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Encyclopedia > Types of bowlers in cricket
Bowling Techniques
Deliveries
Historical Styles
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In the sport of cricket there are two broad categories of bowlers: pace bowlers and spin bowlers. Pace bowlers rely mostly on the speed of the ball to dismiss batsmen, whereas spin bowlers rely on the rotation of the ball. Darren Gough bowling In the sport of cricket, bowling is the action of propelling the ball toward the wicket defended by a batsman. ... In cricket, at the start of an innings the bowling team opens its bowling by using their pace bowlers first. ... Fast bowling, sometimes known as pace bowling, is one of the two approaches to bowling in the sport of cricket. ... Seam bowling is a technique used for bowling in the sport of cricket. ... Swing bowling is a technique used for bowling in the sport of cricket. ... Spin bowling, sometimes known as slow bowling, is a technique used for bowling in the sport of cricket. ... Finger spin is a style of bowling in the sport of cricket. ... Off spin is a type of bowling in the sport of cricket which is bowled by an off spinner, a right-handed spin bowler who uses his or her fingers to spin the ball from a right-handed batsmans off side to the leg side (that is, towards the... Animation of a slow left arm delivery. ... Wrist spin is a style of bowling in the sport of cricket. ... Animation of a leg break. ... Animation of a chinaman delivery. ... In the sport of cricket, throwing (commonly referred to as chucking) occurs when a bowler delivers a ball with an illegal straightening of the elbow. ... Bold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textBold textA delivery or ball in cricket is a single action of bowling a... A full toss is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... In the terminology of the game of cricket, a beamer (less commonly beam ball) is a type of delivery in which the ball, without bouncing, passes above the batsmans waist height. ... In the sport of cricket, a bouncer (or bumper) is a type of delivery, usually bowled by a fast bowler. ... In cricket, an indipper is a delivery that curves into a right-handed batsman before the ball pitches (bounces on the pitch). ... An inswinger is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... A leg cutter is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... An off cutter is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... An outswinger is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... In the sport of cricket, a reverse is a type of slower ball. ... In the sport of cricket, a slower ball is a slower-than-usual delivery from a fast bowler. ... In cricket, a yorker is a delivery where the cricket ball bounces on the cricket pitch on or near the batsmans popping crease. ... An arm ball is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... Animation of a chinaman delivery. ... A doosra (Urdu: دوسرا, Hindi: दूस्रा) (doo-srah) is a particular type of delivery by an off spin bowler in the sport of cricket. ... Hi Waller. ... In cricket, a googly is a type of delivery bowled by a right-arm leg spin bowler. ... A leg break is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... An off break is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... In cricket, a slider is a type of delivery bowled by a wrist spin bowler. ... In cricket, a topspinner is a delivery where the ball comes out the top of the bowlers hand, causing it to spin in the direction of travel. ... Teesra (from a Urdu/Hindi word, translating to the third one) is a cricket delivery that is being developed by Pakistani off spinner Saqlain Mushtaq. ... In cricket, underarm bowling is as old as the sport itself. ... In cricket, roundarm bowling is a style that was introduced in the early years of the 19th century to supercede underarm bowling. ... In cricket, overarm bowling refers to a delivery in which the bowlers hand is above shoulder height. ... In cricket Lob Bowling is a disused, and now illegal, style of bowling used in the game in the 19th Century where trajectory was the most important consideration. ... A cricket match in progress. ... Muttiah Muralitharan bowling A bowler in the sport of cricket is usually a player whose speciality is bowling, analogous to a pitcher in baseball. ... In the sport of cricket, a dismissal occurs when the batsman is out (also known as taking a wicket). ...


'==Pace bowlers==

Main article: Fast bowling

'Pace bowlers, or fast bowlers or pacemen, rely on speed to get a batsman out. This type of bowler can be further classified according to the speed at which they bowl the ball on average. These classifications are not official, but are used by the media to give a fair idea as to how fast a bowler bowls. For this reason, the following table gives only a general idea as to the speed divisions.' Fast bowling, sometimes known as pace bowling, is one of the two approaches to bowling in the sport of cricket. ... Warwickshire batsman Mike Powell A batsman in the sport of cricket is, depending on context: Any player in the act of batting. ... In the sport of cricket, a dismissal occurs when the batsman is out (also known as taking a wicket). ...

