalion, 52nd Aviation, at Camp Humphries
164th ATS, at Camp Humphries
602d Aviation Support Battalion ("Warhorse Battalion"; motto "To mend the Broken Wings"); at Camp Humphries; Provides support for 2d Aviation Brigade

Eighth Army Support: ATACMS missile firing The Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS) Block II Missile is manufactured by Lockheed Martin. ... Categories: Stub | Rocket artillery ... The 1st Battalion, 9th Infantry Regiment (1-9 INF) is an infantry battalion that was assigned to Camp Hovey, South Korea. ... The United States Army dispatched the 9th Infantry Regiment to assist the Chinese government during the Boxer Rebellion and China Relief Expedition. ... The Rock Regiment patch The 503rd Parachute Infantry Regiment (PIR) was among the most decorated airborne units during World War II. World War II On February 14 1942. ... A M119 Howitzer being fired as part of an exercise near Kandahar Airfield, Afghanistan The M119 A1 Howitzer is a lightweight howitzer used by the United States Army. ... The Stryker is a family of eight wheeled, all wheel drive, armored combat vehicles produced by General Dynamics Land Systems and is in current use by the US Army. ... The 3d United States Infantry Regiment (3d US INF), is a unit of the United States Army. ...

2d Battalion, 52d General Support Aviation Brigade, located at Camp Humpreys
122d Signal Battalion
Division Support Command (DISCOM)
Division Medical Operations Center (DMOC)
121st General Hospital, at Yongsan Garrison
127th Field Surgical Team
2d Forward Support Battalion, at Camp Hovey; Tactically supports 1st Brigade Combat Team
702d Main Support Battalion; second-level maintenance
2nd ID Distinctive Unit Insignia

Image File history File links 2_Infantry_Div_DUI.PNG // DISTINCTIVE UNIT INSIGNIA. Description: A silver color metal and enamel device 1-1/8 inches in height overall consisting of a black field an Indian tomahawk in silver color metal with point to dexter and blade charged with a blue fleur-de-lis... Image File history File links 2_Infantry_Div_DUI.PNG // DISTINCTIVE UNIT INSIGNIA. Description: A silver color metal and enamel device 1-1/8 inches in height overall consisting of a black field an Indian tomahawk in silver color metal with point to dexter and blade charged with a blue fleur-de-lis...

History

World War I

Constituted September 21, 1917 in the Regular Army as Headquarters, 2d Division, 2nd ID was organized on October 26, 1917, at Bourmont,Haute Marne, France. At the time of its activation, the Indianhead Division was composed of the U.S. 3rd Infantry Brigade, which was a normal Organic Brigade which included the U.S. 9th Infantry Regiment; and the U.S. 23d Infantry Regiment; and the U.S. 4th Marine Brigade, which consisted of the 5th Marine Regiment, and the 6th Marine Regiment, a battalion of field artillery, and various supporting units. September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Haute-Marne is a département in the northeast of France named after the Marne River. ... The United States army dispatched the 9th Infantry Regiment (the archaic designation of a Battalion size element) to assist the Chinese government during the Boxer Rebellion and China Relief expedition. ... The 5th Marine regiment is usually an integral part of the U.S. First Marine Division. ... The 6th Marine Regiment is an infantry regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. ... This article describes U.S. field artillery. ...

  • (Special Note: The Navy furnished the hospital corpsmen for the 4th Marine Brigade, 5th Marine Regiment and 6th Marine Regiment, and made a special uniform change which allows hospital corpsmen of these organizations to wear a shoulder strap on the left shoulder of the "Dress Blues" so that the French Fourragere could be worn. These are the only Navy units to wear the Fourragere.

Twice during "The Great War" the division was commanded by Marine Corps generals, Major General Charles A. Doyen and Major General John A. Lejeune, marking the only times in U.S. Military history when Marine Corps officers commanded an Army division. General Charles Augustus Doyen (3 September 1859 – 6 October 1918) was an officer in the United States Marine Corps. ... Lieutenant General John Archer Lejeune, 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps, was born at Pointe Coupee, Louisiana, on 10 January 1867. ...


