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Encyclopedia > U.S. 1st Cavalry Division
1st Cavalry Division
Image:1CD SSI.gif
1st CD Shoulder Sleeve Insignia
Active: August 31, 1920 - Present
Country: United States
Allegiance:
Branch: United States Army
Type: Heavy Armor division
Role:
Size: 16,700 soldiers
Command structure: U.S. Army III Corps
Current commander: Major General Joseph F. Fil, Jr.
Garrison/HQ: Fort Hood, Texas
Ceremonial chief:
Colonel of the Regiment:
Nickname:
Patron:
Motto:
Colors:
Identification symbol: {{{identification_symbol}}}
March:
Mascot:
Notable battles or wars: World War II
Korean War
Vietnam War
Operation Desert Storm
Operation Iraqi Freedom
Notable commanders:
Anniversaries:
Decorations:
Battle honours:
U.S. Cavalry Units
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n/a U.S. 2nd Cavalry Regiment

The 1st Cavalry Division (1st Cav Div) is a heavy armored division of the United States Army with base of operations in Fort Hood, Texas. It is the largest division of the U.S. Army with 16,700 soldiers. Currently the 1st Cavalry Division is attached to the U.S. Army III Corps and is commanded by Major General Joseph F. Fil, Jr. Image File history File links 1CD_SSI.gif US 1st Cavalry Division SHOULDER SLEEVE INSIGNIA Description: On a yellow triangular Norman shield with rounded corners 5 1/4 inches in height overall, a black diagonal stripe extending over the shield from upper left to lower right and in the upper right... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For the III Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War, see III Corps (ACW). ... Fort Hood is a census-designated place and US Army post located outside of Killeen Texas. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 660 miles (1,065 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Combatants Allies: Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France/Free France, United States, China, Canada, India, Australia, Poland, New Zealand, South Africa, Greece, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, Bulgaria, Finland, Romania, Hungary, Burma, Slovakia Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8... Combatants Western Allied/UN combatants: South Korea, United States, United Kingdom Communist combatants: North Korea, Peoples Republic of China, Soviet Union Commanders Douglas MacArthur Kim Il-sung, (Peng Dehuai de facto) Strength Note: All figures may vary according to source. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush, Norman Schwarzkopf, Colin Powell Saddam Hussein, Ali Hassan Al-Majid, Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 ~545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also Persian... For other uses of the term, see Iraq war (disambiguation) The 2003 invasion of Iraq (also called the 2nd or 3rd Persian Gulf War) began on March 20, 2003, when forces belonging primarily to the United States and the United Kingdom invaded Iraq arguably without the explicit backing of the... A battle honour is an official acknowledgement to recognize a military units achievements in specific wars or operations. ... {{Infobox Military Unit |unit_name=2nd Cavalry Regiment |image= |caption=2nd CR Coat Of Arms |dates=May 23, 1836-Present. ... Alternative meanings: vehicle armour, Armor (novel) A hoplite wearing a helmet, a breastplate and greaves (and nothing else). ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Fort Hood is a census-designated place and US Army post located outside of Killeen Texas. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 660 miles (1,065 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... For the III Corps of the Union Army during the American Civil War, see III Corps (ACW). ...

Contents


Heraldry

Shoulder Sleeve Insignia

Description: On a yellow triangular Norman shield with rounded corners 5 1/4 inches in height overall, a black diagonal stripe extending over the shield from upper left to lower right and in the upper right a black horse's head cut off diagonally at the neck all within a 1/8 inch green border. The Normans (adapted from the name Northmen or Norsemen) were a mixture of the indigenous population of Neustria and Danish or Norwegian Vikings who began to occupy the northern area of France now known as Normandy in the latter half of the 9th century. ... A kite shield was a distinct type of shield from the 10th-12th centuries. ...


Symbolism: Yellow, the traditional cavalry color, and the horse's head refer to the division's original cavalry structure. Black, symbolic of iron, alludes to the transition to tanks and armor. The black diagonal stripe represents a sword baldric and is a mark of military honor; it also implies movement "up the field" and thus symbolizes aggressive elan and attack. The one diagonal bend, as well as the one horse's head, also alludes to the division's numerical designation. A baldric is a wide, usually ornamental belt worn around the waist and over one shoulder that is typically used to carry weapons (such as swords). ... Bend can have several meanings: Bend is a city in Oregon A bend can refer to a curve or corner in anything that would otherwise extend in a straight line, like a road or a rope. ...