Classification of pace bowlers
Category mph km/h
Fast (Express) 85 + 137
Fast-Medium 80 - 89 129 - 145
Medium-Fast 70 - 79 113 - 129
Medium 60 - 69 97 - 113
Medium-Slow 50 - 59 80 - 97
Slow-Medium 40 - 49 64 - 80
Slow below 40 below 64

Most pace bowlers are medium-fast to fast in top level cricket. In general, bowlers of this type are described as right arm or left arm "fast", or right arm or left arm "fast-medium", and so on. Though Jeff "Thommo" Thomson of Australia was long regarded as the fastest bowler in the world (with a fastest ball clocked at 99.7 mph and rumoured to have broken the 100mph barrier), today Shoaib Akhtar of Pakistan, Brett Lee and Shaun Tait of Australia are considered the fastest bowlers in the history of the game. Shoaib Akhtar has been timed at over 100 mph and was the first bowler that has broken the barrier. Muhammad Sami of Pakistan was also clocked at 100 mph but reading from speed gun were thought not be right at the moment. Sami was then clocked on 100 mph in the same match. Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Kilometres per hour (American spelling: kilometers per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... In cricket terminology, a batsman who bats right handed is described as a right hand bat. ... In cricket terminology, a batsman who bats left handed is described as a left hand bat. ... In cricket terminology, a batsman who bats right handed is described as a right hand bat. ... In cricket terminology, a batsman who bats left handed is described as a left hand bat. ... For more coverage of cricket, go to the Cricket portal. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Shoaib Akhtar (Urdu: شعیب اختر) (born 13 August 1975 in Rawalpindi, Punjab) is a Pakistani cricket player, widely recognized as the fastest bowler in the world, earning him the name Rawalpindi Express. ... Brett Lee (born 8 November 1976 in Wollongong, New South Wales) is an Australian cricketer. ... Shaun Tait is an Australian cricketer. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... Category: ‪Possible copyright violations‬ ...

Contents

Swing bowlers

Main article: Swing bowling

Swing bowlers are pace bowlers who, apart from being fast, also use the seam of the ball to make it travel in a curved path through the air. This is further encouraged by systematically polishing one side of the ball while allowing the other side to become roughened and worn. The differing airflow around the two sides will cause the ball to swing in the air, towards the roughened side. By changing the orientation of the ball in his hand, a bowler may therefore cause the ball to swing into or away from the batsman. In addition to a well-polished ball, other factors help the ball to swing, notably damp or humid weather conditions. However balls which have been in play for some time do not tend to swing so much due to the deterioration of the seam. In addition, bowlers of express pace do not tend to get as much swing as the fast-medium-to-medium pace bowlers. Swing bowling is a technique used for bowling in the sport of cricket. ... Cricket ball A cricket ball is a hard, solid ball used to play cricket. ...


Though younger pace bowlers tend to rely exclusively on speed, as bowlers age they tend to develop this more sophisticated art of swing bowling. Swing bowlers are more effective than sheer pace bowlers as the swing can confuse a batsman. Wasim Akram and Waqar Younis of Pakistan were masters of this skill, and were capable of causing an older, misshapen ball to swing the opposite way from normal, i.e. toward the shiny side. This is known as reverse swing and has become an increasingly important skill in the last 10 to 15 years. Wasim Akram (Urdu: وسیم اکرم) (born June 3, 1966 in Lahore) is a Pakistani former cricketer. ... Waqar Younis (Urdu: وقار یونس) (born November 16, 1971 as Waqar Younis Maitla) is a Pakistani cricketer, a fast bowler, from Burewala, Punjab. ...


Other tactics

Pace bowlers frequently dismiss batsmen through variation and deception. A batter who has been "softened up" by a series of bouncers, which pitch near the bowler and reach the batsman around head height, or even hit the batsman, may tend to play the next ball on the back foot, and thus be susceptible to a full length yorker delivery that bounces at his toes. Many bowlers also develop a "slower ball" , these are bowled with the same arm action as their normal delivery, but come slower from the hand, usually due the bowler gripping the ball differently or cocking his wrist at the last moment. With luck, the batsman will misread the pace, and will have finished his shot before the ball arrives. Other common variations include the leg cutter and off cutter, medium pace deliveries bowled with a spinner's wrist action, which can sometimes "turn" just like deliveries from a spinner. In the sport of cricket, a bouncer (or bumper) is a type of delivery, usually bowled by a fast bowler. ... In cricket, a yorker is a delivery where the cricket ball bounces on the cricket pitch on or near the batsmans popping crease. ... In the sport of cricket, a slower ball is a slower-than-usual delivery from a fast bowler. ... A leg cutter is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... An off cutter is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ...


Spin bowlers

Main article: Spin bowling

Spin bowlers or spinners impart rotation to the ball to get a batsman out. The spin on the ball makes its movement hard to predict, particularly when it bounces, hence spin bowlers try to deceive batsmen into making a mistake. Speed is not crucial in spin bowling, and spinners tend to bowl in the slow-medium to medium-slow range, around 45-55 mph. There are two broad categories of spin bowling: wrist spin and finger spin. Spin bowling, sometimes known as slow bowling, is a technique used for bowling in the sport of cricket. ...