The division spent the winter of 1917–1918 training with French Army veterans. Though judged unprepared by French tacticians, the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) was committed to combat in the spring of 1918 in a desperate attempt to halt a German advance toward Paris. The 2d Division drew its first blood in the nightmare landscape of the Battle of Belleau Wood, and contributed to shattering the four year old stalemate on the battlefield during the Château-Thierry campaign that followed. On 28 July 1918, MajGen John A. Lejeune assumed command of the 2d Division and remained in that capacity until August 1919, when the unit was demobilized. He was the only Marine officer to command an Army division. The division won hard fought victories at Soissons and Mont Blanc, for which it was awarded the French Fourragère in the colors of the Croix de Guerre. Finally the Indianhead Division participated in the Meuse-Argonne offensive which spelled the end of any German hope for victory. On 11 November, 1918 the Armistice was declared, and the 2d Infantry Division marched into Germany where it performed occupation duties until April of 1919. 2nd Infantry Division returned to U. S.in July 1919. French soldiers of the IFOR in Mostar, 1995. ... Officers of the American Expeditionary Force and the Baker mission The American Expeditionary Force or AEF was the United States military force in World War I. The AEF helped the French defend the Western Front during the Aisne Offensive in May. ... The Battle of Belleau Wood was a battle of the first World War. ... The Battle of Chateau Thierry was fought on July 18, 1918. ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... Lieutenant General John Archer Lejeune, 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps, was born at Pointe Coupee, Louisiana, on 10 January 1867. ... Soissons is a town and commune in the Aisne département, Picardie, France, located on the Aisne River, about 60 miles northeast of Paris. ... This article is about the Alpine mountain. ... The Fourragère is a French military award, distinguishing military units as a whole. ... The Croix de guerre is a military decoration of both Belgium and France which was first created in 1915. ... The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was a major battle of World War I. It was the biggest operation and victory of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in that war. ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 50 days remaining. ... A white flag is traditionally used to represent a truce. ...

  • Major Operations:
  1. Aisne,
  2. Belleau Wood (4th Marine Brigade; 5th Marine Regiment; 6th Marine Regiment ONLY.)
  3. St. Mihiel,
  4. Meuse-Argonne offensive,
  5. Aisne-Marne.
  • Casualties:
  • Killed In Action-1,964 (including USMC, 4,478)
  • Wounded In Action-9,782 (including USMC, 17,752)
  • Total-11,746 (including USMC, 22,230)
  • Commanders:
  1. BG C. A. Doyen, USMC (26 October 1917),
  2. MG Omar Bundy (8 November 1917),
  3. MG James G. Harbord (15 July 1918),
  4. MG John A. Lejeune, USMC (26 July 1918).
  • Source for the World War I data and information: US Army Center of Military History The following combat chronicles, current as of October 1948, are reproduced from The Army Almanac: A Book of Facts Concerning the Army of the United States, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950, pp. 510-592.

Aisne is a département in the northern part of France named after the Aisne River. ... The Battle of Belleau Wood was a battle of the first World War. ... Saint-Mihiel is a commune of the Meuse département, in northeastern France. ... The Meuse-Argonne Offensive was a major battle of World War I. It was the biggest operation and victory of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF) in that war. ... James G. Harbord (1866 - 1947) was a General in the U.S. Army and a business executive. ... Lieutenant General John Archer Lejeune, 13th Commandant of the Marine Corps, was born at Pointe Coupee, Louisiana, on 10 January 1867. ...

Interwar years

Upon returning to the United States, the division was stationed at Fort Sam Houston, at San Antonio, Texas as one of three divisions to remain intact and on Active Duty for the entire interwar period. It remained there for the next 23 years, serving as an experimental unit, testing new concepts and innovations for the Army. In 1940 the 2d Infantry Division was the first command reorganized under the new triangular concept, which provided for three separate regiments in each division. Indianhead soldiers pioneered concepts of airmobility and anti-tank warfare, which served the army for the next two decades on battlefields in every corner of the globe. Fort Sam Houston is a U.S. Army post in San Antonio, Texas. ... Nickname: Alamo City Official website: www. ...