Background: The shoulder sleeve insignia was originally approved January 3, 1921 with several variations in colors of the bend and horse's head to reflect the subordinate elements of the division. The current design was authorized for wear by all subordinate elements of the division on December 11, 1934 and previous authorization for the variations was cancelled. January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Rivalry: Other US Army divisions tease the soldiers of the 1st Cavalry by saying their patch represents "The road they never crossed, the horse they never rode, and the yellow speaks for itself."


Distinctive Unit Insignia

Description: A metal and enameled device, 1 inch in height overall, consisting of a gold colored Norman shield with a black horse's head couped in sinister chief, and a black bend charged with two five-pointed stars. Statue showing a Gallic shield with a butterfly boss. ... Sinister means left or to the left, and is a heraldry term referring to the left of the bearer of the arms, and to the right by the viewers eyes. ... Chief can refer to : Paramount chief is the highest political leader in a region or country typically administered with a chief-based system. ... Bend can have several meanings: Bend is a city in Oregon A bend can refer to a curve or corner in anything that would otherwise extend in a straight line, like a road or a rope. ... In heraldry, a charge is an image occupying the field on an escutcheon (or shield). ...


Symbolism: The device is a miniature reproduction of the 1st Cavalry Division's shoulder sleeve insignia with the addition of two five-pointed stars. The Division Commander and the Division Staff wore the distinctive insignia design from 1922 to 1934 as a shoulder sleeve insignia.


Background: The distinctive unit insignia was approved August 25, 1965.


Pre-World War II organization and history

The history of the 1st Cavalry Division begins in 1855, when the unit then designated as the 2nd Cavalry Regiment was formed. In 1861 it was redesignated the 5th Cavalry. This unit participated in several battles in the American Civil War, including Bull Run, Antietam, Gettysburg, Wilderness, and Appomattox. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... Bull Run stream originates from a spring in the Bull Run Mountains in Loudoun County and flows south to the Occoquan River. ... Battle of Antietam Conflict American Civil War Date September 16–18, 1862 Place Near Sharpsburg, Maryland Result (Union strategic victory) The Battle of Antietam (known as the Battle of Sharpsburg in the South), fought on Wednesday, September 17, 1862 near Sharpsburg, Maryland, was the first major battle of the American... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America Commanders George G. Meade Robert E. Lee Strength 83,289 75,054 Casualties 23,049 (3,155 killed, 14,529 wounded, 5,365 captured/missing) 28,000 (3,500 killed, 18,000 wounded, 6,500 captured/missing) The Battle of... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Appomattox is a town located in Appomattox County, Virginia. ...


Organization

Brigades

1st Cavalry Brigade may refer to: The French 1st Cavalry Brigade The U.S. 1st Cavalry Brigade This number-oriented article is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... HHC, 2nd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division Regimental insignia The United States 2nd Cavalry Brigade (The Black Jack Brigade) is a cavalry unit of the United States Army based in Fort Hood, Texas and currently serving in Iraq. ... Constituted 1 February 1963 in the Regular Army as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 11th Air Assault Aviation Group, and assigned to the 11th Air Assault Division Activated 5 February 1963 at Fort Benning, Georgia Reorganized and redesignated 1 July 1965 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 11th Aviation Group; concurrently, relieved... The 1st Air Cavalry Brigade was activated on September 16, 1984. ...

Regiments

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The 5th Cavalry Regiment is a regiment of the United States Army. ... 7th Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia The 7th United States Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment, whose lineage traces back to the mid-19th century. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

January 3, 1933 Augmentation

January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... US 12th Cavalry Regiment Coat of Arms US 12th Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia History On 2 February 1901, Congress authorized the organization of the Twelfth Regiment of Cavalry, Army of the United States. ...

Formation of permanent Cavalry Divisions

The Army established a permanent cavalry division Table of Organization & Equipment on 4 April 1921. It authorized a Square Division organization of 7,463 Officers and Men, organized as follows: A table of organization and equipment (TOE) is a document published by the U.S. Department of Defense which prescribes the organization, manning, and equippage of units from divisional size and down, but also including the headquarters of Corps and Armies. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A square division is a designation given to the way American army divisions were organized prior to World War II. In a square organization, the divisions main body was composed of four regimental elements. ...

  • Headquarters Element (34)
  • Two Separate Cavalry Brigades (2,803 each)
  • Field Artillery Battalion (790)
  • Engineer Battalion (357)
  • Division Quartermaster Trains Command (276)
  • Special Troops Command (337)
  • Ambulance Company (63))

Each Cavalry Brigade was organized with:

  • Headquarters and Headquarters Troop (101)
  • Two Cavalry Regiments (1,155 each)
  • Machine Gun Squadron (392).

