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Encyclopedia > Typhoon Nancy (1961)
Super Typhoon Nancy
Category 5 super typhoon
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Formed September 7, 1961
Dissipated September 17, 1961
Highest winds 215 mph (345 km/h) sustained
Lowest pressure 888 mb/HPa
Damages unavailable
Fatalities 172-191
Areas affected Guam, Ryukyu Islands, Japan
Part of the
1961 Pacific typhoon season

Super Typhoon Nancy (18W) was a powerful tropical cyclone of the 1961 Pacific typhoon season. The system with possibly the strongest winds ever measured in a tropical cyclone, Nancy caused extensive damage and at least 173 deaths and thousands of injuries in Japan and elsewhere in September 1961. The destruction was so heavy that the Japan Meteorological Agency gave the typhoon its own special name, one of only eight systems to have been named. The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the levels of tropical depression and tropical storm and thereby become hurricanes. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... A millibar (mb) is 1/1000th of a bar, a unit for measurement of pressure. ... The pascal (symbol Pa) is the SI unit of pressure. ... Location of Ryukyu Islands Ryukyuan flag The Ryukyu Islands or Nansei Islands (南西諸島 Nansei-shotō; southwest islands), are an island chain stretching southwestward from the island of Kyushu in Japan. ... The 1961 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1961, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ... The 1961 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1961, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Japan Meteorological Agency (気象庁) is a government agency, which is a central place responsible for gathering and reporting weather data and forecasts in Japan. ...

Contents


Storm history

Storm path
Enlarge
Storm path

A tropical depression formed from a low near Kwajalein Atoll on September 7. It strengthened rapidly; by the time position fixes could be taken, Nancy was nearly a super typhoon. Moving gradually westward, Nancy explosively deepened and reached wind speeds equivalent to a Category-5 on September 9.[1]. It would maintain that intensity for the next several days. A low pressure area, or a low for short, is a region where the atmospheric pressure is lowest with relation to the surrounding area. ... Infantry inspect a hole in the devasted Kwajalein Atoll Kwajalein Atoll is part of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), 2,100 nautical miles (3900 km) southwest of Honolulu, Hawaii, at 8. ... September 7 is the 250th day of the year (251st in leap years). ... September 9 is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years). ...


Shortly after reaching peak intensity, Nancy approached the Ryukyu Islands and began turning. It passed near Okinawa and over Haze. The ridge steering Nancy broke down, and the typhoon turned sharply and headed towards Japan. Nancy made landfall as a strong typhoon on September 16 as it passed directly over Muroto Zaki. Nancy made a second landfall on Honshu near Osaka. The typhoon rapidly traveled up the length of the island as it continued accelerating, eventually reaching a forward speed of 55 knots.[2] The typhoon quickly crossed over Hokkaido before entering the Sea of Okhotsk as a tropical storm. Nancy went extratropical on September 17. The extratropical system eventually crossed over Kamchatka and entered the open ocean.[3] Location of Ryukyu Islands Ryukyuan flag The Ryukyu Islands or Nansei Islands (南西諸島 Nansei-shotō; southwest islands), are an island chain stretching southwestward from the island of Kyushu in Japan. ... This article is about the prefecture. ... A ridge is an elongated region of relatively high atmospheric pressure, the opposite of a trough. ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... todo mal de [ [ Shikoku ] ] a través del [ [ mar interior ] ], y noreste de [ [ Kyushu ] ] a través del [ [ estrecho de Kanmon ] ]. Es la séptima isla más grande, y la segunda isla populosa en el mundo después de [ [ Java (isla)|Java ] ] (véase [ [ lista de las islas de la población ] ]). < style=float del div... Osaka Castle Location in Japan Osaka (Japanese: 大阪市, ÅŒsaka-shi, â–¶ (help· info)) is the capital of Osaka Prefecture and the third-largest city in Japan, with a population of 2. ... A knot is a unit of speed, abbreviated kt or kn. ... For the dog breed, see Hokkaido (dog). ... Sea of Okhotsk The Sea of Okhotsk (named after Okhotsk, the first Russian settlement in the Far East) is a part of the western Pacific Ocean, lying between the Kamchatka Peninsula on the east, the Kuril Islands on the southeast, the island of Hokkaido to the far south, the island... Extratropical is a term used in advisories and tropical summaries to indicate that a cyclone has lost its tropical characteristics. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Kamchatka Oblast, an oblast in Russia. ...


Impact

Although no monetary value of all damage is known, damage was "phenomenal"[2] in all areas where Nancy hit. There were at least 173 deaths and 19 people unaccounted for.