2 ID started taking part in maneuvers at Christine, Texas betwen January 3 - and January 27, 1940. It then moved to Horton, Texas for maneuvers from April 26 to May 28, 1940, followed by maneuvers at Cravens, Louisiana from August 16 to August 23, 1940. It returned to Fort Sam Houston, where it continued training and refitting, until it moved to Brownswood, Texas for the VIII Corps Maneuvers from June 1 through June 14, 1941 at Comanche, Texas. The division was then sent to Mansfield, Louisiana from August 11 through October 2, 1941 for the August-September, 1941 Louisiana Maneuvers. Christine is a town located in Atascosa County, Texas. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... Comanche is a city located in Comanche County, Texas. ... Mansfield is a city located in De Soto Parish, Louisiana. ...


2 ID was transferred to the VIII Corps Louisiana maneuver Area on July 27, 1941, and remained there until September 22, 1942, whereapon the 2 ID returned to Fort Sam Houston. They then moved to Camp McCoy at Sparta, Wisconsin on November 27, 1942. Four months of intensive training for winter warfare followed. In September 1943 the division received their Staging orders, and moved to the Camp Shanks staging area at Orangeburg, New York on October 3, 1943, where they got their Port Call orders. On 8 October the division officially sailed from the New York Port Of Embarkation, and started arriving in Belfast, Ireland on the 17th. They then moved over to England, where they trained and staged for forward movement to France. September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ... Fort McCoy is an active United States Army installation. ... Sparta is a town located in Monroe County, Wisconsin. ... November 27 is the 331st day (332nd on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Orangeburg is a hamlet (and a census-designated place) located in the Town of Orangetown in Rockland County, New York. ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year (282nd in leap years). ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 54. ... October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the United Kingdom (light green), with the Republic of Ireland (blue) to its west Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked...


World War II

Assignments in the European Theater of Operations

  1. 22 October 1943: Attached to First Army.
  2. 24 December 1943: XV Corps, but attached to First Army.
  3. 14 April 1944: V Corps, First Army.
  4. 1 August 1944: V Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
  5. 17 August 1944: XIX Corps.
  6. 18 August 1944: VIII Corps, Third Army, 12th Army Group.
  7. 5 September 1944: VIII Corps, Ninth Army, 12th Army Group.
  8. 22 October 1944: VIII Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
  9. 11 December 1944: V Corps.
  10. 20 December 1944: Attached, with the entire First Army, to the British 21st Army Group.
  11. 18 January 1945: V Corps, First Army, 12th Army Group.
  12. 28 April 1945: VII Corps.
  13. 1 May 1945: V Corps.
  14. 6 May 1945: Third Army, 12th Army Group.

Narrative

After training in Ireland and Wales from October 1943 to June 1944, the 2d Infantry Division crossed the channel to land on Omaha Beach on D plus 1, 7 June 1944, near St. Laurent-sur-Mer. Attacking across the Aure River, the Division liberated Trevieres, 10 June, and proceeded to assault and secure Hill 192, the key enemy strongpoint on the road to St. Lô. With the hill taken 11 July 1944, the Division went on the defensive until 26 July. Exploiting the St. Lô break-through, the 2d Division advanced across the Vire to take Tinchebray 15 August 1944. The Division then moved west to join the battle for Brest, the heavily defended fortress surrendering 18 September 1944 after a 39-day contest. For an explanation of often confusing terms such as Great Britain, Britain, United Kingdom, England and Wales and England, see British Isles (terminology). ... Troops from the First Division landing on Omaha beach. ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... Saint-Laurent-sur-Mer is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... Trévières is a commune of the département of Calvados, in the Basse-Normandie région, in north-westernFrance. ... June 10 is the 161st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (162nd in leap years), with 204 days remaining. ... Saint-Lô is a city and commune of France, the préfecture (capital) of the Manche département, in Normandy. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... Vire is a commune and a canton of the département of Calvados, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Location within France Brest, at the tip of Brittany Brest is a city in the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ... September 18 is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years). ...


