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Týr, depicted here with both hands intact, is identified with Mars in this illustration from an 18th century Icelandic manuscript.
Týr, depicted here with both hands intact, is identified with Mars in this illustration from an 18th century Icelandic manuscript.

Tyr (Old Norse: Týr) is the god of single combat and heroic glory in Norse mythology, portrayed as a one-handed man. In the late Icelandic Eddas, he is portrayed, alternately, as the son of Odin (Prose Edda) or of Hymir (Poetic Edda), while the origins of his name and his possible relationship to Tuisto (see Tacitus' Germania) suggest he was once considered the father of the gods and head of the pantheon. Corresponding names in other Germanic languages include Tyz (Gothic), Ty (Old Norwegian), Ti (Old Swedish), Tiw, Tiu, Tio, and Tig (Old English) Týr (Modern Icelandic and Faroese), Ziu and Zio (Old High German), and possibly, even Teiw in Proto-Germanic, ie. the Negau helmet. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1389, 702 KB)The Norse god Týr, here identified with Mars. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1389, 702 KB)The Norse god Týr, here identified with Mars. ... Mars was the Roman god of war, the son of Juno and a magical flower (or Jupiter). ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... Norse or Scandinavian mythology comprises the pre-Christian religion, beliefs and legends of the Scandinavian people, including those who settled on Iceland, where the written sources for Norse mythology were assembled. ... Odin (Old Norse Óðinn) is considered the chief god in Norse mythology and Norse paganism, like the Anglo-Saxon Woden it is decended from Proto-Germanic *Wōdinaz or *Wōđanaz. ... In Norse mythology, Hymir was a giant, a husband of Hrod. ... Because of technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... West Norse is also called Old Icelandic or Old Norwegian. ... Old Swedish (Swedish: fornsvenska), general linguistic term for medieval Swedish. ... Old English (also called Anglo-Saxon) is an early form of the English language that was spoken in parts of what is now England and southern Scotland between the mid-fifth century and the mid-twelfth century. ... Icelandic (íslenska) is a North Germanic language spoken in Iceland. ... The term Old High German (OHG, German: Althochdeutsch) refers to the earliest stage of the German language and it conventionally covers the period from around 500 to 1050. ... Map of the Pre-Roman Iron Age culture(s) associated with Proto-Germanic, ca 500 BC-50 BC. The area south of Scandinavia is the Jastorf culture Proto-Germanic, the proto-language believed by scholars to be the common ancestor of the Germanic languages, includes among its descendants Dutch, Yiddish... The Negau helmet usually refers to one of 28 bronze helmets from the 5th century BS, found in a cache in Negau, present Zenjak, in Slovenia on which is inscribed, in the Etruscan alphabet harigastiz fefakit. ...

Contents

Origins

The name Tyr meant "god" (cf. Hangatyr, the "god who hung" [referring to when Odin hung in a tree for nine days]) as one of Odin's names; probably inherited from Tyr in his role as judge--compare with the Irish "Midir", the judge par excellence) and goes back to a Proto-Germanic Tîwaz, earlier Teiwaz, continuing Proto-Indo-European *deywos "god", a word related to but distinct from the name of the sky-god Dyeus. Odin (Old Norse Óðinn) is considered the chief god in Norse mythology and Norse paganism, like the Anglo-Saxon Woden it is decended from Proto-Germanic *Wōdinaz or *Wōđanaz. ... Map of the Pre-Roman Iron Age culture(s) associated with Proto-Germanic, ca 500 BC-50 BC. The area south of Scandinavia is the Jastorf culture Proto-Germanic, the proto-language believed by scholars to be the common ancestor of the Germanic languages, includes among its descendants Dutch, Yiddish... The Proto-Indo-European language (PIE) is the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages. ... *DyÄ“us is the reconstructed chief god of the Proto-Indo-European pantheon. ...


