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Encyclopedia > Uí Fiachrach

The Uí Fiachrach were a dynasty who originated in, and who's descendants later ruled, the coicead or fifth of Connacht at different times from the mid-first millennium onwards. They claimed descent from Fiachrae, an older half-brother of Niall Noigiallach or Niall of the Nine Hostages. Fiachrae and his two full brothers, Brion and Ailill, were the collective ancestors of The Connachta dynasty that eventually became the new name of the province. Connaught redirects here. ... Niall of the Nine Hostages (Irish: Niall Noigíallach) was a High King of Ireland who was active early-to-mid 5th century, dying - according to the latest estimates - around 450/455. ... Niall Noigiallach or Niall of the Nine Hostages, semi-historical King of Ireland, thought to have flourished in the first half of the 5th century. ... Brion is the name or part of the name of several communes in France: Brion, in the Ain département Brion, in the Indre département Brion, in the Isère département Brion, in the Lozère département Brion, in the Maine-et-Loire département Brion, in the Saône-et-Loire département Brion, in... In Irish mythology Ailill was king of Connacht and husband of Medb during the events of the Ulster Cycle. ...


The other two dynastys within the Connachta were the Ui Briuin - descendants of Brion - and the Tir nAilello - descendants of Ailill. The latter sank into obscurity at an early stage but both the Ui Fiachrach and Ui Briuin and their many sub-septs featured prominently in the history of Connacht for one thousand years. In the 12th centuary, an Ui Briuin descendant, Ruaidri mac Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair, became High King of Ireland. Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (d. ... The office of High King of Ireland (Irish: Ard Rí Érenn) was in origin a pseudohistorial construct of the eighth century that placed a king of all Ireland atop the fragmented pyramid of kingship that actually existed at that time. ...


The Uí Fiachrach separated into two distinct branches, situated widely apart from each other. The Ui Fiachrach Aidhne settled in the kingdom of Aidhne and established themselves as its new ruling dynasty. The Ui Fiachrach Muaidhe were based along the River Moy in what is now part of Co. Mayo and Co. Sligo. It appears that they once constituted a single overkingdom, and ruled or took tribute from the older tribes and nations situated between Aidhne and Muaide, but lost their grip on power by the early 8th centuary leaving them confined to their own strict territory. The River Moy (Abhainn na Muaidhe in Irish) rises in the Ox Mountains in County Sligo in the northwest of Ireland. ...


Ui Fiachrach Aidhne was bounded on the north and east by the powerful independent kingdom of Hy-Many or Ui Maine; to the west by Lough Lurgan (Galway Bay) and the Corco Mo Druad (Corcomroe); and to the south by In Deis Tuisceairt (later the Dal gCais, later still the O'Brian's of Thomond. The territorial gains made by the Ui Fiachrach were lost and the kingdom seems to have reverted to something of its original size for its subsequent history. Hy-Many, or Ui Maine, was one of the oldest and largest kingdoms located in Connacht, Ireland. ... Galway Bay is a large bay on the west coast of Ireland, between County Galway on the north and County Clare on the south. ... Thomond (Irish: Tuadh Mumhan) sometimes called County Thomond was an ancient Kingdom of Ireland which included much of what is now County Clare and at its greatest extents included parts of the counties of Kerry, Limerick, Offaly and Tipperary. ...


Up to the mid-12th centuary its lords were the family of O'Cahill, who were overturned and exiled by their kinsmen, the Clan O'Shaughnessy. This family remained rulers of the territory until the land confiscations of the late 1690's and early 1700's; the senior line died out in 1784.


Ui Fiachrach Muaidhe covered all of what is now Co. Sligo and much of north and central Co. Maho. In 982 Aedh ua Dubhda (Aedh grandson of Dubhda), King of Ui Fiachrach Muaidhe, died "an untroubled death." He was the first of his dynasty to use the surname O Dubhda (ang; O'Dowd, Dowd). Brian, Melaghlin Carragh, Connor Oge, and Murtogh mac Connor O Dubhda fought at the Second Battle of Athenry in 1316, only Brian surviving. However by the 14th centuary their power was much reduced, as was their territory which now almost entirely consisted of the barony of Tireragh. For this reason they were no longer referred to as Kings, but as Taoiseach (Chieftain) of Ui Fiachrach Muaidhe. Second Battle of Athenry Conflict Bruce Wars Date August 10, 1316 Place Athenry near Galway, Ireland Result Irish are decimated leading to the height of Norman rule in the area. ... Various rulers or governments of Europe, of Japan bestow or recognise the title of baron. ... The Taoiseach (plural: Taoisigh) or, more formally, An Taoiseach, is the head of government of the Republic of Ireland and the leader of the Irish cabinet1. ...


Here the family became sponsors of the Clan Mac Fhir Bhisigh, a family of herditary historians and judges. Because of this, the O Dubha is singular in having his inauguration ceremony preserved in an old book, the Great Book of Lecan. Written between 1397 and 1418 at Enniscrone in Tireagh, it was commissoned by Tadhg Riabhach O Dubha.


A later Tadgh O Dubhda, Tadhg Buí, became Taoiseach in 1595. In 1601 he led the men of Ui Fiachrach south to Kinsale, never to return. A tradition states that "he survived the battle and settled in Co. Kerry, where his family later became known as Doody." The last true O Dubha of Ui Fiachrach was Dathi Og, patron and lord of Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh. Bearers of the name are still found scattered through Sligo, Mayo and Galway. Dubhaltach MacFhirbhisigh/Dudley Firbisse/Dudley Forbes (fl. ... Sligo is: In the Republic of Ireland: A County of Ireland: see County Sligo A Town of Ireland: see Sligo Town In the USA: A borough in Clarion County, Pennsylvania: see Sligo, Pennsylvania. ... County Mayo is a county in Ireland. ... Galway (Irish: Gaillimh) is a city in the province of Connacht in Ireland and capital of County Galway. ...


Genealogy of the early Ui Fiachrach

Bold print indicates Kings of Connacht

 Eochaid Mugmedon =Mongfind + Cairenn | | _________|_________ | | | | | | | | | Brion Fiachrae Ailill Niall, died c.450. | (Ui Néill) _________|________________________ | | | | | | Amalgaid Nath Í Macc Ercae | ___________________|_____________________ | | | | | | Fiachnae Ailill Molt, d.482. Echu | | | | (Ui Fiachrach Muaidhe) (Ui Fiachrach Aidhne) 


Ui Fiachrach Muaidhe

 Fiachnae | | Elgach | | Maeldubh | | Tipraite | | Dunchad Muirisci | |_______________________________________________ | | | | | | Indrechtach, d.707. mac Dunchad Ailill | | | | | | Ailill Medraige, d.764. Tipraite, d.719 Cathal | | | | Cathal, d.816. Donn Cothaid, d.787. 


Ui Fiachrach Aidhne

 Echu | | Eogan | | Conall | |____________ | | | | Gabran Goibnenn, fl. 538. | | Cobthach | | Colman, d. 622. | |_____________________________________ | | | | Laidgnen/Loingsech, d. 655. Guaire Aidne, d. 663. | ____________________________________| | | | | Muirchertach Nar, d.668. Artgal | | Fergal Aidne, d. 696. 

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