The Division took a brief rest 1926 September before moving to defensive positions at St. Vith, Belgium on September 29, 1944. The division entered Germany on October 3, 1944, and the Second was ordered, on 11 December, 1944, to attack and seize the Roer River dams. The German Ardennes offensive in mid-December forced the Division to withdraw to defensive positions near Elsenborn, where the German drive was halted. In February 1945 the Division attacked, recapturing lost ground, and seized Gemund, 4 March. Reaching the Rhine 9 March, the 2d advanced south to take Breisig, 1011 March, and to guard the Remagen bridge, 1220 March. September 19 is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years). ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... Sankt Vith (French: Saint-Vith) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. ... September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... October 3 is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants United States United Kingdom Germany Commanders Dwight D. Eisenhower Gerd von Rundstedt Strength Dec 16 - start of the Battle: about 83,000 men; 242 Sherman tanks, 182 tank destroyers, and 394 pieces of corps and divisional artillery. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... Remagen is a city in Germany in the Bundesland of Rhineland-Palatinate. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ...


The Division crossed the Rhine 21 March and advanced to Hadamar and Limburg an der Lahn, relieving elements of the 9th Armored Division, 28 March. Advancing rapidly in the wake of the 9th Armored, the 2d Division crossed the Weser at Veckerhagen, 67 April, captured Göttingen 8 April, established a bridgehead across the Saale, 14 April, seizing Merseburg on the 15th. On the 18th the Division took Leipzig, mopped up in the area, and outposted the Mulde River; elements which had crossed the river were withdrawn 24 April. Relieved on the Mulde, the 2d moved 200 miles, 13 May, to positions along the German-Czech border near Schonsee and Waldmunchen, where 2 ID relieved the 97th and 99th ID's. The division crossed over to Czechoslovakia on May 4, 1945, and attacked in the general direction of Pilsen, attacking that city on VE Day. March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ... Hadamar the site of a former insane asylum used by the Nazis as the site of their T-4 Euthanasia Program, which performed mass sterilizations and mass murder of undesirable members of Nazi society, specifically the physically and mentally handicapped. ... Front of the cathedral Limburg an der Lahn (Limburg on the Lahn river) is a small German town, the capital of the district Limburg-Weilburg in the west of Hesse. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 9th Armored Division. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). ... Weser watershed The Weser is a river of north-western Germany. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Göttingen ( ) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... Length 413 km Elevation of the source 728  m Average discharge  ?  m³/s Area watershed  ?  km² Origin  Germany Mouth  Elbe Basin countries Germany Saale is the name of two rivers in Germany: the Saxonian Saale (German: Sächsische Saale) and the Franconian Saale (German: Fränkische Saale). ... April 14 is the 104th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (105th in leap years). ... Merseburg is a city in the south of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... (help· info) [] (Sorbian/Lusatian: Lipsk) is the largest city in the Federal State (Bundesland) of Saxony in Germany. ... The Mulde is a river in Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... May 3 is the 123rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (124th in leap years). ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Victory in Europe Day (V-E Day) was May 8, 1945, the date when the Allies during the Second World War formally celebrated the defeat of Nazi Germany and the end of Adolf Hitlers Reich. ...


2d Infantry Division returned to the New York Port Of Embarkation on July 20, 1945, and arrived at Camp Swift at Bastrop, Texas on July 22, 1945. They started a training schedule to prepare them to participate in the scheduled invasion of Japan, but they were still at Camp Swift on VJ Day. They then moved to the Staging Area at Camp Stoneman at Pittsburgh, California on March 28, 1946, but the move eastward was cancelled, and they received orders to move to Fort Lewis at Tacoma, Washington. They arrived at Fort Lewis on April 15, 1946, which post became their Home Station. From their Fort Lewis base, they conducted Arctic, air transportability, amphibious, and maneuver training. July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Camp Swift is a census-designated place located in Bastrop County, Texas. ... Historic buildings with quaint shops and restaurants line Main Street in Bastrop. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Operation Downfall was the overall Allied plan for the invasion of Japan at the end of World War II. It was scheduled to occur in two parts: Operation Olympic, the invasion of Kyushu, set to begin in November 1945; and later Operation Coronet, the invasion of Honshu near Tokyo, scheduled... 15 August 1945 marked Victory over Japan or VJ Day, taking a name similar to Victory in Europe Day, which was generally known as VE Day. ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Fort Lewis is a census-designated place and U.S. Army post located in Pierce County, Washington. ... Old Town neighborhood in Tacoma, with Mount Rainier in background Nickname: The City of Destiny Official website: http://www. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