It should be noted however, that direct reference between Tyr/Teiw and "leader of the Gods" may be debatable. While the Proto-Indo-European origins of the term is common wisdom, "Dyaus" , "Deywos" and "Devas" have always been used in a generic way to refer to the gods. "Dyaus-pater" which literally means the "father of Gods" later transformed through common uses in ancient Greece and Rome into "Zeus-pater" and then to "Jupiter" have been applied to Zeus/Jupiter and to Woden/Odin (Nordic). While youthful-"looking" gods such as Tyr and Vedic counterparts such as Indra have been linked to similar roles as leader, this was primarily done during times of war. Woden or Odin is generally accepted as the all-seeing father of the Aesir. (Dr. Bik DasGupta, 2006)


The oldest attestation of the god is Gothic Tyz (Vienna cod. 140), though the "Teiw" found on the Negua Helm may very well be a direct reference to the God, rather than a god, and predates the Gothic (and indeed runic script) by several centuries.


Tîwaz was overtaken in popularity and in authority by both Odin and Thor at some point before the Migration Age. In terms of his relationship to Thor, it is clear that Tyr's linguistic cognates in other Indo-European pantheons were the original possessors of the thunder, eg. Zeus, and in some cases ultimately passed that attribute on to another god, eg. Dyaus to Indra. In Eddaic myth, and apart from that aspect of Thor named Magni (meaning "spiritual strength", as in "with all my might and main"), only Tyr's strength is ever compared to Thor's. Odin (Old Norse Óðinn) is considered the chief god in Norse mythology and Norse paganism, like the Anglo-Saxon Woden it is decended from Proto-Germanic *Wōdinaz or *Wōđanaz. ... Thors battle against the giants, by MÃ¥rten Eskil Winge, 1872 Thor (Old Norse: Þórr) is the red-haired and bearded god of thunder in Norse Mythology and more generally Germanic mythology (Old English: Þunor, Old Dutch and Old High German: Donar, from Proto-Germanic *Þunraz). ... Human migration denotes any movement of groups of people from one locality to another, rather than of individual wanderers. ...


There is sketchy evidence of a consort, in German named Zisa: Tacitus mentions one Germanic tribe who worshipped "Isis", and Jacob Grimm pointed to Cisa/Zisa, the patroness of Augsburg, in this connection. The name Zisa would be derived from Ziu etymologically, in agreement with other consorts to the chief god in Indo-European pantheons, e. g. Zeus and Dione. Gaius Cornelius Tacitus Publius (or Gaius) Cornelius Tacitus (c. ... :This article discusses the ancient goddess. ... The Brothers Grimm on a 1000DM banknote. ... Augsburg is a city in south-central Germany. ... Dione in Greek mythology is a vague goddess presence who has her most concrete form in Book V of Homers Iliad as the mother of Aphrodite: Aphrodite journeys to Diones side after she has been wounded in battle while protecting her favorite son Aeneas. ...

Tyr sacrifices his arm to Fenris
Tyr sacrifices his arm to Fenris

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (733x855, 88 KB) en: Tyr and Fenrir illustrated by John Bauer in 1911 for Our Fathers Godsaga by Viktor Rydberg uk: Фенрір і Тир, Джон Бауер (John Bauer), 1911. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (733x855, 88 KB) en: Tyr and Fenrir illustrated by John Bauer in 1911 for Our Fathers Godsaga by Viktor Rydberg uk: Фенрір і Тир, Джон Бауер (John Bauer), 1911. ... Fenrir biting off Tyrs arm In Norse mythology, The Fenrisulfr or Wolf of Fenrir, usually known simply as Fenrir in English, was a monstrous wolf, the son of Loki and the giantess Angrboda. ...

Tyr in the Edda

According to the Edda, at one stage the gods decided to shackle the wolf Fenrisulfr (Fenris), but the beast broke every chain they put upon him. Eventually they had the dwarves make them a magical ribbon called Gleipnir from such items as a woman's beard and a mountain's roots. But Fenrir sensed the gods' deceit and refused to be bound with it unless one of them put his hand in the wolf's mouth. Tyr, known for his great courage, agreed, and the other gods bound the wolf. Fenrir sensed that he had been tricked and bit off the god's hand. Fenrir will remain bound until the day of Ragnarök. Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... According to the Edda Fenrisulfr bites off the hand of Týr (John Bauer, 1911) In Norse mythology, Fenrir or Fenrisulfr is a monstrous wolf, the son of Loki and the giantess Angrboða. ... Gleipnir is the bindings that hold the mighty wolf Fenrisulfr in Norse Mythology. ... In Norse mythology, Ragnarök (fate of the gods[1]) is the battle at the end of the world. ...