Each Cavalry Regiment was organized with:

  • Headquarters and Headquarters Troop (121)
  • Two Squadrons (428 each)
  • Supply Troop (127)
  • Medical and Chaplain Detachment (51)

Each Machine Gun Squadron was organized with:

  • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment (47)
  • Three Line Troops (110 each)
  • Medical and Chaplain Detachment (15)

Each Cavalry Squadron was organized with:

  • Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment (35)
  • Three Line Troops (131 each).

The Field Artillery Battalion was organized with:

  • a combined Headquarters & Headquarters Battery and Combat Trains Command (227)
  • Three Batteries (161 each)
  • Medical and Chaplain Detachment (30).

The Special Troops Command was organized with:

  • Headquarters Element (11)
  • the Division Headquarters Troop (161)
  • Signal Troop (78)
  • Ordnance Maintenance Company (36)
  • Veterinary Unit (38)
  • Medical and Chaplain Detachment (13).

The Division Quartermaster Trains Command was a unitary structure that contained all of the Quartermaster Corps elements of the Division.


At this time, all transportation was pack- or animal-drawn (Horse or Mule), except for 14 Automobiles, 28 Trucks, and 65 Motorcycles that were scattered throughout the various unit headquarters. Without the Trains Command, the 1st Cavalry Division needed 6.5 Miles of Road Space if it moved in a Column of Twos.

Distinctive Unit Insignia of the United States Army 1st Cavalry Division.
Distinctive Unit Insignia of the United States Army 1st Cavalry Division.

Image File history File links 1CD_DUI.gif Summary U.S. 1st Cavalry Division DISTINCTIVE UNIT INSIGNIA. Description: A metal and enameled device, 1 inch in height overall, consisting of a gold colored Norman shield with a black horses head couped in sinister chief, and a black bend charged with... Image File history File links 1CD_DUI.gif Summary U.S. 1st Cavalry Division DISTINCTIVE UNIT INSIGNIA. Description: A metal and enameled device, 1 inch in height overall, consisting of a gold colored Norman shield with a black horses head couped in sinister chief, and a black bend charged with...

1920s and 1930s

On 20 August 1921, the War Department Adjutant General constituted the 1st and 2d Cavalry Divisions to meet partial mobilization requirements, and authorized the establishment of the 1st Cavalry Division under the new TO&E on 31 August 1920. Since 1st Cavalry Division was to assemble from existing units, it was able to go active in September, 1920, even though the subordinate units did not arrive at their assigned stations completely until as late as 1922. August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ...


1st Cavalry Division was assigned to the VIII Corps Area, with its Division Headquarters and 2d Brigade located at Fort Bliss, Texas, and the 1st Brigade at Douglas, Arizona. The Headquarters facilities used by 1st Cavalry Division were those previously vacated by 8th United States Brigade when it was commanded by MG John J. Pershing in 1916, and the wartime 15th Cavalry Division, which had existed at Fort Bliss between 10 December 1917 and 12 May 1918. Fort Bliss is a census-designated place and US Army post located in El Paso County, Texas. ... Douglas is a city located in Cochise County, Arizona. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ...


Headquarters, 2nd Cavalry Brigade, had existed at Fort Bliss since 10 December 1917, when it was part of the wartime 15th Cavalry Division. Headquarters, 2nd Cavalry Brigade was deactivated in July of 1919, and was reactivated at Fort Bliss on 31 August 1920. December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ...


Headquarters, 1st Cavalry Brigade had previously existed at Fort Sam Houston, but their quarters had been vacated when 1st Cavalry Brigade deactivated in July of 1919. These facilities passed to the 2nd Infantry Division when they returned from France. 1st Cavalry Brigade was reactivated on 31 August 1920 at Douglas, Arizona, occupying the facilities left vacant when Headquarters, 3rd Cavalry Brigade was deactivated in July, 1919. Fort Sam Houston is a U.S. Army post in San Antonio, Texas. ... August 31 is the 243rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (244th in leap years), with 122 days remaining. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 3 - Babe Ruth is traded by the Boston Red Sox to the New York Yankees for $125,000, the largest sum ever paid for a player at that time. ...