  • World War II Honors
  • Campaign Participation Credit:
  1. Normandy,
  2. Northern France,
  3. Rhineland.
  4. Ardennes-Alsace,
  5. Central Europe,
  • Days of combat: 303.
  • Awards and Decorations:
  1. Distinguished Unit Citations: 16.
  2. Medal of Honor-6 ;
  3. Distinguished Service Cross-34 ;
  4. Distinguished Serice Medals-1 ;
  5. Silver Stars-741;
  6. Legion of Merits-25;
  7. Soldier Medals-14 ;
  8. Bronze Star Medals-5,530 ;
  9. Air Medals-89.
  • Commanders:
  1. MG John C. H. Lee (6 November 1941-8 May 1942)
  2. MG Walter M. Robertson (9 May 1942-June 1945),
  3. BG W. K. Harrison (June-September 1945),
  4. MG Edward M. Almond (September 1945-June 1946),
  5. MG Paul W. Kendall (June 1946 to 24 May 1948),
  6. MG Harry J. Collins (30 June 1948-).
  • Casualties
  1. Killed In Action: 3,031
  2. Wounded In Action: 12,785
  3. Died of Wounds: 457

USA and USAF Presidential Unit Citation Please see Presidential Unit Citation for other versions of this award The Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy on or after 7 December 1941... Three different versions of the Medal of Honor are awarded: one each for the Army, Navy, and Air Force. ... The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is the second highest military decoration of the United States Army, awarded for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. ... // Description: The Coat of Arms of the United States in Gold surrounded by a circle of Dark Blue enamel, 1 ½ inches in diameter, bearing the inscription FOR DISTINGUISHED SERVICE MCMXVIII. On the reverse is a scroll for the name of the recipient (which is to be engraved) upon a... The Silver Star is a United States military decoration and is the third highest medal for valor. ... The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces which is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. ... The Bronze Star Medal is a United States Armed Forces individual military decoration and is the fourth highest award for bravery, heroism or meritorious service. ... The Air Medal is a military decoration of the United States which was established by Executive Order 9158, signed by Franklin D. Roosevelt, on May 11, 1942. ... Lieutenant General Edward Almond Edward Mallory Almond (December 12, 1892 - June 11, 1979) was an American military officer best known as the commander of the United States Army X Corps during the Korean War. ...

Korean War

An M4 Sherman tank of the 2nd Infantry firing on enemy positions in 1952
Enlarge
An M4 Sherman tank of the 2nd Infantry firing on enemy positions in 1952

With the outbreak of hostilities in Korea during the summer of 1950, the 2d Infantry Division was quickly alerted for movement to the Far East Command. The division arrived in Korea, via Pusan on 23 July, becoming the first unit to reach Korea directly from the United States. Initially employed piecemeal, the entire division was committed as a unit on 24 August, 1950, relieving the 24th Infantry Division at the Naktong River Line. The first big test came when the North Koreans struck in a desperate human wave attack on the night of 31 August. In the 16-day battle that followed, the division’s clerks, bandsmen, technical and supply personnel joined in the fight to defend against the attackers. Download high resolution version (740x601, 79 KB) Photo #: SC 398704 M4A3E8 Sherman Tank Of Company B, 72nd Tank Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division, fires its 76mm gun at enemy bunkers on Napalm Ridge, in support of the 8th ROK Division. ... Download high resolution version (740x601, 79 KB) Photo #: SC 398704 M4A3E8 Sherman Tank Of Company B, 72nd Tank Battalion, 2nd Infantry Division, fires its 76mm gun at enemy bunkers on Napalm Ridge, in support of the 8th ROK Division. ... The factual accuracy of this article is disputed. ... Korea (한국, Hanguk, or ì¡°ì„ , Chosŏn, see below) is a civilization and geographical area situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia, bordering China (PRC) to the northwest and Russia to the northeast, with Japan situated to the southeast across the Korea Strait. ... The Far East Command was a military regional division of the British military. ... Pūsan is also a Vedic Hindu god. ... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized). ... The Nakdong River (Rakdong in North Korean) is the longest river in South Korea, and passes through major cities such as Daegu and Busan. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia, covering the northern half of the peninsula of Korea. ...