As a result of this deed, Tyr is called the "Leavings of the Wolf". As the wolf is a frequent metaphor for the all-devouring grave, and with the well-known Eddaic adage "Cattle die, kinsmen die…" in mind, the meaning of this by-name becomes clear. Tyr is glory, the name undying, which shall endure one's death. And indeed, at the root of his name and the basic Indo-Germanic idea of godhood we find the meaning of "heavenly radiance". Various Germanic words that spring from this same root are the Anglo-Saxon tir (glory), the Old High German Ziori (splendour), and the Old Norse tiv (god, hero).


According to the Prose version of Ragnarok, Tyr is destined to kill and be killed by Garm, the guard dog of Hel. However, in the two poetic versions of Ragnarok, he goes unmentioned; unless one believes that he is the "Mighty One". In Norse mythology, Garm is a huge dog which guards Hel, the land of the dead, alongside of Hræsvelgr and living in a cave called Gnipahellir. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Niflheim. ...


In the Lokasenna, Tyr is taunted with cuckoldry by Loki, maybe another hint that he had a consort or wife at one time. Lokasenna (Lokis flyting, Lokis wrangling, Lokis quarrel) is one of the mythological poems of the Poetic Edda. ... A cuckold is a married man whose wife has sex with other men. ... This picture, from an 18th century Icelandic manuscript, shows Loki with his invention - the fishing net. ...


Other traces

Tyr/Tiw had become relatively unimportant compared to Odin/Woden in both North and West Germanic, and specifically in the sphere of organized warfare. Traces of the god remain, however, in Tuesday ("Tiw's day"), named after Tyr in both the North and the West Germanic languages (corresponding to Martis dies, dedicated to the Roman god of war and the father-god of Rome, Mars) and also in the names of some plants: Old Norse Týsfiola (after the Latin Viola Martis), Týrhialm (Aconitum, one of the most poisonous plants in Europe whose helmet-like shape might suggest a warlike connection) and Týviðr, "Tý's wood", in the Helsingor dialect Tistbast, modern Swedish Tibast (the Daphne mezereum, a shrub which blooms before the leaves appear in spring). The Swedish forest Tiveden may also be named after Tyr, or reflecting Tyr as a generic word for "god" (i.e. the forest of the gods). In Norway the parish and municipality of Tysnes are named after the god. The god Týr, identified with Mars, after whom Tuesday is named. ... Mars was the Roman god of war, the son of Juno and a magical flower (or Jupiter). ... This article is about the herb sometimes known as wolfsbane. ... Elsinore (Danish Helsingør) is a Danish city at the north-east point of Zealand. ... Binomial name Daphne mezereum L. Daphne mezereum is a species of Daphne in the flowering plant family Thymelaeaceae, native to most of Europe and western Asia, north to northern England and central Scandinavia. ... Tiveden is a Swedish forest famous for its scenery and notorious throughout history for its wilderness and dangers. ... County Hordaland Landscape Sunnhordland Municipality NO-1223 Administrative centre Uggdal Mayor (2003) Helge Hauge (Sp) Official language form Nynorsk Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 299 255 km² 245 km² 0. ...


Tyr rune

Main article: Tiwaz rune
Tyr rune
Tyr rune

The t-rune ᛏ is named after Tyr, and was identified with this god., the reconstructed Proto-Germanic name is Tîwaz. The rune is sometimes also referred to as Teiwaz, or spelling variants. Tyr rune The t-rune ᛏ is named after Tyr, and was identified with this god. ... Image File history File links Tiwaz_rune. ... Image File history File links Tiwaz_rune. ... A rune can mean a single character in the Runic alphabet as well as an inscription of several runic charcters or symbols. ...