Guam

On Guam, over half of all crops were destroyed by heavy winds and rain. A total of $40,000 (1961 USD) worth of damage was done to roads on the island. Most of the damage was on the southern end of the island. No deaths were reported on Guam.[2] This article is about general United States currency. ...


Minor Japanese islands

Significant Typhoons with Special Names
(from the Japan Meteorological Agency)
Name Number Name in Japan
Marie T5415 Toyamaru Typhoon
Ida T5822 Kanogawa Typhoon
Sarah T5914 Miyakojima Typhoon
Vera T5915 Isewan Typhoon
Nancy T6118 2nd Muroto Typhoon
Cora T6618 2nd Miyakojima Typhoon
Della T6816 3rd Miyakojima Typhoon
Babe T7709 Okinoerabu Typhoon

On Okinawa, low-lying areas experienced heavy flooding, which did significant damage to agriculture and structures. No one was killed on Okinawa.[2] Japan Meteorological Agency (気象庁) is a government agency, which is a central place responsible for gathering and reporting weather data and forecasts in Japan. ... The 1954 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1954, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... The 1958 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1958, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... The 1959 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1959, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... Super Typhoon Vera was the strongest typhoon to hit Japan in recorded history. ... The 1966 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... The 1968 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1968, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... Super Typhoon Babe (T7709/沖永良部台風 in Japan) was the only super typhoon of the 1977 Pacific typhoon season and caused a major damage in Ryukyu Islands, Japan. ... This article is about the prefecture. ...


On Amami-o-Shima, one person was missing and another was badly injured. A ship was sunk. Extensive flooding of crops and houses left 152 people homeless.[2]


Japan

In Japan, 172 persons were killed, 18 were missing, and 3,184 people were injured. These totals made Nancy the sixth-deadliest typhoon to hit Japan at the time. Timely warnings and adequate preparations were probably responsible for the relatively low death toll. The damage was "small" relative to other typhoons that impacted densely-populated areas of Japan. [2]


Hundreds of thousands of people had their lives disrupted. Super typhoon Nancy destroyed 11,539 houses, damaged 32,604 homes, and flooded 280,078 others. Over 300 ships were sunk or blown ashore and many more were damaged.[2]


Floodwaters washed away 566 bridges and caused 1146 landslides. Roads were destroyed at a total of 2,053 locations.[2] A log bridge A bridge is a structure built to span a gorge, valley, road, railroad track, river, body of water, or any other physical obstacle. ... It has been suggested that Mudslide be merged into this article or section. ...


Due to Nancy's damage and death toll, the Japan Meteorological Agency named Nancy the "Second Muroto Typhoon". Nancy is one of only eight typhoons to receive special names in Japan. Japan Meteorological Agency (気象庁) is a government agency, which is a central place responsible for gathering and reporting weather data and forecasts in Japan. ... Muroto (室戸市; -shi) is a city located in Kochi, Japan. ...


Lack of retirement

Nancy's name was not retired after this typhoon. As a consequence, the name was utilized again in 1966 and several times thereafter until 1989.[3] The 1966 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ... The 1989 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1989, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ...


Records

A reconnaissance aircraft flying into the typhoon near its peak intensity on September 12 determined Nancy's one-minute sustained winds to be 185 knots (215 mph; 345 km/h). If these values are reliable, they would be the highest wind speeds ever measured in a tropical cyclone.[4] However, it was later determined that measurements and estimations of wind speeds from the 1940s to 1960s were excessive. Thus, Nancy's winds may actually be lower than its official best-track value.[4] September 12 is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years). ... // Events and trends World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969, inclusive. ...


Although the Saffir-Simpson hurricane scale did not exist at the time, Nancy would have been a Category 5-equivalent for a total of 5 and a half days or 132 hours. This is a record for the Northern Hemisphere and more than a day longer than the next-highest system, 1962's Karen.[5] The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale is a scale classifying most Western Hemisphere tropical cyclones that exceed the levels of tropical depression and tropical storm and thereby become hurricanes. ... Insert non-formatted text here The Northern Hemisphere is the half of a planets surface (or celestial sphere) that is north of the equator (the word hemisphere literally means half ball). On the Earth, the Northern Hemisphere contains most of the land and population. ... The 1962 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1962, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between June and December. ...


See also

   
Tropical cyclones Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... This is a list of notable tropical cyclones, subdivided by basin and reason for notability. ...

References

  1. Unisys Tracking Data accessed March 7, 2006
  2. a b c d e f g h JTWC Nancy Report accessed March 7, 2006
  3. a b Digital Typhoon: Typhoon list View accessed March 7, 2006
  4. a b NOAA Tropical Cyclone FAQ Subject E1 accessed March 7, 2006
  5. NOAA Tropical Cyclone FAQ Subject E8 accessed March 7, 2006

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