Shortly thereafter, the 2ID was the first unit to break out of the Pusan perimeter and they led the Eighth Army drive to the Manchurian Border. It was at this time that the 2ID received a crucial new support element. In August of 1950, with American forces dwindling, a Korean Augmentation to the United States Army was established. These valiant new 2nd Infantry Division troops, known since simply as KATUSA, helped turn the tide of the war for American forces. The Pusan Perimeter was the area in extreme southeast Korea that was held by US and South Korean troops during the furthest advance of the North Korean troops, in the summer and fall of 1950, during the Korean War. ... The US Eighth Army is the commanding formation of all US Army troops in South Korea. ... Extent of Manchuria according to Definition 1 (dark red), Definition 3 (dark red + medium red) and Definition 4 (dark red + medium red + light red) Manchuria (Manchu: Manju, Simplified Chinese: 满洲; Traditional Chinese: 滿洲; Pinyin: ) is a name given to a vast territorial region in northeast Asia. ...


Now within fifty miles of the Manchurian border when Chinese forces entered the fight, soldiers of the 2d Infantry Division were given the mission of protecting the rear and right flank of the Eighth Army as it retired to the South. Fighting around Kuna-ri cost the division nearly one third of its strength, but was ten times more costly to the enemy and the way was kept open. The Chinese winter offensive was finally blunted by the 2d Infantry Division on 31 January at Wonju. Taking up the offensive in a two-prong attack in February, 1951, the Division repulsed a powerful Chinese counter-offensive in the epic battles of Chip-yong-ni and Wonju. The United Nations front was saved and the general offensive continued. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... January 31 is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Wonju is a city in Gangwon province, South Korea. ... Wonju is a city in Gangwon province, South Korea. ... United Nations - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Again in April and May 1951, the 2d Infantry Division was instrumental in smashing the communist's spring offensive. For its part in this action the 2nd Infantry Division was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. What followed were alternating periods of combat and rest, with the division participating in the Battle of Bloody Ridge and Battle of Heartbreak Ridge. Finally, on 9 April 1953, the Division was moved to a rear area and on 20 August 1954, four years after its last unit arrived in Korea, the 2ID was alerted for re-deployment to the United States. USA and USAF Presidential Unit Citation Please see Presidential Unit Citation for other versions of this award The Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action on or after 7 December 1941 against an armed enemy. ... The Battle of Bloody Ridge took place during the Korean War from August 18th to September 5th, 1951. ... The Battle of Heartbreak Ridge was a month long battle in the Korean War. ... April 9 is the 99th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (100th in leap years). ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1953 calendar). ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  • Casualties
  1. 7,094 Killed In Action
  2. 16,575 Wounded In Action
  3. 338 Died of Wounds