First Cavalry Division’s Troop List was slowly assembled. The 1st, 7th, and 8th Cavalry Regiments had previously been assigned to the wartime 15th Cavalry Division until they were returned to the VIII Corps Area Troop List on 12 May 1918. 1st Cavalry Regiment remained so assigned until it was transferred to 1st Cavalry Division on 20 August 1921. The 7th, 8th, and 10th Cavalry Regiments were transferred on 13 September 1921, although the assignment of the 10th Cavalry Regiment to the 1st Cavalry Division was controversial because the transfer violated the Jim Crow laws. This controversy continued until 18 December 1922, when the 5th Cavalry Regiment, then on the VIII Corps Area Troop List, swapped places with the 10th Cavalry Regiment on the 1st Cavalry Division Troop List. May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... September 13 is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years). ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Jim Crow may refer to: Jim Crow, the title character of the song Jump Jim Crow, performed by Thomas D. Rice beginning in 1828; The Jim Crow laws of the United States used to enforce racial segregation; Jim Crow, a character from the 1941 film Dumbo named for the Rice... December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


After establishing post-World War I divisions, the Army experienced a prolonged period of stagnation and deterioration. The National Defense Act of 1920 authorized a Regular Army of 296,000 men, but Congress gradually backed away from that number. As with the Regular Army, the National Guard never recruited its authorized 486,000 men, and the Organized Reserves became merely a pool of reserve officers. The root of the Army's problem was money. Congress yearly appropriated only about half the funds that the General Staff requested. Impoverished in manpower and funds, infantry and cavalry divisions dwindled to skeletal organizations.


Between 1923 and 1939 divisions gradually declined as fighting organizations. After Regular Army divisions moved to permanent posts, the War Department modified command relationships between divisional units and the corps areas, making division and brigade commanders responsible only for unit training. They were limited to two visits per year to their assigned elements-and that only if corps area commanders made funds available. Later, as a further economy move, the War Department reduced the number of command visits to one per year, a restriction that effectively destroyed the possibility of training units as combined arms teams.


The 1st Cavalry Division illustrated all of the aspects of the Army's dilemma between realism and idealism. In 1923 the 1st Cavalry Division held division maneuvers for the first time, intending to hold them annually thereafter. However, financial constraints made that impossible. Only in 1927, through the generosity of a few ranchers who provided free land, was the division able to conduct such exercises again. 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In 1928 Maj. Gen. Herbert B. Crosby, Chief of Cavalry, faced with personnel cuts in his arm, reorganized the cavalry regiments, which in turn reduced the size of the 1st Cavalry Division. Crosby's goal was to decrease overhead while maintaining or increasing firepower in the regiment. After the reorganization each cavalry regiment consisted of a headquarters and headquarters troop; a machine gun troop; a Medical and Chaplain Element; and two squadrons, each with a Headquarters Element; and two Line troops. The cavalry brigades' machine gun squadrons were inactivated, while the responsibility for training and employing machine guns fell to the regimental commanders, as in the infantry.


About the same time that Crosby cut the cavalry regiment, the Army Staff, seeking to increase the usefulness of the wartime cavalry division, published new tables of organization for an even larger unit. The new structure summarized changes made in the division since 1921, which involved increasing the size of the signal troop (177), expanding the medical unit to a squadron (233), and endorsing Crosby's movement of the machine gun units from the brigades to the regiments (2X176). A divisional aviation section, an armored car squadron (278), and tank company (155) were added, and the field artillery battalion was expanded to a regiment (1,717). Divisional strength rose to 9,595. Although the new tables had little impact on the peacetime cavalry structure, the 1st Cavalry Division did eventually receive one troop of an experimental armored car squadron, and a field artillery regiment replaced its field artillery battalion.


With the arrival of the 1930’s, serious work started on the testing and refining of new equipment and TO&Es for a mechanized and motorized Army. To facilitate this, 1st Cavalry Division traded 1st Cavalry Regiment for 12th Cavalry Regiment on 3 January 1933. January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Taking into account recommendations from the VIII Corps Area, the Army War College, and the Command and General Staff School, the board developed a new smaller triangular cavalry division, which the 1st Cavalry Division evaluated during maneuvers at Toyahvale, Texas, in 1938. Like the 1937 infantry division test, the maneuvers concentrated on the divisional cavalry regiments around which all other units were to be organized. The United States Army War College is a U. S. Army school located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, specifically in the historic Carlisle Barracks. ... First established in 1881 as a school for infantry and cavalry, the U.S. Armys Command and General Staff College (C&GSC) at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas functions as a graduate school for U.S. military leaders. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Following the test, a board of 1st Cavalry Division officers, headed by Brig. Gen. Kenyon A. Joyce, rejected the three-regiment division and recommended retention of the two-brigade (four-regiment) organization. The latter configuration allowed the division to deploy easily in two columns, which was accepted standard cavalry tactics. However, the board advocated reorganizing the cavalry regiment along triangular lines, which would give it a headquarters and headquarters troop, a machine gun squadron with special weapons and machine gun troops, and three rifle squadrons, each with one machine gun and three rifle troops. No significant change was made in the field artillery, but the test showed that the engineer element should remain a squadron to provide the divisional elements greater mobility on the battlefield and that the special troops idea should be extended to include the division headquarters, signal, and ordnance troops; quartermaster, medical, engineer, reconnaissance, and observation squadrons; and a chemical warfare detachment. One headquarters would assume responsibility for the administration and disciplinary control for these forces.