Wrist spin

Main article: Wrist spin

Wrist spinners are bowlers who use their wrists to spin the ball. A right-handed wrist spinner is known as a leg spinner and his or her mode of bowling is known as leg break. A leg break will move from right to left from the bowler's point of view, or from the leg-side to the off-side for a right-handed batsman. Shane Warne of Australia, the most successful bowler in Test cricket history, and Anil Kumble of India are two of the contemporary bowlers of this type. Wrist spin is a style of bowling in the sport of cricket. ... A leg break is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... Shane Keith Warne. ... A Test match in progress. ... Anil Kumble(Kannada:ಅನಿಲ್‌ ಕುಂಬ್ಳೆ)   (born 17 October 1970 in Bangalore, Karnataka) is an Indian cricketer and has been a member of the Indian cricket team since 1990. ...


Left-handed wrist spinners, who are much rarer than right-handed wrist-spinners, are called chinaman bowlers, after an early left-arm finger spinner of Chinese descent, Ellis Achong, who sometimes bowled wrist spinners as a variation while playing for the West Indies. A ball delivered in this way will spin from the off-side to the leg-side for a right-handed batsman. Paul Adams of South Africa is the best-known current chinaman bowler, though he no longer features in his country's national side. Australian one-day all-rounder Brad Hogg is another current exponent of left-arm wrist-spin, as is his teammate, batsman Simon Katich. Animation of a chinaman delivery. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... There have been several people called Paul Adams. ... George Bradley Hogg (born February 6, 1971 in Narrogin), known as Brad Hogg, is an Australian cricketer. ... Simon Mathew Katich (born August 21, 1975 in Middle Swan, Western Australia) is an Australian cricketer. ...


Finger spin

Main article: Finger spin

Finger spinners make use of their fingers to rotate the ball. A right-arm finger spinner is known as an off-spinner and their mode of bowling is known as off break. The ball will appear to move just as the chinaman does, from off to leg for a right-handed batsman. Muttiah Muralitharan of Sri Lanka is an off-spinner, although his bowling style is rather unusual. Indian Harbhajan Singh also employs this bowling style. Finger spin is a style of bowling in the sport of cricket. ... In cricket terminology, a batsman who bats right handed is described as a right hand bat. ... Off spin is a type of spin bowling in the sport of cricket which is bowled by an off spinner and refers to a right-handed spin bowler who uses his fingers to spin the ball from a right-handed batsmans off side towards the leg side (that is... An off break is a type of delivery in the sport of cricket. ... Muttiah Muralidharan (born April 17, 1972 in Kandy), often referred to simply as Murali, is a Sri Lankan cricketer. ... Harbhajan Singh   (Punjabi: , born: 3 July 1980 in Jalandhar, Punjab, India) is an Indian cricketer and Indias most successful off spin bowler. ...


Almost all left-handed bowlers are finger spinners. As a result this style has no fixed name and the bowling mode is simply known as (slow) left-arm orthodox. The ball turns like a leg break, from leg to off. Monty Panesar of England and New Zealand's Daniel Vettori employ this bowling style. Animation of a slow left arm delivery. ... Mudhsuden Singh Panesar (born 25 April 1982 in Luton, Bedfordshire), popularly known as Monty Panesar, is an English cricketer. ... Daniel Luca Vettori (born 27 January 1979, Auckland, New Zealand), but brought up in Hamilton attending St Pauls Collegiate School, is a cricketer who plays Test cricket for New Zealand. ...


Others

A bowler equally skilled in both types of bowling is known as a mixed bag or an all round bowler. Such bowlers are rare. One player of this type is Sachin Tendulkar of India who, though better known as a batsman, can also bowl off spin, leg spin and medium pace. The great West Indian all rounder Sir Garfield Sobers bowled effectively in the left-arm fast-medium, left-arm orthodox, and chinaman styles. Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar   (Marathi: सचिन तेंडुलकर; born 24 April 1973) is a current Indian cricketer who was rated by Wisden (2002) as the second greatest Test batsman ever[1] after Sir Don Bradman. ... For more coverage of cricket, go to the Cricket portal. ...


There are some bowlers who are just regarded as slow, bowlers who bowl at the speed of spinners without turning the ball. Such bowlers need to be accurate in their line and length and have very good variation with the speed of the ball if they are to have any success. However, this type of bowler is now diminishing in the modern game because of their lack of pace and movement with the ball. The most famous and recent example is Chris Harris from New Zealand. Christopher Zinzan Harris (born 20 November 1969 in Christchurch) has become, over the course of the 1990s, a folk-hero in New Zealand cricket. ...


Abbreviations

Bowling styles are often abbreviated in scorecards (and in player profiles on the Wikipedia) as follows: Wikipedia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Bowling abbreviations
Pace bowling RF Right-arm fast
RFM Right-arm fast medium
RMF Right-arm medium fast
RM Right-arm medium
LF Left-arm fast
LFM Left-arm fast medium
LMF Left-arm medium fast
LM Left-arm medium
Spin bowling OB Off break (right-arm)
LB Leg break (right-arm)
LBG Leg break googly (right-arm)
SLA Slow left-arm orthodox
SLC Slow left-arm chinaman

 
 

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