Reorganization

In the summer of 1954 the 2d Division was transferred from Korea to Fort Lewis, Washington, where it remained for only two years, until being transferred to Alaska in August of 1956. On 8 November 1957, it was announced that the division was to be deactivated. However, a few short months later, in the spring of 1958, the Department of the Army announced that the 2d Infantry Division would be reorganized at Fort Benning, Georgia, with personnel and equipment of the 10th Infantry Division returning from Germany. Fort Benning remained the home of the new 2d Infantry Division from 1958 to 1965, where they were initially assigned the mission of a training division. To improve combat readiness, in March of 1962 the 2ID was designated as a Strategic Army Corps (STRAC) unit. Following this the Division became engaged in intensified combat training, tactical training, and field training exercises, in addition to special training designed to improve operational readiness. Official language(s) English Capital Largest city Juneau Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq. ... November 8 is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 53 days remaining. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... War Department may refer to the military establishments of several different countries: British War Department Confederate War Department United States Department of War, under the leadership of the United States Secretary of War (until 1947) See also: defense minister This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other... Fort Benning is a military base facility of the United States military southwest of Columbus, Georgia. ... The Strategic Army Corps (STRAC) is a U.S. Army command with a mission of high readiness. ...


Back to Korea

As a result of increasing tensions on the Korean peninsula, the 2d Infantry Division returned to the Republic of Korea in July of 1965. North Korean forces were engaging in increasing border incursions and infiltration attempts and the 2d Division was called upon to help halt these attacks. On 2 November 1966, soldiers of the 1st Battalion, 23d Infantry were killed in an ambush by North Korean forces. In 1967 enemy attacks in the demilitarized zone increased, as a result, 16 American soldiers were killed that year. November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... In military terms, a demilitarized zone (DMZ) is an area, usually the frontier or boundary between two or more groups, where military activity is not permitted, usually by treaty or other agreement. ...


In 1968 North Koreans continued to probe across the DMZ, and in 1969, while on patrol, 4 soldiers of 3d Battalion, 23d Infantry were killed, but by 1970 the North had decided that their efforts against the 2d ID weren’t worth the cost and organized attacks stopped that year. By March of 1971 ROK forces had assumed the responsibility for the defense of all but 500 yards of the DMZ, allowing the 2d Infantry Division to maintain combat readiness in case of any eventuality.


On 18 August 1976, during a routine tree-trimming operation within the DMZ, two American officers were bludgeoned to death in a melee with North Korean border guards in the Joint Security Area. What resulted is known as Operation Paul Bunyan. The 2d Infantry Division was chosen to spearhead the United Nations Command response to this incident and on 21 August, Task Force Brady, a group of ROK soldiers American infantry and engineers, swept into the area and cut down the infamous "Panmunjom Tree". The 2d Infantry Division delivered an unmistakable message to the North Koreans, as well as to the world. August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... Operation Paul Bunyan was a countermeasure taken by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in response to an attack by North Korean soldiers in the village of Panmunjeom within the Korean Demilitarized Zone. ... August 21 is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... A tree that blocked the line of sight between two guard towers, one belonging to the North Koreans and one belonging to the South. ...



The 2d Infantry Division is still stationed in Korea, with a number of camps near the DMZ. Command headquarters are at Camp Red Cloud in Uijongbu.


Operation Iraqi Freedom

During the late Spring of 2004, much of the soldiers of the 2nd Infantry Division’s 2nd Brigade Combat Team were given notice that they were about to be ordered to further deployment, with duty in Iraq. Units involved in this call-up included (but was not limited to:) 1/503rd Infantry Regiment (Air Assault), 1/506th Infantry Regiment (Air Assault) , 2/17th Field Artillery Battalion, 1/9 Infantry Regiment (Mechanized), 2nd Forward Support Battalion, and portions of the 2/72nd Armor Battalion. Time from first notice of deployment to actual “wheels-up” exit of the peninsula was very short. As such, an extreme amount of training was conducted by the Brigade as they switched from a focus of the foreign defense of South Korea to the more offensive operations that were going to be needed in action in Iraq. Furthermore, time was given for the majority of the soldiers to enjoy two weeks of leave to visit the United States. This was vital: many of the soldiers had been in South Korea for a year or more with only two weeks or less time in the United States during their stay of duty. More, they were about to depart on a deployment that was scheduled to last at least another year. Finally, circa September of 2004, the Brigade deployed to Iraq.


Upon landing in country, the 2nd BCT was given strategic command to much of the sparsely populated area south and west of Fallujah. Their mission, however, changed when the major strategic actions began to take place within the city proper. At this time, the Brigade Combat Team was refocused and given control of the eastern half of the volatile city of Ar-Ramadi. Many of the units had to physically move to new camps in support of this new mission. This became the primary focus of the 2nd BCT for much of their deployment.