Although the study did not lead to a general reorganization of the cavalry division, the wartime cavalry regiment was restructured, effective 1 December 1938, to consist of a headquarters and headquarters troop, machine gun and special weapons troops, and three squadrons of three rifle troops each. The special troops remained as structured in 1928, and no observation squadron or chemical detachment found a place in the division. With the paper changes in the cavalry divisions and other minor adjustments, the strength of a wartime divisional rose to 10,680. December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ...


In order to prepare for war service, 1st Cavalry Division participated in the following maneuvers:

October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years). ... October 30 is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 62 days remaining. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... August 24 is the 236th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (237th in leap years), with 129 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... August 10 is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... October 4 is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... July 27 is the 208th day (209th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 157 days remaining. ... This article is about the year. ... September 21 is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years). ... This article is about the year. ...

World War II to 1960s

With the attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, the “great laboratory” phase for developing and testing organizations, about which Marshall wrote in the summer of 1941, closed, but the War Department still had not developed ideal infantry, cavalry, armored, and motorized divisions. In 1942 it again revised the divisions based on experiences gained during the great GHQ maneuvers of the previous year. As in the past, the reorganizations ranged from minor adjustments to wholesale changes. December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... This article is about the year. ...


1st Cavalry Division retained its square configuration after the 1941 maneuvers, but with modifications. The division lost its antitank troop, the brigades their weapons troops, and the regiments their machine gun and special weapons troops. These changes brought no decrease in divisional firepower, but placed most weapons within the cavalry troops. The number of .50-caliber machine guns was increased almost threefold. In the reconnaissance squadron, the motorcycle and armored car troops were eliminated, leaving the squadron with one support troop and three reconnaissance troops equipped with light tanks. These changes increased the division from 11,676 to 12,112 officers and enlisted men.


All of the mounted units of the 1st Cavalry Division were stripped of their horses and converted to Infantry on 28 February 1943. The Division shipped out equipped as an Augmented Leg Infantry Division. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ...


1st Cavalry Division reported for its Port Call at Camp Stoneman, CA as follows:

The 1st Cavalry Division arrived in Australia as shown above, continued its training at Strathpine, Queensland, until 26 July, then moved to New Guinea to stage for the Admiralties' campaign 22-27 February 1944. The Division saw its first combat in the Admiralty Islands, units landing at Los Negros Island 29 February 1944. Momote airstrip was secured against great odds. Attacks by fanatical Japanese were thrown back, and the enemy force surrounded by the end of March. Nearby islands were taken in April and May. The Division next took part in the invasion of Leyte, 20 October 1944, captured Tacloban and the adjacent airstrip, advanced along the north coast, and secured Leyte Valley, elements landing on and securing Samar Island. Moving down Ormoc Valley (in Leyte) and across the Ormoc plain, the Division reached the west coast of Leyte 1 January 1945. The Division then invaded Luzon, landing in the Lingayen Gulf area 27 January 1945, and fought its way to Manila by 3 February 1945. Prisoners at Santo Tomas University were liberated and the 1st Cavalry had advanced east of Manila by the middle of February before the city was cleared. On 20 February the Division was assigned the mission of seizing and securing crossings over the Marikina River and securing the Tagaytay-Antipolo Line. After being relieved 12 March in the Antipolo area, elements pushed south into Batangas and Bicol Provinces. They mopped up remaining pockets of resistance in these areas in small unit actions. Resistance was officially declared at an end 1 July 1945. The Division left Luzon 25 August 1945 for occupation duty in Japan, arriving in Yokohama 2 September 1945 and entering Tokyo 8 September, the first United States Division to enter the Japanese capital. June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... June 21 is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 193 days remaining. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175 th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... June 23 is the 174th day of the year (175 th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 191 days remaining. ... May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... June 26 is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 188 days remaining. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... Pine Rivers Shire is a Local Government Area of South East Queensland, Australia. ... Emblems: Faunal - Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus); Floral - Cooktown orchid (Dendrobium bigibbum); Bird - Brolga (Grus rubicunda); Aquatic - Barrier Reef Anemonefish (Amphiprion akindynos); Gem - Sapphire; Colour - Maroon Motto: Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Const. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... The Admiralty Islands are a group of 18 islands in the Bismarck Archipelago. ... February 29 is the 60th day of a leap year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 306 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... The Battle of Leyte in the Pacific campaign of World War II was the invasion and conquest of Leyte in the Philippines by Allied forces under the command of General Douglas MacArthur between October 20 and December 31, 1944. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Tacloban City is the largest city and regional capital of the Eastern Visayas region of the Philippines. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The Lingayen Gulf is an extension of the South China Sea on Luzon in the Philippines. ... January 27 is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... February 3 is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Manila (Filipino: Maynila) is the capital of the Philippines. ... February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Tagaytay City is located in the province of Cavite in the Philippines. ... Antipolo City is a city in the Philippines and was recently made the capital of the province of Rizal. ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in leap years). ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Map of the Philippines showing the island groups of Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Yokohama City Hall Mayor Hiroshi Nakada Address 〒231-0017 Yokohama-shi, Naka-ku, Minato-cho 1-1 Phone number 045-671-2121 Official website: Yokohama City Yokohama (Japanese: 横浜市; -shi) is the capital city of Kanagawa Prefecture in Japan. ... September 2 is the 245th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (246th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Tokyo ) , literally eastern capital, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and includes the highly urbanized central area formerly known as the city of Tokyo which is the heart of the Greater Tokyo Area. ... September 8 is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years). ...

