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Encyclopedia > Type 81 rifle
Type 81 Assault Rifle

Specifications

Cartridge: 7.62×39mm Soviet M1943
System of operation: Gas, rotating bolt
Length: 955 mm (37.6 in)
Mass: 3.50 kg (7 lb 11 oz)
Barrel: 445 mm (17.5 in)
Rifling: 4 grooves, right hand twist
Magazine capacity: 30 rounds
Magazine type: detachable box
Rafe of fire: 650 rds/min
Sights: standard iron
Country of origin: China
In production: 1981-

The Chinese Type 81 Assault Rifle is the principle automatic rifle used by the People's Liberation Army. It incorporates elements of the SKS and AK series rifles. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... SKS The SKS is a Russian semi-automatic rifle, designed in 1945 by Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov. ... Avtomat Kalashnikova model 1947 g. ...


The weapon was introduced into PLA service in 1981 but did not become widely distributed until the late 1980s. It replaced the Type 56. Its first combat use came during the Sino-Vietnamese border conflicts of the late 1980s. The Chinese Type 56 Assault Rifle is a copy of the AK-47 Kalashnikov. ...


Unlike its predecessors, the Type 81 is a series of weapons. The Type 81 and Type 81-1 are assault rifles and the heavier Type 81 squad machine gun is used in the squad automatic weapon role. A squad automatic weapon, (abbrev. ...


The Type 81-1 is similar to the Type 81 but has a collapsible stock. The Type 81 squad machine gun is heavier (5.15 kg), has a longer barrel, slightly higher rate of fire (700 rounds per minute), and fires from either the standard 30 round magazine or a 75 round drum.


A variant called the Type 87 was introduced in the late 1980s. it is essential the same as the Type 81 but fires the smaller 5.8 mm round.


The PLA is scheduled to replace the Type 81 with the Type 95 series of weapons in the future but full conversion is not expected until the mid 2010s.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Chinese Type 56 Assault Rifle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (303 words)
Type 56 Assault Rifle, Type 56-1 Assault Rifle, Type 56-2 Assault Rifle, QBZ-56C Assault Rifle
It's easy to confuse this rifle with the Chinese Type 56 Carbine because of the name, but they are two very different rifles and are based on two different designs.
The Chinese Type 56 Assault Rifles are widely regarded as the most reliable of all AK-47 variants - it is a myth that all countries made AK-47's to the same standards - they did not, East Germany and China made the most reliable variants.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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