The Brigade was spread out amongst many camps. To the west of the city of Ar-Ramadi sat the camp of Junction City. 2 ID units stationed there included 2/17 Field Artillery. To the eastern end of the city sat a much more austere camp, known ironically as the Combat Outpost. This was home to the 1/503rd Infantry Regiment. East of them but outside of the city proper itself was the town of Habbiniya and the 1/506th Infantry Regiment. Adjacent to this camp was the logistically important camp of Al-Taqaddum.


For this mission, the Brigade fell under the direct command not of the 2nd Infantry Division, but rather the Marine unit that was in control at the time. For the first six months while in Ramadi, the BCT fell under to the 1st Marine Division. For the second half of the deployment, they were attached to the 2nd Marine Division. While the Marines do not sport patches on their uniforms as such, the units of the 2nd BCT involved are authorized to now wear any of the following combat patches: the 2nd Infantry Division patch, the 1st Marine Division unit patch or the 2nd Marine Division unit patch. Ramădī (الرمادي) is a city in central Iraq, about 100 kilometers west of Baghdad. ... The 1st Marine Division is the oldest, largest (active duty), and most decorated division-sized unit in the United States Marine Corps representing a combat-ready force of more than 19,000 men and women. ... The U.S. 2nd Marine Division is a division of the United States Marine Corps, which forms the ground-force component of the II Marine Expeditionary Force. ...


The 2nd Brigade Combat Team was in action in the city of Ramadi for many historical events but most notably the Iraqi national elections of January, 2005. Much man-power and effort was put into stabilizing the city for this event. While the voting went off without a hitch and little to no violence was seen within the city, a minimal amount of voters participated (estimated to be in the 700 person range for the eastern half of the city, according to 2nd BCT officials). While the numbers left something to be desired, the BCT noted the lack of violence as a sign of success.


The 2nd BCT also left its mark on the area in other ways. They built several new camps within the city. For security reasons, many are left unverified, however ones that can be confirmed include Camps Trotter and Corregidor built to ease the burden on the accommodations at Combat Outpost.


In the late summer of 2005, the Brigade began to get relieved by units of the United States National Guard, as well as the Third Infantry Division of the Regular Army. The units of the 2nd BCT were given word that they would not be returning to South Korea but, rather, to Fort Carson, Colorado in an effort to restructure the Army and house more soldiers on American soil. Fort Carson is a census-designated place and United States Army post located in El Paso County, Colorado, outside of Colorado Springs. ...


Restructuring of 2nd BCT

Upon arriving at Fort Carson, the Brigade began to quickly change. In fact, this change is still under way. Unit names and designations were taken from the 2nd BCT and unfurled on other bases. For example, the 1/503rd (Air Assault) Infantry Regiment disbanded in Fort Carson and transferred to 173rd Infantry Brigade (Airborne) in Italy where it is now stationed with its sister battalion, the 2/503rd Infantry Regiment (Airborne). The soldiers of the former 1/503rd now became members of the 1/9th Infantry Battalion. The previous soldiers of the 1/9th Infantry became known as the newly formed, 3-61st Cavalry. The entire brigade saw (or, more precisely is seeing, as of 2006) restructuring. The “new” Brigade Combat Team is made up of the following units:


2nd Brigade Support Battalion


2nd Special Troops Battalion


2-12th Infantry


1-9th Infantry


3-61st Cavalry.


The transformation now has the BCT more precisely considered an Infantry Brigade Combat Team, in accordance with the new standards for the modular force. It is also rumored that the Brigade will be leaving the 2nd Infantry Division, altogether.


External links

  • 2 ID official website
  • "From D+1 to 105: The Story of the 2d Infantry Division" (WWII unit history booklet)
  • Lineage and Honors of the 2d Infantry Division
  • 2ndinfdiv.com - A WWII Living History group from Nebraska, Iowa & South Dakota

 
 

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