  • World War II casualties
  1. 734 Killed in Action
  2. 3,311 Wounded in Action
  3. 236 Died of Wounds.

Occupation duty in Japan followed for the next five years. In the summer of 1950, North Korea attacked South Korea, and the 1st Cavalry Division was rushed to Korea to help shore up the Pusan Perimeter. After the X Corps attack at Inchon, a breakout operation was launched at the Pusan Perimeter. The 1st Cavalry Division remained in the line until it was relieved by the 45th Infantry Division from the United States Army National Guard in January 1952. Following the relief, the division returned to Japan. 1957 saw the division back in Korea, where it remained until 1965. 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Pusan Perimeter was the area in extreme southeast Korea that was held by US and South Korean troops during the furthest advance of the North Korean troops, in the summer and fall of 1950, during the Korean War. ... X Corps was a unit of the United States Army that took part in the invasion of Leyte under Sixth Army during 1944. ... Incheon Metropolitan City is a metropolitan city and major seaport on the west coast of South Korea, near Seoul. ... The 45th Infantry Division was a unit of the United States Army in World War II. Pre-World War II Activated: In 1924 as a National Guard Division in Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Oklahoma. ... The United States National Guard is a significant component of the United States armed forces military reserve. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Korea (Korean: (조선 or 한국, see below) is a geographical area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia, bordering China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast, with Japan situated to the southeast across the Korea Strait. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...

  • Korean War Casualties
  1. 3,811 Killed in Action
  2. 12,086 Wounded in Action

Vietnam

The Vietnam War was when the division next saw combat. By this time, it was no longer an infantry unit, but an air assault division as the 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), commonly referred to as the 1st Air Cavalry Division, using helicopters. The division's colors and unit designations were transferred to the 11th Air Assault Division (Test), then at Ft. Benning, Georgia, in July, 1965, and began deploying to Camp Radcliffe, An Khe, Vietnam that month. The division, along with the 101st Airborne Division perfected new tactics and doctrine for helicopter-borne assaults over the next five years in Vietnam. Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 230,000 South Vietnamese wounded: 300,000 US dead... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. An infantry is a body of soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other... Air assault (or air mobile) is the movement of forces by helicopter or aircraft to engage and destroy enemy forces or to seize and hold key terrain. ... Mil (Russian Federation) Mi-8, by far the most common model of helicopter in the world with more than 12 thousand units built, sixfold quantity comparing to production of the second most common model Sikorsky S-70. ... Fort Benning is a United States Army base, located southwest of Columbus, Georgia in Muscogee County, Chattahoochee County and Russell Counties. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... An Khe is episode 102 of The West Wing. ... The 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) —nicknamed the Screaming Eagles— is an air assault division of the United States Army mainly trained for air assault operations. ...