The rune was also compared with Mars as in the Icelandic rune poem: The rune poems list the letters of a runic alphabet with a short verse characterizing each one. ...

Týr er einhendr áss
ok ulfs leifar
ok hofa hilmir.
Mars tiggi.
Tyr is a one-handed god,
and leavings of the wolf
and prince of temples.

Modern popular culture

Although representations of Tyr are less common than those of Thor, Odin or Loki, Tyr is often referenced or appears as a warrior figure in many modern depictions, particularly those relating to high fantasy, usually most identifiable by his missing arm and lust for battle. Although representations of Tyr are less common than those of Thor, Odin or Loki, Tyr is often referenced or appears as a warrior figure in many modern depictions, particularly those relating to high fantasy, usually most identifiable by his missing arm and lust for battle. ... Thor appears frequently as a character in works of modern popular culture, largely due to his presentation as Donner (the German form of his name) in Richard Wagners opera cycle, Der Ring des Nibelungen. ... Odin appears frequently as a character in works of popular culture. ... Loki (back) and Thor as depicted in the animated cartoon Valhalla Loki, Odin and Thor are the three characters to appear most often in both Nordic myths and modern fiction derived from them. ... High fantasy is a subgenre of fantasy fiction that is set in invented or parallel worlds. ...


Tyr has also become a character in the daily comic strip Ink Pen, by Phil Dunlap. Tyr is upset that his brother Thor has a comic book and he doesn't, so he tries to get a job as the mascot for a company. However, Tyr can't find work, mainly due to his "male pattern baldness, atrocious personal hygiene, and uncontrollable anger." Thors battle against the giants, by Mårten Eskil Winge, 1872 Thor (Old Norse: Þórr) is the red-haired and bearded god of thunder in Norse Mythology and more generally Germanic mythology (Old English: Þunor, Old Dutch and Old High German: Donar, from Proto-Germanic *Þunraz). ...


See also

Germanic paganism refers to the religion and mythology of the Germanic nations preceding Christianization, including Norse, Anglo-Saxon mythology, information obtained from archaeological finds and remnants of pre-Christian beliefs in the folklore of medieval and modern Germanic peoples. ... Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The existence of similarities among the gods and religious practices of the Indo-European peoples suggests that whatever population they actually formed had some form of polytheistic religion. ... Mannus, son of Tuisto was a mythological character from whom a number of Germanic tribes were descended. ... Tuisto or Tuisco was according to Tacitus (Germania, ch. ...

External links

  • Grimm's Teutonic Mythology (English translation, chapter 9)
  • Tyr in Germanic Religion
  • Týr and Zisa by William Bainbridge
  • Týr Official Site A Viking Metal Band from The Faroe Islands
Norse mythology
List of Norse gods | Æsir | Vanir | Giants | Elves | Dwarves | Valkyries | Einherjar | Norns | Odin | Thor | Freyr | Freyja | Loki | Balder | Tyr | Yggdrasil | Ginnungagap | Ragnarök
Sources: Poetic Edda | Prose Edda | The Sagas | Volsung Cycle | Tyrfing Cycle | Rune stones | Old Norse language | Orthography | Later influence
Society: Viking Age | Skald | Kenning | Blót | Seid | Numbers
The nine worlds of Norse mythology | People, places and things

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TYR Sport Online Store : TYR Sport Online Store (59 words)
TYR Sport Online Store : TYR Sport Online Store
Yes, email me about new TYR products, technology, seasonal trends and special promotions.
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Tyr - definition of Tyr in Encyclopedia (889 words)
Tyr (Old Norse: Týr or Tívar) is the god of warfare and battle in Norse mythology, portrayed as a one-handed man. He was a son of either Odin or Hymir.
A trace of their relationship may be seen in the appearance of Tyr as Odin's son in Norse mythology, and also in Anglo-Saxon, if Tiw is identified with Saxnot (Seaxneat), the 'war-god' and son of Woden, who was revered as the ancestor of the Saxons.
Tyr appears in Bioware's NeverWinter night series as the one handed god of justice, one of the main character's, Aribeth, is a paladin of Tyr, also she has the belief that she was saved by Tyr once.
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