The unit's first major operation was the Pleiku Campaign. During this action, the division conducted 35 days of continuous airmobile operations. The opening battle, the Battle of Ia Drang Valley, was described in the book We Were Soldiers Once...And Young which was also the basis of the subsequent Mel Gibson film We Were Soldiers. The unit also earned the first Presidential Unit Citation (US) presented to a division during the Vietnam War. Air assault (or air mobile) is a military term used to describe the movement of friendly forces by helicopter to engage and destroy enemy forces or to seize and hold key terrain. ... The Battle of Ia Drang was the first major battle of the Vietnam War between the United States Army and the Peoples Army of Vietnam (PAVN). ... We Were Soldiers Once . ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson (born January 3, 1956) is an Academy Award–winning American actor, director and producer best known for acting in the Mad Max movie series, the Lethal Weapon series, acting in and directing the Academy Award–winning Braveheart and directing the 2004 blockbuster The Passion of the... We Were Soldiers is a 2002 war film that dramatized the Battle of Ia Drang during the Vietnam War. ... USA and USAF Presidential Unit Citation Please see Presidential Unit Citation for other versions of this award The Presidential Unit Citation is awarded to units of the Armed Forces of the United States and allies for extraordinary heroism in action on or after 7 December 1941 against an armed enemy. ...


Most of 1967 was spent in Operation Pershing. This was a large scale search of areas in II Corps are which saw 5,400 enemy killed and 2,000 captured. The division re-deployed to Camp Evans, north of Hue in the I Corps Tactical Zone, during the 1968 Tet Offensive, involved in recapturing Quang Tri and Hue. After intense fighting in Hue, the division then moved to relieve Marine Corps units besieged at the Khe Sanh combat base (Operation Pegasus) in March of 1968. The 1st Cavalry Division next conducted major clearing operations in the Ashau Valley from mid-April through mid-May, 1968. From May until September 1968 the division participated in local pacification and "MedCap" (Medical outreach programs to offer medical support to the Vietnamese local population) missions I Corps. The US II Corps was the first American formation of any size to see combat in Europe or Africa during World War II. History It came to prominence in the Battle of Kasserine Pass when Field Marshal Erwin Rommel defeated the formation. ... // Camp Evans Camp Evans, New Jersey is a former military base associated with Fort Monmouth. ... Unit crest of the United States Army I Corps, Americas Corps. ... Combatants United States, South Vietnam, New Zealand, Australia North Vietnam, National Liberation Front Commanders William Westmoreland Võ Nguyên Giáp Strength 50,000+ (estimate) 85,000+ (estimate) Casualties USA/AUS/SKOR: 1,536 dead, 7,764 wounded, 11 missing, ARVN: 2,788 dead, 8,299 wounded, 587 missing, Total... Quang Tri Province is a region and province in central Vietnam near (north) the ancient capital of Huế. ... An image with the hue altered The hue of this Painted Bunting is adjusted over the spectrum. ... Khe Sahn was a U.S. Marine outpost in South Vietnam used during the Vietnam War. ... There have been two military efforts codenamed Pegasus, one in 1944 and the other in 1968. ...


In the autumn of 1968, the 1st Cavalry Division relocated south to the III Corps Tactical Zone northwest of Saigon, adjacent to a Cambodian region commonly referred to as the "Parrots Beak" due to its the map shape. In May, 1970, the division was among U.S. units participating in the Cambodian Incursion, withdrawing from Cambodia on June 29. The division thereafter took a defensive posture while the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam continued. The bulk of the division was withdrawn on April 29, 1971, but its 3rd Brigade was one of the final two major U.S. ground combat units in Vietnam, departing June 29, 1972. Its 1st Battalion, 7th Cavalry, as the main unit of Task Force Garryowen, remained another two months. The Cambodian Incursion was a military campaign during the Vietnam War involving a limited-objective invasion of Cambodia in 1970. ... 7th Cavalry Regiment Distinctive Unit Insignia The 7th United States Cavalry Regiment is a United States Army cavalry regiment, whose lineage traces back to the mid-19th century. ...

  • Casualties in Vietnam
  1. 5,444 Killed in Action
  2. 26,592 Wounded in Action

In the aftermath of Vietnam, the 1st Cavalry Division was converted from the airmobile role into a triple capabilities or TRICAP division. The unit received an infusion of mechanised infantry and artillery, in order to make it capable of missions needing three types of troops; armored, airmobility, and air cavalry. However, the TRICAP concept was short-lived and by 1975, the division was equipped as a heavy armored force. Alternative meanings: vehicle armour, Armor (novel) A hoplite wearing a helmet, a breastplate and greaves (and nothing else). ... Air cavalry are infantry units that use air units like the helicopter for mobility and firepower. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


First Gulf War and beyond

It next saw combat as a heavy division, in the Gulf War of 1990–1991. The 1st Cavalry Division deployed as part of VII Corps, when American heavy armor forces were deployed abroad in significant numbers for the first time since 1945. The division only had two regular brigades assigned to it at the time, and they both deployed. It was planned to augment the division by attaching the Tiger Brigade from the 2nd Armored Division, but that brigade was attached to Marine Central Command to add heavy armor support to that force. Consequently, the 1st Cavalry Division was assigned the role of corps reserve for much of the ground war, only seeing action in the last few hours. Combatants U.S.-led coalition Iraq Commanders George H. W. Bush Norman Schwarzkopf Colin Powell Saddam Hussein Ali Hassan al-Majid Hussein Kamel Strength 660,000 545,000 Casualties 345 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 - 100,000 dead, 100,000 - 300,000 wounded The 1991 Gulf War (also called... The VII Army Corps of the United States Army was one of the two principal corps of the army in Europe during the Cold War, along with V Corps. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 2nd Armored Division, Hell on Wheels. ... United States Marine Corps seal The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military, which along with the U.S. Navy, is under the United States Department of the Navy. ...


The division did not take part in the 2003 invasion of Iraq. However, it deployed to Iraq in early 2004, relieving the 1st Armored Division in Baghdad. After spending more than a year in Iraq, it redeployed back to the U.S. by April, 2005. It was relieved by the 3rd Infantry Division. During its deployment the division lost 165 soldiers in combat, while about 1,500 were wounded (out of total establishment of 17,000). Combatants Coalition Forces (United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Poland) Iraq Commanders Tommy Franks Saddam Hussein Strength 263,000 375,000 The 2003 invasion of Iraq, termed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the US administration, began on March 20. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1st Armored Division —nicknamed the Old Ironsides— is an armored division of the United States Army with base of operations in Wiesbaden, Germany. ... Location of Baghdad within Iraq Baghdad (Arabic: ‎ translit: , Kurdish: Bexda, from Persian Baagh-daad or Bag-Da-Du meaning “Garden of God” [1]) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Shoulder sleeve patch of the United States Army 3d Infantry Division (Mechanized). ...


Currently the division is changing to a 4-brigade organisation.


Current organization

Effective 15 July 2005 the 1st Cavalry Division transitioned to the "Unit of Action" modified table of organization and equipment (MTOE). No longer are brigade sized elements made up purely of armor and/or infantry battalions. Brigades are now comprised of Combined Arms Teams (CAB), meaning that every maneuver battalion is identical in organization and makeup to any other maneuver battalion, excluding the brigade reconnaisance squadrons. Each maneuver battalion is now a mixture of infantry, armor, engineer, and miscellaneous support personnel.


The U.S. 1st Cavalry Division consists of the following elements:

  • Division Special Troops Battalion
    • Headquarters & Headquarters Company, 1st Cavalry Division
    • Headquarters Service Company (Battalion HQ, maintenance, & support)
    • Alpha Company (Signal)
    • 1st Cavalry Division Band
    • 1st Cavalry Division Horse Detachment
  • Brigade-sized elements
    • 1st Brigade, "Iron Horse"
      • 1st Squadron, 7th Cavalry (Recon)
      • 2nd Battalion, 5th Cavalry
      • 2nd Battalion, 8th Cavalry
      • 1st Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery
      • 115th Brigade Support Battalion
      • 1st Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 2nd Brigade, "Blackjack"
      • 4th Squadron, 9th Cavalry (Recon)
      • 1st Battalion, 5th Cavalry
      • 1st Battalion, 8th Cavalry
      • 3rd Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery
      • 15th Brigade Support Battalion
      • 2nd Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 3rd Brigade, "Grey Wolf"
      • 6th Squadron, 9th Cavalry (Recon)
      • 3rd Battalion, 8th Cavalry
      • 1st Battalion, 12th Cavalry
      • 2nd Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery
      • 215th Brigade Support Battalion
      • 3rd Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 4th Brigade "Long Knife" (Fort Bliss, Texas)
      • 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry (Recon)
      • 2nd Battalion, 7th Cavalry
      • 2nd Battalion, 12th Cavalry
      • 5th Battalion, 82nd Field Artillery
      • 27th Brigade Support Battalion
      • 4th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
    • 1st Air Cavalry Brigade, "Warrior"
      • 1st Battalion, 227th Aviation
      • 2nd Battalion, 227th Aviation
      • 3rd Battalion, 227th Aviation
      • 4th Battalion, 227th Aviation
      • 615th Aviation Support Battalion
    • 15th Support Brigade, "Wagon Master"
      • 15th Brigade Special Troops Battalion
      • 15th Personnel Support Battalion

External links


 
 

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